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his parents still more, by the exercise of || temple. Now they had brought with them; every virtue, and adhering to his duty to bis every thing necessary for a sacrifice, exceptparents, and being zealous in the worship ofing the animal that was to be offered. Now God. Abraham placed also his own happi- | Isaac was twenty-five years old, and as he, ness wholly in this prospect, that when he was building the altar, he asked his father should die he should leave this son in a safe what he was about to offer, since there was and secure condition, which accordingly be no animal there for an oblation ; to which it obtained by the will of God; who being de was answered that God would provide himsirous to make an experiment of Abraham's self an oblation, he being able to make a religious disposition towards himself, appeared plentiful provision for men out of what they to him, and enumerated all the blessings he have not, and to deprive others of what they had bestowed on him; how he made him su- | already have, when they put too much trust perior to his enemies; and that his son Isaac, therein ; that, therefore, if God pleased to be who was the principal part of his present hap- present and propitious at this sacrifice, he would piness, was derived from him, and he said provide himself with an oblation. that he required this son of his as a sacri As soon as the altar was prepared, and fice, and a holy oblation. Accordingly, he Abraham had laid on the wood, and all things commanded him to carry him to the moun were entirely ready, he said to his son, “0 tain Moriah,* and to build an altar, and of- son! I poured out a vast number of prayers fer him for a burnt-offering upon it; for that that I might have thee for my son ; when this would best manifest his religious dispo- thou wast come into the world, there was nosition towards him, if he preferred what was thing that could contribute to thy support for pleasing to God before the preservation of his which I was not greatly solicitous; por any

thing wherein I thought myself happier than Now Abraham thought that it was not to see thee grown up to man's estate ; and right to disobey God in any thing, but that that I might leave thee, at my death, the suche was obliged to serve him in every circum- cessor to my dominion; but since it was by stance of life, since all creatures that live God's will that I became thy father, and is enjoy their life by his providence, and the now his will that I relinquish thee, bear this kindness he bestows on them; accordingly consecration to God with a generous mind; he concealed this command of God, and his for I resign thee up to God, who bath thought own intentions about the slaughter of his son fit now to require this testimony of honor to from his wife, as also from every one of his himself on account of the favors he hath servants, otherwise he would have been hin- conferred on me, in being to me a supporter dered from his obedience to God; and he and defender. Accordingly thou, my son, took Isaac together with two of his servants, wilt now die, not in any common way of and laying what things were necessary for a going out of the world, but sent to God, the sacrifice upon an ass, he went away to the Father of all men, beforehand, by thy own famountain. Now the two servants went along ther, in the nature of a sacrifice.

I suppose with him two days, but on the third day, as he thinks thee worthy to leave this world, soon as he saw the mountain, he left those neither by disease, by war, nor any other servants that were with him till then in the severe way by which death usually comes plain, and having his son alone with him, he upon men, but so that he will receive thy soul came to the mountain. It was that mountain with prayers and holy offices of religion, and upon which king David afterwards built † the will place thee near to himself, and thou wilt

own son.


Gen, sxü, 2.

temple into altar, we need not correct the name, for it + Here is a plain error in the copies, which say that was David, and not Solomon, who built the first altar king David afterwards built the temple on this mount there, as we learn, 2 Sam. xxiv, 18, &c. 1 Chron. xxi. Moriah, while it was certainly no other than king Solo 22&c. mon who built that temple, as indeed Procopius cites it from Josephus; only if we change ispòs into Bangor,

An. 1912. vol. 1.-(3.)



there be to me a succourer and supporter in | God had said this, he produced to them a my old age, on which account I principally ram,t which did not appear before, for the brought thee

up; and thou wilt thereby procure sacrifice; so Abrabam and Isaac receiving me God for my comforter instead of thyself." || each other unexpectedly, and having obtained

Now Isaac was of such a generous dis- | the promises of such great blessings, embraced position as became the son of such a father, one another; and when they had sacrificed, and was pleased with this discourse, and said they returned to Sarah, and lived happily tothat he was not worthy to be born at first, ifgether, God affording them his assistance in he should reject the letermination of God and all things they desired. of his father, and should not resign himself up readily to both their pleasures; since it would

CHAP. XIV. have been unjust if he had not obeyed, even if his father alone had so resolved : so he

OF THE DEATH AND BURIAL OF SARAH, ABRAHAM'S WIFE, went immediately to the altar to be sacrificed; and the deed had been done if God had noi Now. Sarah I died a little while after

ward, having lived one hundred and opposed it, for he called loudly to Abraham | twenty-seven years. They buried her in by his naine, and forbade him to slay his son, Hebron, the Canaanites publicly allowing and said it was not out of a desire of human | them a burying-place, which piece of ground blood that he was commanded to slay his son, || Abraham bought, for four hundred shekels, nor was he willing that he should be taken | of Ephron, an inhabitant of Hebron: and away

from him whom he had made his father, || both Abraham and bis descendants built thembut to try the temper of his mind, whether he selves sepulcbres in that place. would be obedient to such a command : since, therefore, he now was satisfied as to the sur

CHAP. XV. prising readiness he shewed in his piety, he was delighted in having bestowed such blessings upon him, and that he would not be

, in bestowing other children upon him ; that by , his son should live to a very great age, that of courage, and of sagacious minds. Zambran, he should live a happy life, and bequeath a and Jazar, and Madan, and Madian, and Jarge principality to his children, who should || Josabak, and Sous. Now the sons of Sous be good and legitimate. He foretold also were Sabathan and Dadan. The sons of Dathat his family should increase into many na- | dan were Latusim, Assur, and Luom.

The țions,* and that those patriarchs should leave sons of Madian were Ephas, Ophron, Anoch, behind them an everlasting name; that they | Ebidas, and Eldas. Now Abraham contrived should obtain the possession of the land of to settle all these sons and grandsons in coloCanaan, and be envied by all men. Whennies, and they took possession of Troglodytis,




* It seems both here, and in God's parallel blessing to the seed of Judah, who should die for them in visible Jacob, c. 19, that Josephus bad yet no notion of the hidden and invisible wars, and should be among them an eternal meaning of that most important and most eminent pro- | king." Nor is that observation of a learned foreigner of mise, In thy seed shall all the families of the earth be my acquaintance to be despised, who takes notice, that blessed; he saith not of seeds, as of many, but


one ; as seeds in the plural must signify posterity, so seed in and to thy seed, which is Christ, Gal. iii. 16. Nor is it the singular may signify either posterity, or a single per any wonder, he being, I think, as yet not a Christian : 11 son; and that in this promise of all nations being happy and had he been a Christian, yet since he was till the in the seed of Abraham, or Isaac, or Jacob, &c. it is Jatter part of his life no more than an Ebonite Christian, || always used in the singular; to which I shalt add, that it who above all the apostles rejected and despised St. Paul, is sometimes, as it were, paraphrased by the son of Abrait would be no great wonder if he did not now follow his l ham, the son of David, &c. which is capable of no such interpretation. In the mean time we hare in effect St. | ambiguity. See Boyle's Lectures, page 247-272. Paul's exposition in the testament of Reuben in Authent. Rec. part I. page 302, who charges bis sons ':To worship + Gen. xxii, 13. * Gen, xxiii. 1, 2. An. 1.900.


and the country of Arabia the Happy, as far || vants to betroth her; after he had obliged as it reaches to the Red Sea. It is related of him to give him the strongest assurances of Ophren, that he made war against Lybia, and his fidelity, after the following manner. They took it; and that his grand-children, when put each other's hands under each other's they inhabited it, called it from his name thighs, † and called upon God as the witness Africa : and, indeed, Alexander Polyhistor of what was to be done. He also sent such gives his attestation to what I here say, when presents to those that were there as were in he speaks thus: “Cleodemus, the prophet, || esteem, on account that they either rarely, or who was also called Malchus, who wrote a never, were seen in that country. This serhistory of the Jews in agreement with the his- vant got thither not under a considerable tory of Moses, their legislator, relates that time; for it requires much time to pass there were many sons born to Abraham by through Mesopotamia, in which it is tedious Keturah. He even names three of them. travelling both in winter, for the depth of the Apher, and Surim, and Japhran : that from clay, and in summer, for want of water; and Sarim was the land of Assyria denominated ; | besides this, for the robberies there comand that from the other two, Apher andmitted, which are not to be avoided by traJaphran, the country of Africa took its name; vellers, but by the utmost caution. However, because these men were auxiliaries to Her- the servant came to Haran; and when he was cules, when he fought against Libya and An- in the suburbs, he met a considerable number tæus ; and that Hercules married_Aphra's of maidens going to the water ;I he therefore daughter, and of her begat a son, Didorus; prayed to God that Rebeka might be found and that Sophon was his son, from whom the among them, or her whom Abraham sent him barbarous people called Sophacians were de- as his servant to espouse to his son, in case his nominated.

will were that this marriage should be con

summated; and that she might be made CHAP. XVI.

known to him by this sign, that while others

denied him water to drink, she might give it OF ISAAC'S MARRIAGE,


intention he went to the Nhad weserved to take Rebeka, who was and desired the maidens toe give him some grand-daughter to his brother Nahor, for a water to drink : but while the cthers refused, wife to his son Isaac, who was then abouton pretence that they wanted it all at home, forty * years old, he sent the eldest of his ser- and could spare none for him, one only of the

p. 421.

* An. 1897.

says, " to finish the day, at the time of the evening, even + The present mode of swearing among the Moham at the time that the women go out to draw water, they

are still , cording to de la Roque, (Voy. dans la Pal. p. 152,) is tying their sucking children behind them, trudge it in by laying their hands on the Koran. They cause those this manner two or three miles to fetch water.” Travels, who swear to wash their hands before they give them the book; they put the left hand underneath, and the right

The same custom prevailed in ancient Greece. Homer over it. Whether, among the patriarchs, one hand was under, and the other upon the thigh, is not certain; pos- | down under the form of a Phæacian virgin carrying a

represents Minerva meeting Ulysses as the sun was going sibly Abraham's servant might swear with one hand un. der his inaster's thigh, and the other stretched out to Hea- i went out to draw water.

pitcher of water, that being the time when the maidens As the posterity of the patriarchs are described as coming out of the thigh, it has been supposed this cere When near the fam'd Phæacian wall he drew, mony had some relation to their believing the promise of The beauteous city opening to his view, God, to bless all the nations of the earth, by means of one His step a virgin met, and stood before;that was to descend from Abraham. B.

A polished urn the seeming virgin bore..
HARMER, vol. iv. p. 477. .

Odyss. b. vii. 25. Pope. * Homer mentions the same custom of women's being employed in drawing water among the Phæacians and See also Odyss. lib. x. 105. Læstrygonians. (Od. vii. 20. et X. 105.) Dr. Shaw, speak A similar custom prevailed also in Armenia, as may be ing of the occupation of the Moorish women in Barbary, seen in Yxenophon’s Anabasis, b..ix. B.



company rebuked them for their peevish be- || because she was so much more obliging than haviour towards the stranger, and said, “What any of the rest. She desired also that he is there that you will ever communicate to would come and lodge with them, since the any body, who have not so much as given the approach of the night gave him not time to inan some water!" She then offered him proceed farther. Then producing his precious water in an obliging manner, and he began to ornaments for women, he said, he desired to hope that this grand affair would succeed; but trust them to none more safely, than to such desiring still to know the truth, he com as she had shewed herself to be; and that he mended her for her generosity and good na- || believed he might guess at the humanity of ture, that she did not scruple to afford a her mother and brother, that they would not sufficiency of water to those who wanted it, be displeased from the virtue he found in her, though it cost her some pains to draw it. He for he would not be burthensome, but would then asked her who were her parents, and pay the hire for his entertainment, and spend wished them joy of such a daughter; "and || his own money: to which she replied, that he mayest thou be espoused,” said he, “ to their guessed rightly as to the humanity of her pa. satisfaction, into the family of an agreeable rents, but complained that he should think husband, and bring him legitimate children.” | them so parsimonious as to take money, för Nor did she disdain to satisfy his inquiries, that he should have all his wants supplied but told him her family. They call me | freely; but she said, she would first inform Rebeka," said she: “my father was Bethuel, her brother Laban, and, if he gave her leave, but he is dead; and Laban is my brother, she would conduct him in. and, together with my mother, takes care of As soon as this was done, the servants of all our family affairs, and is my guardian.” Laban brought the camels in, and took care When the servant heard this, he was very of them, and the stranger was himself brought glad at what had happened, and at what was | into supper by Laban, and after supper he told him, as perceiving that God had thus | said to him, and to the mother of the damsel, plainly directed his journey; and producing addressing himself to her, Abraham is the son his bracelets, * and some other ornaments of Terah, and a kinsman of yours : for Nawhich it was esteemed decent for virgins to hor, the grandfather of these children, was wear, he gave them to the damsel, by way of the brother of Abraham, by both father and acknowledgment, and as a reward for her mother, upon which account he hath sent me kindness in giving him water to drink, say- to you, being desirous to take this damsel for iog, it was but just that she should have them, his son to wife. He is bis legitimate son,

* The weight of the ornaments put upon Rebeka ap- that this propensity to golden ornaments prevails, even pears extraordinary. But Chardin assures us, that even in the present age, among the females in the countries heavier were worn by the women of the East when he bordering on Judea. Thus Mungo Park, in the account was there. He says that the women wear rings and of his travels in Africa, mentions the following singular bracelets of as great weight as this, and even heavier, circumstance, respecuing the ornamental part of the dress through all Asia. They are rather manicles than brace- || of an African lady. “It is evident, from the account of lets. There are some as large as the finger. The women the process by which negroes obtain gold in Manding, wear several of them, one above the other, in such a that the country contains a considerable portion of this manner, as sometimes lo have the arm covered with them || precious metal. A great part is converted into ornaments from the wrist to the elbow. Poor people wear as many for the women : and, when a lady of consequence is in of glass or horn. They liardly ever take them off. They | full dress, the gold about ber person may be worth, alto. are their riches. Hariner's Observations, vol. ii. p. 500. gether, from fifty to eighty pounds sterling."

Among the several female ornaments, which Abraham We find also that the same disposition for rich orna. sent by his servant, whom he enıployed to search out a mental apparel prevailed in the times of the apostles; for wife for his son Isaac, were jewels of silver and jewels of | St. Peter cautioned the females of quality in the first ages gold, exclusive of raiment, which probably was very of Christianity, when they adorned themselves, not to rich and valuable for the age in which Abraham lived. have it consist in the outward adorning of plaiting the Rich and splendid apparel, especially such as was adorned | bair, and of wearing gold, or of putting on apparel. with gold, was very general in the eastern nations, from | 1 Pet. iii. 3. See also Psalm xlv. 9, 13. Upon thy right the earliest ages : and as the fashions and customs of the hand did stand the queen in gold of Ophir.Her clothing Orientals are not subject to much variation, so we find is of wrought gold. B.


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