« PreviousContinue »
96 Q. What was the Feast of the New-Moons ? A. In the Beginning of their Months, which they reckoned by New-Moons they were to blow the Silver Trumpets, and offer a special Sacrifice, Num. X, 10. xxviii, 11. 1 Sam. xx. 5. Pfal. Ixxxi. 3.
97 Q. What was the Feast of the Paffover ? A. It was kept for seven Days in their first Month. Alib, by facificing a Lamb, and eating it in every Family, in Remembrance of God's passing on ver the Families of Israel, when he flew the Firstborn in every House of the Egyptians, Exod. xii. 18, &C.
Here note, that the firft Month of the Jews, for all the common Affairs of Life which are called Civil Affairs, was Tifri, which in part answers to our Seps tember, and is the first Month after the Autumnal Equinox; and it was always so to continue for Civil Afi fairs, as appears from Exod. xxiii. 16. xxxiv, 22. and Lev. xxv. 8, 9, 10. But as to Ecclefiaflical or Religious Matters, the first Month after the Vernal Equinox, called Abib, which answers partly to our March, was defgned to be the Beginning of the Year to the Jews, in Memory of their great Deliverance from Egypt.
98 Q. In what Manner was the Feast of tbe Pata sover kept? A. On the fourteenth Day of the Month they were to roast a Lamb for Supper, and to eat Unleavened Bread that Evening and seven Days after, Exod. xii. 3, 8, 19. Num. xxviii. 16, 17, 1
.99 Q. Was there any particular Warship performed on these seven Days ? A. Yes, there were Special Sacrifices every Day, a Sheaf of the first ripe Corn, i.e. Barley was now offered to Gods and on the first and last Day there was an holy Convocation or Assembly for Worship, Exod. xií. 16. Num. xxviii. 16, G. Lex xxiii. 10.
after a vened Bread a Lamb forh Day of the the pas
100 Q. What was the Feast of Pentecost? A. Fifty Days or seven Weeks after the first ripe Corn (or Barley) had been offered to God, there was a particular Sacrifice, and an holy Assembly, and two Loaves of the first Fruits of Wheat were to be offered, Lev. xxiii. 15–21.
Note, This was called the Feast of Weeks, Deut, xvi. 16. compared with Exod. xxiii. 16. 'Twas a Sheaf of Barley that was offered at the Passover, and two Loaves of Wheat at Pentecost, both of them as firft Fruits, See Pool's Annot. on Exod. xxiii, 16..
101 Q. What was the Reason of the Feast of Pentecost? A. It was kept as a Thanksgiving for the Beginning of Wheat Harveft, Exod. xxiii. 16. and perhaps also in Memory of the giving of the Law at Mount Sinai ; which was seven Weeks, or fifty Days after the Paffover, and their coming out of Egypt, Exod. xx. 1, 11.
Note, They went out of Egypt the fourteenth Day of the first Month, Ex, xii, 17, 18. from thence to the Beginning of the third Month is forty-fix or fortyseven Days, when they came to the Mount of Sinai, Exod. xx. 1, 2. Then they purified themselves three Days, ver, 11, 16. and God gave the Law the fiftieth Day, and this Feast was called Pentecost, which in the Greek fignifies Fiftieth.
102 Q. What was the Feast of Trumpets? A. The first Day of the seventh Month blowing of Trumpets was appointed with peculiar Sacrifices, i and an holy Assembly, Lev. xxiii. 24. Num. xxix. 1, &C.
103 Q. What are supposed to be the two chief Designs of this Feast of Trumpets? A. (1.) This feventh Month having feveral Holy-Days' in it, D4
'twas a sort of Sabbatical Month, or Month of Sabbaths, and was to be begun with an extraordinary Sound of Trumpets. (2.) This was counted the first Month, and first Day of the Year for Civil Matters, as the other was for Things Religious, and was to be proclaimed by Sound of Trumpet. See Pool's Annot. on Lev. xxiii. 24. and xxv. 9.
Note, As the seventh Day was the Sabbath or Day of Reft from Labour, so the seventh Month was a sort of Sabbatical Month ; the seventh Year a Sabbatical Year to let the Land rest from Tillage ; and at or after the seventh Sabbatical Year, i. l. once in fifty Years, there was a Year of Jubilee, or Release and Rest from Servitude of Bondage, Lev. xxv. 2, &6 8, c.
the people,on, Repenal Day of pleventh Mtones
104 Q. What was the great Day of Atonement? A. The tenth Day of the seventh Month was appointed as a general Day of publick Fasting and Humiliation, Repentance and Atonement for all the People, Lev. xxiii, 27. and xvi. 29. and Num. xxix.
105 Q. What was to be done that Day? A. This was the Day when the High-Priest, dressed in his richest Garments, was to enter into the most Holy Place with the Blood of a peculiar Sacrifice, and sprinkle it upon the Mercy-Seat before the Lord to make Atonement for the Sins of the whole Nation, and to offer Incense on the golden Censer, See several more Ceremonies belonging to this Day, Lev, xvi. Let it be observed also, that in the Year of Jubilee, on this great Day of Atonement, the Trumpet of Jubilee was to be founded through the Land, to proclaim Liberty to all the Inhabitants, Lev. xxv. 8, 9, 10.
· 106 Q. What was the Feast of Tabernacles ? A At the fifteenth Day of the seventh Month, at the End of all their Harvest, they begun this Feast, and dwelt seven Days in Booths made of the Boughs of Trees, Deut. xvi. 13. . · 107 Q. What was the Design of this Ceremony? A. To keep in Memory their dwelling in Booths in the Wilderness, when they went out of the Land of Egypt, Lev. xxiii. 39–44.
108 Q. How was this Feast observed ? A. By peculiar Sacrifices every Day of the Feast, and a holy Assembly on the first Day and on the eighth Day, Num. xxix, 12.
109. Q. At what Hour did their Sabbaths, and all their Feafts begin and end? 1. The 7ews counted their Days, and particularly their HolyDays, from the Evening at Sun-set to the next Evening, Gen. i. 5. Lev. xxiii. 5, 32.
110 Q. At what Place were the Feasts to be " kept? Ă. At the Place which God should chuse for the Residence of the Ark and Tabernacle; which was first at Shiloh, afterwards at Jerusalem; though the blowing of Trumpets to proclaim the Beginning of the Year was practised in all the Cities of Ifrael. See Deut. xvi. 16. and Pool's Annot. on Lev. xxiii. 24. 2 King's xxi. 4.
III Q. How then could all lsrael keep there? Feafts ? A. At the three chief Feasts, (viz.) the: Passover, Pentecost, and the Feast of Tabernacles, all the Males were to appear before God in one Place with some Offering, Exod. xxiii. 14-17. Deut. xvi. 16. ; ? "
112 Q. What was the Offering they were to bring unto God when they appeared before him at thefe solemn Feafts? A. The Tithe or tenth part of their Corn, Wine and Oil and the First-born of
their Cattle; but they themselves were to partake in eating of it, Deut. xiv. 22, 23. though the Bulk of it were to be given to the Priests and Levites. See Chap. VI. Queft. 15, 16. ii.iai
113 Q. Was it not dangerous for them to leave their own Dwellings in Towns and Villages which bordered on their Enemy's Country ? A. God promised them, that when they should go up to appear before him thrice in the Year, no Man should desire their Land, Exod. xxxiv, 23, 24, which was a standing Miracle during that Dispensation.. :
114 Q. Having heard this Account of Holy Perfons and Places, Things and Times, let us now enquire what were the holy Actions ? A. All those Actions may be called Holy, which were appointed to be a part of this Ceremonial Worship; but the Actions relating to the Natural Worship of God, fuch as Prayer and Praise, are in themselves holy and religious.
Sect. VI. The Use of the Jewish Ceremonies.
115 Q: W HAT were the chief Uses of all these :
We ceremonial Commands ? A. These three ; (1.) To distinguish the Jews from all other People as a holy People, and God's peculiar visible Church, who eminently bore up his Name and Honour in the World, Lev, xx. 22--26. .
(2.) To employ that People who were so much I given to Idolatry, in many Varieties of outward Forms and Rites of Religion, lest they should be tempted to follow the Superftition and Idolatry of: the Nations round about them, Deut. vi. 1, 2, 14,' 17. Deut. xxix, 1, 9-18... vidas !