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Child who smote or cursed his Father or his Mo-, ther, or was obstinately rebellious and incorrigible, was to be put to Death, Deut. xxi. 17, 18-21.. Exod. xxi. 15, 17: : . ' . . .! '' 1.2.Q. What are fome of their special Laws about Masters and Servants ? A. Any Servant might ga free, if his Master had maimed him: And an ifraelitish Servant, though he were bought with Money, shall go out free for nothing in the seventh Year: and if he will not go out free, his Master shall bore his Ear through on the Door-Post withi an Awl, and he shall serve him for ever, Ex. xxi. 2.-6. and 26, 27. . . .

. ...' Note, This Word. For ever signifies till the Year of: Jubilee, for all Servants or Slaves who were Hebrews were then to have their Freedom, and return to their own Lands and Possessions in their own Tribe. See Lev. xxv. 39-42. And this is the best way of reconciling Exod. xxi. with Lev. xxv, where one Text saith, the Servant shall go out free in the seventh Year, and another in the Year of Jubilee, and the third faith, he shall serve for ever.

8Q. What special Laws had they relating to: their Food? A. That they sḥould eat no Blood, nor the Fat of the Kidneys, nor any thing that died of itself, or was torn of wild Beasts, nor any of the Beasts or Birds or Fishes which were pronounced to be unclean, Lev. xi, and xvii. Deut.', xiv. 21. And therefore they would not eat with : Heathens, left they should talte unclean Food. :

9 Q. What were some of the Laws relating to, their Clothing? . A Man must not wear the : Raiment of Women, nor a Woman the Raiment of Men: They must wear no mixed Garment, made of Woollen and, Linnen: and they were required to make Fringes in the Borders of their

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Garments, and put upon the Fringe of the Borders a Ribbon of blue, that they might look upon it and remember to do the Commandınents of the Lord, Num, xv. 38, 39. Deut. xxii. 5, 11, 12.

Note, In our Saviour's time they wrote Sentences of the Law on Parchment, and put them on their Fore: heads and their Garments : These were called Phylactea ries, Matth. xxiii. 5.

10. Q: What are some of their special Laws 2* bout Houses and Lands? A. That every seventh Year the Land should rest from ploughing and sowing, and God promised to give them Food enough in the fixth for the three Years. And every fiftieth Year, which is the Year of Jubilee, all Houses and Lands that were sold should return to their former Possessors, except Houses in walled. Towns, Lev. xxv. 2~-17, 20, 21, 30, 88.

Note, Every seventh Year in which the Fields were not to be tilled, was called a Sabbath or a Sabbatical Year: And after seven Sabbatical Years, i; e. fortynine Years, was the Year of Jubilee in the fiftieth: Though some have supposed the Jubilee to be the fortyninch Year itself, that fo two Sabbatical Years might not come together : for in the Jubilee 'tis plain there was to be no Ploughing nor Sowing, nor Reaping, nor Vintage, Lev. xxv. 11.

II Q. What were some special Jewith Laws about Corn and Husbandry ? A. They were forbid to plough with an Ox and an Ass together: to sow their Fields with Seeds of different Kinds: OF to make clean riddance of their Harvests either of the Field or of the Trees, for the Gleanings were to be left for the Poor, Deut. xxii. 9,

10, 11. Lev. xix. 9, 10, 19. And any Travellers might eat their Fill of Grapes or Corn in a Field or Vineyard, but might carry none away, Deut. xxiii. 24, 25.

12 Q. What were some of their peculiar Laws. about Money Goods and Cattle ? A. They might lend Money upon Usury to a Stranger, but not to an Ifraelite, That a Thief should restore double for whatsoever 'Thing he has stolen ; but if he stole Cattle, and killed or fold them, he must pay five Oxen for an Ox, and four Sheep for a Sheep, Exod. xxii. 22. Deut. xxiii. 19, 20. Ex. xxii.

I g . But if he has nothing to pay, the · Thief shall be sold for his 'Theft, ver. 3.

13 Q. What Special Laws related to Beasts andi Birds ? A. They were forbid to muzzle, the Mouth of the Ox that trod out the Corn, that fo he might eat some while he was treading it : Nor when they took a Bird's Nest in the Field with Eggs or Young ones, were they permitted . to take the Dam with them, Deut. xxv. 4. and. xxii, 6, 7.

14. Q. What Laws were given them about the Firi-born? A: The First-born of Man and Beasts were devoted or given to God as well as the First fruits of the Trees and of the Field, Exod. xxii, 29, 30. Num. xviii. 12, 13.

Note, The First-born of Men were redeemed by the Levites : The First born of Beasts were to be facrificed, or fome way put to Death, if not redeemed, Exod. xii. 2, 12, 13, 15: Num. iii. 41...

15 2. What were the Laws about the Maintenance of the Priets? A. The Priests were to be maintained by the First-born of all Cattle and

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the Firft-fruits of Oil and Wine and Corn, and they had a Share in various Sacrifices, (viz.) the Heave. Offerings, the Wave-Breaft, and the right Şlioulder, &*c. Num. xviii. 8-19.

Note, Heave-Offerings were to be moved upwards and downwards towards Heaven and Earth. Wave. Offerings were to be shaken to and fro, or moved towards the four Quarters of the Heaven: All this is supposed to fignify an offering of them to God, as universal Lord. of all parts of the Creation, and who dwells every where.

16 Q. What were the Laws about the Levites Maintenance? A. They were maintained by the

Tenth or Tithe of Fruits and Corn which God.
appointed for them, Num. xviii. 21, 24. And.
they had some Cities and their Suburbs given:
them out of every Tribe, 7p. xxi. . .
1.17 Q. What were some of their special Laws
about the Bodies and the Lives of Men? A: He
that killed or stole and sold. a Man, must die for
it, Exod. xxi, 12, 16. And in all Cases of real
Injury or Mischief, Life was to pay for Life, an
Eye for an Eye, a Hand for a Hand, or a Foot
for a Foot, Lev. xxiy, 17-20.' And this was the
Penalty of a false Witnefs, who intended to bring
any Mischief whatsoever on another, Deut. xix.
18, &c. for the same was to be executed on the
false Witness.

18 Q. Was there no Pardon for him that killed another? A. If he did it wilfully, there was no Pardon: but if it were done by Chance, there were six Cities of Refuge in the Land of Canaan appointed, to which the Manflayer might Ay and be safe. But he was bound to dwell there till. the Death of the High-Priest, Num. XXXV. II-331

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* 19 Q. Was the Law the same for the Servanti or Slave, and for the Freeman, in case of Maiming and of Murder ? A. Not entirely the same ; for in some cases of. maiming or killing a Slave, the Offender was not punihed to the same degree as if the injured Person had been a Freeman, Exod. xxi. 20, 26.

20 l. What were some of the usual Punishments of Criminals appointed in the Jewish Law, A. A Fine of Money or Cattle to be paid, a cutting off from tlie People or Congregation, scourging or beating at most with forty Stripes, the loss of a Limb, or the loss of Life, Exod. xxi. 19, 22, 36. Lev. xix. 20. xxiv, 17-20. :

21 Q. What is the Meaning of being cut off from the People or the Congregation? A. In some greater Crimes, such as prefumptuous Rebellion against the Laws of God, wilful Sabbath-breaking, &c. it may fignify capital Punishment or Deach by the Hands of the Magistrate, Num. xv. 30, 31. Exod. xxxi. 14. In some cases it may intend a being devoted to some Judgment by the immediate Hand of God, Lev, xvii. 1o. and xx. 5, 6. But in some lesser Crimes - perhaps it may fignify no more than to be excommunicated or Mut out of the Congregation of Israel, and the Privileges thereof; as, For eating leavened Bread at the time of the Passover, Exod. xii. . 15. or for a Man's going unto the holy Things with his Uncleanness upon him, Lev. xxii. 3. where it is exprefled, that that Soul hall be cut off from the Presence of God. But this Question hath some Difficulties in it, and learned Men' differ about the Sense of these Words, Being cut off . ! . .

22 Q. If the Jews were permitted to give forty Stripes, how came Paul five times to receive but

forty

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