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eyes, I don't know which, perhaps all together, glass of wine, and re-filling my pipe-there's induced me to make as spoony a proposal as great philosophy in a pipe, as we all know-I ever fell from the lips of a green cockney." awaited the result of my charming scheme as

* There are clever, sensible men in the city," calmly as I could. interjected Tape, as the Captain paused an in- " It was not long coming. About half an hour stant to supply a himself with a fresh cigar. after Marietta's departure, the door was slammed

". Perhaps so, Mr. Tape, but those gentlemen open, and I found myself sprawling and kicking, seldom volunteer into the army, I believe. I or rather sprawling and trying to kick, for they knew," said the veteran, continuing his narra- wouldn't let me, in the arms of five or six ugly tive, “that I might as well whistle jigs to a mile- rascals, who, showering upon me all the time the stone, and expect it to get up and turn partners, vilest abuse, hurried me off to prison. Into it as ask the general in command of the division, they thrust me like a dog; and there, when I about forty miles off, to rescue Pedro from the could recover breath and speech, I greeted Pedro, grasp of the Spanish authorities. The British my fellow-prisoner. The alcalde and Ramez' had generals never meddled with the administration only promised to release him, and, of course, of Spanish justice under any pretence what- when the object was gained, refused to abide by ever; but I also knew that if he received a mes- the bargain. If I had not been the most consage stating that I was in danger, he was bound summate ass that ever browsed or brayed, I might by general orders to afford me every assistance have guessed as much. Ramez had now two in his power. Marietta,' said I at last — the victims, and that promised a double holiday. wine must have been unusually strong-I have “Well, gentlemen, this was, you may suppose, bit upon it. We'll save Pedro yet, in spite of a very unpleasant situation to find myself in ; but them all! The pretty creature jumped up, as, thank Heaven, I was never much troubled clapped her hands, and sobbing, laughing, and with nerves, I did not so much mind it after a talking, all in a breath, exclaimed, • Dear In- bit. Marietta, I was sure, would be off to the glese, I knew you would ! •You, Marietta,' general with her best speed when she saw the said I, as soon as she was sufficiently calm to ugly turn matters were taking: 80 that if my listen, 'go to Ramez and the alcalde, and tell captors were not in a very patriotic hurry indeed, then you will deliver into their hands the famous there was a chance on the cards yet. Pedro obAfrancesado spy, Henriquez Bajol, on condition tained some cigars of the jailor, an old acquainof their releasing Pedro. If they consent de- tance of his ; they were first-rate, and we both Bounce me.' •You, Henriquez ? said she, star- became gradually calm and composed. Ah, gening bewilderedly. Never you mind,' I re- tlemen, I have often thought that if the moral plied. 'A note to General Picton-I'll write it observations I addressed that evening to my at once—will soon get me out of their clutches, friend Pedro, upon the duty of respecting nawhoever I am. I wrote the note and gave it tional prejudices, particularly with regard to shelher . Now mind, Marietta,' said I solemnly, tering wounded foreigners

, and the shocking *tbat Pedro sets off with this note the instant he folly of making rash engagements with young is liberated. How soon can he reach the Gen- women, especially after dinner, had been taken eral on foot ? •By to-morrow night,' she an- down by a short-hand writer, they would have swered. •Very well; and now then about it at raised me to the next rank after Solomon !" obce.' She was off in a twinkling, and I was at

“ No doubt of it,” said Tape, looking nervously leisure to reflect on what I had done. To tell at the clock; “but do get on, captain ; don't the truth, I did not, after a few minutes' quiet stop, don't !'' cogitation, feel excessively comfortable. They “I will pot, Tape ; but don't you hurry me as would be certain to believe the story ; Henriquez they did. Well, the next day I was dragged bebeing, I was sure, known to none of them per- fore the alcalde and that rascal Ramez, where, sonally. I was a precious deal more like a Span- to my very great and most unpleasant surprise, jard then than an Englishman; and I spoke the two men, guerilla soldiers, swore that they had language so well—not altogether grammatically, frequently seen me in communication with the it is true, but so like a native of the south of French outposts, and that they verily believed Spain—that I felt I should have some difficulty, me to be no other than the infamous Henriquez. should occasion require it, to undeceive them. Vainly I protested, finding the thing was getting Then they had such a pestilent way of making much too serious, that I was an English officer; not only sure, but short work with whoever they my assertions were laughed at, and I was resuspected of commerce with the hated French, conveyed to my dungeon, after having heard mythat it flashed unpleasantly across my mind—the self sentenced to be shot at the same hour which General's help might perhaps arrive too late ! was to see the last of Pedro. Mr. Tape, please However, I was in for it; and so, taking another to touch the bell. I'll take another cup; for my

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tongue always feels dry and hot when I come to hood, and the general's orders are not to halt an this part of the story."

instant.' I was delighted to hear it. The less Mr. Tape did as he was desired, quickly, and said was, I felt, the soonest mended. If the bade the waiter who answered the summons general, thought I, were informed why he had "jump about." The anxious haberdasher had been put to this trouble and risk, our meeting but just three minutes to spare.

would scarcely be a very amicable one. •Who “That, gentlemen,” continued the captain, is this?' said the officer, pointing to Pedro, who, " was a very uncomfortable night. I was never, though he had hallooed lustily was by no means from a child, particularly fond of water-drinking; out of the wood. One of ours,' I boldly replied. but I remember crawling off the straw many · Then mount, my good fellow, at once,' replied times during the night, and almost emptying he, motioning to one of the led horses. Pedro both pitchers. At ten o'clock we were to suffer, understood the gesture, though he did'nt the lanto be shot to death by half a dozen rusty muskets. guage; and giving Marietta, who had vopinionIt was dreadfully aggravating! Day dawned at ed him, one hug, was in the saddle in a jify. last; six, seven, eight, nine, ten o'clock tinkled Out of the way,' cried the commanding officer through the jail; the door opened, and in stalked to the alcalde, who, instigated by Ramez, was Ramez and the alcalde, followed by the rusty approaching to claim Pedro at least as lawful shooting-party. We were politely informed that prize. Out of the way, fellow!' and he struck time' was up, and that we must both come to bim sharply with the flat of his sword. The the scratch at once, as the spectators didn't like frightened functionary tumbled out of our path; to be kept waiting. They then kindly pinioned the bugle sounded and we were off safe, sound, us, and away we marched. You never, perhaps, and merry." walked in your own funeral procession, Tape, “Bravo !-Hurra!-Hurra!" resounded in ir?

regular chorus through the room. Tape was of “Lord, Captain Smith, how can you ask such like a shot; the unfortunate man was full seren a horrid question ?"

minutes behind his time. “ Well, if you ever should, you'll remember it, “Gentlemen,” said Captain Smith, after the that's all. Seeing King Lear is nothing to it, applause had subsided, "do not, if you please, though that's reckoning pretty deep. On we forget the moral of my story. Everything, the marched, the priests praying, the bells tolling, chaplain used to say, has a useful moral—even and the infernal musket-men eying us as if to short rations—though I never could agree make up their minds exactly where to have the him to that extent. The moral of this advenpleasure of hitting us. One scoundrel, with a ture I take to be this— Never, under any circan short, ugly snub of an apology of a nose, meant, stances, assume to be what you are not ; for if shot I could see, to send his bullet through my Roman. or hanged in a wrong character, you will never Altogether, it was the most disagreeable walk I able to amend the errors of description." ever took in my life. We soon arrived at the

Chambers' Journal place of sacrifico, and were ordered to kneel down. •Pedro,' said I, that jewel of a wife of yours has played us a sweet trick; but perhaps she'll arrive in time, if she comes at all, to return thanks for all the good things we are about to

TO ONE SLEEPING. receive; and that's a consolation anyway.' I

Sleep on! thy meek and thoughtsul brow then took another look in the direction in which

Is free from care and sorrow now, the expected succor ought to appear, when I And weareth not saw, and tried to rub my eyes with my elbows

The traces of the frequent tear, to make sure I saw, but couldn't, a horsewoman

And pain, and weariness, which here

Hare been thy lot. on a summit of the hill; it was Marietta! I roared out like a raging bull, and Pedro gave Sleep on! for ever in thy dream chorus. As soon as Marietta caught sight of The lost ones, whom thou lovest seem what was going on, she curbed her horse sharp

Again to stand ly back, and beckoned with eager gestures over

Close by thy side, and round thee press

With looks of love and tenderness, the hill. A minute afterwards the ridge was

A spirit band. crowned by half a regiment of British dragoons. The instant they saw us they gave one loud Sleep on! for here on earth no more cheer and came on like a whirlwind.

Shalt thou find love, like that of yore.

When thou didst give “A narrow escape, Smith!' said the com

Thy heart's affection, not in vain, manding officer. • But come, mount at once. To him with whom thou seem'st again There is a large French force in the neighbor. In dreams to live.

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The little one, who from its rest

works* from which is derived the information On thine, has passed to Jesus' breast

which we present to the correspondents and readIn peace to dwell,

ers of the Messenger. Is with thee, loselier than when thou In meek submissiveness did'st bow,

“Strange," says Dr. H. in an article on this And say—"Tis well.”

subject in the Massachusetts Quarterly, “strange

how men reading the lessons of the past can be Sleep on! for oft the spirit seems

heedless of the cries and demands of humanity To pass from earth, and catch bright gleams Of bidden things;

in the present! but so it ever is. Nobility in his Hears voices from the better land,

saddle, Aristocracy in his coach, Respectability And earthly slumberers are fanned

in his gig, Property in his counting-room, ProBy angel wings.

priety in his pew, ever have, and still do cry

• Peace be still!' when the poor and lowly strive " He giveth his Beloved sleep;" Oh, then dream on, nor waking weep

to struggle up a step higher upon the platform of When dreams they prove;

humanity. The foremost countries of the world These holy visionings are given

(and Massachusetts is one of them) are, howAs foretastes of the promised Hearen

ever, beginning to heed the warning of the past Prepared above!

and the threatening of the future. Some of the MATILDA F. DANA.

claims of the poorer classes are beginning to be Boston, Mass.

understood, and granted, though still too much as boons, rather than rights. The time was when colleges were considered all that was necessary for national education; the time has come when the common school is considered

still more necessary; and the time is at hand IDIOCY IN MASSACHUSETTS. when universities for the rich alone shall dwindle

into insignificance compared with the vast maWe perused with interest a communication in chinery which shall be put in operation for the he February No. of the Southern Literary Mes- education of the children of the poorest citizens. lenger with regard to the “ Education of Idiots,” The pay of the dismissed soldier, and the honor containing interesting extracts from letters of now paid to his tawdry tinsel shall go to onDr. Conolly and Mr. Sumner concerning the courage and elevate the teacher, and the hulks ondition of this unfortunate class of beings in of navies shall be left to rot, that the schoolhe institutions established in Europe for their house may be built up and adorned. In the elies

, and it was not without some feeling of way, too, of what is called charity, but which pride in the reputation acquired by our ancestral should be called religion and duty, we are adstate that we read the following sentence of the vancing. The time was when deformed chilonclusion of the article to which we refer—"we dren were exposed and left to perish; a Saygele not know, but we will lay any wager, even tus and Eurotas were everywhere at hand for our dukedom to a beggarly denier' that Massa- those who could not be reared to beauty and busetts has done something decided, something strength, but now the more deformed they are jenerous upon this subject before now !" the more solicitude is manifested in their behalf.

Through some delay in the reception of our The sick are gathered into hospitals, the dumb Nos. of the Messenger, the communication of are taught to speak, the blind to read, the insane shich we speak bas but recently met our eye, to reason, and at last the poor idiot is welcomed ir we should sooner have replied to it, for it has into the human family." leen both our duty and our pleasure to procure

“ The frightful number of these unfortunates," uch information as we might with regard to the remarks in another place the same writer, “ will legree of attention which this subject has re- dwindle away as the light of knowledge makes eived from the Legislature of Massachusetts

, clear the laws which govern our existence. But lappy, if through our humble efforts, a wider in the meantime,” he urges, “ let none of them ympathy may be created in behalf of these be lost, let none of them be uncared for, but orely-stricken ones, and if the example of our whenever the signal is given of a man in diswo State may impel sister-states to exertion in tress—no matter how deformed, how vicious,

how loathsome even, he may be,-let it be reThrough the kindness of Dr. S. G. Howe, garded as a call to help a brother.” Principal of the Perkins Institute for the Blind,

Under an act of the Massachusetts LegislaSouth Boston, a gentleman whose philanhropic exertions are too well known to need the causes and prevention of Idiocy. Coolidge & Wiley,

* Report to the Massachusetts Legislature upon Idiocy. omment here, we have been furnished with' 12 Water St. Boston.

beir cause.

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ture, April 11th, 1846, Dr. Howe was appointed | breaking the instrument to pieces, be took it up chairman of a Committee “to inquire into the mildly but firmly, carried it home, got some straw condition of the Idiots of the Commonwealth, to and laid the offending tool upon it; then be ascertain their number and whether anything can brought some bread and water, and demurely be done in their behalf.” A report was returned told the offender that it had been very naughtyin March, 1847; in the meantime the commis- that he did not want to hurt it, but it should sioners had been actively employed, both in have no other supper and no bed to lie on. personal visits and inspection, and also in ex- “By such means he has been much improved, tensive correspondence, not only in their own not only in behavior but in temper. He is growState and country, but in Europe. The result ing less violent and more manageable every of a second year's labor in this cause was re- day." ported to the Legislature in February 1848. The Truly—" he that feareth is not made perfect in first part of the report contains remarks upon the love." various definitions of the terms Idiots—Idiocy- The first attempt in Europe for the education upon their numbers, condition and capacities in of Idiots is thus noticed by Dr. Howe—"It is a Massachusetts, followed by many valuable sug- singular and interesting fact that the first regular gestions as to treatment (gentle or harsh) physi- attempt upon record to educate an idiot was cal care, &c., from which we would gladly quote made with a view to prove the truth of the tbeory did the limits of this article permit. Kind and of the sensualist school of philosophy wbich was gentle management has been uniformly found in so much in favor, in France, during the Revolutheircase as in that of the insane, most beneficial; tion. A wild boy who had been found in the and illustrative of this we would cite here an af- forest, was brought to Paris and became famous fecting instance mentioned in the Supplement to as the Savage of Aveyron. Great was the dethe Report, of an idiot youth of violent and irri- light of the wise men when they found that this table disposition whose parents had endeavored man could not speak any human tongue, and to overcome this temper by corporal punishment was devoid of understanding and knowledge. but without success. We will give the account the celebrated Itard undertook to teach hin, in the narrator's own words.

and it was expected that he would prove that all “The father spared not the rod, but healed not our ideas are derived immediately from the senses the child who, on the contrary, grew worse and and that our mental faculties are only sensations worse. The lessons in punishment were not transformed. According to the theory, by caulost upon him. Whatever object offended him ing certain sensations, certain ideas would be he would beat and punish just as he had been generated, and from these a given character propunished. If it were a tool of any kind he duced. No one was better fitted than Itard for would smash and break it in pieces ; if it were a giving the experiment a fair trial, and he labored dumb beast he would beat and abuse it. as far as man can whose feet are upon moving

“It happened one day that a zealous member of sand. But it was all in vain, and would have the Peace Society was a visitor at the house and been nearly in vain under any system, for it bewitnessed a scene of contest in which the father came evident that the supposed savage was only barely came off victor. The visitor urged the an idiot. Itard, however, was not merely a father to follow a different course with his unfor- philosopher

, but a man of humanity

, he became tunate son, to abandon all blows, all direct use interested in the subject and followed up his atof force and try mild measures. By his advice tempts to instruct this poor creature with great Johnny was made to understand that if he should zeal and ability for several years, and his laber commit a certain offence he would be mildly and was not lost. He saw what might be done for kindly remonstrated with, have nothing but bread idiots and his thoughts and hints have been sizce and water for supper and be obliged to lie upon acted upon by a disciple worthy of such a mathe floor with only a little straw under him. ter-Mr. Edward Séguin." Very soon he began to practice this mode of Dr. Howe also mentions the praisewórtby efpunishment upon the cattle. If the cow offend-forts of Dr. Belhomme, of Paris, Mons. Ferres

. ed him, instead of flying into a passion and beat- Mr. Falret, and Dr. Voisin. Their principal er: ing her, he addressed her gravely, telling her the ertions have been made since the year 1824. “ nature of her offences, and assuring her of the is however," says Dr. Howe, due to Edward consequences. He would then lead her out, lay Séguin to say that to him, more than to any other some straw upon the ground, bring a little water person, seems to be owing the great and rapid and a crust of bread, and tell her that was all improvement which has been made in the art of she could have for supper. One day being in teaching and training idiots. He has labored the field he hurt his foot with the rake, and in- with that enthusiasm and zeal in a beloved siead of getting angry as he was wont to do and ject which almost always ensures succes. He

has put forth a degree of courage, energy and /terioration and even to elevate them, and shall perseverance, which, if exerted in the art of de- our Commonwealth continue to bury the humble stroying men and cities would have covered his talent of lowly children committed to her mothbreast with those crosses and decorations and taw- erly care, and let it rot in the earth, or shall she dry baubles, so highly prized by vulgar minds. do all that can be done to render it back with But how utterly worthless would be such tokens usury to Him who lent it? There should be no of excellence in a bloody and barbarous art com- doubt about the answer to these questions. The pared with the high reward of an approving con- humanity and justice of our rulers will prompt science which must ever follow labors of love in them to take immediate measures for the formathe field of benificence. We do not know that tion of a school, or schools, for the instruction Seguin has a title ; but surely one of field-mar- and training of idiots." shal or peer of France, which might have been Acting upon these suggestions of their Comgiven at the whim of a man, could never equal missioners, the Legislature of Massachusetts apin true honor that of friend and benefactor of propriated the sum of $2,500, annually, for three the most afflicted of the human race; a title years, to try the experiment of education upon which he has gained by long years of patient ten idiots. Mr. James B. Richards, who was toil

, and which shall be held in honor when that appointed teacher, visited the schools in Europe, of destroyer shall cease to be prized by any but to derive such information as might aid him in barbarians."

his task, and in October, 1848, began his labors Extracts are also made from letters describing with four pupils, whose number has since inthe schools for Idiots-from those of Dr. Conol- creased to eleven-all of them boys. The esly and Mr. Sumner, already quoted by the cor- tablishment is under the supervision of Dr. Howe, respondent of the Messenger, and which we there- and under the same roof with the Perkins Instifore omit here, proceeding at once with Dr. tute for the Blind,-alarge and commodious buildHowe's appeal

ing, occupying an airy and delightful position "No systematic efforts," says he, “ have yet upon that part of South Boston known as Mt. been made in this country to teach a class of Washington. these sorely bereaved creatures, but individual The benefits of the Institution are not limited efforts have not been wanting in Massachusetts. to the ten for whom the present fund provides, – The success here obtained for the first time in private pupils being also received. the education of persons who by the English law The school is yet in its infancy-only seven are considered to be necessarily idiots as “want. months having elapsed since its commencement. ing all those senses which furnish the human No report of its progress therefore has been ofmind with ideas,' has encouraged attempts to fered to the public, but we are happy to lay before Educate idiots.* The results thus far are most our readers such information as a recent visit satisfactory. In view of all these circumstan- thither afforded us. ces, we earnestly recommend that measures be at The unfortunate children who a few months once taken to rescue this most unfortunate class since were unable to control their limbs, had no from the dreadful degradation in which they now idea of size, form, or number, we found seated at grovel.

desks, of the usual kind, and when called upon " It is true that the plea of ignorance can be to do so by their teacher, stood up before the made in excuse for the neglect and ill-treatment black-board, on which was printed in chalk part which they have hitherto received ; but this plea of the alphabet, designated the letters, and comcan avail us no longer. Other countries have bined them into words of three letters. After shown us that idiots may be trained to habits of this they proceeded to exercises which would industry, cleanliness and self-respect; that the enable them to control and direct their muscles bigbest of them may be measurably restored to at the example of the teacher ; such as folding self-control, and that the very lowest of them their arms across the chest, placing them at the may be raised from the slough of animal pollu- side, and extending them—the lessons not having tion in which they wallow; and can the men of been yet applied to the use of the left arm or of other countries do more than we? Shall we the feet. In the room were also placed ladders who can transmute granite and ice into gold and which they were taught to climb; (a straw matsilver, and think it pleasant work, shall we shrink tress being placed on the floor to prevent injury from the higher task of transforming brutish men in case of any falling.) Pupils who, when first back into human shape ? Other countries are received into the school, manifested much timidbeginning to rescue their idiots from further de- ity, and indeed almost entire inability to mount

one step, are now climbing up and down with Two blind idiots are under training at the Institution facility, and seem to enjoy their newly acquired for the Blind in Boston.

knowledge. One child who, on his arrival, knew

VOL. XV-47

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