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doing quite a business at chapel or church building, having erected three chapels of stone. The first was erected last year. They were aided in their beginning of it by a Captain Davis, who was in at South Harbor at the time. They frequently spoke of his kindness and counsel in the work. Soon after our return, they began the second one, having already made some preparation, in getting stones and burning lime for it. It is three or four miles from the station. The people in that vicinity alone having nearly completed this, on the 6th of June the king and all the people of the island began another and larger one, near the residences of the chiefs, on the very spot where Dr. Pierson's house was. By dint of hard labor this was nearly completed on the arrival of the Morning Star, September 18. It was dedicated October 24th, after our return from General Meeting on Ponape. It is about 36 feet by 50, wall two feet thick, with gothic arches over four of the doors, and is quite a monument to the industry and skill of the people. A German cooper, by the name of Hartmann, was of great assistance to us in making the door and window frames, and also in forming those arches over the doors. We are hoping some of our good friends at the Sandwich Islands will help them to boards for their floor (as they have only reeds now) and sash for their windows.
Church Meetings and Discipline. "The church have kept up their meetings, Sabbath-schools, prayer - meetings, and discipline, with nearly their usual fidelity. I say nearly, for it was not difficult to see
- and they felt it as well as ourselves that our long absence had not been for their profit. It is only a wonder of grace that they should have run so well. It was delightful to see with what interest they drank in instruction, and how ready they were to correct mistakes. For they seemed to be mistakes, rather than perverse wanderings.
they have never had any regular deacons until this year. During this visit I have ordained four deacons, two at the station where the large church is, and one each at those out-stations where the other two stone chapels are. It was pleasant to us, and accorded entirely with our judgment, that their first choice for a deacon was George, the man who lived so long in our family, and now the only living child of our dear old King George. He inherits much of his father's good common sense, modesty, and noble generosity. I have been thinking a good deal of him as possibly the man whom we might think best to ordain as pastor of that little flock, as my visits there are so seldom, and will be likely to be still more so.
Deaths. "It is an item of tender and touching interest to us, as we return to them and inquire about some of those who have passed away during our absence, to be told that among their last requests was Give my love to Mr. and Mrs. Snow when they visit Kusaie again.' To me, these messages are as like to voices from the 'farther shore' as any thing I have ever heard. It is wonderful with what intelligent cheerfulness, and even joyous hope, some of the Christians enter the dark valley. I visited a woman who, they told me, had lost all consciousness, did not speak to or even recognize her friends. I had seen her but a few weeks before, the very picture of health. As I sat down by her, and called her by name, she recognized my voice, and to the great surprise of her friends, sat up, with her husband's help, and answered all my questions with a cheerful smile upon her face. There was no fear for the future, nor apparent anxiety about the five little children she was so soon to leave. Jesus was near and precious. While I was singing-Asleep in Jesus,' (Motul in Jisus, motul mwo,') she lost her consciousness again, and recognized no one after that.
Good Influence on Sailors. "I am interested in the intercourse of some of the young men with seamen. They speak of one, a supercargo, who seems to have had
Deacons Ordained. "Perhaps I have moved more slowly than might seem best in establishing some of the more outward
forms of church offices among them; for a Christian education, and perhaps had
"At one time a gruff old officer, when the ship first came to anchor, treated the Christian boys and young men very roughly, wanting them to get out of his way, as far off as possible. One evening he also was ashore, and at one of their prayer-meetings. What he saw and heard there wholly changed his course towards them. Ever after that he spoke kindly to them, and seemed to love to have them about him. From some things of this sort, I cannot but hope that they are doing good to others than their own people. As many of them can speak English quite readily, I encourage them to try, in all modest and becoming ways, to do good to seamen as they have opportunity. It is encouraging to hear them well reported of from time to time, by those who visit them. Their modest and retiring manners win respect.
Influence of Ebon Christians. "Our Ebon young men (church members) are also exerting a good influence, in their way, upon other islands, of both this and the windward range. The young man who assisted me in translating the Acts into this dialect, went north with the chiefs, during our visit to Kusaie. He spoke in one of our recent prayer-meetings of his trip. They had worship morning and evening on their proa, during the passage; and while at Namo, an island 100 miles or more north of this, they (he and another young man, a church member) had Sabbath services, at which quite a number of chiefs from neighboring places were present, giving respectful attention to all their exercises. He spoke of having a congregation of about 300. Some of this
sowing of the good seed may yield fruit unto eternal life.
Hawaiian Missionaries. "Here let me speak of my Hawaiian associates. J. A. Kaelemakule, upon Namerik, reports 147 readers, 58 who have renounced their heathenism, and 8 candidates for baptism. Labor was commenced on that island in November, 1864. Truly a good record. His pupils number 189. Rev. D. Kapali, of Jaluij, numbers 70 pupils; 40 readers; 11 who have renounced their heathenism; and 7 candidates for baptism. His field is a trying one, both for lack of native food, and for difficulty of reaching his people. A large lagoon, and the population scattered all around the atol.
"We are planning to push out vigorously next year into the Radak range of this group, if we can get men to occupy the posts. We hear very encouraging reports as to the amount of population upon the more northern islands of that range, and shall hope, ere long, to test the truth of these reports by actual observation."
LETTER FROM MR. STURGES, May-August, 1867.
THIS letter from Mr. Sturges is of earlier date than some others received at the same time; but was doubtless brought to Honolulu by the same conveyance. He writes at different times, and from different places; but the letter, like others from the mission, is of much interest. Under date May 7, he wrote:
"We are still at our new place, on the east part of the island, and find full compensation for our exile from the comforts of home, in the hurry of work we find here. The people are all anxious to learn, and Mrs. Sturges finds more than her hands full in her school.
A Communion Service. "We have just returned from holding communion services in another tribe, on the north part of the island, where there are many church members who have long desired to come to the communion, but could not, for want
of a church large enough. We spent a few days among the scattered people, and were glad to find that so many gather in their new church on the Sabbath. All our meetings were solemn; over one hundred partook of the elements of Christ's love; six hundred witnessed the scene; and though many had never been present at a like meeting, not a smile or look indicated a sporting spectator. It was especially pleasant to see the mountain patriarch' sit down with so many whom he had helped to come to Christ.
"What a change since he came over to the Lord's side! Then he was almost alone; and a little band, met to worship God, were fired upon and stoned, by some of the very persons now so much interested. On the very spot where the meeting-house stands, I was near being overcome and robbed fourteen years ago. Some who were then ready to take my life are now followers of Jesus. I never attended a communion service with more satisfaction. Six hundred heathen just opening their eyes to the light, and so many communicants, made truly a pleasant sight. We much desired to spend some more days in that very interesting field. They need much the presence of a teacher. The sooner the Doanes get there the better.
ple, there seemed to be no way but to assert their rights or lose all. I advised our people to stand for their rights. Our chief, in a friendly note, demanded the return of his places. The king sent word in reply, that he held the lands and should defend them. Our people sent to the Christians in other tribes, who made common cause with us here. Soon a very large force was gathered; and a note was sent to the king, stating that the lands must be returned. He, seeing his weakness, agreed to restore the places, and be friendly; so the dread arbiter, war, stands still. We much hope never again to come so near a conflict of deadly strife. I think, and all think, a better day is dawning. The Christian party is now a partypower to be feared.
Almost a War of Parties. "July 25th. Since my last date we have been passing through exciting and busy scenes war and church building! I say war, for this has been the one great thought with our people. For two years and more, the heathen party have looked upon their thinning ranks with jealous feelings, and we have feared a conflict of their party with ours. The king of this tribe has long acted towards our good Hezekias, who is the second in rank, as though he were a nobody, and treated him and his people with much indignity. They have meekly borne all insults, even to the spoiling of their goods though they were three to one of the heathen party-hoping they would be won over; but when the king went so far as to take possession of our high chiefs' lands, and commenced to disfranchise all our chiefs and their peo
Church Building. "Just as the warcloud began to threaten, our people commenced erecting a new church at this place, as it was not convenient for them to go to their regular place of holding meetings, some two miles from here, and on a very high hill. We are hoping to be in it in a few days; and our hearts are greatly cheered at the interest the people take in this, the third meeting-house they have built here within two years. It is wonderful to see these people naturally so selfish and indolent so ready to help us as to build a parsonage, 23 by 31 feet, without expecting any pay; and then, so soon, commence work on a new house of worship. Is it strange that we have so protracted our stay here, and have some thought of making this, in place of our old home at Kiti, the head station'?
At Home. "Kiti Station, August 17th. Home again! To know the meaning of this sweet word, how one needs to be in exile awhile! And thus we seem to ourselves to have been for the last few months. Yesterday I seated myself in a chair for the first time for months; and now I am writing by a large glass window, the clear light of out-doors pouring in upon my table. We are no longer in a low house, with tall bread-fruit trees, like so many English taxgatherers, counting our windows, and begrudging us the free light of heaven! But
while we are so comfortable here, in this our old, sweet home, there are not the crowds of eager natives about us that we have had of late. Here, there are few who desire our teachings. The mass of this tribe are still, with their chiefs, turning their backs upon us and all good.
"We are glad to feel that our temporary removal to another place was not in vain. We lingered there longer than we intended, and when we left we could not help feeling that even our selfish Ponapeans may yet be changed into loving and lovable Christians. They have done more for us, and done it more cheerfully, than I had even hoped to see on Ponape. On our last Sabbath there, we held communion services in the new church. All the exercises were solemn, and the meetings fully attended. The meeting-house was well filled. It will seat some five hundred, and will soon need to be enlarged."
ship. He thought, however, that the conflict of parties would end without war, though "the heathen seem desperate; the fact that they are so few and weak only rendering them more so."
Mr. Sturges notices the kind assistance of the people in his removals, with his family; so that they had spent "more than five months in the harvest-field, removing to it, and returning, with such household goods as were needed, with no expense." He states that the heathen party, where he had been, were still unfriendly; that the king, after "signing the treaty," went on arming and fortifying; and that one of the houses of worship had been fired upon as the people were dispersing from wor
LETTER FROM MR. DOANE, August 19, 1867.
MR. DOANE, also of Ponape, writes mainly in respect to his experience in building a house for himself, "on the northern, or windward side of the island;" an experience quite the reverse of that of Mr. Sturges, on the eastern part, bringing to view not generous kindness, but the covetousness and indolence of native character. He found not only that they were not ready to aid him freely, from love to him or to the Master, but that even those who professed to be Christians were not satisfied with what was, for them, good compensation, and would not adhere to bargains fairly made; but would stop work at the most urgent point perhaps, demanding more pay; so that, from first to last, the building of the house up-hill work—trying, saddening." He felt constrained to testify: "It may be truly said of this people, that they are a covetous people. They seem to have no conor but little-as to asking all science they can get for what they have to sell, or for what they do, whether it is worth it or not. But we labor in hope of better days and a better people."
PRUSSIAN MISSIONS IN SOUTH AFRICA.
'MR. SAMUEL JESSUP, of the Syria mission, wrote in December last, that he had been recently "surprised by a visit from a tall, portly, gray-haired Prussian clergyman," who "proved to be Rev. Dr. Wangeman, Director of Prussian missions," [Berlin Missionary Society,] "a very warm-hearted man, who gave us a rich feast of missionary intelligence." Some of the facts stated by him, which Mr. Jes
sup reports, will be read with great inter
"There are a dozen or more missions, or circles of stations, in visiting which Dr. Wangeman traveled two thousand miles by d. Commencing in south-western Africa, and coming on around through Cape Colony and Orange River Free State, visiting Natal, and calling on our American missionaries in Zulu Land, of whom he spoke in highest terms.
A Wealthy and Liberal Native. "In the Orange Free States, the Prussian missionaries have a station which they call Bethany, where they now have a town of 910 freedmen and their families, many of them being old Hottentots. When the town became of some importance, the people chose Adam Opperman, a freedman of devoted piety and clear head, to be their magistrate." He accepted the office, but ere long became the owner of a large tract of land, a hundred miles from Bethany, to which he removed. Here "the Lord blessed him more and more in his substance, and better than all, made him the instrument of converting his heathen father and one of his brothers.
"He soon built a neat chapel, as he could not longer go to Bethany to hear preaching, and now, four hundred hearers gather there whenever the preacher visits them. But Adam Opperman says, 'I must have a missionary of my own, as we none of us know how to preach. God has blessed me with substance, and I cannot do less than give enough of it for the support of one who will preach to me and to my people, and to all the heathen around.' He has built the church, and now he has pledged as follows: 'I will build a suitable house for the missionary. I will give a large garden spot; fields for grain, as much as a man can walk around in four hours; and two thousand acres of pasture land. Above this, I will pay the full salary usually paid by the Society, and give the missionary full right to the water - privileges in the summer.' Dr. Wangeman says the Society have just sent a missionary there, in order to complete their part of the agreement. This man, with all his getting, seems to have gotten understanding. The Lord blessed him, he is thankful for it, and wishes to show it.
tion, more than three years ago, which continues until the present time. He ordered every Christian to be killed, wherever he might be found; and even made it the duty of his subjects to kill them. This brought out very many gems of faith and trust. Blind Joseph, a middle-aged man, was a most devout Christian, expecting daily to be sacrificed. One day his father, still a heathen, but intellectually convinced of the truth, came running to him, saying: 'My son, my son, you will kill me; for the people say I am believing and praying, and so the king will kill me; and all this because you believe and pray.' Joseph replied: Well, father, if the people say you believe and pray, why don't you believe and pray; so that when the king comes to kill us we will both be happy forever.'
A Persecuting King. "In another region, north and west of Orange Free States, is a country under a barbarous heathen king, Sikkakoony. After the missionaries entered his realm, had been preaching for some time there, and had made a number of converts, he became alarmed, and began a fearful persecu
"Martin, the king's gun-smith, became a faithful and fearless believer, and being a most important man to him he was spared for a long time, and thus exerted a great influence for the gospel. At length the king gave orders that Martin must die, and sent soldiers several times to kill him; but they always failed to do so, as every one about the king either loved or respected Martin. One day the king fully determined to put an end to his life, and sent for him to go out on a hunting excursion with him and a company of soldiers. Martin's friends told him of the king's purpose; but he said, 'The Lord will take care of me; I will obey the king.' When they were out in the hunting-grounds, the king sent Martin off to one side, ordering his soldiers to fire at him; but they all fired blanks. He then tried again, with individual soldiers, calling them one by one. Each had an excuse, either Out of powder,' or 'Out of shot,' or No flint,' or, as one said, 'I must get Martin to mend the lock'; so no one was found to shoot him. The king could not do it, nor could his higher officers, as it would disgrace them, Martin being of the common people. While all this was going on, Martin had fallen on his knees and was praying. At length he came boldly up to the king and said, Why will no one kill me?' At this the king became very much troubled,