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without fear of what mischief he might suffer i vented the psaltery and the harp. Tabal, : from wild beasts; and, setting a mark upon one of his children by the other wife, exhim that he might be known, he commanded ceeded all men in strength, and was very exhim to depart. *

pert and famous in martial performances; he When Cain had travelled over many coun- procured what tended to the pleasures of the tries, he, with his wife, built a city, named body by that method, and first invented the Nod, which is a place so called, and there he art of making brass ; Lamech also, was the settled his abode: where he also had children. father of a daughter whose name was NaaHowever, he did not accept of his punishment mah. And because he was so skilful in matin order to amendment, but to increase histers of divine revelation, that he knew he was wickedness; for he only aimed to procure to be punished for Cain's murder of his broevery thing that was for his own bodily plea- ther, be made that known to his wives.

Nay, sure, though it obliged him to be injurious to even while Adam was alive, the posterity of his neighbours. He augmented his household Cain became exceeding wicked; every one substance with much wealth by rapine and successively dying one after another more violence; he excited his acquaintance to pro- wicked than the former. They were incure pleasure and spoils by robbery; and be tolerable in war, and vehement in robberies; came a great leader of men into wicked and, if any one were slow to murder people, courses. He also introduced a change in that yet was he bold in bis profligate behaviour way of simplicity wherein men lived before, in acting unjustly and doing injuries for gain. and was the author of measures and weights. Now Adam, who was the first man, and And whereas they lived innocently and gene- made out of the earth (for our discourse must rously while they knew nothing of such arts, now be about him), after Abel was slain, and he changed the world into cunning and crafti- Cain fled away on account of his murder, was ness. He first of all set boundaries about solicitous for posterity, and had a vehement lands; he built a city, and fortified it with desire for children, he being two hundred and walls; and he compelled his family to come thirty years old, after which time he lived together to it: and called that city Enoch, other seven hundred, and then died. He had, after the name of his eldest | son. Now indeed,|| many other children, but Seth in Jared was the son of Enoch, whose son was particular. As for the rest, it would be tedious Malaleel, whose son was Mathusela, whose son to name them: I will, therefore, only endeawas Lamech, who had seventy-seven children vour to give an account of those that proby two wives, Silla and Ada. Of those ceeded from Setb. Now this Seth, when he children by Ada, one was Jabal : he erected was brought up, and came to those years in tents, and loved the life of a shepherd. But which he could discern what was good, beJubal, who was born of the same mother | came a virtuous man, and, as he was himself with him, exercised himself in music, § and in- of an excellent character, so did he leavė

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seems to agree better with the context, to render the terity, see Literal Accomplishment of Scripture Propheverse positively, My iniquity is too great to be forgiven; } cies, Supplement at large, page 106—134. or, by way of interrogation, Is my iniquity too great to be + Gen. iv. 16. forgiven? A learned annotator has observed that as there | Gen, iv. 17. are seven abominations in the heart of him that loveth § From this Jubal not improbably came Jobel, the not his brother, Prov. xxvi. 25, there were the like numirumpet of Jobel, or Jubilee; that large and loud musical ber of transgressions in Cain's conduct. 1. He sacrificed instrument used in proclaiming the liberty at the year of without faith. 2. He was displeased that God respected Jubilee. him not. 3. He hearkened not to 'God's admonition. | The number of Adam's children, as says the old tra4. He spake dissemblingly to his brother. 5. He killed dition, was thirty-three sons, and twenty-three daughhim in the field, 6. He denied that he knew where he was. 7. He neither hoped nor asked for inercy from God, What is here said of Seth and his posterity, that they but despairing, and so fell into the condemnation of the were very good and virtuous, and at the same time very devil. Ainsworth's Annot. B.

happy, without any considerable misfortunes for seven ge* Of this punishment of Cain in the seventh generation, nerations, is exactly agreeable to the state of the world, and of the punishment of Lamech in the seventy-seventh and the conduct of Providence in all the first ages. generation, as also of the mark set upon Cain and his posVOL. 1. (2)

children

ters,

children behind him who imitated his virtues. || for what degree of zeal they had formerly All these proved to be of good dispositions ; levinced for virtue, they now showed by their they also inhabited the same country without actions a double degree of wickedness; wheredissensions, and in happy condition, without | by they made God to be their enemy. For any misfortunes falling upon them, till they many angels † of God † accompanied with died. They also were the inventors of that women, and begat sons that proved unjust, peculiar sort of wisdom which is concerned and despisers of all that was good, on account with the heavenly bodies, and their order of the confidence they had in their own And, that their inventions might not be lost strength; for the tradition is, that these men before they were sufficiently known, upon did what resembled the acts of those whom Adam's prediction that the world was to be the Grecians call giants. But Noah was very destroyed at one time by the force of fire, uneasy at what they did ; and, being displeased and at another time by the violence and at their conduct, persuaded them to change quantity of water, they made two pillars :* their dispositions and their actions, for the betthe one of brick, the other of stone. They in- ter. But seeing they did not yield to him, but scribed their discoveries on them both, that, in were slaves to their wicked pleasures, he was case the pillar of brick should be destroyed by afraid they would kill him, together with his the flood, the pillar of stone might remain, | wife and children, and those they had married ; and exhibit those discoveries to mankind; and so he departed out of that land. also inform them that there was another pillar Now God loved this man for his righteousof brick erected by them. Now this remains ness; yet he not only condemned those other in the land of Siriad to this day.

men for their wickedness, but determined to

destroy the whole race of mankind, and to CHAP. III.

make another race that should be pure from or the DELUGE: NOAH'S PRESERVATION IN AN ARK, AND making their years not so many as they for

wickedness; and cutting short their lives, and

merly enjoyed, but one hundred and twenty TH

HE posterity of Seth continued to esteem only, he turned the dry land into sea. And

God as the Lord of the universe, and to thus were all these men destroyed. But Noah have an entire regard to virtue, for seven alone was saved, for God suggested to him generations; but in process of time they were the following contrivance and way

of

escape: perverted, and forsook the practices of their -That he should make an ark of four stories forefathers, and did neither pay those honours high, three hundred cubits || long, fifty cubits to God which were appointed them, nor had broad, and thirty cubits high. Accordingly they any concern to justice towards men. But he entered into that ark, with his wife, and

HIS SUBSEQUENT DEBARKATION AND DEATH.

Of Josephus's mistake here, when he took Seth, the (for of them only do I understand him) was now reduced son of Adam, for Seth or Sesostris king of Egypt, the to one hundred and twenty years; for, as to the rest of erector of these pillars, in the land of Siriad, see Essay mankind, Josephus himself confesses their lives were much on the Old Testament Appendix, page 159-160. Al-| longer than one hundred and twenty years, for many gethough the main of this relation might be true, and Adam || nerations after the flood, as we shall see presently : and might foretell a conflagration and a deluge, which all an- | he says they were gradually shortened till the days of tiquity witnesses to be an ancient tradition; and Seth's Moses, and then fixed for some time at one hundred and posterity might engrave their inventions in astronomy on twenty. Nor, indeed, need we suppose, that either Enoch two such pillars; yet it is no way credible that they could or Josephus meant to interpret these one hundred and survive the deluge, which buried all such pillars and edi. | twenty years for the life of men before the flood to be diffices far under ground, in the sediment of its waters; ferent from the one hundred and twenty years of God's especially since the like pillars of the Egyptian Seth or patience (perhaps while the ark was preparing), till the Sesostris were extant, after the flood, in the land of Siriad, | deluge; which I take to be the meaning of God when he and perhaps in the days of Josephus also.

threatened this wicked world, that, if they so long con+ This notion, that the fallen angels were in some sense tinued impenitent, their day's should be no more than one the fathers of the old giants, was the constant opinion of hundred and twenty years. antiquity.

# A cubit is about twenty-one English inches. Gen, vi. 4.

Ô The timber of whicb the ark was framed Moses calls § Josephus here supposes that the life of these giants | Gopher-wood: but what tree this Gopher was is not a

his

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