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The Corresponding Secretaries of the Board are Rev. SELAH B. TREAT, Rev. GEORGE W. WOOD, and Rev. N. G. CLARK. Letters relating to the Missions and General Concerns of the Board, may be addressed
SECRETARIES OF THE A. B. C. F. M., Missionary House, 33 Pemberton Square, Boston. Letters for the Corresponding Secretary resident in New York, may be addressed REV. GEORGE W. WOOD, Bible House, Astor Place, New York city. Donations and letters relating to the Pecuniary Concerns of the Board, (except etters on the subject of the Missionary. Herald,) should be addressed LANGDON S. WARD, Treasurer of the A. B. C. F. M., Missionary House, 33 Pemberton Square, Boston. Letters for the Editor of the Missionary Herald, should be addressed REV. ISAAC R. WORCESTER, Missionary House, 33 Pemberton Square, Boston. Letters relating to the business department of the Herald, subscriptions and remittances for the same, should be addressed
CHARLES HUTCHINS, Missionary House, 33 Pemberton Square, Boston.
Letters for Rev. Rufus Anderson, D. D., may still be addressed to the Missionary House.
The following arrangement has been made in the system of General Agencies, by the Prudential Committee, with a view to efficiency in the raising of funds.
The payment of $50 at one time constitutes a minister, and the payment of $100 at one time constitutes any other person, an Honorary Member of the Board.
In making devises and legacies to the Board, the entire corporate name "The American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions"-should be used; otherwise the intent of the testator may be defeated.
VOL. LXIV.-JULY, 1868. — No. VII.
CONDITION OF THE TREASURY.
ANOTHER month has passed since the statement published in June was prepared, and the financial prospects of the Board have not grown brighter, but the contrary. Then, for eight months, the receipts had been $8,800 more than for the same time last year. Now, for nine months, they have been only $2,284 more. Then, the Board needed to receive during the remaining four months of the year, from donations and legacies, $81,100 more than was received in the same time last year. Now, the call must be for $87,600 more during three months.* The donations received in May were indeed about $2,055 more than in the same month last year, but the legacies were $8,570 less. During each of the last three months (March, April, and May), the receipts have been less than in the corresponding time in 1867, the falling off amounting, for the whole of this period, to nearly $22,000! For nine months of the year, up to June 1st, the receipts have amounted to but $291,131.70; leaving (in accordance with the estimates, published in December last), about $238,000 to be provided for within three months! Surely the prospect is sufficiently unpleasant.
Will not the many friends of this cause who were present at the last meeting of the Board at Buffalo, and took part, if not in the earnest remarks, at least in the unanimous vote of the whole congregation, when the Board accepted "the work which Providence throws upon it for the evangelization of China," and recommended "a speedy enlargement of the missionary force in that empire," consider the present and prospective condition of the treasury? Very little has been done, either towards enlargement in China, or to meet the urgent calls for reinforcement in many other fields, yet there is now reason for serious apprehension, that when the Board meets again, a debt must be announced, possibly even larger than has ever before embarrassed its operations.
When these statements reach most of the readers of the Herald, there will remain but two months, July and August, for effort. All will perceive, therefore, that there is no time to be lost. Thirty per cent. advance upon the donations of last year was called for when the appropriations for this year were
*This is needed to meet only the estimated expenses of this year, not including the debt of $4,432 due when the year commenced.
announced. Statements made last month, it is believed, show conclusively that this call cannot be regarded as needless or unreasonable. Shall not the advance be, even yet, secured? But whatever is to be done to attain this result must now be done speedily.
THE ARMENIAN CHURCH.
BY REV. M. P. PARMELEE.
Ir is claimed by the Armenians that Haig,* or Haicus, son of Togarmah, who was grandson of Japheth, was the founder of their race; and consistently with this view, they call themselves Haiks, and their country Haiäsdän, to this day. However this may be, it is evident from Scripture allusions (2d Kings, xix. 37; Jeremiah li. 27, etc.) and from profane writings, that Armenian history is very ancient and interesting, and that the independent nationality of the Armenians was maintained, though with varying fortunes, until near the close of the fourteenth Christian century. During the last five centuries, having no central government to hold them in the region of Ararat, their ancient country, they have become greatly scattered, and are found in large numbers in all parts of Turkey, in Russia, Persia, and India; and individuals are met with, in all parts of the world. Scattered in this way, large numbers of them lose the Armenian language, and are bound together, as a nation, by nothing except the form of Christianity which they always carry with them, clothed in their own ancient tongue. Their numbers are variously estimated, from three to seven millions; probably five millions is nearest correct.
The gospel is said to have been preached among the Armenians by the apostles Bartholomew and Thaddeus, and some of the immediate disciples of Christ. All of them suffered bitter persecution, and Bartholomew was doubtless flayed alive. Many of the Armenians were converted to Christianity at that time, and the apostolical succession is reckoned from Thaddeus, with perhaps as good authority as the succession of Peter may be established in the Romish church. But it was not until the commencement of the fifth century that, through the remarkable labors of "Gregory the Enlightener," the whole nation was brought to adopt the Christian religion. By order of the king, the heathen temples and altars were thrown down, and churches built in their stead; schools were established, and the nation was aroused to new life and energy. An alphabet was prepared for the language, which had previously been written with the characters of other languages, and the Bible, newly-translated, was the first book written in the new character.
How pure might have been the Christianity thus established among the Armenians we cannot now fully determine; we are only sure of this, that the type we find among them to-day is as corrupt as it can well be. Little by little the language changed, until that into which the Bible and the church books were translated was no longer the vernacular of the people. Having therefore no guiding star, they very naturally wandered far from the truth, falling into numberless superstitions and old wives' fables. They believe in baptismal re
* Give the "ai," in all these words, the sound of "i" in "high."