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22 Q. Did Joshua proceed to conquer the whole Country? A. The Ifraelites, under the Conduct of Foshua, went on 'till they had flain one and thirty Kings, and then the People refted from War for a Season, Tom. xi. 23. and xii. 24.
23 Q. Where was the Tabernacle first set up after they came to Canaan? A. In Shiloh, in the Tribe of Ephraim, at some Distance from Jerusalem, and there it tarried above three hundred Years, even till the Days of Samuel, 7oh. xviii. 1. I Sam. i. 3.
24. Q. How came it to be set up there? A. By the Appointment of God; for it is said, He fét his Name first in Shiloh, Jer. vii, 12. See Deut. xii. 5,&c.
25 Q. How was the Land of Canaan divided among the People? A. Reuben and Gad, and half the Tribe of Manasseh, had their Inheritance given them by Moses on the other Side Jordan, and 40Jhua cast Lots for the rest of the Tribes before the Lord in Shiloh, Num, xxxii. Fosh, xiii. 7, 8. and xviii. 1o.
26 Q. Did not the Tribes of Reuben and Gad, and half Manaffèh, go to help their Brethren in destroying the Canaanites? . Yes, by the Appointment of Moses, they went over Jordan to assist their Brethren, till they were settled in the Land, Num. xxxii. '16–33. and 7oh. i. 12-18.
27 Q. What Memorial did these two Tribes and an half leave in the Land of Canaan, that they beo longed to the Nation of Israel? A. They built a great Altar upon the Borders of Jordan, not for Sacrifice, but merely as a Memorial of their Interest in the God of Israel, in the Tabernacle, and in the Worship thereof, yosh, xxii,
: 28 Q.
: 28 Q. Where was the Tribe of Levi disposed of? A. Being devoted to the Services of the Tabernacle and Religion, they were not fixed in one Spot of Ground, but had a Share in the Inheritance of every Tribe, that they might teach every City the Laws of God, and their Duty, Joh. xxi. 3.
.29 Q. What did Joshua do just before his Death? A. He fummoned the People rogether, and made a most folemn Covenant with them, that they fhould serve the Lord, Yoh. xxii. and xxiv. 1—28.
30 Q. Did the Israelites go on to drive out the Inhabitants of Canaan after the Death of Joshua ? A. Yes, by the Appointment of God, the Tribe of Judah went up against Bezek, Judg. i. 1-4.
31 Q. What did the Ifraelites do to Adonibezek (or the King of Bezek) when they took him? A.
They cut off his Thumbs and great Toes, Judg. . 1. 6.
32 Q. What Remark did he make upon it? A. He confessed the Justice of God in this Punilha ment, for he had cut off the Thumbs and great Toes of threescore and ten Kings, and made them gather Meat under his Table, ver. 7.
33 Q. Did the Israelites drive all the Canaanites out of the Land ? A. No, for there were some left for leveral hundred Years after Iofua's Death:
The Jebusites and the Philistines continued till the Days of David, 2 Sam. v. 6, 17.
34 Q. Why did not God allin Israel to drive them all out ? A. Because Israel did not obey the Commands of God, and some of the Canaanites were left to prove Ifrael, whether they would obey the Lord, and to be as Thorns in their Sides, to punish them for their Sins, Josh. xxiii, 12, 13. Judg. ii. 3, 21. and iii. 1-4.
35 Q. What were the most common Sins that Ifrael was guilty of after their Settlement in Canaan? A. They fell to Idolatry, or worshipping the Gods of the Nations round about them after Joshua was dead, and the Elders of the People of that Age that outlived Joshua, Judg. ii. 6, 7, 10—15.
SECT. II. Of the Government of ISRAEL.
26Q: W HO governed the People of Israel af
W ter Joshua's Death ? A. God was always the King and Ruler of Israel, and under him the several Tribes probably chose their own Judges, Magiftrates, and Officers, according to the Appointment of Moses, Exod. xviii. Deut. i. 13. Joh. xxiv. I.
Note, These Officers or judges which were set over the People by Mofes, at the Advice of Jethro, were at first chosen by the People in their several Tribes, just after they came out of Egypt, Exod. xviii. Mofes says to the People, Give ye aise Men, &c. Deut. i. 13..
The 70 or 72 Elders were the gravest and most venerable of these Officers, fix out of every Tribe ; for God says to Mofes, Gather to me feventy Men of the "Elders of Ifrael, whom thou knowest, to be Officers over them, Num. xi. 16. These were to meet together, and consult upon extraordinary Occasions, as when a fort of Sedition was raised by the Murmurings of the Peo. ple, Num. xi. or in such like Cases of Danger.
The High-Priest was the chief Counsellor, and fometimes a Judge, for the Oracle of God was with him, and he was supposed to be chiefly, killed in the Law, especially if he were an elderly Man.
The common Priests and Levites were also Affiftants to the Judges, by way of Counsel, and in deciding Controverfies in every Tribe, Deut. xvii. 9 12. But still the executive Power was vested in the Judges of each Tribe, and God himself was their King, and the Centre of Union and Government.
But when, through their Idolatry and Wickedness, God forsook the People, and Officers and Judges neglected their Duty, the People fustained the Miseries and Confusions of an Anarchy, as 'tis several times exprefsed in the Book of Judges, There was no King in If. rael, and every one did what was right in his own Eyes. And by their Disunion and want of Government, they were weakened, and became an easy Prey to their Enemies round about them : But at particular Seasons, God raised them up extraordinary Judges to recover them from Slavery, and to restore Government among them: And these had a Dominion over many, or all the Tribes, being raised up eminently by God himself.
That this was the original and appointed Method of the Government of Israel, as I have described it, we may learn partly from Deut. i. 13. where the Officers are chosen, and Deut. xvii. 8 -- 12. and xix. 16 1 8. where Mofes appoints the Business of the Priests and the Judges; and partly from 2 Chron. xvii, 7- 9. and xix.
5 1 . where Hezekiah makes a. Reformation throughout the Land, and appoints the Judges to be Executors of Justice, the Priests and Levites to be the Teachers of the People, and Counsellors to the Judges, and the High-Priest to be the chief Counsellor : And sometimes he was a Judge also, as was before intimated.
37 Q. Was not the High-Prieft their Ruler under God? A. The High-Priest seems to be appointed by God and Moles to be the chief Counsellor in declaring the Laws and Statutes of God,
as the other Priests were allo Counsellors : but the executive Power of Government was rather vested in those who were called Judges, whether they were ordinary or extraordinary, Deut. xvii. 9-12.
38 Q. Did those ordinary Officers do Justice, and maintain good Order in the Land after the Days of Joshua ? A. We have very little Account of them ; but 'tis certain they did not fulfil their Duty, because there was sometimes great Wickedness among the People without Restraint: Much Idolatry and Mischief, both publick and private, and that for want of Government, Judg. xvii. 6. and xxi. 25.
.39 Q. Why did God, the King of Israel, leave his People under these Inconveniencies ? A. As they had forsaken God and his Laws, so God seemed fometimes to have forsaken the Care of them, and given them up to the Confusions and Miferies which arise from want of Government for a Seafon; and also suffered their Enemies on every Side to make Inroads upon them, and bring them into Slavery, Fudg. ii. 11-15...
40 Q. But did not the great God interpose for their Deliverance ? A. Sometimes, in the Course of his Providence, and by special Inspiration, he : raised up extraordinary Judges to rescue them from the Hand of their Enemies, and to restore Government among them, Judg. ii, 16-19. .
41 Q. Who were fome of the most remarkable of these extraordinary Judges? A. Ehud and Shamgar, Deborah and Gideon, Jephthah and Sampson, and Samuel.
42 Q. Who was Ehud ? A. A Man of Benjamin, who delivered Israel from the Oppression of Eglon King of Moab, Judg. iii, 12, 15.