Page images



and what neither good vor bad in life? Now he or Opinions,' • Desires and · Pleasures.' As that does not understand these is destroyed by soon as the crowd enters, these women seize her, not indeed all at once, as he perished who upon and embrace every individual, and then was devoured by the Sphiox, but like the man in lead them off.” the hands of the torturer, he wastes away gradually Stranger. “Where do they take them ?" during the whole of life: but on the other hand, Old Man. “Some to safety, and others to whoever does understand these things is saved ruin, through the agency of · Deceit."" and •Folly’ perishes, while he becomes happy and Stranger. Alas! what a pernicious draugbt blessed all his lifetime. Therefore I beg you to that was which you mentioned !" listen and take heed."

Old Man. “And yet these all profess to be 4. Stranger. “Truly, you have excited our guides to the highest good,—to happiness and curiosity very much, if such be the case.” prosperity. But they who through ignorance

Old Man. Such, indeed, is the case." and error bave tasted of the cup of • Deceit,' cas

Stranger. “You need not on this account de- never find what the true path in life is, but wanfer the explanation, as we shall attend with all der about at random; just as you see how those diligence, seeing that the consequences are so who have entered before these, are roaming about great."

wherever chance may take them." The old man thereupon picked up a rod, and 7. Stranger. “I see them. Who is that wopointing it towards the picture, said ; “Do you man standing upon a round stone; she seems to see this circle ?"

be both blind and crazy ?" Stranger. “ Yes."

Old Man. Her me is · Fortune.' She is Old Man. “You must first know that this not only blind and crazy, but deaf also." place is called • Life.' That large crowd stand- Stranger. “ What does she do?" ing near the gateway are they who are about to Old Man. “Go about in all directions, take enter upon life. The old man, whom you see from some all that they possess and give it to standing above, with a map in one hand, and others; she then straightway deprives the latter pointing apparently at something with the other, of the gifts which she had just presented to them, is called the • Tutelary Deity' or 'Genius.' (De- and distributes them to others without any judge mon.) He is giving directions to those that are ment or stability of purpose. Her natural dispoentering as to what they must do when they com- sition is therefore admirably pourtrayed in the mence life, and pointing out to them the path in manner of her representation." which they must walk if they would be safe in Stranger. What manner?" life."

Old Man. " As standing upon a round 5. Stranger. “What is the way in which he stone." bids them walk, or how are they to act ?"

Stranger. " What does that represent !" Old Man. “Do you see close to the gate, a Old Man. " That there is neither safety nar seat placed at the spot where the crowd is enter- stability in her gifts. For great and terrible dising; upon it is seated a woman of studied ele- asters befal those who put any confidence in gance of demeanor, and fascinating appearance, her." with a cup in her hand ?”

8. Stranger. What does that great throag Stranger. “I see her. Who is she?" of people that surround her want? and what are

Old Man. “Her name is Deceit,' for she their names?" misleads all men."

Old Man. “They are called The ThoughtStranger. ** How? What does she do ?" less;' and each of them is begging for the things

Old Man. “She drugs with her influence all which she is scattering about." who enter life.”

Stranger. “Why then this difference in their Stranger. “What does she make them drink?" appearance, some seem to be filled with joy, Old Man. " • Error' and . Ignorance."" while others, all despondent, stand wringing their Stranger. " What then?"

hands ?" Old Man. “ As soon as they imbibe these, Old Man. “ Those who appear rejoicing and they enter life.”

laughing are they who have received some faver Stranger. • Do all drink this Error?'” from •Fortune :' by them she is called Good

Old Man. “ All: some, however, take larger, Fortune.' Those who are represented as weepand some smaller draughts. Again, do you see ing and wringing their hands are they from whom within the gate a number of women; they are she has taken the gifts previously bestowed: associates, but differ in their forms and appear- these, on the contrary, call her · Bad Fortube.*** ance ?"

Stranger. “What are these gifts that cause Stranger. “I observe them.”

so much joy in those who receive them, and so Old Man. " There are called . Sentiments' much grief in those who do not ?"



Old Man. Such as many men consider to off to the abode of Wretchedness,' there he linbe blessings."

gers out the remainder of his life in all kinds of Stranger. “Pray, what are they ?"

misery, unless Repentance should kindly put Old Man. “ Wealth evidently, and fame, herself in his way." rank, children, power and sovereignty, and such 11. Stranger. " What would be the result if like."

• Repentance should meet him ?" Stranger. “And are these not blessings ?" Old Man. " he rescues him m his mise

Old Man. “We will investigate that by and ries, and places at his side another • Opinion' and bye. Let us now go on with the explanation of another • Desire. The one leading him to • True the picture."

Science,' and the other, at the same time, inviting Stranger. “Very well, be it so.”

him to · False Science.'" 9. Old Man. “When you have passed this Stranger. “ Then what takes place ?" gate, do you see another circle farther up, and Old Man. “If he should attach himself to outside of it some women standing, gaudily ar- this “Opinion,' she will bring him to True rayed, like women of pleasure ?"

Science;' having been purified by her, he is savStranger. "Yes."

ed, and becomes happy and prosperous in life. Old Man. “These are called •Intemperance,' But if he reject her, he is again involved in all the • Profligacy,' Covetousness' and · Flattery.' mazes of False Sentiments.'"

Stranger. “Why are they standing there ?" 12. Stranger. “Alas! what a great risk has

Old Man. Watching for those who get any to be run the second time! But this · False thing from · Fortune."

Science,' what of her ?" Stranger. • What then do they do ?"

Old Man. Do you see that second circle ?" Old Man. “They rush up to and embrace Stranger. “Very distinctly." them, ply them with flattery and importune them Old Man. “ And on the outside of it, near its to stay with them, saying that they will lead a entrance, a woman is standing, who appears to pleasant and easy life, free from toil and hard- be very neat and elegant ?" ship. But if any one is prevailed upon by them


" Yes." to enter upon a life of voluptuousness, he finds Old Man. "The thoughtless and unreflecting it to be pleasant and agreeable for a time, until mass of men call her Science. But she is False the excitement wears off, and no longer. When Science. Now, even those who are preserved, sober reason revives, he then finds that he was when they would go on to • True Science,' call not using and enjoying pleasure, but that she was here first.” devouring and wantonly ruining him. And just Stranger.

Why, is there no other road by as soon as he has squandered all that he got from which they could reach the True ?" •Fortune,' he is forced to become a slave to these Old Man. “There is." women, to bear every insult with patience, to sub- 13. Stranger.

" Who are those men that are mit to vice and degradation, and for their sakes walking about within the circle ?" to perpetrate any villainy, as theft, sacrilege, per- Old Man. “ The lovers of · False Science,' jury, treachery, robbery, &c. And when all is who, being deceived, fancy they are associating done, they then hand their victims over to · Pun- with the True.” ishment."

Stranger. “What are they called ?" 10. Stranger. “What kind of person is she ?', Old Man. “Poets, Rhetoricians, Dialecticians,

Old Man. “Do you see a little behind the Arithmeticians, Geometricians, Astrologers, Volother women a small door-way and a narrow uptuaries, Peripatetics, Critics, and such like." dark spet, where some miserable, filthy, ragged 14. Stranger. " Who are these women that looking women appear to be congregated ?" seem to be running about, they resemble those in Stranger. "Yes, distinctly."

the first circle, among whom you said were • InOld Man. “Of these, the one with the whip temperance and her associates ?" in her hand is called · Punishment;' the one with Old Man. They are the same." her head sunk on her lap, is Grief;" and the one Stranger. " What! are they admitted here tearing her hair is · Anguish.'

also ?Stranger. “And who is that ill-looking, lean, Old Man. “ Yes, indeed, even here, but rarenaked man standing near them, and at his side ly, not as they are into the first circle." a miserable meagre woman that resembles Stranger. “And are the • Opinions' also adhim?"

mitted ?" Old Man. 6. His name is · Lamentation,' and Old Man. “Yes, for the draught which • Dethe woman, who is his sister, is called · Despair.' ceit' administered still remains in them, so also The man is handed over to these, and lives with do "Ignorance and her associate • Folly.' Inthem in a state of torment. He is next burried deed, neither the Opinion' nor her train of evils

ness ?"

can be got rid of, until men, renouncing • False 17. Old Man. “Do you see, just before that Science,' get into the true path, and drink that grove, a place which looks very beautiful, meapotent medicine which will purge away the nox- dow-like, and radiant with a flow of light!" ious train. When they have cleared away and Stranger. “Distinctly." expelled their previous ills,—Opinions, Igno- Old Man. "And do you observe in the midrance, and all the rest,—then they will be safe. dle of the meadow another circle and another But if they remain with •False Science,' pot a gateway ?” single evil will be got rid of, for all their learn

Stranger. “ Yes. What is the name of this ing."

place ?" 15. Stranger. “What is this path which leads

Old Man. "The home of the Blessed.' There to • True Science.'"

dwell • Happiness' and all the • Virtues.'" Old Man. “ Do you see up there, that place, Stranger. “ Proceed. What a lovely spot which is quite vacant-it looks like a wilder- it is!"

18. Old Man. “Do you see near the portal a Stranger. “Yes."

very handsome lady, of a grave and dignified Old Man. “And do you also see a little wicket, and in front of it a path, not much frequen- life, dressed in a plain but elegant robe ! Sbe is

appearance, she is already past the meridian of ted, for very few walk there, as it looks to be not standing on a round stone, but on a square steep, rough and stony."

one, firmly fixed in the ground. At her side are Stranger. “Very clearly."

two other ladies, who appear to be her daughOld Man. * And what seems to be a lofty

ters." eminence, the ascent to which is very narrow, and surrounded on all sides with deep preci

Stranger. • They are all very distinct."

Old Man. “The one in the middle is Science, pices ?

the others are • Truth' and · Persuasion.'" Stranger. “Yes." Old Man. “Then that is the way to True

Stranger. •Why does she stand upon a square

stone ?" Science."

Old Man. Stranger. " It is fearful even to look at !"

“ As a sign to those that are apOld Man. “Again, do you see high up on the proaching of the safety and firmness of the road, eminence a large, lofty rock, rough and steep all and an emblem of the stability of the gifts which round ?"

are conferred there." Stranger. “I see it.”

Stranger. " What does she bestow ?"

Old Man. 16. Old Man. Do you see two women

"Confidence,' and · Fearlessstanding upon the rock, graceful and elegant

Stranger. in person, and earnestly stretching forth their

“Whence do they arise ?" hands ?"

Old Man. • From the assurance of not baving Stranger. “ I see them. What are their to endure any great evil in life.” names?"

19. Stranger. “Oh, what lovely gifts! But Old Man. “ One is called • Firmness' and the why does she stand on the outside of the cirother • Perseverance.' They are sisters."

cle?" Stranger. “Why do they stretch forth their Old Man. “That she may kiudly receive hands so earnestly ?”

those that come, and administer to them her puOld Man. “To encourage those who have rifying medicine. Afterwards, as soon as they arrived at the place to keep up their spirit and are thoroughly cleansed, she introduces them to not be dismayed, telling them that they have only the virtues within."

Stranger. to persevere a little while longer, and they will

- How so. I do not exactly comsoon come to a pleasant path."

prehend you." Stranger. “ And after they have come to the Old Man. “You will easily do so; for inrock, how do they ascend, for I see no way that stance, if a man happened to be seriously indisleads up to it ?"

posed, and calling in a physician, be would reOld Man. “The women come down and draw move the cause of the disease by cathartics, so them up, and tell them to rest awhile. After a that he might restore him to convalescence and little they impart to them • Vigour and Confi- healtb; but if he refuse to conform to the course dence, and promise to bring them to • True prescribed, then the physician very justly giving Science.' They then show them the road, how him up, he is carried off by the disease." beautiful and level and easy it is, and free from Stranger. “I understand that." every thing that would injure them, as you per- Old Man. “In like manner, when any one ceive."

comes to Science,' she receives him very kindly, Stranger. “Yes ; it is perfectly evident." and administers her medicine, for the purpose of

[ocr errors]



purging away and carrying off all the noxious | a mastery over himself, that these are now his qualities which adhered to him at his arrival.” slaves, as he once was theirs." Stranger. “Pray, what are these ?"

23. Stranger. “What are these monsters you Old Man. “The Ignorance' and Error,' talk of? I am anxious to know." which he imbibed from Deceit;' also "Arro

Old Man. First, there are •Ignorance' and gance,' 'Lust,' •Intemperance,' •Anger,' • Ava- • Error;' do you not consider them to be monrice,' &c., with which he was filled in the first sters?” circle."

Stranger. “ Yes, and pernicious ones too." 20. Stranger. “When purified, where does Old Man. Then there are Sorrow' and · Anshe send him?"

guish ;' • Arrogance,' • Avarice' 'Intemperance.' Old Man. “Within, to •Knowledge and the and every other vice. He is now their master, other · Virtues.'”

and not they his, as formerly." Stranger. “ What virtues ?"

Stranger. “O glorious struggle and most gloOld Man. “Do you not see within the en- rious victory! But still you have to tell me, trance a company of women, who seem to be what is the influence of that wealth wherewith handsome and elegant in appearance; they are you said he was crowned ?" also dressed with plainness and simplicity, and

Old Man. “A very happy one, my young are totally free from that affectation and vanity friend. He that is crowned with that influence, which characterized the other women we saw?” becomes blessed and happy. His hopes of fe

Stranger. “I see them. What are their licity are all in himself and not in others.” names?"

24. Stranger. • What a splendid victory is Old Man. “The first is called .Knowledge,' this of which you speak! After his coronation, and the others—who are her sisters-are named what does he do, or where does he walk ?" • Fortitude,'"Justice,' Integrity,' • Temperance,'

Old Man. " The virtues taking him under Decency,' Liberty,' •Self-control,' and · Meek- their guidance, bring him to the place from which ness.''

he first came. They show him how those who Stranger. “Oh, most lovely society! How I remain there drag out a vicious and miserable exhope and desire to join you!

istence-how, shipwrecked in life's ocean, they Old Man. “If you understand and habitually roam about or are led off thoroughly overpowpractise what you hear, you may."

ered as if by enemies, some by Intemperance,' Stranger. “We will assuredly do all in our some by •Pride,' some by · Avarice,' others by power."

'vain-glory,'and others by other vices-how powOld Man. “Then you will be kept safe." erless they are to shake off the fetters with which 21. Stranger. “When these women get him, these have bound them, so that they might be where do they take him to ?

saved and come to this place; but on the conOld Man. "To their mother."

trary how their whole life is trouble and vexaStranger. “ Who is she ?"

tion. They explain to him how these sufferings Old Man. "Happiness."

have originated in their inability to find the path Stranger. “Tell us about her.”

to "True Science,' because they had forgotten Old Man. "Do you see the path which leads the directions given by the Guardian Genius ?" to that high hill—the acropolis of all the cir- 25. Stranger. “ Your reply appears to be cles!"

very good. But I am unable to see why the Stranger. "I see it.”

• virtues' should direct his attention to the place Old Man. Again, do you observe a certain which he had before left.” dignified and graceful lady at the main entrance, Old Man. “Because he never had a thorough seated on an elevated throne, richly but not gau- knowledge or accurate perception of what is done dily dressed ; with her head encircled by a chap- there. He had been in a state of doubt and darklet of fresh, rare and beautiful flowers ? ness, supposing good to be evil, and evil good, Stranger. “Very distinctly."

the result of the Ignorance and Error which he Old Man. " That is . Happiness.'”

had imbibed. He therefore had been leading as 22. Stranger.

“When the individual has come wretched a life as the other inhabitants of the to her, what does she do ?

place; but now having acquired the knowledge Old Man. “She, with the assistance of all of what is fit and proper, he is enabled to live the virtues, crowns him as if he had been victo- happily himself and to perceive, the evil course rious in some hard-fought contests."

which they pursue.” Stranger. What foes has he subdued ?" 26. Stranger. “ After he has seen all this,

Old Man. “ The fiercest, even those terrible what still does he do, or where does he go ?" nonsters which ere while sought to destroy and Old Man. “Wherever he pleases; for he Corture and enslave him ; yea, he has gained such'is as safe everywhere, as one would be in the


Corycian grotto ; and wherever he goes, his life to Science those that have been admitted to the is in all things one of unchanging felicity, for virtues, they are returning to escort others, and every body is as glad to receive him, as the sick to tell them how happy those whom they just are a physician.”

now introduced have already become." Stranger. “Is he entirely free also from all Stranger. “ Are the “Sentiments’ themselves apprehension of injury from those females whom never admitted to the virtues ?" you called monsters ?

Old Man. “No. Mere opinion is never perOld Man. Entirely. He will never more mitted to arrive at perfect Knowledge. It is ber be harassed by • Pain,' or Sorrow,' or • Intem- business to hand these people over to Science ; perance,' or 'Avarice,' or .Poverty,' or any other and when Science has received them, then the evil; for he is now completely master over and Sentiments return to bring up others; thus they superior to all that formerly troubled and vexed resemble ships, which after their cargo bas been him. Like men who are bitten by vipers, and discharged, sail back, and are laden with some because they possess an antidote, sustain no in- other commodities." jury from these reptiles, which inflict even deadly

30. Stranger. "Your explanation appears to wounds upon others; so because he carries an be a beautiful one. There is still one thing, bowantidote against them, none of the above evils ever, which you have not made clear, viz: wbar can trouble him."

the directions are which the Guardian Genius 27. Stranger. * Very well explained. Now gives to those who enter life." tell me, who are those that appear to be coming Old Man. He tells them to be brave and hope. down from the eminence; some of them having ful. Be you the same, for I will explain all to crowns on their heads give every indication of you without any concealment." great gladness; and others, without any, looking Stranger. “You are very kind." sorrowful and sad, with their limbs and heads Old Man. “Do you see that blind looking wounded and bruised, are beset by some wo- woman, standing upon the round stone, who I men ?"


you before was named • Fortune !"" Old Man. "The crowned ones are those who Stranger. “Yes." have been saved by Science, and are rejoiced 31. Old Man. “ He tells them to place no at having met her. The others without any confidence in her, not to believe that any one can crowns, are either those who having been reject- receive from her a permanent gift, or one tbat ed by •Science,' are returning, wretched and mis- he is to consider as permanent, or to look upon erable; or those who having lost all courage, and as his own; for there is nothing to hinder ber though they had gone as far as ·Perseverance,' from taking it away, and giving it to others

, as yet turned back, and are now wandering about she is often in the habit of doing. For this rezthey know not where."

son he bids them to be perfectly unmoved as it Stranger. “Who are these women that fol- regards her gifts, neither to rejoice when she low them ?'

gives, nor repine when she takes away; neither Old Man. • Sorrow' and · Anguish,' Des- to slight or to over-value her: because she never pair,'Ignorance' and . Infamy.'"

acts from judgment or reflection, but by random 28. Stranger. • You tell me that every evil and by chance as I told you before. On this arfollows them ?"

count the 'Genius' tells them not to be astonishOld Man. “Yes, indeed, and that right close- ed at any thing she may happen to do, and not ly too. But when these men get the length of to resemble those dishonest bankers, who whes Voluptuousness' and Intemperance,' they at- they receive money on deposit froin the people

, tach no blame to themselves, but forthwith com- are filled with joy, and look upon it as their ows: mence upbraiding Science and her disciples, They become indigoant when the money 8 ** saying how wretched, miserable and unhappy demanded, and think themselves very badly trea! they are, because they forsake their course of ed, never reflecting that they received the deposit life, and lead one of hardships, totally destitute on condition of paying it back when demanded of the good things they enjoy."

by the person who had made it. The "Genius' Stranger. “What do they call good things ?" tells them to regard · Fortune's gifts in the same

Old Man. “ • Debauchery' and Intemper- light, and remember it is her very nature to take ance,'—to group them under two leading terms; back what she once gave, then immediately to for they consider the indulgence and gratifica- bestow larger and richer gifts, and finally to swet tion of the appetite and passions to be the chief off all, not only these, but all previous cum good-summa bona."

Hence, he bids them to take what she may gire

. 29. Stranger. “What do you call those two and with them in their

possession to betake theatgay and laughing ladies, who are coming thence?" selves speedily to the firm and solid gift.”

Old Man. "Sentiments.' Having brought' Stranger. “What is that gift!"

[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »