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sures, either of the Hin, or of the 3000 and 2000 Baths in the brazen sea. So I suifer those computations to balance one another, without preponderating one above another. Yet shall I venture to propose another argument, which has nothing, that I know of, to counterbalance it; and which is directly on the side of the 3000 Baths, and its first series of measures : which argument I have elsewhere insisted on for the same purpose. This is taken from the quantity of the manna which was allotted by God himself to be every man's daily portion in the wilderness; an Omer apiece : this is full as large, on that hypothesis, as every man required :, and much too large on the other hypothesis. Of which see Authent. Records, Part II. p. 880, 881, and Cumberland, p. 87, 88. And thus upon the whole, I am still obliged to prefer the number 3000, and its first series of measures; before the number 2000, and its second series: as I did formerly also.

OF THE JEWISH WEIGHTS AND COINS. Now before I can authentically determine the weight and value of the Jewish shekel, and other weights and coins derived therefrom, I must set down such other weights and coins as the shekle hath been esteemed very nearly equal to : which are as follows:

3. d. Four Attic Drachmæ, according to Breerwood, .

- , according to Bernard, . ..
Four Attic Drachmæ, according to Graves, 67 grains,
The mean quantity is =
Two Alexandrian Drachmæ equal to four Attic Drachmæ=
A Tyrian coin = .
Four Drachmæ, Troy weight, equal 240 grains
Four Drachmæ, Avoirdupois, equal 219 grains, or half an ounce
Four Roman Denarii, or pence= .

- - Shekel itself, as weighed by Bernard, about

- by Cumberland

-- by Villalpandus

- by Abp. Usher
Duke of Devonshire's Shekel, weighed by Mr. Barker,
The mean weight of the Shekel, excepting that of Dr. Bernard's,
Mean quantity of 4 Attic and 2 Alexandrian Drachmæ; of 4 Drachmä Troy,

and as many Avoirdupois ; of a Tyrian coin; of 4 Denarii; and of the

several shekels themselves, very nearly Hence I state the Jewish Coins and weights as follows:

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Stater, Siclus, or Shekel of the Sanctuary, the Standard, . .
Tyrian coin, equal to the Shekel,
Bekah, one half of the Shekel, - - - - -
Drachma Attica, one fourth
Drachma Alexandrina, or Drachmon, or Adarchmon, one hall,
Gerah, or Obolus, zo

01 Maneh or Mna, equal 100 Shekels in weight, 21900 grains Troy.

L. s. d. Maneh, or Mna, Mina, as a coin, equal 60 Shekels,

7 10 Talent of silver, equal 3000 Shekels

375 00 Drachma of gold, not more than

0 11 Shekel of gold, not more than

044 Daric of gold,

1 04 Talent of gold, not more than

- 648 00 N. B. The Roman coins mentioned in the New Testament, are to be thus valued. See Cumberland, pages 117, 118, 139. The Denarius Ass, or Assis,

3/farthings. - Assarium

. 14 farthings. Quadrans

of a farthing. Mite

- of a farthing.

N. B. Since our ancient testimonies, and the weights of our present Shekels conspire to assure us, that a Hebrew Shekel was nearly equal to 4 Attic and 2 Alex. andrian Drachmæ to 4 Drachmæ Troy, and to as many Avoirdupois; to a Tyrian coin ; and to 4 Denarii; I thence deduce its mean quantity to have been 28. 6d. Allowing somewhat for the wearing of such shekels as are now extant, while they passed as coin and laying aside that unexampled quantity in Dr. Bernard, as some way mistaken : on which single example yet, so far as appears to me, the Shekel is supposed, bothby himself and by Dean Prideaux, to have been no less than 3s. in value. See Prid. Connection, Pref. pages 20, 21.

Some of the learned Jews pretend, that their later Shekels were } larger than their ancient ones: which later Shekels might be then at least 23. 10d. But since no much larger shekels have been yet seen, (unless that weighed by Dr. Bernard were of that sort,) I cannot depend upon such a Rabbinical assertion, without farther evidence.

And though there should have been any such coined in later times, the estimate of the Shekel under the Old and New Testament, in the days of Josephus, will hardly be affected by it. See the note on Joseph. Antiq. III. 8.

As for the Drachma, Shekel, and Talent of Gold among the Jews, I state them no higher than as 19 to 11, (the specific gravity of Gold, to that of Silver) larger than those of silver. Which yet have been hitherto most unhappily and extravagantly esteemed 14, or 15, or even 16 times as high in value as silver : and this without due consideration of the several instances wherein such pieces of gold have been mentioned in the old Testament.

As to those golden Darics mentioned by Josephus when he supplies them in Numb. vii. instead of Shekels, which we supply; I follow Bishop Cumberland in their estimation. See his Book, page 115.

N. B. It being so evident, and known by all that a Hebrew Talent of silver was just 3000 Shekels; when Josephus's present copies say, that such Talent was equal to 100 Manehs, Mnas, or Minæ, which we should render pounds; of 30 ounces, or 60 shekels apiece; this Talent will still be as large again as it ought to be. Though I cannot easily suppose, that Josephus could himself be guilty of so great a mistake. But whence it has arisen I cannot tell. Nor do I find, that the correctors or corruptors, of Josephus's numbers have been less busy, or less successful in those belong. ing to his Weights and Measures, than they have been in those relating to his Chronology

A TABLE OF THE JEWISH MONTHS IR JOSEPHUS AND OTHERS: WITH THE
NAMES OF THE SYROMACEDONIAN RANES JOSEPHUS GIVES THEM: AND
OF THE JULIAN OR ROMAN MONTHS CORRESPONDING TO THEM.
Hebrew Names. Syromacedonian Names. Roman Names.

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N. B. The years I make use of in this version of Josephus under the bare character of An. are those before the Christian era : as those under the character of A. D. are those since. And if the reader desires to know the Annus Muodi, or the Year of the World corresponding to any such year, according to my notes on Josephus, he must deduct the year given from 4485 (about the latter end of the next year, to which A. M. 1. I suppose Adam to have been created) and the remainder will be the Annus Mundi, or year of the world: but in strictness, the year from that in Which Adam was created inclusive. Thus, in order to find the A. M. wherein Moses died, and Joshua entered Canaan; which is there An. 1492. Deduct that pumber out of 4485, the remainder 2998, is the A. M. in their note 1. But if any desire the A. M. by the shorter Samaritan chronology, which I suppose to be the most exact, deduct 249 years from the former A. M. and the remainder will give the remainder by that chronology. Thus from 2993, just now found, deduct 249, the remainder is 2744, is the A. M. sought. And if any desire theJulian Period corresponding to any year before the Christian era, they are to deduct the last year out of 4714, which is the first year of the Christian era. The remainder will be the current year of the Julian Period. Thus deduct 1492, the year wherein Moses died, and Joshua entered the land of Canaan, from 4714, the remainder is 3292 the year of the Julian Period required.

AN

ACCOUNT

OF THE

JUDGES, KINGS, GOVERNORS, &c.

OF TUE

JEWISH NATION.

This nation in their beginning was goo John Ben Rhesa Nahum

verned by the following Judges. Judas Hircanus Amos Moses Jair

Joseph Mattathias

Abner
Joshua
Jephtha

Joseph Arses
Othniel

Heli
Absan

Jannes Hircanus
Adol
Abdon

Mahath Mattathias.
Baruch and De. ) Elon

The Maccabees, who were both Princes bora

and Priests. Gideon Samson

Judas

Simon
Ahimelech Eli

Jonathan John Hyrcanus.
Thola
Samuel.

The following were both Kings and Prin-
After them they had these Kingo.

ces. Saul Amasai

Aristobulus 1. Hyrcanus David · Ozias

John Alexander Aristob. son of Aristob. Solomon Jonathan

Alexander Aristobulus 3. Rehoboam Ahaz

Aristobulus 2. Hircanus.
Abijam Hezekiah

The Race of Herod.
Asa
Eliakim

Antipater Archelaus the Great Jehoshaphat Amon

Herod the Great Agrippa son of Agrippa. Jehoram Josias Manasses Joahaz

The names of the High-priests, from the Ochozias Joachim

departure out of Egypi till the building Athalia Zedechias

of the Temple of Solomon. Joas

Aaron

Achitob
Eleazar

Acbimelech
The Captivity of Babylon continued se.

Phineas

Abiathar venty years. The Governors after the

Abishua Sadoc Captivity were

Busqui Achimaas Zorobabel Nagge

Oses

Azarias
Rhega
Hagaieli

Heli,

536 AN ACCOUNT OF THE JEWISH KINGS, GOVERNORS, &c.

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From the building of the Temple till the Salmanaser Evil-Merodach
Captivity of Babylon.

Sennacherib Neriglossorar
Joram
Urijah

Eserhaddan Labosardach
Joses
Neraiah

Baltassar.
Axioram Odeas

merodach Sudeas Sellum

Kings of Prussia. Jonathan Helcias.

Cyrus Xerxes
From the return out of Babylon till the Cambyses Sogdianus
Maccabees' time.

Smerdus Ma- ) Darius the Bastard
Saraiah Joiada
Sosedech Jonathan

Darius son of
Joshua

Artaxerxes Mnemon
Jadus

Histaspis
Joachim

a Onias

Xerxes son of Eliasib

Simon Eleazar Jason

Artabanus the
Manasses

Onias
Onias Lysimachus

Artaxerxes with Darius son of ArsaSimon Alcimus.

a long hand $mes. Onias

Kings of Syria, after the death of AlexHigh-priests from the Maccabees' time, till

ander the Great. the final destruction of Jerusalem. | Seleucus Nicanor Alexander Epiphanes Simon Boethus Joseph 3.

Antiochus Soter Demetrius Nicanor Joseph 1. Ananias

Antiochus Antiochus Sedetes 1 Joseph 2. Ismael

Seleucus Callini- Demetrius Nicanor Joazar Joseph

cus Eleazar Annas

Seleucus Ceraun

in- Alexander Zebina Joshua son of Eleazar

us Sias

Antiochus the Joazar

Antiochus Gryphus Simon

Great Auto Ananus Joseph Caiaphas

Seleucus Philo-) Antiochus CyzicenIsmael Jonathan

pater

us
Theophilus Joshua son of Danneus Antiochus Epi-
Simon
Joshua son of Gamaliel

Seleucus Gryphus

phanes Mattathias Mattathias

Antiochus Eupator Antiochus Pius.
Elion
Phineas or Panaas.

Demetrius Soter Kings of Israel, otherwise called Kings Sovereigns of Egypt after the death of of the ten Tribes, or of Samaria.

Alexander the Great. Jeroboam 1. Jehoahaz

Ptolemy Soter Euergetes Phiscon Nadab Joash

Philadelphus Lathyrus
Baasha Jeroboam 2.

Euergetes Alexander
Elah
Zachariah

Philopater Auletes
Zimri
Menahem

Epiphanes Cleopatra
Omri

Pekahiah son of Mena- | Philometor.

hem Ahab

Kings of the Tyrians.
Pekah son of Rameliah.
Jehoram

Abibalus

Phelletes Jehu

Hiram'

Ithoballus

Bellastartus Badezor
Kings of Assyria and Babylon.

Abdastartus Merimus
Phulbelocus Nabuchodonozor 1. Astartus

Pigmalion. Phulasser Nebuchodonosor the Great Astarimus.

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