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Thus neither the praise nor the blame is our own.

COWPERLetter to Mr. Newton.

2 Circumstances beyond my individual control.

DICKENS—David Copperfield. Ch. 20.

3 Man is not the creature of circumstances, Circumstances are the creatures of men, BENJ. DISRAELI–Vivian Grey. Vol. II. Bk. VI. Ch. 7.

(See also BYRON) It is circumstances (difficulties) which show what men are. EPICTETUS. Ch. XXIV. Quoted from OVID

—Tristia. IV. 3. 79.Sc. 1. LONG's trans.

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To what fortuitous occurrence do'we not owe every pleasure and convenience of our lives. GOLDSMITH-Vicar of Wakefield. Ch. XXI.

(See also BENTLEY) Circumstances alter cases.

HALIBURTONThe Old Judge. Ch. XV.

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Man, without religion, is the creature of circumstances. Thos. HARDY–Griesses at Truth. Vol. I.

(See also OWEN)

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Thus we see, too, in the world that some persons assimilate only what is ugly and evil from the same moral circumstances which supply good and beautiful results—the fragrance of celestial flowers—to the daily life of others. HAWTHORNE — Mosses from an Old Manse.

The Old Manse.

How comes it to pass, if they be only moved by chance and accident, that such regular mutations and generations should be begotten by a fortuitous concourse of atoms. J. SMITH — Select Discourses. III. P. 48.

(Ed. 1660) Same phrase found in MarcusMinucius Felix his Octavius. Preface. (Pub. 1695)

(See also BENTLEY) 21 In all distresses of our friends We first consult our private ends; While Nature, kindly bent to ease us, Points out some circumstance to please us. SwiftParaphrase of Rochefoucauld's Maxim.

(See also under ADVERSITY) Aliena nobis, nostra plus aliis placent.

The circumstances of others seem good to us, while ours seem good to others. SYRUS-Marims.

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Varia sors rerum.

The changeful chance of circumstances.
TACITUS—Historiæ. Bk. II. 70.

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So runs the round of life from hour to hour.

TENNYSON-Circumstance.

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Et mihi res, non me rebus, subjungere conor.

And I endeavour to subdue circumstances to myself, and not myself to circumstances. HORACE-Epistles. I. 1. 191.

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Quid velit et possit rerum concordia discors.

What the discordant harmony of circumstances would and could effect. HORACE—Epistles. I. 12. 19. 11

For these attacks do not contribute to make us frail but rather show us to be what we are. Thos. À KEMPIS-Imitation of Christ. DiB

DIN's trans. Bk. I. Ch. XVI. 12

Consilia res magis dant hominibus quam homines rebus.

Men's plans should be regulated by the circumstances, not circumstances by the plans. LIVY—Annales. XXII. 39.

13 Man is the creature of circumstances. ROBERT OWENThe Philanthropist.

(See also HARDY) Acodental and fortuitous concourse of atoms. LORD ALMERSTON. Of the combination of

Parties led by Disraeli and Gladstone, March 5, 1857

(See also BENTLEY) Condition, circumstance is not the thing.

POPE-Essay on Man. Ep. IV L. 57.

And grasps the skirts of happy chance,
And breasts the blows of circumstance.

TENNYSONIn Memoriam. Pt. LXIII. St. 2. This fearful concatenation of circumstances. DANIEL WEBSTER–Argument. The Murder

of Captain Joseph White. (1830) Vol. VI.

P. 88. (See also BENTLEY) F. M. the Duke of Wellington presents his compliments to Mr. and declines to interfere in circumstances over which he has no control. WELLINGTON. See G. A. SALA-Echoes of the

Week in London IUustrated News, Aug. 23,
1884. See CAPT. MARRYATTSettlers in
Canada. P. 177. GRENVILLE -Memoirs.
Ch. II. (1823), gives early use of phrase.

(See also DICKENS)

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Who does the best that circumstance allows, Does well, acts nobly, angels could no more. YOUNG—Night Thoughts. Night II. L. 90.

(Compare Habakkuk. II. 2)

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Not for us are content, and quiet, and peace of CITIES

mind,

For we go seeking cities that we shall never find. Smyrna, Rhodos, Colophon, Salamis, Chios,

MASEFIELD/The Seekers.
Argos, Athena,
Hæ septem certant de stirpe insignis Homeri.
Smyrna, Rhodes, Colophon, Salamis, Chios,

Ye are the light of the world. A city that is Argos, Athens—these seven cities contend as

set on a hill cannot be hid. to being the birthplace of the illustrious Homer. Matthew. V. 14. (The second line sometimes runs "Orbis de patria certat, Homere, tua.")

Towered cities please us then, ANON. Tr. from Greek. Same in Antipater of And the busy hum of men. Sidon.

MILTON-L'Allegro. L. 117. (See also HEYWOOD, SEWARD)

Nisi Dominus frustra. A rose-red city half as old as Time.

Unless the Lord keep the city the watchman JOHN W. BURGONPetra. See LIBBEY and

waketh in vain (lit., unless the Lord in vain). HOSKINS—Jordan Valley and Petia.

Motto of City of Edinburgh, adapted from (See also ROGERS under TIME)

Psalms. CVII. 1. Vulgate. 3 I live not in myself, but I become

Fields and trees are not willing to teach me Portion of that around me; and to me High mountains are a feeling, but the hum

anything; but this can be effected by men re Of human cities torture.

siding in the city.

PLATO—Works. Vol. III. The Phædrus. BYRONChilde Harold. Canto III. St. 72. (See also MILTON)

I dwelt in a city enchanted, This poor little one horse town.

And lonely indeed was my lot; S. L. CLEMENSThe Undertaker's Story.

Though the latitude's rather uncertain, God made the country, and man made the town.

And the longitude also is vague, COWPER—The Task. Bk. I. L. 749.

The persons I pity who know not the City (See also VARRO; also COWLEY under GARDENS)

The beautiful City of Prague.

W. J. PROWSEThe City of Prague. ("Little The first requisite to happiness is that a man

Village on Thames.") be born in a famous city. EURIPIDESEncomium on Alcibiades. (Prob Beautiful for situation, the joy of the whole

ably quoted.) See PLUTARCH-Life of earth, is Mount Zion, .. the city of the great Demosthenes.

King

Psalms. XLVIII. 2.
In the busy haunts of men.
FELICIA D. HEMANS—Tale of the Secret Petite ville, grand renom.
Tribunal. Pt. I. L. 2.

Small town, great renown.

RABELAIS-Pantagruel. Bk. V. Ch. XXXV. Seven cities warr'd for Homer being dead,

Of Chinon, Rabelais's native town.
Who living had no roofe to shroud his head.
Thos. HEYWOODHierarchie of the Blessed The people are the city.
Angells.

Coriolanus. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 200.
(See also SEWARD)

Great Homer's birthplace seven rival cities claim, The axis of the earth sticks out visibly through

Too mighty such monopoly of Fame. the centre of each and every town or city.

THOMAS SEWARD-Ön Shakespeare's MonuHOLMESThe Autocrat of the Breakfast Table.

ment at Stratford-upon-Avon. VI.

(See also first quotation under topic, and (See also HOLMES under BOSTON)

HEYWOOD) Far from gay cities, and the ways of men. Urbem lateritiam accepit, mamoream relinquit. HOMEROdyssey. Bk. 14. L. 410. POPE's

He (Cæsar Augustus) found a city built of trans.

brick; he left it built of marble.

SUETONIUS. (Adapted.) Cæsar Augustus. 28.
Non cuivis homini contingit adire Corinthum.
Every man cannot go to Corinth.
HORACEEpistles. 1. 17. 36.

The city of dreadful night.
JAMES THOMSON—Current Literature for 1889.

P. 492.
Even cities have their graves!
LONGFELLOW—Amalfi
. St. 6.

Divina natura dedit agros, ars humana ædi

ficavit urbes. Friends and loves we have none, nor wealth, Divine Nature gave the fields, human art nor blest abode

built the cities. But the hope, the burning hope, and the road, VARRO—De Re Rustica. III. 1. the lonely road.

(See also COWPER)

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I'll purge and leave sack and live cleanly. Though outwardly a gloomy shroud,
Henry IV. Pt. I. Act V. Sc. 4. L. 168. The inner half of every cloud

Is bright and shining: The doctrines of religion are resolved into I therefore turn my clouds about carefulness; carefulness into vigorousness; vigor- And always wear them inside out ousness into guiltlessness; guiltlessness into To show the lining. abstemiousness; abstemiousness into cleanliness; ELLEN THORNEYCROFT FOWLER (Mrs. A. L. cleanliness into godliness.

Felton) - Wisdom of Folly. Talmud. Division of Mishna, as translated by DR. A. S. BETTELHEIM. Religious zeal

The clouds,—the only birds that never sleep. leads to cleanliness, cleanliness to purity,

VICTOR HUGOThe Vanished City. purity to godliness, godliness to humility to the fear of sin. RABBI PINHASBEN-JAÏR - Commentary on the lines from the Tal There ariseth a little cloud out of the sea, mud. See also Talmudde Jerusalem, by like a man's hand. SCHWAB. IV. 16. Commentary on the I Kings. XVIII. 44. treatise Schabbath. SCHUL-Sentences of Proverbes du Talmud et du Midrasch. 463.

See yonder little cloud, that, borne aloft

So tenderly by the wind, floats fast away Then bless thy secret growth, nor catch

Over the snowy peaks! At noise, but thrive unseen and dumb;

LONGFELLOW-Christus. The Golden Legend. Keep clean, be as fruit, earn life, and watch,

Pt. V. L. 145. Till the white-winged reapers come.

21 HENRY VAUGHANThe Seed Growing Secretly.

By unseen hands uplifted in the light

Of sunset, yonder solitary cloud Certainly this is a duty, not a sin. "Cleanliness

Floats, with its white apparel blown abroad, is indeed next to godliness.”

And wafted up to heaven. JOHN WESLEY-Sermon XCII. On Dress.

LONGFELLOW-Michael Angelo. Pt. II. 2.
Quoted by ROWLAND HILL as a saying of
WHITEFIELD's.
(See also TALMUD)

But here by the mill the castled clouds
Mocked themselves in the dizzy water.

E. L. MASTERS Spoon River Anthology.
CLOUDS

Isaiah Beethoven. Have you ever, looking up, seen a cloud like to a Centaur, a Pard, or a Wolf, or a Bull? Was I deceiv'd, or did a sable cloud ARISTOPHANESClouds. GERARD's trans. Turn forth her silver lining on the night? (Compare Hamlet. III. 2)

MILTON—Comus. L. 22. Rocks, torrents, gulfs, and shapes of giant size

There does a sable cloud And glitt'ring cliffs on cliffs, and fiery ramparts Turn forth her silver lining on the night, rise.

And casts a gleam over this tufted grove. BEATTIE–Minstrel. Bk. I.

MILTONComus. L. 223.

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Once I beheld a sun, a sun which gilt
That sable cloud, and turned it all to gold.

YOUNG—Night Thoughts. Night VII. L. 815.

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Choose a firm cloud before it fall, and in it Catch, ere she change, the Cynthia of this

minute. POPE—Moral Essays. Ep. 2. L. 19.

7 Who maketh the clouds his chariot.

Psalms. CIV. 3.

8 Do you see yonder cloud, that's almost in shape

of a camel?
By the mass, and 'tis like a camel, indeed.
Methinks it is like a weasel.
It is backed like a weasel.
Or, like a whale?
Very like a whale.
Hamlet. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 312.

(See also ARISTOPHANES) Yon towers, whose wanton tops do buss the

clouds. Troilus and Cressida. Act IV. Sc. 5. L. 220.

CLOVER

Trifolium Where the wind-rows are spread for the butter

fly's bed, And the clover-bloom falleth around. ELIZA COOK-Journal. Vol. VII. St. 2.

Song of the Haymakers.
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Crimson clover I discover

By the garden gate,
And the bees about her hover,
But the robins wait.
Sing, robins, sing,
Sing a roundelay,


'Tis the latest flower of Spring

Coming with the May!
DORA READ GOODALE-Red Clover.

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I bring fresh showers for the thirsting flowers,

From the seas and the streams;
I bear light shade for the leaves when laid

In their noonday dreams.
From my wings are shaken the dews that waken

The sweet buds every one,
When rocked to rest on their mother's breast,

As she dances about the sun.
I wield the flail of the lashing hail,

And whiten the green plains under,
And then again I dissolve it in rain,
And laugh as I pass in thunder.
SHELLEYThe Cloud.

feathery curtains, Stretching o'er the sun's bright couch. SHELLEY-Queen Mab. Bk. II.

Far clouds of feathery gold,
Shaded with deepest purple, gleam
Like islands on a dark blue sea.
SHELLEY-Queen Mab. Bk. II.

fertile golden islands, Floating on a silver sea.

SHELLEY – Queen Mab. Bk. II.

The clover blossoms kiss her feet,
She is so sweet, she is so sweet.
While I, who may not kiss her hand,
Bless all the wild flowers in the land.
OSCAR LEIGHTON-Clover Blossoins. For Thee

Alone. 21 Flocks thick-nibbling through the clovered vale.

THOMSONThe Seasons. Summer. L. 1,235.

22 What airs outblown from ferny dells And clover-bloom and sweet brier smells.

WHITTIER—Last Walk in Autumn. St. 6.

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CLYDE (RIVER) How sweet to move at summer's eve

By Clyde's meandering stream, When Sol in joy is seen to leave

The earth with crimson beam; When islands that wandered far

Above his sea couch lie,
And here and there some gem-like star

Reopes its sparkling eye.
ANDREW PARKThe Banks of Clyde.

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They have most satisfaction in themselves, and consequently the sweetest relish of their creature comforts. MATTHEW HENRY_Commentaries. Psalm

XXXVII. 14 Is there no balm in Gilead?

Jeremiah. VIII. 22.
Is there no treacle in Gilead?
Version from the “Treacle Bible." (1568)

Spelled also "truacle" or "tryacle" in the
Great Bible (1541), Bishops' Bible. (1561)

While the cock with lively din
Scatters the rear of darkness thin,
And to the stack or the barn door
Stoutly struts his dames before.

MILTON-L'Allegro.
The cock, that is the trumpet to the morn,
Doth with his lofty and shrill-sounding throat
Awake the god of day.
Hamlet. Act I. Sc. 1. L. 150.

The early village cock Hath twice done salutation to the morn.

Richard III. Act V. Sc. 3. L. 209.

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Hark, hark! I hear
The strain of strutting chanticleer
Cry, cock-a-diddle-dow.

Tempest. Act I. Sc. 2. L. 384.

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Miserable comforters are ye all.

Job. XVI. 2.

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From out the throng and stress of lies,
From out the painful noise of sighs,
One voice of comfort seems to rise:
“It is the meaner part that dies.”

WM. MORRIS—Comfort.

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Thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.

Psalms. XXIII. 4.

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And He that doth the ravens feed,
Yea, providently caters for the sparrow,
Be comfort to my age!

As You Like It. Act II. Sc. 3. L. 43.

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COLOGNE In Köln, a town of monks and bones, And pavement fang'd with murderous stones, And rags and hags, and hideous wenches, I counted two-and-seventy stenches, All well defined, and several stinks! Ye nymphs that reign o'er sewers and sinks, The River Rhine, it is well known, Doth wash your city of Cologne; But tell me, nymphs! what power divine Shall henceforth wash the river Rhine? COLERIDGE—Cologne.

COLUMBINE

Aquilegia Canadensis
Or columbines, in purple dressed
Nod o'er the ground-bird's hidden nest.

BRYANT-To the Fringed Gentian.

That comfort comes too late;
'Tis like a pardon after execution;
That gentle physic, given in time, had cur'd me;
But now I am past all comforts here, but Prayers.

Henry VIII. Act IV. Sc. 2. L. 119.

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Skirting the rocks at the forest edge
With a running flame from ledge to ledge,
Or swaying deeper in shadowy glooms,
A smoldering fire in her dusky blooms;
Bronzed and molded by wind and sun,
Maddening, gladdening every one
With a gypsy beauty full and fine, -
A health to the crimson columbine!

ELAINE GOODALE--Columbine.

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O columbine, open your folded wrapper,

Where two twin turtle doves dwell!
O cuckoopint, toll me the purple clapper

That hangs in your clear green bell!
JEAN INGELOW-Songs of Seven. Seven Times

One.

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