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Copy the words. Draw a line through silent g.

Alaska was

by the



ma lign' poig'nant sov'er eign di'a phragm

cham pågne'

as sign'ment

in 1867. Its shores are washed Current, a stream of warm water that flows from

the Japan Islands the Pacific Ocean. The winds blow

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are large forests of


magnificent. High

mild and moist.
and pine.






in the

deep, and immense

numerous. The are chiefly Indians and fish and hunt. The seal fishery is the most world. Sitka is the

Copy, and fill the blanks from the first list of words below.

val leys purchased

ce dar



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Pronunciation.-1 nis; 2 fân; 3 ăr rān'; ✦ shăm pân'; 'rush'ą; ' sōrd.

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Dictation. The cod is one of the most important fish used for food. The chief fishing grounds are the Grand Bank of Newfoundland and places in its vicinity. Here there is a great abundance of small fish and other marine animals on which the cod preys. The cod is usually prepared for the market by salting and drying on frames called "flakes."


Rule.-The name of the person addressed should be separated by a comma or commas from the rest of the sentence.

1. Edith, where is your sister? 2. Please open the window, Robert. 3. Wait, Harold, until your friend comes.

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Write three sentences, using the name of a person addressed at the

beginning, at the end, and in the middle of a sentence.

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Write which are brought from Europe; Asia; Africa; South Which are vegetable; animal; mineral.



Look for goodness, look for gladness,
You will meet them all the while;
If you bring a smiling visage

To the glass, you meet a smile.

Copy, learn, and recite.

-Alice Cary.

145 Singular and Plural

Rule.-Some words form their plurals by adding s.

Table, one object, is singular. Tables, more than one object, is

plural. Write the plural form of each word in the list below.

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Dictation.—The ship "Neptune," from Calcutta, has just reached port with a cargo of tea, silk, opium, spices, jute, rice, and indigo.

The schooner "Zephyr" sails from Havana loaded with sugar, molasses, oranges, bananas, cigars, and mahogany.

Pronunciation.—1 kð lön'; 2 kŏch'Inel; lik'er.

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Write the words. Mark the short sounds of a and i.

148- Singular and Plural

Rule.-Some words form their plurals by adding es.

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Write the words in a column, and opposite each, its plural form.


Rewrite the following sentences so that every word in italics will mean more than one.

The hero wore a helmet. A lobster is for sale in the market. A fossil was found in the ledge. The box has a handle. A torpedo was placed in the fort. The dish is on the upper shelf. A tress is a ringlet or curl of hair. The man carried a torch in the procession.

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Sholy, sacred

wholly, completely

(plain, level ground; clear

4 plane, flat surface; tree;

rein, for a horse

coarse, rough


course, way

(collar, band for the neck.

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choler, anger



( dying, ceasing to live


dyeing, coloring

Write the sentences, putting the right word in the right place.

Westward the (6) of empire takes its way.-Berkeley. O, there is sweetness in the morning (1).-Byron. (3) angels guard thy bed.-Watts. How gladly would we buy time were it for (2). How beautiful is the (5) after the dust and heat.-Longfellow. The top of my desk is a (4) surface. What ! drunk with (7).—Shakespeare. The (7) was made of cloth. We thought her (8) when she slept. The Prince of Wales is (1) to the English throne. Russia is almost (3) a vast (4). Write home (1) the ship (2)s. The (5) guides the horse. The cochineal insects furnish a red color for (8). Shakespeare lived during the (5) of Queen Elizabeth.

And Ardennes waves above them her green leaves,
Dewy with nature's tear-drops, as they pass,
Grieving, if aught inanimate (1) grieves,

Over the unreturning brave, alas!

(1) evening to be trodden like the grass.-Byron.

To the Teacher.-Lead the pupils to understand the meaning of the quotations and express it in their own language.

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