Avoirdupois Weight-Continued. 4371 grains (grs.) are 1 ounce, oz. 7,000 1 pound, 16. 2,240 pounds “ 1 long or old ton. 20 hundredweight (cwt.) T. 66 Miscellaneous Table Continued. 12 dozen are 1 gross. 144 things 1 gross. 20 quires of paper 1 ream. Square Measure. 144 square inches (sq. in.) are 1 square foot, sq. ft. 1 square yard, sq. yd. 66 Cubic Measure. Used in measuring solid substances, such as timber, stone, the capacity of rooms, etc. 1728 cubic inches (cu. in.) are 1 cubic foot, cu. ft. “ 1 cubic yard, cu. yd. SEVENTH GRADE (GRAMMAR). Long Measure-Continued. 3 feet are 1 pace, 4 inches “ 1 hand, for measuring the height of horses. 6 feet • 1 fathom, for measuring depths at sea. 13 statute miles “ 1 geographic, nautical mile, or knot. Avoirdupois Weight_Continued. 60 pounds are 1 bushel of wheat. 196 « 1 barrel of flour. 200 • 1 barrel of beef or pork. 100 “ 1 quintal of fish (dry). 621 or 1000 ounces • 1 cubic foot of water. Troy Weight. 24 grains (grs.) are 1 pennyweight, pwt. 66 1 ounce, 02. 480 grs. 12 oz. or 5,760 grs. } - 1 pound, 16. Apothecaries' Weight. 20 grains (grs.) are 1 scruple, sc. 8 drams or 12 ounces or 5,760 grains “ 1 pound, lb. The pound, ounce, and grain of this table are identical with those of Troy Weight. The grain of Avoirdupois Weight is the same, but the pound is larger and the ounce smaller. “ 1 ounce, 02. Apothecaries' Fluid Measure. 60 minims (m.) or drops are 1 fluid drachm, f. 3. 1 fluid ounce, 66 f. 3. Angular Measure. 60 seconds (") are 1 minute, • “ 1 quadrant, quad. • 1 circumference, cir. } SIXTH GRADE (GRAMMAR). Long Measure-Continued. • 1 mile, m. Square Measure--Continued. 304 square yards are 1 square rod, perch, or pole, sq. r. or sq. p. Surveyors' Measure of Length. 100 links 4 rods Surveyors' Measure of Surface. Used in measuring land. 16 square rods (sq. r.) are 1 square chain. chains 1 acre, "1 square mile or section. sq. ch. APPENDIX. English Money. The national currency of Great Britain; it is often called Sterling Money. The intrinsic value in U. S. money of 1 pound Sterling is $4.8665. 3 miles 3 feet 4 inches 6 feet "1 league, 66 1 pace. “ 1 hand, for measuring the height of horses. "1 degree on the equator. Square Measure. Used in measuring surfaces and areas, as land, flooring, etc. 144 square inches (sq. in.) are 1 square foot, 160 square rods } 640 acres "1 square mile, sq. m. Cubic Measure. Used in measuring solid ubstances, such as timber, stone, the capacity of rooms, etc. 1728 cubic inches (cu. in.) are 1 cubic foot, cu. ft. 27 cubic feet 128 cubic feet "1 cubic yard, cu. yd. Liquid Measure. C. Used in measuring liquids, such as milk, wine, vinegar, molasses. 4 gills (gi.) are 1 pint, 2 pints 4 quarts or 66 1 quart, pt. } 314 gallons 63 gallons 231 cu. in. "1 hogshead, hhd. Dry Measure. Used in measuring grain, fruit, vegetables, salt, etc. Dry quart about one-sixth greater than liquid quart. Avoirdupois Weight. Used in weighing all coarse articles, as hay, meat, groceries, and all metals except gold and silver. yd. English Prefixes. a-at, to, in, on: аground, abed. Latin Prefixes. The last letter of the prefixes marked * is often changed to the first syllable of the root for euphony. a, ab, abs—from, away : avert, abduct. *ad-at, to: adhere. am, amb--around: amputate, ambulance. ante-before: antecedent. bi—two: biped. circum--around: circumnavigate. *con-with, together: condole, concur. contra, contro, counter-against: contradict. de-down, from: depend, degrade. *dis-apart, not: distend, dishonor. du-two: duplicate. *e, ex-out: eject, expose. en, em-in, into, on, to make: enclose, enlarge. extra-beyond : extraordinary. *in—in, on, not: invade, indirect. inter—between, among: interrupt, intermingle. intra, intro-into, within: introduce. juxta--near: juxtaposition. mal, male--bad: malefactor. multi-many: multiform. non-not: nonsense. *ob-before, against, out: object, oppress. per-through: pervade. |