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I seem to you cruel and too much addicted to gluttony, when I beat my cook for sending up a bad dinner. If that appears to you too trifling a cause, say for what cause you would have a cook flogged.

MARTIAL-Epigrams. Bk. VIII. Ep. 23.

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Great pity were it if this beneficence of Providence should be marr'd in the ordering, so as to justly merit the Reflection of the old proverb, that though God sends us meat, yet the D- does cooks. Cooks' and Confectioners' Dictionary, or the

Accomplished Houseurife's Companions.
London. (1724)

(See also GARRICK, SMITH, TAYLOR) Hallo! A great deal of steam! the pudding was out of the copper. A smell like a washing-day! That was the cloth. A smell like an eating-house and a pastrycook's next door to each other, with a laundress's next door to that. That was the pudding.

DICKENS—Christmas Carol. Stave Three.

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If your slave commits a fault, do not smash his teeth with your fists; give him some of the (hard) biscuit which famous Rhodes has sent you.

MARTIALEpigrams. Bk. XIV. Ep. 68.

15 A cook should double one sense have: for he Should taster for himself and master be.

MARTIALEpigrams. Bk. XIV. Ep. 220. Oh, better no doubt is a dinner of herbs, When season'd by love, which no rancour dis

turbs
And sweeten'd by all that is sweetest in life
Than turbot, bisque, ortolans, eaten in strife!
But if, out of humour, and hungry, alone
A man should sit down to dinner, each one
Of the dishes of which the cook chooses to spoil
With a horrible mixture of garlic and oil,
The chances are ten against one, I must own,
He gets up as ill-tempered as when he sat down.
OWEN MEREDITH (Lord Lytton)-Lucile. Pt.

I. Canto II. St. 27.
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Of herbs, and other country messes,
Which the neat-handed Phillis dresses.

MILTON-L'Allegro. L. 85.

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Ever a glutton, at another's cost,
But in whose kitchen dwells perpetual frost.

DRYDENFourth Satire of Persius. L. 58.

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Heaven sends us good meat, but the devil sends us cooks. DAVID GARRICKEpigram on Goldsmith's

Retaliation.
(See also Cooks' AND CONFECTIONERS' DICT.)

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Poure faire un civet, prenez un lièvre.

To make a ragout, first catch your hare. Attributed erroneously to Mrs. GLASSE. In

Cook Book, pub. 1747, said to have been written by Dr. Hill. See NOTES AND QUERIES, Sept. 10, 1859. P. 206. Same in LA VARENNE's Le Cuisinier Français. First ed. (1651) P. 40. Quoted by METTERNICH from MARCHIONESS OF LONDONDERRYNarrative of a visit to the Courts of Vienna. (1844)

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He ruleth all the roste
With bragging and with boste.

SKELTON—Why come ye not to Court? Of Cardinal Wolsey.

(See also HEYWOOD) The capon burns, the pig falls from the spit, The clock hath strucken twelve.

Comedy of Errors. Act I. Sc. 2. L. 44.

“Very well,” cried I, "that's a good girl; I find you are perfectly qualified for making converts, and so go help your mother to make the gooseberry pye.”

GOLDSMITH-Vicar of Wakefield. Ch. VII.

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God sends meat, and the Devil sends cooks.

JOHN TAYLOR-Works. Vol. II. P. 85. (1630) (See also COOK AND CONFECTIONERS' Dict.)

15 This Bouillabaisse a noble dish is

A sort of soup or broth, or brew, Or hotchpotch of all sorts of fishes,

That Greenwich never could outdo; Green herbs, red peppers, mussels, saffron,

Soles, onions, garlic, roach, and dace;
All these you eat at Terre's tavern,

In that one dish of Bouillabaisse.
THACKERAY- Ballad of Bouillabaisse.

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Corne, which is the staffe of life.

WINSLOW-Good News from New England. "Very astonishing indeed! strange thing!". (Turning the Dumpling round, rejoined the

King), " 'Tis most extraordinary, then, all this is; It beats Penetti's conjuring all to pieces; Strange I should never of a Dumpling dream! But, Goody, tell me where, where, where's the

Seam?"Sire, there's no Seam," quoth she; “I never knew That folks did Apple-Dumplings sew.” "No!" cried the staring Monarch with a grin; "How, how the devil got the Apple in?” JOHN WOLCOT (Peter Pindar)-The Apple

Dumplings and a King.

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Were not I a little pot and soon hot, my very lips might freeze to my teeth. Taming of the Shrew. Act IV. Sc. 1. L. 5. 7 Where's the cook? is supper ready, the house trimmed, rushes strewed, cobwebs swept?

Taming of the Shrew. Act IV. Sc. 1. L. 47.

8 'Tis burnt; and so is all the meat. What dogs are these! Where is the rascal cook? How durst you, villains, bring it from the dresser, And serve it thus to me that love it not?

Taming of the Shrew, Act IV. Sc. 1. L. 164.

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COQUETRY (See also FLIRTATION)

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Weke, weke! so cries a pig prepared to the spit.

Titus Andronicus. Act IV. Sc. 2. L. 146. 10

He that will have a cake out of the wheat must needs tarry the grinding.

Have I not tarried?

Ay, the grinding: but you must tarry the bolting.

Have I not tarried?

Ay, the bolting: but you must tarry the leavening.

Still have I tarried. Ay, to the leavening: but here's yet in the word "hereafter" the kneading, the making of the cake, the heating of the oven and the baking: nay, you must stay the cooling too, or you may chance to burn your lips.

Troilus and Cressida. Act I. Sc. 1. L. 15. 11

The waste of many good materials, the vexation that frequently attends such mismanagements, and the curses not unfrequently bestowed on cooks with the usual reflection, that whereas God sends good meat, the devil sends cooks.

E. SMITH-The Compleat Housewife. (1727) (See also COOK AND CONFECTIONERS' Dict.)

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Let onion atoms lurk within the bowl,
And, half-suspected, animate the whole.
SYDNEY SMITH-Recipe for Salad Dressing.

LADY HOLLAND's Memoir. Vol. I. P. 426.
Ed. 3d. ("Scarce suspected” in several
versions.)

In the School of Coquettes

Madam Rose is a scholar;-
O, they fish with all nets
In the School of Coquettes!
When her brooch she forgets

'Tis to show her new collar; In the School of Coquettes

Madam Rose is a scholar!
AUSTIN DOBSON-Rose-Leaves. Circe.
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Coquetry is the essential characteristic, and the prevalent humor of women; but they do not all practise it, because the coquetry of some it restrained by fear or by reason.

LA ROCHEFOUCAULD—Maxims. No. 252.

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Velocius (or citius) quam asparagi coquantur.

More quickly than asparagus is cooked. SUETONIUS— Augustus. 87. A saying of

AUGUSTUS CÆSAR.

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Shall deluge all; and avarice, creeping on, It is a species of coquetry to make a parade of Spread like a low-born mist, and blot the sun. never practising it.

POPEMoral Essays. Ep. III. L. 135.
LA ROCHEFOUCAULD-Maxims. No. 110.

So true is that old saying, Corruptio optimi
Women know not the whole of their coquetry. pessima.
LA ROCHEFOUCAULD-Maxims. No. 342. PURCHASPilgrimage. To the Reader. Of re-

ligion. Saying may be traced to THOMAS The greatest miracle of love is the cure of AQUINAS. Prim. Soc. Art. I. 5. ARIScoquetry.

TOTLE. Eth. Nic. VIII. 10. 12. EUSELA ROCHEFOUCAULD-Maxims. No. 359.

BIUS—Demon. Evang. I. IV. Ch. XII. 4

St. GREGORY–Moralia on Job. Coquetry whets the appetite; flirtation de (See also DENHAM, FELTON, ST. AUGUSTINE, praves it. Coquetry is the thorn that guards

also BACON under Sun) the rose easily trimmed off when once plucked. Flirtation is like the slime on water-plants, mak The men with the muck-rake are often indising them hard to handle, and when caught, only pensable to the well-being of society, but only if to be cherished in slimy waters.

they know when to stop raking the muck. IK MARVEL-Reveries of a Bachelor. Sea ROOSEVELT- Address at the Corner-stone layCoal. I.

ing of the Office Building of House of Repre

sentatives, April 14, 1906.
CORPORATIONS (See BUSINESS)

COST (See VALUE, WORTH)
CORRUPTION
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Spiritalis enim virtus sacramenti ita est ut lux:

COUNSEL (See ADVICE)
etsi per immundos transeat, non inquinatur.
The spiritual virtue of a sacrament is like

COUNTRIES (See also AMERICA, ENGLAND, light: although it passes among the impure,

FRANCE, GERMANY, etc.); COUNTRY LIFE
it is not polluted.
ST. AUGUSTINE-Works. Vol. III. In Johan The East bow'd low before the blast,
nis Evang. Cap. I. Tr. V. Sect. XV. In patient, deep disdain.

She let the legions thunder past,
Corruption is a tree, whose branches are And plunged in thought again.
Of an immeasurable length: they spread

MATTHEW ARNOLD-Obermann Once More. St.
Ev'rywhere; and the dew that drops from thence 28. (See also MALLOCH under CHARACTER)
Hath infected some chairs and stools of author-
ity.

Nor rural sights alone, but rural sounds
BEAUMONT AND FLETCHER Honest Man's Exhilarate the spirit, and restore
Fortune. Act III. Sc. 3.

The tone of languid Nature.

COWPERThe Task. Bk. I. L. 181.
* thieves at home must hang; but he 16
that puts

The town is man's world, but this (country
Into his overgorged and bloated purse

life) is of God.
The wealth of Indian provinces, escapes.

ČOWPERThe Task. Bk. V. L. 16.
COWPER—Task. Bk. I. L. 736.

There are Batavian graces in all he says.
'Tis the most certain sign, the world's accurst BENJ. DISRAELI— Retort to Beresford Hope
That the best things corrupted, are the worst; (descended from an Amsterdam family),
'Twas the corrupted Light of knowledge, hurl'd who had referred to Disraeli as an "Asian
Sin, Death, and Ignorance o'er all the world;

Mystery."
That Sun like this (from which our sight we have,
Gaz'd on too long, resumes the light he gave. O crassum ingenium. Suspicor fuisse Batavum.
SIR JOHN DENHAM-Progress of Learning. Oh, dense intelligence. I suspect that it was
(See also PURCHAS)

Batavian (i.e. from the Netherlands-Batavia.)
I know, when they prove bad, they are a sort

ERASMUS--Naufragium.
of the vilest creatures: yet still the same reason
gives it: for, Optima corrupta pessima: the best

A land flowing with milk and honey.
things corrupted become the worst.

Exodus. III. 8; Jeremiah. XXXII. 22. FELTHAM-Resolves. XXX. Of Woman. P. 70. Pickering's Reprint of Fourth Ed. (1631)

I hate the countrie's dirt and manners, yet (See also PURCHAS)

I love the silence; 1 embrace the wit;
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A courtship, flowing here in full tide.
When rogues like these (a sparrow cries) But loathe the expense, the vanity and pride.
To honours and employments rise,

No place each way is happy.
I court no favor, ask no place,

WILLIAM HABINGTON--To my Noblest Friend,
For such preferment is disgrace.

1. C. Esquire. Gay-Ħables. Pt. II. Fable 2.

Far from the gay cities, and the ways of men. At length corruption, like a general flood

HOMER-Odyssey. Bk. XIV. L. 410. Pope's (So long by watchful ministers withstood),

trans.

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Yon Sun that sets upon the sea

We follow in his flight;
Farewell awhile to him and thee,

My native land-Good Night!
BYRON—Childe Harold. Canto I. St. 13.

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There came to the beach a poor Exile of Erin,

The dew on his thin robe was heavy and chill; For his country he sigh’d, when at twilight re

pairing To wander alone by the wind-beaten hill. CAMPBELLThe Exile of Erin.

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To one who has been long in city pent,
'Tis very sweet to look into the fair
And open face of heaven, -to breathe a prayer
Full in the smile of the blue firmament.
KEATS—Sonnet XIV. L. 1.

And as I read
I hear the crowing cock, I hear the note
Of lark and linnet, and from every page
Rise odors of ploughed field or flowery mcad.

LONGFELLOW-Chaucer. 3 The country is lyric,—the town dramatic. When mingled, they make the most perfect musical drama.

LONGFELLOW-Kavanagh. Ch. XIII.
Somewhat back from the village street
Stands the old-fashion'd country seat,
Across its antique portico
Tall poplar-trees their shadows throw;
And from its station in the hall
An ancient time-piece says to all, —

"Forever! never!

Never-forever!" LONGFELLOWThe Old Clock on the Stairs.

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Rus in urbe.

Country in town.
MARTIAL-Epigrams. Bk. XII. 57. 21.

From the lone shielding on the misty island

Mountains divide us, and the waste of seasBut still the blood is strong, the heart is High

land, And we in dreams behold the Hebrides. Canadian Boat Song. First appeared in

Blackwood's Magazine, Sept., 1829. Attributed to John G. LOCKHART, JOHN GALT and EARL OF EGLINGTON (died 1819). Founded on EGLINGTON's lines according to PROF. MACKINNON. Also in article in Tait's Magazine. (1849) Wording changed

by SKELTON. 15 Patria est, ubicunque est bene.

Our country is wherever we are well off. CICERO — Tusculan Disputations. V. 37.

Quoting PACUVIUS. Same quoted by ARIS-
TOPHANES, PLAUTUS, EURIPIDESFragmenta
Incerta.

(See also VOLTAIRE)

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Mine be a cot beside the hill;

A beehive's hum shall soothe my ear;
A willowy brook, that turns a mill,

With many a fall, shall linger near.
SAM'L ROGERS-A Wish.

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Nec sit terris ultima Thule.

Nor shall Thule be the extremity of the world.
SENECA-Med. Act. III. 375. VERGIL-

Georgics. I. 30.
Thule, the most remote land known to the

Greeks and Romans, perhaps Tilemark,
Norway, or Iceland. One of the Shetland

Islands. Thylensel, according to Camden. COUNTRY (LOVE OF) (See also PATRIOTISM)

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There ought to be a system of manners in every nation which a well-formed mind would be disposed to relish. To make us love our country, our country ought to be lovely. BURKE-Reflections on the Revolution in France. Vol. III. P. 100.

My dear, my native soil! For whom my warmest wish to Heav'n is sent, Long may thy hardy sons of rustic toil Be blest with health, and peace, and sweet

content! BURNS—Cotter's Saturday Night. St. 20.

10 I can't but say it is an awkward sight

To see one's native land receding through
The growing waters; it unmans one quite,

Especially when life is rather new.
BYRONDon Juan. Canto II. St. 12.

11 Oh, Christ! it is a goodly sight to see What Heaven hath done for this delicious land!

BYRON—Childe Harold. Canto I. St. 15.

So the loud torrent, and the whirlwind's roar,
But bind him to his native mountains more.

GOLDSMITHThe Traveller. L. 207.
They love their land, because it is their own,

And scorn to give aught other reason why; Would shake hands with a king upon his throne,

And think it kindness to his majesty.
Fitz-GREENE HALLECK-Connecticut.

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To be really cosmopolitan a man must be at home even in his own country. T. W. HIGGINSON-Short Studies of American

Authors. Henry James, Jr.

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Patriæ quis exul se quoque fugit.

What exile from his country is able to escape from himself? HORACE—Carmina. II. 16. 19.

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Our hearts, our hopes, are all with thee,
Our hearts, our hopes, our prayers, our tears,
Our faith triumphant o'er our fears,
Are all with thee,--are all with thee!

LONGFELLOWThe Building of the Ship.

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Breathes there the man with soul so dead,
Who never to himself hath said,
This is my own, my native land!
Whose heart hath ne'er within him burn'd,
As home his footsteps he hath turn'd,
From wandering on a foreign strand!
SCOTT— Lay of the Last Minstrel. Canto VI.

St. 1.

Land of my sires! what mortal hand
Can e'er untie the filial band
That knits me to thy rugged strand!
SCOTT-Lay of the Last Minstrel. Canto VI.

St. 2.

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My foot is on my native heath, and my name is MacGregor.

SCOTTRob Roy. Ch. XXXIV.

Courage, the highest gift, that scorns to bend
To mean devices for a sordid end.
Courage an independent spark from Heaven's

bright throne, By which the soul stands raised, triumphant

high, alone. Great in itself, not praises of the crowd, Above all vice, it stoops not to be proud. Courage, the mighty attribute of powers above, By which those great in war, are great in love. The spring of all brave acts is seated here, As falsehoods draw their sordid birth from fear. FARQUHARLove and a Bottle. Part of dedica

tion to the Lord Marquis of Carmarthen. Stop shallow water still running, it will rage; tread on a worm and it will turn. ROBERT GREENE-Worth of Wit.

(See also HENRY VI) Few persons have courage enough to appear as good as they really are.

J. C. AND A. W. HARE—Guesses at Truth.

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La patrie est aux lieux où l'âme est enchainée.

Our country is that spot to which our heart is bound. VOLTAIRE-Le Fanatisme. I. 2.

(See also CICERO)

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COURAGE (See also BRAVERY, DARING)

7 I think the Romans call it Stoicism.

ADDISON-Cato. Act 1. Sc. 4.

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The soul, secured in her existence, smiles At the drawn dagger, and defies its point.

ADDISON—Cato, Act V. Sc. 1.

Tender handed stroke a nettle,

And it stings you for your pains;
Grasp it like a man of mettle,

And it soft as silks remains.
AARON HILL-Verses Written on a Window.

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O friends, be men, and let your hearts be strong,
And let no warrior in the heat of fight
Do what may bring him shame in others' eyes;
For more of those who shrink from shame are safe
Than fall in battle, while with those who flee
Is neither glory nor reprieve from death.
HOMER-Iliad. Bk. V. L. 663. BRYANT'S

trans.

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The schoolboy, with his satchel in his hand,
Whistling aloud to bear his courage up.

BLAIRThe Grave. Pt. I. L. 58. (See also DRYDEN, also DRYDEN under THOUGHT)

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One who never turned his back but marched

breast forward, Never doubted clouds would break, Never dreamed, though right were worsted,

wrong would triumph, Held we fall to rise, are baffled to flight better,

Sleep to wake.
ROBERT BROWNING-Epilogue. Asolando.

Justum et tenacem propositi virum
Non civium ardor prava jubentium,
Non vultus instantis tyranni,
Mente quatit solida.

The man who is just and resolute will not be moved from his settled purpose, either by the misdirected rage of his fellow citizens, or by the threats of an imperious tyrant. HORACE—Carmina. III. 3. 1.

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We are not downhearted, but we cannot understand what is happening to our neighbours. JOSEPH CHAMBERLAIN--,

--Speech at Southwick, Jan. 15, 1906. 12 A man of courage is also full of faith. CICEROThe Tusculan Disputations. Bk.

III. Ch. VIII. YONGE's trans.

"Be bold!” first gate; "Be bold, be bold, and evermore be bold,” second gate; “Be not too bold!" third gate. Inscription on the Gates of Busyrane.

(See also DANTON under AUDACITY)

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