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PARTS OF THE FRIEZE AS DRAWN BY CARREY (1, 3, 4, 5), AND STUART (2).

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PLATE XVII.

himself against the oncoming chariot, though he appears in that act in Carrey's drawing, which shows him with the shield raised. On the breast of his cuirass is a deep socket for the attachment of some ornament, such as a Gorgon's mask in metal. The charioteer, 46, dressed as a girl, is hanging far back in the chariot; only his hold on the reins can save him. Apparently this extreme, not to say perilous, attitude is due in part to the intervention of the guide, 45, at the further side of the chariot.

Slab XIII.-From a cast in the British Museum ; the original in Athens. The rest of this slab, given in our plate as XIIIa., is from Carrey. Two fragments of the marshal, 48, and of the apobates, 50, have been placed conjecturally here since our photograph was made.

Slab XIV.-In the British Museum ; the fore parts of the horses given in Xilla. from Carrey. The drapery of the guide, 51, and the mane of the horse are roughly sculptured. The apobates is in the act of stepping down; the left leg is extremely beautiful. Curiously enough, there is a stone on the ground just where the foot touches. No indication of the yoke pin.

Slabs XV., XVI.-Only a fragment remains, showing part of the charioteer and apobates, with the legs of the oncoming horses. This fragment is in Athens, but a cast of it is in the British Museum. We give these two slabs in full, as drawn by Carrey (Pl. XVII.). The apobates carries shield on arm, but is dressed as a woman, with chiton girt both at waist and under the breasts.

Slab XVII.-From a cast in the British Museum ; the original in Athens. We have already spoken (p. 119) in the highest praise of the figure of the apobates, 57, in the act of letting himself down from the chariot. Behind him the marshal, 58, makes a somewhat unusual display of himself and his mantle. His bodily forms are large, broad and almost heavy, presenting an even balance to the ample himation. The action of both arms also are in fine contrast. With more room this figure would, perhaps, be more effective; he is close pressed on the right by the head of one horse and the fore legs of two.

Slab XVIII.-In the British Museum. The guide, as usual at the farther side of the horses, is here in a placid attitude turning to the charioteer, and in close converse with him, his left hand on his arm. The right hand of the guide, resting on the crupper of a horse, has the fingers bent, expressive of some eagerness. Here also the composition of the group is very compact as compared with the open order of some of the preceding chariots (Slabs XIII.-XVI.). Both the charioteer and apobates are much destroyed.

Slab XIX.--From a cast in the British Museum ; the original in Athens. The guide, 62, is more energetic than in the preceding slab, but the composition of the group is almost as compact. A large fragment of an apobates, of which a cast is in the British Museum from the original in Athens, has been assigned to the right side of the slab by Mr. Arthur Smith (Sculptures of the Parthenon, 2nd ed. p. 94). See our Pl. XVI., Fig. 7. The nearest horse has his nearer legs advanced, contrary to the general rule in the chariot groups.

Slabs XX., XXI.-For the sake of convenience we accept with Michaelis a horse's head in Athens as part of XX. ; a cast of it is in the British Museum. The original of XXI. is in the British Museum, containing part of the horses belonging to the chariot of the next slab. Their tails are very primitive in execution.

Slab XXII.-In the British Museum, with the addition of casts from fragments in Athens, i.e. body of chariot, lower part of apobates and groom up to waist, and fore legs of the horses. The apobates, 65, is a fine figure in the act of stepping up into the chariot as it starts. The action of the left leg seems to indicate stepping up; so also the position of the shield. He appears to be pulling himself together rather than letting himself go; and in this manner his whole figure separates itself definitely from the guide or groom behind him, 66. This guide stands quietly at the heads of his horses, holding the reins of the foremost. His chariot has not yet started. He wears only a chlamys, not the ample himation of the previous guides.

Slab XXIII.-In the British Museum. Chariot not yet in motion. The left arm of the apobates, with shield, is on next slab. A cast from a fragment of his head has been added.

Slab XXIV.-In the British Museum. Part of the foremost group of horsemen. To the front of this slab is fitted the fragment of shield and left arm assigned by Michaelis to Slab XXVIII. of the south frieze.

Slab XXV.-Fragment in the British Museum from the cavalcade. In Carrey's drawing this fragment is followed by the single horseman, 77, given in Pl. XVII., Fig. 2.

Slab XXVI.-In the British Museum. Horsemen.
Slab XXVII.-We follow Michaelis in assigning to this

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