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" Physicians not ordained,
“ Female Assistants,
66 Native Preachers and Catechists, .
* other Native Helpers,
The Press. Pages printed, as far as reported,
The Churches. Number of Churches, (including all at the Hawaiian Islands,)
" Church members, (do. do.) so far as reported, Added during the year, (do. do.)
“ other Boarding-Schools,
“ Pupils in Boarding-Schools, Whole number of Pupils,
STATEMENTS strangely erroneous, and calculated to do much injury, from time to time appear in public papers, in regard to the expensiveness of foreign missionary operations. Thus it has been recently announced that “it costs seventy-five cents to send a dollar to the heathen”; and the advice is therefore given to spend the dollar for heathen at home. What, now, are the facts ? The Treasurer finds them to be thus : For the last five years the average annual expenses of the American Board for agencies, publications, and home administration, (salaries of Secretaries and Treasurer, clerk-hire, postage, incidentals, &c.,) have amounted to eight and three eighths per cent. of the receipts, - eight and three eighths instead of seventy-five cents to the dollar !
In 1861, the Board, at its annual meeting, appointed an able committee, (consisting of Judge Jessup, Governor Buckingham, Hon. Homer Bartlett, Dr. Bacon, Judge Strong, Frederick Starr, Esq., Dr. J. F. Stearns, and John Kingsbury, Esq.,) “ to review the expenditures and finances of the Board.” The next year, after thorough investigation, Dr. Bacon, in behalf of that committee, presented a report, in which it was stated to "appear that scarcely more than six per cent. of the income is expended in the work of raising funds, of communicating with contributors and auxiliaries, and of awakening and sustaining missionary zeal in all parts of the country; so that nearly ninety-four per cent. of the income from all sources remains to be expended directly in the work of selecting and sending forth missionaries to the heathen, and of sustaining and enlarging the missions.” In this calculation, the committee, very properly, considered the salary of the Foreign Secretary, a part of that of the Treasurer, and a part of the various incidental expenses, as belonging to the foreign rather than the home department of the work; but in the estimate of the Treasurer for the last five years, presented above, all expenses of administration are included, to make up the eight and three eighths per cent.
If any one should suppose that the assertion, “it costs seventy-five cents to get a dollar to the heathen,” has reference to the cost of remitting, it may be said in reply, that this would indicate still greater ignorance of facts. Remittances are made in the same way as by our merchants engaged in foreign trade,
- just as readily, just as safely, just as cheaply, - by bills of exchange, and drafts on the Board's bankers in London, (Messrs. Baring Brothers & Co.,) sold readily in all great centres of trade throughout the world, sometimes at a small discount, sometimes for a premium, - always at the highest market rate.
The committee above referred to closed their report, in 1862, with the following statement of “two significant facts, which seem worthy of grateful commemoration.”
“I. The sum total of our receipts, from donations and legacies, in fifty-two years, is $9,103,276, - giving the average annual income of $175,063. It is with the material resources represented by these figures, that the Board has accomplished, by the blessing of God on its labors, those great things for the advancement of the gospel, which are already spoken of throughout the world to the glory of the Saviour.
“II. It does not appear that of this amount, contributed by Christian love and zeal for the foreign missions under our care, one dollar has ever been lost by unfaithfulness, incapacity, or negligence in the financial management of the Board. Let us thank God for the past, and take courage for the future.”
“ HELP THOSE WOMEN.”
So wrote Paul of his faithful helpers in the work of evangelization, — “Help those women which labored with me in the gospel.” So would we plead for those women who, for the love of Christ, have left home and friends, and gone forth to labor for the spiritual welfare of their sex abroad. The position of a married woman in a heathen land is sufficiently trying, that of a single woman is still more so. Yet five widows, whose husbands have fallen in the service of the Board, remain to complete their work, and find rich compensation for the loss of home society and the peculiar trials of their position, in the blessed results of their efforts to commend the gospel to the degraded women around them. In a few months, (including four under appointment to go out in the early spring,) there will be some thirty single ladies connected with the missions of the Board, the larger part engaged in boarding-schools for girls and young women, in which the prime object is instruction in the gospel and in the arts and usages of Christian life ; while some will devote themselves to more direct missionary labor in visiting from house to house. There can be no more effective method of promoting the cause of Christ among a heathen people, than to give a Christian training to the future wives and mothers of the leading men. We do not here speak of labors for the same object on the part of the wives of the missionaries, but of this large number of single ladies, engaged in missionary work; and we ask for them the lively Christian sympathy and the prayers of their own sex at home. A remarkable revival occurred in the female seminary at Oroomiah, during a season of special prayer in its behalf at Mount Holyoke. So may the blessing of the Holy Spirit be granted elsewhere in answer to the prayer of faith, and thus effectual help be rendered to these women who are laboring in the gospel. If any
desire to devote their contributions specially to Christian work among the women in heathen lands, whether by the support of any of these female missionaries or of the schools in their charge, of pupils in them or of Bible-readers under their direction, they can do so, and a separate acknowledgment will be made in the Herald, and as far as possible by letters from the missionaries.
LETTERS FROM THE MISSIONS.
WWestern Turkey Mission. character of these populations demands
immediate effort for their good. All na
tionalities are waking to a new life. A (European Turkey, 225 miles W. N. W. of Con- few years since, no mail came to this city; stantinople.)
now, three weekly mails and a telegraph LETTER FROM MR. CLARKE, September 28, 1867.
connect us with Constantinople and Bel
grade, and Bulgarian and Greek merThe publication of extracts from this chants have correspondence with and orletter has been necessarily deferred, but der their goods directly from Paris, Lonthey are of value still, – pointing to rea- don, and Manchester. As yet this city is sons for increasing effort in the Bulgarian not connected with any other place, not portion of the mission field; presenting even with the nearest village, by a pergrounds for hope that such effort will not manent road, but all roads are varied be in vain ; and indicating a warm ear- according to the convenience of those nestness of Christian feeling in the writer, through-whose fields they pass. Roads are which, it may be hoped, will be communi- in progress, however, which will shorten, cated to some among the readers. Our by one half, the time of traveling to Conbrother notices the close of the year in stantinople or Belgrade; and from the the school at Philippopolis, with a public steps taken by the Sultan since his return and cheering examination ; indications that from Europe, there is a probability that the school “ has been laying a good foun- a railroad also, passing near all our stadation for the progress of divine truth;” tions, will soon connect these two cities. the hopeful conversion of six pupils; and “ The Bulgarians are,
of all others, most the prospect of a considerable increase of interested in the settlement of the Eastern pupils for the coming year. Then, pass- question; and the same characteristics ing to other matters, he mentions
which have made them restless under
Greek ecclesiastical dominion, and desirProgress in Bulgaria. “ The changing ous of education, are still at work among them; and they are intensely seeking the in connection with each of the Bulgarian further development of their nation. Their mission stations, and it is said : “ It seems young men imbibe the spirit of freedom impossible to give up any one of these stafrom their growing intercourse with Euro- tions without much loss. If the church of pean nations, and especially from their in- Christ is growing weaker; if no more miscreased knowledge of America since the sionaries can be found to strengthen the great rebellion.
stations now commenced; it will be better
to concentrate rather than break down. Papal and Infidel Influences. “ This But such is not the case. The piety of restless, active spirit ought to be met by the American church is growing aggressa vigorous and earnest prosecution of the ive, and the true prosperity of the church gospel work. Rome is entrenched already at home requires that many of her strongamong the people, with a force of priests est men should go to destitute parts of the in this city and some of the surrounding earth. In the Armenian mission, the true villages, and has one of the finest churches plan, of raising up a native agency, is in the city, and good buildings for male bearing good fruit. We are working on and female schools.
the same plan, but we are among a people “ Infidel France has many of its repre- of a high standard of education, with, as sentatives here, whose influence is comple- yet, no Christian churches, and few Chrismented by free-thinking young Bulgarians, tian young men. European influences, educated there, and especially by a large adverse to the gospel, are rolling in upon number of the teachers, who, despising them, and years must pass before a native their own empty formalism, to which they force at all adequate to the necessity can still cling in order to retain their positions, be raised up. There is, therefore, presshave become really insidel, and use their ing work, which will perhaps last for the influence to undermine the power of the lifetime of one set of missionaries. Bible. It is important that Christians who desire the salvation of this nation should Increasing Hostility. “At Eski Zagra, now be earnestly at work.
and in other parts of our field, the opposi
tion is increasing because of the fact that Encouragements. “We have many Protestant influence is gaining ground, reasons for encouragement. The natural and some are thinking of the truth where character of the people is far more guile- the people had thought themselves safe. less and noble than that of the Greeks, More and more I feel, that the changes in whose power they have so long been. that must soon take place in European Our experience in the schools, and in inti- Turkey make it strongly desirable that mate intercourse with the people, gives us our mission should be placed on a firm a good degree of confidence in their na- basis, by the coming of more missionaries. tive truthfulness and honesty. More than The present need in India and China is twenty-five persons, chiefly in connection greater, but it seems to me that the probwith the schools, give good evidence of able position of European Turkey in years piety. Many of these have borne perse. to come, makes it needful to occupy this cution, and some have been earnest labor- ground now. ers for Christ, and have had a wide influ- “ Recent news from Panagureshte and ence. A strong foothold has been gained, Tartar Pazarjik show that the truth is adand it seems to us that the work must be vancing and opposition increasing. In the carried forward with more vigor than hith- former place several had taken so decided erto. We believe God will bless us in a stand against the church errors, and for working to the extent of our ability ; but, taking the Bible as a standard, that the physically, we are unable to accomplish village council took up the matter. One the needed labor and ought to have help.” of their nnmber, who a year ago was an
opposer of Protestantism, now openly faNo Station should be given up. Some vored it. He was removed from the counnotice is next taken of the state of things cil, and orders were given that no one
should trade with the Protestants, or sup- high school, while the others are mostly ply them with food. At the ovens, where graduates of the Aintab female seminary. all baking is done, they were refused. One more young man, of excellent, deTheir cattle were not allowed to be pas- voted spirit, had come to fit himself for tured with the common herds, which in usefulness, but after a few weeks was sudthis country are all fed on grounds belong- denly removed by death, being drowned ing to the village in common, no man hav- while bathing in the Jihan river. ing separate grounds, — and several of the leading young men who were favorable The Students. “ We are very much to the truth were taken separately into a pleased with the students. I think it room with the head men of the village, and would be hard to find a finer lot of young so threatened that they signed a paper to men, for ability or Christian character. the effect that they will have nothing to The unmarried students from abroad have do with the Protestants. The one had some difficulties to contend with in the pelled from the village council bas since way of providing for themselves; but the called on us here. He is not at rest, nor matter having been laid before the women are the others. They feel that they have at Marash, twelve families agreed to unforsaken the right. After two weeks I dertake the washing, mending, and baking hope to visit the place.
for one student each, and so provided for “ In Tartar Pazarjik, the opposers have all who were thus needy. They are scatmade a list of twenty-two individuals in- tered over the city in rented houses, and clined to Protestantism, and are using will be more comfortable if we can promeans to prevent the spread of the heresy. vide them dormitories in connection with At our last visit seven were present at the a new seminary building. Sabbath service. On the previous visit “ The Pastor of the first church, who there were fourteen. Pray for us, that commenced his labors as pastor at our we may be faithful."
annual meeting, has gone on his way in the most satisfactory manner, and is developing an executive talent that is very
encouraging. I think the esteem for him Central Turkey Mission.
among the people is constantly increasing, MARASH.
and his labors are certainly faithful and
earnest. The second church are still (About 90 miles N. E. of Scanderoon.) straining every nerve to complete their LETTER FROM DR. Pratt, October 10, 1867.
church building, and we trust will enter
it before winter Dr. Pratt wrote from Aintab, first on some matters of business, and then re- Zeitoon Government Action.
“ The specting the work at Marash — the station work has made decided progress in Zeiwith which he is connected, — the semi- toon, although, in consequence of the vionary there, and some of the out-stations.
lence experienced last year, for which we “ The Seminary has had a very unex- are still endeavoring to obtain redress from pected addition of students.
a very reluctant and most unscrupulous we had only eight, and could only hope Government, we have not had any laborer that this number would be a little more there. Still the two brethren of last year than doubled. We have, in fact, a four- have labored in secret, and one by one fold increase. This increase is not largely their number increased, till they came to from Marash, but — which is more cheer- be ten or twelve men, who cut themselves ing—from other places; viz., ten from the off from their old church and met every Aintab field, seven from the Oorfa field, Sabbath, and often during the week, for two from Adana, and two from Kessab; reading the Scriptures and prayer, and of whom, with the ten from Marash, began to be known by everybody as Protmaking thirty-one in all, - eight are mar- estants. For a long time they were conried. The wives of some attend the girls' stant in their entreaties for a preacher,