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make it more and more distinctly theological. And to this end, new rooms will need to be provided, and new books prepared, to furnish a theological apparatus for the young preachers and pastors of Syria. Up to the present time, there is neither Concordance, Commentary, Church History, nor Bible Dictionary, in the Arabic language.
The Druze high school, as seen in the left of the engraving, is a fine building, erected by the Druzes themselves, and the institution is supported from funds formerly appropriated to their religious houses. It is called the Daudi. yeh, in honor of the Pasha. Its principal teachers have been graduates from our seminary.
THE THREE FACTS OF THE PAST YEAR.
The three most important facts in the history of the Board for the past year are, -- the great advance in efforts to reach the women in our mission fields; the growing interest in China, occasioned in part by the coming of the Chinese Embassy and in part by the increasing facilities for intercourse with that country; and the rising up of our great constituency to the relief of our financial embarrassment.
1. The long waited-for time of reaching the women of Mohammedan and heathen lands, in their own homes, appears to be close at hand. At many points where, even five years since, they were quite inaccessible, the way is already open. The calls for single ladies to engage in this work have never been so numerous as during the past year, and since the first of January, eighteen have gone out under the care of the Board.
While the way has thus been opened abroad, as never before, a remarkable spirit of consecration to the missionary work has been poured out upon Christian women at home. There has been no occasion for the Board to call for female missionaries. More are ready to go than can be sent, with due regard to a wise economy, and the opportunities open for useful and happy labor. In view of the opening field, and the offers of service from those by experience, refined culture, and character, admirably fitted for successful labor, the Board has felt constrained greatly to enlarge its labors in this direction, relying on the generous support of the Christian women of the denominations which it represents. The formation of coöperative Boards of Missions, at Boston and Chicago, with auxiliary societies at other points, shows that this confidence is well grounded.
The single women under the care of the Board, engaged in missionary work, are distributed as follows: in Western Turkey, seven ; Central Turkey, four; Eastern Turkey, eight; Nestorian mission, four; Syria, three; Zulu mission, two; Ceylon, three; Madura mission, four ; Foochow, one ; North China, three; Hawaiian Islands, three; North American Indians, one ;- - forty-three in all. Of these, two, in the Hawaiian Islands, are supported by tuition fees and by a ladies' benevolent society in the Islands; one, in Eastern Turkey, by a gentleman in New York city, while another, in the same field, keeps her sister company at her own charges; one, in Syria, has all her expenses defrayed by ber parents ; and seven, in different fields, are at the charge of the Woman's Board of Missions, organized in Boston.
2. China is daily becoming more and more an object of interest. In a few months it will be one of the nearest missionary fields from New York, as it already is from our Western shores. Its relations of every kind — commercial and political as well as religious — will soon be more intimate with us than with any other people. We cannot be too prompt in giving this vast nation the gospel, -in "planting the shining cross on every hill and valley." The hearts of the young men in Seminaries and Colleges, who are proposing to themselves the privilege of proclaiming the unsearchable riches of Christ among the Gentiles, are turning toward China. Not far from one hundred devoted men and women, from this country, are already there, representing various evangelical denominations. This number should be increased ten-fold at the earliest moment. It is the age of railways and telegraphs; let Christian enterprise keep pace with commercial.
3. The uprising of our great constituency has been most cheering. The saddest feature in our impending debt was not the pecuniary embarrassment; it was the discouragement, the breaking down of heart and hope, in the missionary circle, — the feeling that Christians at home were not remembering them in their work. The October Herald, with its fourteen solid pages of donations, representing the offerings of thousands and tens of thousands of Christian hearts, will cheer and quicken to new energy our brethren and sisters at the front.” It will be the next thing to attending an Annual Meeting of the Board, and feeling one's moral life quickened and strengthened by the love and Christian sympathy of the great congregation. Thanks to the generous givers of their wealth, but joy before God, and renewed courage, because of the great constituency of the humble poor, who did what they could ; and when they had no money, gave their prayers.
REV. SENDOL B. MUNGER.
The death of this senior member of the Mahratta mission, at Bombay, on the 23d of July last, was announced in the Herald for October. Mr. Munger was born at Fairhaven, Vermont, October 5, 1802. His hopeful conversion occurred during a revival of religion at Shoreham, Vermont, in 1821, and the same year he united with the Congregational church in that place. In his life memoranda, left at the Missionary House, he states, “I decided to go to the heathen when I first began to study, in 1823.” He graduated at Middlebury College in 1828, and at Andover Theological Seminary in 1833; was then employed for a time as an agent of the American Board in Vermont; was ordained at Shoreham in 1834; married Miss Maria L. Andrews, of Bristol, Vermont, and sailed with her from Boston May 21, 1834, for Bombay, where they arrived September 10.
Mr. Munger was first stationed at Bombay, but in 1837 he was reported as at Jalna, where he remained until constrained, by the protracted illness of his wife, to come with her to the United States. They reached this country June 9, 1842, and reëmbarked for India January 3, 1846; but Mrs. Munger died on the passage out, on the 12th of March, and was buried in the Indian Ocean. Mr. Munger was now stationed for a time at Ahmednuggur, then, for some years, at Bhingar, and in 1855 removed to Satara, which continued to be his station until 1866, when the wants of Bombay constrained his return to that, his first field in India. He visited the United States a second time in 1853, returning the next year, and again in 1860, returning in 1862. He was thrice married, — in 1854 to Miss Mary E. Ely, of Chicago, Illinois (who died June 3, 1856), and in 1862 to Mrs. Sarah S. Paul, of Boston, who survives him.
A biographical notice, published in the Bombay Guardian soon after his decease, states : “ While Mr. Munger was in Jalna and Ahmednuggur, he spent much of his time in itineracies, traversing on horseback the whole region of country from Sholapoor to Nagpoor, and preaching in every village on the route. He delighted in the work of an evangelist, — the work of setting forth the freeness and fullness of divine grace to all that would receive it, through the merits of Christ, the world's only Saviour. He desired to make known this gospel as widely as possible; the field was great, the laborers were few; and he refused to spare himself in this all-important work. He had an admirable command of the Marathi language, great facility, earnestness and power in preaching, and a powerful voice. Men heard him gladly, and in many a village the solemn and affectionate message of the itinerant ambassador was long remembered. In various instances it was blessed to the good of the hearers.
“ Mr. Munger did not confine his ministrations to the natives. He deeply felt the truth expressed in Christ's words to Nicodemus, ‘Ye must be born again’; did not allow himself to be mystified by the fact that men had been brought up in Christian lands, had received baptism, were familiar with the gospel, and were influenced by it in adventitious matters; but constantly insisted that a real change of heart was necessary in order that men might regard themselves as children of God and heirs of everlasting life. This testimony was to some Europeans, at the stations where Mr. Munger resided, startling and not welcome ; but it pleased God to make it the means of bringing some to the knowledge of himself. In one instance, an officer to whom this testimony had been blessed, was desirous, as a thank-offering to the Lord, of placing in the hands of the American Board a large sum of money for the purpose of establishing a new mission at Nagpoor, which had not then been occupied as a mission station. The Board was not in a situation to avail itself of this offer, and it was subsequently made to the Free Church of Scotland's Mission Committee; and the result was the establishment of their Nagpoor mission.
“Mr. Munger had an extensive acquaintance with Marathi literature. Several valuable tracts and books written by him, in the vernacular, have been published, and he has left behind him others, in manuscript.
Conspicuous in Mr. Munger's religious character, was an ardent, personal love to the Lord Jesus Christ. The cause of the Redeemer was emphatically his own.
All his interests were identified with those of Christ's kingdom. To the last he continued at his loved work of preaching Christ, and but a few days before his death, when his strength was so far reduced that he could only speak for one or two minutes, he was at the preaching place in front of the American Mission House. He wished to die at his post, and his wish was granted.”
The meeting of the mission was held at Bombay just at the time of Mr. Munger's death, commencing July 21. It was appointed there to secure the benefit of his counsels and prayers, and he was to have preached the sermon; but on the morning of the first day of the sessions, he was already“ partially paralyzed,” and “not able to speak” (though he recognized some of the brethren as they came in), and did not speak afterwards except once, when he was heard to say, “ None but Christ.” Mr. Hazen writes: “I think he held meetings in English at every place where he resided, and he had fruit in connection with these meetings in every place. In Bombay, he had opened his house for a Sabbath evening meeting, for the benefit of a few families that found it difficult to attend upon regular services, buť a few weeks previous to his illness. On the last two occasions he had spoken with great earnestnes upon the Heavenly Inheritance.? He was at times so much affected that he could scarcely proceed with his remarks, and his words made a deep impression upon those who listened to them. Several spoke of these discourses as they came to mourn his death.
“At a few minutes past three o'clock, P. M., on Thursday, July 23, he ceased to breathe. His eyes opened wide, the film was all gone, and he lay as gazing upward upon the open glory.” In resolutions passed by the mission, in view of his death, they say:
“ We deem it fitting to place on record the expression of our gratitude to God, for his grace conferred upon our brother, enabling him to devote his life to the preaching of the gospel in this land, and sustaining him for a period of such lengthened service; for the preparation of heart and intellect granted him, whereby he has been enabled to testify so fully the grace of God in Christ, manifested to a perishing world, preaching throughout the length and breadth of the Mahratta country to all, European and native, high-born and lowly, the salvation so freely provided; for the evidence of the abiding presence of Christ, and the life of faith hid with Christ manifested in his walk and conversation; and for the spirit of prayer so richly granted to him."
His funeral was attended on Friday, and native Christians bore his body to its resting-place in the Scotch cemetery, at Bombay.
APPROPRIATIONS FOR 1869.
THE Prudential Committee, according to their usage, have made the appropriations which they suppose to be necessary for another year. They have found, as they expected, that a material advance is indispensable; and could they feel confident of securing and sending abroad the missionary force which the different fields require, they would not hesitate to vote a still larger sum.
The amount set apart for the expenditures of the coming year is $547,500, an advance of $22,500 upon the appropriations of 1868. The increase is given, for the most part, to the missions in Eastern Turkey and North China ; and every friend of the world's evangelization will doubtless rejoice that these two fields are to be cultivated by additional laborers.
It will be understood, of course, that the foregoing sum is appropriated for the purpose of meeting the demands of our work upon its present scale. If, however, the missionary spirit shall be poured out upon our young ministers and candidates for the ministry, so that they shall give heed to the painful cry that comes up from our brethren in the Mahratta field, see letters in this number of the Herald, — from the Gaboon, Central Turkey, and Syria, from the perishing millions in China, the Committee would gladly expend the amount ($600,000) proposed at Norwich. Will not the churches pray, earnestly and importunately, that they may have this high privilege ?
As this is the last number of the Herald for 1868, the time is favorable for asking the friends of the Board to assist in giving a wider circulation to its contents. It is a common remark, “Our church members would feel more interest in the missionary work, if they knew more about it.” There is no reason to doubt that if all were to read the communications of the brethren who represent us in heathen lands, from month to month, and thus learn just what they are doing, what trials they are passing through, what successes they are achieving, what hopes they are indulging, there would be an amount of sympathy with them, and of prayer for them, which they have not hitherto received. There is no reason to doubt, moreover, that the reflex influence of such a habit upon the entire constituency of the Board would be invaluable. Many who call themselves the disciples of Christ are timid and half-hearted, because they do not bear the world upon their hearts, and are not, therefore, wholly identified with his kingdom and counsels.
The number of subscribers for the Herald is steadily increasing ; but a large addition to the list is very desirable. Is it too much to ask the friends of the Board, who know the value of such a publication as an agency for creating a wider interest in the work of missions, to lend their coöperation ?
It has been the aim of the Prudential Committee to make such changes in the Herald, from time to time, as seem to be called for. Other changes are in contemplation; and as the work, entrusted to them in the providence of God, shall advance and expand, this publication is expected to keep pace with it.
For a full explanation of the “ Free List," and for other important business matters connected with the Herald, see pages immediately preceding the Advertisements, as also the last page of the cover.
LETTERS FROM THE MISSIONS.
At the Santee Agency, where Rev. J. P.
Williamson and Mr. E. R. Pond (teacher) LETTERS FROM Mr. Riggs, August 15 and Sep
are stationed, there are about 1,400 Indians, tember 2, 1868.
a church, with native pastors, 367 memLocations. A report of the Dakota mis- bers, and a large congregation. There sion, recently received, notices several set- is also an Episcopal missionary and church tlements of Indians on the Missouri River, there. The Yankton Agency, twenty-five which it may be well to mention here. miles above the Santee Agency, is the