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fruit.'? * No man should think that he hath ' that lively faith which the scripture commandeth, ' when he liveth not obediently to God's laws; for * all good works spring out of that faith.'2–An excellent passage is afterwards quoted in the Refutation from the same Homily, which needs not to be here reprinted, as the reader will do well carefully to peruse the whole in the Book of Homilies. If any of those who are called evangelical clergymen do not approve of this doctrine, thus stated from scripture and the authorized writings of our church ; we who do (a very large majority) only request that we may not be confounded with them.

* That faith, to which so many and great things are ascribed in the New Testament, must by no means be taken for a single and simple virtue. For in its circuit it comprises all the works of Christian piety. But wherever it is taken for a work distinct by itself, and disjointed from all other virtues ; so far is the Holy Spirit from ascribing to it the first part, that it is placed by "St. Paul himself after love, almost in the third place.' 3

This passage from Bishop Bull exactly describes what we disapprove, as that before from the Refutation, what we approve.

Faith produces,' says the author of the Refutation; Faith comprises,' says Bishop Bull. The former we maintain ; the latter we wholly reject, as inconsistent with “sal

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"Art. xii.

Homily of Faith, Part 3.
* Translation of Note from Bp. Bull, Ref. 105.

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“vation of grace,” and justification by faith alone. * St. Paul declareth here nothing upon the behalf of man concerning his justification, but only a true and lively faith ; which nevertheless is the gift of God, and not man's only work without 'God. And yet that faith doth not shut out re

pentance, hope, love, dread, and the fear of God, ' to be joined with faith in every man that is jus(tified ; but it shutteth them out from the office ' of justifying. So that, although they be all pre* sent together in him that is justified, yet they `justify not altogether. Neither doth faith shut ' out the justice of our good works, necessarily to 'be done afterwards, of duty towards God: (for

we are most bounden to serve God, in doing good deeds, commanded by him in his holy 'scripture, all the days of our life:) but it ex'cludeth them, so that we. may not do them to

this intent, to be made just by doing of them. * For all the good works that we can do be imper' fect, and therefore not able to deserve our justi*cation : but our justification doth come freely by * the mere mercy of God; and of so great and free

mercy, that, whereas all the world was not able ‘of themselves to pay any part towards their ran

som, it pleased our heavenly Father, of his in' finite mercy, without any of our desert or de' serving, to prepare for us the most precious jewels of Christ's body and blood, whereby our

ransom might be fully paid, the law fulfilled, and ' his justice fully satisfied. So that Christ is now ' the Righteousness of all them that truly do be• lieve in him. He for them paid their ransom by ‘his death ; He for them fulfilled the law in his

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- life. So that now, in him and by him, every 'true Christian man may be called a fulfiller of “the law; for as much as, that which their in

firmity lacked, Christ's justice hath supplied.' -Our faith in Christ, as it were, saith unto us thus : It is not I that take away your sins, but it is Christ only; and to him only I send you for that purpose, forsaking therein all your good virtues, words, thoughts, and works, and only putting your trust in Christ. 2 Because ' faith doth directly send us to Christ for remission ' of our sins, and that by faith given us of God we

embrace the promise of God's mercy, and of the ' remission of our sins, (which thing none other of

our virtues and works properly doth,) therefore * the scripture useth to say, that faith without works doth justify.'3

. It is a childish cavil, wherewith in the matter of justification our adversaries do so greatly please themselves, exclaiming that we tread all Christian * virtues under our feet, and require nothing in • Christians but faith, because we teach that faith

alone justifieth. Whereas by this speech we never ' meant to exclude either hope or charity from be

ing alway joined as inseparable mates with faith ' in the man that is justified ; or works from being ' added as necessary duties, required at the hands

of every justified inan: but to shew that faith is 'the only hand' which putteth on Christ for jus* tification ; and Christ the only garment which, being so put on, covereth the shame of our de

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2 Ibid. Part 2.

Homily of salvation, Part 1. 3 Ibid. Part 3

' filed natures, hideth the imperfection of our

works, preserveth us blameless in the sight of * God; before whom, otherwise, the weakness of

our faith were cause sufficient to make us cul' pable, yea, to shut us from the kingdom of God, ' where nothing that is not absolute can enter.'!. The view given, in the last passage from the Refutation, of faith as producing good works coincides with these quotations; but that which states faith to contain within it all other Christian graces is perfectly incompatible: for, on that supposition, it might as properly be said that repentance, that hope, that love, alone, justifies us, as that faith alone justifies us. Undoubtedly the apostle meant by the faith which abideth along with hope and

love,” living justifying faith : but love, “ requirement of the law,” “ the fruit of the Spi“rit,” the very“ image of God,” who “ is love,the very essence of heavenly holiness and happiness, is far greater than faith, though it cannot perform the office of faith. Faith and hope are, so to speak, the scaffolding of that building, by which fallen man is to become an eternal “ habi“ tation of God through the Spirit ;” but love is the building itself: and, when that is finished, the scaffolding shall be taken down. Now the building which shall remain to eternity, and for the sake of which the scaffolding was prepared, must be vastly greater than the scaffolding itself, though that was indispensably necessary.

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Hooker' of Justif. $ 31. This and several other quotations from Hooker were made by the author, in . The Force of Truth,' published thirty-six years ago.

CHAPTER II.

ON JUSTIFICATION, AND PRESERVATION IN A

JUSTIFIED STATE.

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The general doctrine of justification, thus stated, may

be resolved into these three parts: first, the meritorious cause on account of which we are justified: secondly, the condition to be performed " by ourselves, to render that cause efficacious : • and, thirdly, the motive which led to the appoint'ment of this mode of justification. First, God is - said to have “ set forth Christ to be our propitiation, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins." Christ is our propitiation; that is, the atonement made by his death is the meri'torious cause of the remission of our sins, or of ‘our justification. The characteristic blessing of

the Christian religion is, that it provides a satis• faction for sin : tó this inestimable benefit it has ' an exclusive claim: “ By him all that believe

are justified from all things, from which they 'could not be justified by the law of Moses," or

by any previous dispensation. Secondly, Does * this cause operate necessarily, and produce our justification as its unavoidable effect? No; it operates “ through faith in his blood;" that is, 'the means by which it operates is our faith in • the death of Christ. If we have not that faith, if 'we do not embrace the gospel when proposed to us, Christ is not our propitiation ; and, con

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