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of the older fields, proper pastoral work, and, to a great extent, popular education, is being transferred to native hands.
Another topic worthy of special notice is the opening for labor among the women in the neighborhood of missionary stations. Three new boarding-schools have been established within the year, and nine single ladies have been sent out. Two of these, Miss Pollock in the Madura field, and Miss Closson in Western Turkey, are to engage in direct missionary labor, going from house to house, gathering women and children about them as they can, to tell them the story of Christ, and to teach them something of the usages of Christian life.
Since the first of January 1867, three missionaries, Dr. Goodell, after fortyfive years of service, Rev. J. S. Emerson, of the Sandwich Islands, after near thirty-five years of labor there, and Mr. Giles, of Cesarea, in the morning of his days, - and two women who were engaged in active mission work, Mrs. Harding, of Sholapoor, and Mrs. Rendall, of Madura, are known to have been removed by death. Miss Crawford, whose name appeared last year in connection with the Nestorian mission, though she had then returned to the United States, has also finished her earthly course. Mrs. Adams, of Aintab, Turkey, died before this year commenced, in November 1866.
A larger number than usual have been constrained, by the failure of health, to return for a time to their native land; but on the other hand, a goodly number of new laborers, 11 men and 19 women, have been sent abroad; viz., Rev. Lyman Bartlett and Mrs. Camelia C. Bartlett, Rev. Theodore A. Baldwin and Mrs. Matilda J. Baldwin, Rev. Charles C. Tracy and Mrs. Lemyra A. Tracy, Mr. H. O. Dwight and Mrs. Mary A. Dwight, Miss Roseltha A. Norcross, and Miss Sarah A. Closson, to the Western Turkey mission; Miss Mary G. Hollister to Central Turkey; Rev. Henry S. Barnum and Mrs. Lucretia L. Barnum, James A. Milne, M. D., and Mrs. Arabella Milne, Miss Hattie Seymour and Miss Mary E. Warfield, to Eastern Turkey; Rev. Samuel S. Mitchell and Mrs. Lucy M. Mitchell, Rev. Isaac N. Lowry and Mrs. Mary E. Lowry, to Syria; Rev. William H. Atkinson and Mrs. Calista Atkinson, to the Mahratta mission; Rev. Hervey C. Hazen and Mrs. Ida J. Hazen, Miss Martha S. Taylor, and Miss Sarah Pollock, to the Madura mission; Miss Harriet E. Townsend to Ceylon Alfred O. Treat, M. D., to North China; Miss Jennie S. Peet to Foochow.
(West Africa, near the equator.)
fCape Palmas in 1834. Removed to the Gaboon, 1842.) BARAKA, (Bar-rack-ah.)-(North bank of the Ga
The following persons also have returned to their respective missions after visits to the United States, mostly for the recovery of health,— Dr. and Mrs. King to Greece; Mr. and Mrs. Trowbridge and Mr. and Mrs. Farnsworth to Western Turkey; Dr. and Mrs. Van Dyck to Syria; Mr. and Mrs. Cochran to the Nestorian field; Mr. and Mrs. Taylor to Madura; Mr. and Mrs. Sanders to Ceylon; and Mr. and Mrs. Hartwell to Foochow; 16 in all.
boon, a few miles from the ocean.). -William Walker, Albert Bushnell, Missionaries; Mrs. Catharine H. Walker, Mrs. Lucinda J Bushnell. One native teacher.
In this Country. - Ira M. Preston, Missionary; Mrs. Jane E. Preston.
The state of her health requiring it, Mrs. Preston left the Gaboon in the summer of 1866, and reached New York in October. Mr. Preston remained in the field some months longer, but left last spring, and reached New York
June 13. The other missionaries have been so long in the field — Mr. Walker twenty-five, and Mr. Bushnell twenty-three years that they cannot be expected much longer to sustain the labors and bear up against the influence of the climate at the Gaboon. The year has again been one of trial to the faith and patience of these brethren. The condition of the church has been specially trying, the members generally having been, it would appear, either spiritually asleep, or wholly dead in sin. There has, however, appeared to be some improvement of late. Relations with the French officials are still pleasant. The schools, one for boys and one for girls, have been as prosperous as heretofore, each numbering about twenty-five pupils.
EUROPEAN TURKEY AND WEST-
Ireland, Missionaries; Mrs. Alzina V. Rood, Mrs. R.
WESTERN TURKEY. (1826.)
CONSTANTINO'PLE. Elias Riggs, D. D., Edwin E. Bliss, Tillman C. Trowbridge, George F. Herrick, George Washburn, I. Fayette Pettibone, Henry A. Schauffler, Theodore A. Baldwin, Missionaries; Mrs.
INANDA, (Ee-nahn'-dah.)-(About 20 miles N. W. of Port Natal.)- Daniel Lindley, Missionary; Mrs. Lucy A. Lindley. One teacher.
UMSUNDUZI, (Oom-soon-doo/-zy.) — (About 30 miles W. of N. from Port Natal.)-William Mellen, Missionary; Mrs. Laurana W. Mellen. One teacher.
ESIDUMBINI, (A-see-doom-bee/-ny.)-(About 40 miles W. of N. from Port Natal.)-Josiah Tyler, Missionary; Mrs. Susan W. Tyler. - One teacher.
UMVOTI, (Oom-vo/-ty.)-(About 40 miles N. N. E. of Port Natal.) - -Aldin Grout, Missionary; Mrs. Charlotte B. Grout, Mrs. Katharine C. Lloyd. - One teacher.
MAPUMULO, (Mah-poo-moo/-lo.)-(About 55 miles N. of Port Natal.)- Andrew Abraham, Missionary; Mrs. Sarah L. Abraham. -One teacher.
Mr. Bridgman has felt constrained, in accordance with decided medical advice, to come with his family to the United States. During the last year reported (1866), forty members were added to the eleven churches by profession, making a total membership of 394, and several are known to have been admitted since. The missionaries have been greatly cheered and encouraged. There are now fourteen places for stated preaching; the native preacher, Umbyana, is more than realizing the expectations of the missionaries, leading them to greater efforts to secure a large increase in their native agency; the seminary at Amanzimtote has 16 students, who have made very gratifying progress; and sixteen common schools number 707 pupils, 304 of whom are females.
In this Country.-Henry M. Bridgman, Missionary; Mrs. Laura B. Bridgman.
Jonas King, D. D., Missionary; Mrs. Anna A. King.
Dr. King sailed from New York on the 7th of September, to resume labors in this field.
Martha J. Riggs, Mrs. Isabella H. Bliss, Mrs. Margaret Trowbridge, Mrs. Helen M. Herrick, Mrs. Henrietta Washburn, Mrs. Clara E. Schauffler, Mrs. Matilda J. Baldwin. Two pastors, one licensed preacher, five teachers, and three other helpers.
SMYR/NA.(About 200 miles S. W. of Constantinople.)-Henry J. Van Lennep, D. D., Missionary; Mrs. Emily Van Lennep. - One licensed preacher.
BROO'SA.- (57 miles S. S. E. of Constantinople.) —
CENTRAL TURKEY. (1847.)
(Around the northeast corner of the Mediterranean.)
AINTAB, (Ine/tab.)--(About 90 miles E. N. E. from Scanderoon.)-(Benjamin Schneider, D. D., Henry T. Perry, Missionaries; Mrs. Susan M. Schneider, Mrs. Jennie H. Perry, Miss Myra A. Proctor. - Two native pastors, one preacher and six teachers.
ESKI ZAGRA, (Es-kee-Zahg/-rah.)-(European Turkey, 200 miles N. W. of Constantinople.)-Theodore L. Byington, Missionary; Mrs. Margaret E. Byington, Miss Mary E. Reynolds, Miss Roseltha A. Norcross. One helper.
MARASH, (Mah-rahsh'.)-(About 90 miles N. E. from Scanderoon.)- Andrew T. Pratt, M. D., Giles F. Montgomery, Missionaries; Mrs. Sarah F. Pratt, Mrs. Emily R. Montgomery, Mrs. Josephine L. Coffing. One native pastor, one preacher, six teachers.
OOR/FA. (About 180 miles N. of E. from Scande
PHILIPPOPOLIS, (Phil-ip-po/-po-lis )-(European Turkey, 225 miles W. N. W. of Constantinople.)- James F. Clarke, Henry C. Haskell, Missionaries; Mrs. Isabella G. Clarke, Mrs. Margaret B. Haskell. - One teacher, and seven other helpers.
SOPHIA, (So-fee/-ah.)-(European Turkey, 320 miles W. N. W. of Constantinople.) - Charles F. Morse, Missionary; Mrs. Eliza D. Morse.
On their way. - Wilson A. Farnsworth, Charles C. Tracy, Lyman Bartlett, Missionaries; H. O. Dwight, Assistant Missionary; Mrs. Caroline E. Farnsworth, Mrs. L. A. Tracy, Mrs. Camelia C. Bartlett, Mrs. Mary A. Dwight, Miss Sarah A. Closson.
The retired veteran, Dr. Goodell, at the age of seventy-five, and after a service of forty-five years as a missionary, peacefully closed his useful life at Philadelphia February 14; and one of the youngest members of the mission, Mr. Giles, of the Cesarea station, struck down in the beginning of his career, died in Constantinople May 21. Mr. and Mrs. Trowbridge and Mr. and Mrs. Farnsworth have returned to the field. Rev. Messrs. Baldwin, Tracy, and Bartlett, and Mr. H. O. Dwight, with their wives, and Misses Norcross and Closson have been sent as a reinforcement. Messrs. Ladd and Byington, with their families, have arrived on a visit to this country.
In this Country. - Daniel Ladd, Missionary; Mrs. Charlotte H. Ladd.
There are now connected with this mission 21 churches with 693 members, of whom 90 were received on profession during the last year reported; 10 native pastors and 12 licensed preachers; 47 common schools with 1,492 pupils; 25 pupils in theological training-schools, and 67 in female boarding-schools; and the number of registered Protestants is 3,252, having been increased 467 during the year. In the Bulgarian portion of the field, indications are more encouraging than at some former times; a movement for reform in the Armenian church, with its centre at Constantinople, shows the influence of the mission outside the Protestant community, and may lead to important results; and the more thoughtful Armenians, in all the Armenian field, are recognizing the value of the mission labors, by establishing schools in imitation of ours, and in many instances by an unusual friendliness in the place of former enmity and violent opposition. At some places Mohammedans seem increasingly accessible; and during the year, more than 30,000 copies of the Scriptures were distributed from Constantinople, to all parts of the country, by the American and the British and Foreign Bible Societies.
roon.) George B. Nutting, Missionary; Mrs. Susan A. Nutting. Two native preachers and two teachers.
ALEP PO.(About 90 miles S. E. of Scanderoon.) — One native preacher and one teacher.
ANTIOCH.(30 miles south of Scanderoon.)- Philander O. Powers, Missionary. One native pastor.
ADANA, (Ah'-da-nah.)-(About 70 miles N. W. of Scanderoon.)-Lucien H. Adams, Missionary; Mrs. Nancy D. Adams. One native pastor and two teach
On the way to Turkey.-Miss Mary G. Hollister. In this Country. -David H. Nutting, M. D., Missionary Physician; Mrs. Mary E. Nutting.
Mr. and Mrs. Perry, who went out last year, are stationed at Aintab. Miss Hollister sailed from Boston on the 9th of October last, to be connected with the female boarding-school at the same place. During the last year reported, 149 persons were added to the 19 churches of the mission, making a total of 1,153 members; the number of registered Protestants advanced from 5,713 to 6,364; there are 9 native pastors and 15 licensed preachers; and 35 common schools numbering 1,350 pupils. The theological school at Marash, and the girls' boarding-school at Aintab, are in a very promising condition, with the number of students in the former much increased of late; the churches "have made gratifying progress in Christian character, in self-government, and self-support;" and it was said, after the last annual meeting of the mission, that perhaps there had never been a time when the labors of the missionaries were more highly appreciated, or when brighter prospects for the future cheered them.
SYRIA MISSION. (1821.)
BEIRUT, (Ray-root/.)— William M. Thomson, D. D., C. V. A. Van Dyck, M. D., D. D., Missionaries; Mrs.
In this Country.-Lysander T. Burbank, George C. Knapp, M. P. Parmelee, George A. Pollard, Crosby H. Wheeler, Missionaries; Mrs. Sarah S. Burbank, Mrs. Alzina M. Knapp, Mrs. Nellie A. Parmelee, Mrs. Mary Helen Pollard, Mrs. Susan A. Wheeler, Mrs. Eliza M. Walker.
Several members of this previously reduced mission have been constrained, during the year, to come to the United States to recruit, viz., Messrs. Wheeler, Parmelee, and Pollard, with their wives. Miss Seymour and Miss Warfield have been sent out to take charge of the female seminary at Harpoot. Dr. and Mrs. Milne, and Mr. and Mrs. H. S. Barnum, have also been sent as a reinforcement.
Despite the many changes, and the withdrawal of so many missionaries from active service, the condition of the mission was never before so prosperous. The statistics, for the year 1866, indicate marked advance. The number of native pastors increased from 8 to 13; of native helpers, from 84 to 117; of preaching places, from 52 to 66; and of the average number in the congregations, from 2,442 to 3,455. Contributions for various objects of Christian benevolence amounted to $5,880 (gold). The attendance upon the various schools has been larger than ever before, while a very general interest in education has been awakened among the Armenians, which has led to the establishment of many rival schools of their own. The number of volumes of Scripture sold within the year was 4,453; and of other books and tracts, 8,069. Eightyfive persons were added to the 19 churches, by profession. The Harpoot Evangelical Union has added to its home operations a foreign mission department of effort. There are 34 pupils in the theological school, and 40 in the female seminary at Harpoot. The spirit, character, and usefulness of the native pastors and preachers are very encouraging.
Maria Thomson, Mrs. Julia A. Van Dyck. - One native helper and one teacher.
ABEIH, (Ah-bay'.)-(10 miles S. E. of Beirut.)
Simeon H. Calhoun, William Bird, Missionaries; Mrs. Emily P. Calhoun, Mrs. Sarah F. Bird. - Two teachers and three other helpers.
SI/DON. (20 miles S. of Beirut.)-William W. Eddy, Samuel Jessup, Missionaries; Mrs. H. M. Eddy, Mrs. Ann E. Jessup.
TRIPOLI, (Trip/-po-ly.)-46 miles N. N. E. of Beirut.)
NESTORIAN MISSION. (1834.)
OROOMIAH, (O-roo/-me-ah:)-(Near Lake Oroomiah.) George W. Coan, Benjamin Labaree, Missionaries; Thomas L. Van Norden, M. D., Missionary Physician; Mrs. S. P. Coan, Mrs. Sarah J. Rhea, Mrs. Elizabeth W. Labaree, Mrs. Mary M. Van Norden, Miss Mary Susan Rice, Teacher. - One native preacher, three teachers, and three other helpers.
SEIR, (Seer.)-(Near Oroomiah.) - Justin Perkins,
Samuel S. Mitchell, Missionary; Mrs. Lucy M. Mitchell. One teacher.
BOMBAY, (Bom-bay'.)- Sendol B. Munger, Missionary; Mrs. Sarah S. Munger. One native pastor and one helper.
On the way to Syria. ary; Mrs. Mary E. Lowry.
AHMEDNUGGUR, (Ah-med-nug/ - ur.)-(About 140 miles E. of Bombay.)- Allen Hazen, William Wood, Lemuel Bissell, Missionaries; Mrs. Martha R. Hazen, Mrs. Elizabeth P. Wood, Mrs. Mary A. Bissell. - Two native pastors, one licensed preacher, and ten helpers at station and out-station
Dr. Van Dyck, having completed the electrotyping of the Arabic Scriptures in New York, sailed August 24, to rejoin the mission, which has suffered much from the ill-health of several of its members. Mr. H. H. Jessup, and Dr. and Mrs. Post, have been constrained to come to the United States. Mr. and Mrs. Mitchell sailed April 27, and Mr. and Mrs. Lowry October 9, to join the mission. Thirty-one persons were added to the churches during the year. The membership is now 172. One new church has been organized, at Ain Zehalta, and a native pastor ordained. Unusual religious interest was experienced during a portion of the year, at Beirut and Sidon especially. The seminary at Abeih, under the charge of Mr. Calhoun, has 37 boarding and 7 day pupils. There are now two native pastors and seven licensed preachers to aid in the mission work.
Isaac N. Lowry, Mission
In this Country. - Henry H. Jessup, D. D., George E. Post, M. D., Missionaries; Mrs. Sarah E. Post.
D. D., John H. Shedd, Missionaries; Mrs. Sarah J.
DIZZA.- (In the mountains, west of Oroomiah,) occupied in the summer by Mr. Shedd.
The year has been one of more than usual religious interest in this field, the seminaries, as well as the villages, having enjoyed special influences of the Holy Spirit. Sixty-four persons were received to the communion, and the light of the gospel seems to be making its way, to some extent, among the mountain tribes. The civil condition of the people is not improved; there is no relief from oppression, and poverty is deep. But the condition of both the seminaries has been cheering, and the annual meeting of the native helpers was specially so, in the character of the essays and discussions, and the indications of growing independence and moral power. There are reported 68 native preachers; 49 pupils in the male and 32 in the female seminary; and 1,244 in 62 common schools. Mr. Cochran left Boston with his family on the 17th of July, 1eturning to the field. Miss Crawford, who returned to the United States in 1865, was removed by death on the 8th of August.
On their way to the field. -Joseph G. Cochran, Missionary; Mrs. Deborah P. Cochran.
In this Country. - Mrs. C. B. Perkins.