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CONTENTS.

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COLONIAL HISTORY.

CHAPTER XI.

THE RESTORATION OF THE STUARTS.

XI.

The principles that should prevail in the adminis- Chap tration of the American colonies, always formed a dividing question between the political parties in Eng- 1660 land. The restoration of the legitimate dynasty was attended by a corresponding change in colonial policy.

The revolution, which was now come to its end, had been in its origin a democratic revolution, and had apparently succeeded in none of its ultimate purposes. In the gradual progress of civilization, the power of the feudal aristocracy had been broken by the increased authority of the monarch ; and the people, now beginning to claim the lead in the progress of humanity, prepared to contend for equality against privilege, as well as for freedom against prerogative. The contest failed for a season, because too much was at once attempted. Immediate emancipation from the decaying institutions of the past was impossible ; hereditary inequalities were themselves endeared to the nation, from a love for the beneficent institutions with which close union had identified them; the mass of the people was still buried in the inactivity of listless ignorance ; even for the strongest minds, public experience had not yet generated the principles by which

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