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Weep not for those whom the veil of the tomb

In life's happy morning hath hid from our eyes, Ere sin threw a blight o'er the spirit's young

bloom Or earth had profaned what was born for the

skies. MOORE—Song. Weep not for Those. How short is human life! the very breath Which frames my words accelerates my death.

HANNAH MORE-King Hezekiah.

3 Be happy while y'er leevin, For y'er a lang time deid. Scotch Motto for a house, in Notes and

Queries, Dec. 7, 1901. P. 469. Expression used by Bill NYE.

Expectanda dies homini est, dicique beatus
Ante obitum nemo et suprema funera debet.

Man should ever look to his last day, and no one should be called happy before his funeral. OviD-Metamorphoses. III. 135.


Nec mihi mors gravis est posituro morte dolores.

Death is not grievous to me, for I shall lay aside my pains by death. OVID-Metamorphoses. III. 471.


Quocunque adspicias, nihil est nisi mortis imago.

Wherever you look there is nothing but the image of death. OVID-Tristium. I. 2. 23.


Death's but a path that must be trod,
If man would ever pass to God.

PARNELL-A Night-Piece on Death. L. 67.


Death comes to all. His cold and sapless hand Waves o'er the world, and beckons us away. Who shall resist the summons?


At end of Love, at end of Life,
At end of Hope, at end of Strife,
At end of all we cling to so-
The sun is setting—must we go?
At dawn of Love, at dawn of Life,
At dawn of Peace that follows Strife,
At dawn of all we long for so-
The sun is rising-let us go.


5 There is rust upon locks and hinges,

And mould and blight on the walls, And silence faints in the chambers,

And darkness waits in the halls.

LOUISE CHANDLER MOULTONHouse of Death. Two hands upon the breast,

And labor's done;
Two pale feet cross'd in rest,

The race is won.
D. M. MULOCK—Now and Afterwards.

Xerres the great did die;
And so must you and I.

New England Primer. (1814) When you and I behind the Veil are past. OMAR KHAYYAMRubaiyat. St. 47. (Not in

first ed.) FITZGERALD's trans.

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Nam vita morti propior est quotidie.

For life is nearer every day to death. PHÆDRUS-Fables. Bk. IV. 25. 10.





Strange-is it not?—that of the myriads who
Before us passed the door of Darkness through,
Not one returns to tell us of the road
Which to discover we must travel too.
OMAR KHAYYAM-Rubaiyat. St. 68. Fitz-
GERALD's trans.

(See also CATULLUS, HAMLET) And die with decency. THOMAS OTWAY-Venice Preserved. Act V.

Sc. 3. 11

Tendimus huc omnes; metam properamus ad unam. Omnia sub leges mors vocat atra suas.

We are all bound thither; we are hastening to the same common goal. Black death calls all things under the sway of its laws. OVID-Ad Liviam. 359.

Quem dii diligunt,
Adolescens moritur, dum valet, sentit, sapit.

He whom the gods love dies young, whilst he is full of health, perception, and judgment. PLAUTUSBacchides. Act IV. 7. 18.

(See also BYRON) Omnibus a suprema die eadem, quæ ante primum; nec magis a morte sensus ullus aut corpori aut animæ quam ante natalem.

His last day places man in the same state as he was before he was born; nor after death has the body or soul any more feeling than they had before birth. Pliny the Elder-Historia Naturalis. LVI. 1.



Stulte, quid est somnus, gelidæ nisi mortis

imago? Longa quiescendi tempora fata dabunt.

De mortuis nil nisi bonum.

Concerning the dead nothing but good shall be spoken. PLUTARCH-Life of Solon. Given as a saying

of Solon. Attributed also to CHILO.

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Come! let the burial rite be read

The funeral song be sung!-
An anthem for the queenliest dead

That ever died so young-,
A dirge for her, the doubly dead

In that she died so young.
POE-Lenore. St. i.

Out-out are the lights--out all!

And, over each quivering form, The curtain, a funeral pall,

Comes down with the rush of a storm,
And the angels, all pallid and wan,

Uprising, unveiling, affirm
That the play is the tragedy, “Man,”

And its hero the Conqueror Worm.

PoEThe Conqueror Worm. St. 5. Tell me, my soul! can this be death? POPE-Dying Christian to His Soul. Pope at

tributes his inspiration to HADRIAN and to a Fragment of SAPPHO. See CROLY's ed. of POPE. (1835) THOMAS FLATMANThoughts on Death, a similar paraphrase, pub. 1674, before Pope was born.




Yet a little sleep, a little slumber, a little fold

ing of the hands to sleep.
Proverbs. VI. 10; XXIV. 33.

I have said ye are gods . . . But ye shall die like men.

Psalms. LXXXII. 6. 7.

Death aims with fouler spite
At fairer marks.
QUARLES-Divine Poems. (Ed. 1669)

(See also YOUNG)
It is the lot of man but once to die.

QUARLES-Emblems. Bk. V. Em. 7.

Je m'en vais chercher un grand peut-être; tirez le rideau, la farce est jouée.

I am going to seek a great perhaps; draw the curtain, the farce is played. Attributed to RABELAIS by tradition. From

MOTTEUX's Life of Rabelais. Quoted: "I am about to leap into the dark"; also Notice sur Rabelais in Euvres de F. Rabelais.

Paris, 1837. (See also BROWNE, BROWNING, CARLYLE, FLAT

MAN, HOBBES) 18 Et l'avare Achéron ne lâche pas sa proie.

And greedy Acheron does not relinquish its prey. RACINEPhèdre. Act II. Sc. 5.

O eloquent, just, and mighty Death! whom none could advise, thou hast persuaded; what none hath dared, thou hast done; and whom all the world hath flattered, thou only hast cast out of the world and despised: thou hast drawn together all the far stretched greatness, all the pride, cruelty and ambition of man, and covered it all over with these two narrow words, Hic jacet! SIR WALTER RALEIGHHistorie of the World.

Bk. V. Pt. I. Ch. VI.

The world recedes; it disappears;
Heav'n opens on my eyes; my ears

With sounds seraphic ring:
Lend, lend your wings! I mount! I fly!
O Grave! where is thy victory?

O Death! where is thy sting?
POPEThe Dying Christian to His Soul.



Vital spark of heavenly flame!
Quit, oh quit this mortal frame.
POPEThe Dying Christian to His Soul.



By foreign hands thy dying eyes were clos'd,
By foreign hands thy decent limbs compos'd,
By foreign hands thy humble grave adorn'd,
By strangers honour'd, and by strangers mourn'd.
POPE-Elegy the Memory of an Unfortunate

Lady. L. 51. 7 A heap of dust remains of thee; 'Tis all thou art, and all the proud shall be! Pope-Elegy to the Memory of an Unfortunate

Lady. L. 73. See my lips tremble and my eyeballs roll, Suck my last breath, and catch my flying soul!

POPE-Eloisa to Abelard. L. 323.






O Death, all eloquent! you only prove
What dust we dote on, when 'tis man we love.

POPE-Eloisa to Abelard. L. 355.

10 Till tired, he sleeps, and life's poor play is o'er.

POPE-Essay on Man. Ep. II. L. 282.

But thousands die without or this or that,
Die, and endow a college or a cat.
POPE-Moral Essays. Ep. III. L. 95.

Teach him how to live, And, oh! still harder lesson! how to die.


Hushed in the alabaster arms of Death,

Our young Marcellus sleeps.
JAMES R. RANDALL- John Pelham.

BELLE, Fair,

DORT Sleeps.

FRELE, Frail,
MORT! Death!
CLOSE, Close,

BRISE Breeze
L'A Her

PRISE. Seized.

Der lange Schlaf des Todes schliesst unsere Narben zu, und der kutze des Lebens unsere Wunden.

The long sleep of death closes our scars, and the short sleep of life our wounds. JEAN PAUL RICHTER-Hesperus. XX.







Those that he loved so long and sees no more,
Loved and still loves--not dead, but gone before,
He gathers round him.
SAMUEL ROGERSHuman Life. L. 739.

(See also HENRY)
Sleep that no pain shall wake,
Night that no morn shall break,
Till joy shall overtake

Her perfect peace.

There is no music more for him:

His lights are out, his feast is done;
His bowl that sparkled to the brim

Is drained, is broken, cannot hold.

Soon the shroud shall lap thee fast,
And the sleep be on thee cast
That shall ne'er know waking.

SCOTT_Guy Mannering. Ch. XXVII.
Like the dew on the mountain,

Like the foam on the river,
Like the bubble on the fountain,

Thou art gone, and for ever!
SCOTTLady of the Lake. Canto III. St. 16.

I have a rendezvous with Death
At some disputed barricade.

ALAN SEEGER-I Have a Rendezvous with Death.

16 So die as though your funeral

Ushered you through the doors that led
Into a stately banquet hall

Where heroes banqueted.

When I am dead, my dearest,

Sing no sad songs for me;
Plant thou no roses at my head,

No shady cypress tree.



Je m'em vais voir le soleil pour la dernière fois.

I go to see the sun for the last time. ROUSSEAU's last words.

Quid est enim novi, hominem mori, cujus tota vita nihil aliud quam ad mortem iter est?

What new thing then is it for a man to die, whose whole life is nothing else but a journey to death? SENECADe Consol. ad Polyb. 30.


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Ultimum malorum est ex vivorum numero exire antequam moriaris.

It is an extreme evil to depart from the company of the living before you die. SENECA-De Tranquilitate. Animi. 2.

19 Vivere nolunt, et mori nesciunt.

They will not live, and do not know how to die. SENECA-Epistles. IV.

20 Non amittuntur sed præmittuntur.

They are not lost but sent before. SENECA-Epistles. LXIII. 16. Early sources in CYPRIAN—De Mortalitate. S. XX.

(See also HENRY) 21 Stultitia est timore mortis mori. It is folly to die of the fear of death. SENECA-Epistles. LXIX.


Out of the chill and the shadow,

Into the thrill and the shine;
Out of the dearth and the famine,

Into the fulness divine.



Day's lustrous eyes grow heavy in sweet death. SCHILLER-Assignation. St. 4. LORD LYT

TON's trans.

Incertum est quo te loco mors expectet: itaque tu illam omni loco expecta.

It is uncertain in what place death may await thee; therefore expect it in any place. SENECA-Epistolæ Ad Lucilium. XXVI.



Und setzet ihr nicht das Leben ein,
Nie wird euch das Leben gewonnen sein.

If you do not dare to die you will never win life. SCHILLER—Wallenstein's Lager. XI. Chorus.

11 Gut' Nacht, Gordon. Ich denke einen langen Schlaf zu thun.

Good night, Gordon. I am thinking of taking a long sleep. SCHILLER—Wallenstein's Tod. V. 5. 85.

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Haste thee, haste thee, to be gone! Earth flits fast and time draws on: Gasp thy gasp, and groan thy groan! Day is near the breaking.

SCOTT—Death Chant.

Eripere vitam nemo non homini potest;
At nemo mortem; mille ad hanc aditus patent.

Any one may take life from man, but no one death; a thousand gates stand open to it. SENECA-Phonissce. CLII.

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Death's pale flag advanced in his cheeks.
Seven Champions. Pt. III. Ch. XI.

Golden lads and girls all must,
As chimney-sweepers, come to dust.

Cymbeline. Act IV. Sc. 2. Song. L. 262.


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A' made a finer end and went away an it had been any christom child; a' parted even just between twelve and one, e'en at the turning o' th' tide: for after I saw him fumble with the sheets, and play with flowers, and smile upon his fingers' ends, I knew there was but one way; for his nose was as sharp as a pen, and a' babbled of green fields. "How now, Sir John?" quoth I: what, man! be o good cheer.” So a' cried out"God, God, God!" three or four times. Now I, to comfort him, bid him a' should not think of God; I hoped there was no need to trouble himself with any such thoughts yet.

Henry V. Act II. Sc. 3. L. 12.

17 Ah, what a sign it is of evil life, Where death's approach is seen so terrible!

Henry VI. Pt. II. Act III. Sc. 3. L. 5. He dies, and makes no sign. Henry VI. Pt. II. Act III. Sc. 3. L. 28.

My sick heart shows That I must yield my body to the earth, And, by my fall

, the conquest to my foe. Thus yields the cedar to the axe's edge, Whose arms gave shelter to the princely eagle; Under whose shade the ramping lion slept: Whose top-branch overpeer'd Jove's spreading

tree, And kept low shrubs from winter's powerful

wind. Henry VI. Pt. III. Act V. Sc. 2. L. 8.




To die:—to sleep: No more; and, by a sleep to say we end The heart-ache and the thousand natural

shocks That flesh is heir to, 'tis a consummation Devoutly to be wished.

Hamlet. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 60.


For in that sleep of death what dreams may

come. Hamlet. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 66.


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I am a tainted wether of the flock,
Meetest for death; the weakest kind of fruit
Drops earliest to the ground, and so let me.

Merchant of Venice. Act IV. Sc. 1. L. 114.



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Here is my journey's end, here is my butt,
And very sea-mark of my utmost sail.

Othello. Act V. Sc. 2. L. 267.


Death, death; oh, amiable, lovely death!
Come, grin on me, and I will think thou smilest.

King John. Act III. Sc. 4. L. 34.
We cannot hold mortality's strong hand.

King John. Act IV. Sc. 2. L. 82.
Have I not hideous death within my view,
Retaining but a quantity of life
Which bleeds away, even as a form of wax
Resolveth from its figure 'gainst the fire?

King John. Act V. Sc. 4. L. 22.

Woe, destruction, ruin, and decay;
The worst is death, and death will have his day.

Richard II. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 102.


Let's choose executors and talk of wills:
And yet not so, for what can we bequeath,
Save our desposed bodies to the ground?

Richard II. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 148.









0, our lives' sweetness! Nothing can we call our own but death That we the pain of death would hourly die And that small model of the barren earth Rather than die at once!

Which serves as paste and cover to our bones. King Lear. Act V. Sc. 3. L. 184.

Richard II. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 152.
Nothing in his life

Within the hollow crown
Became him like the leaving it.

That rounds the mortal temples of a king, Macbeth. Act I, Sc. 4. L. 7

Keeps Death his court; and there the antic sits, 7

Scoffing his state and grinning at his pomp. After life's fitful fever, he sleeps well;

Richard II. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 161.
Treason has done his worst: nor steel, nor poison,

And there at Venice gave
Malice domestic, foreign levy, nothing,
Can touch him further.

His body to that pleasant country's earth, Macbeth. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 23.

And his pure soul unto his captain Christ,
Under whose colours he had fought so long.

Richard II. Act IV. Sc. 1. L. 97.
Be absolute for death; either death or life
Shall thereby be the sweeter.

Go thou, and fill another room in hell.
Measure for Measure. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 4

That band shall burn in never-quenching fire, 9 What's yet in this,

That staggers thus my person. Exton, thy That bears the name of life? Yet in this life

fierce hand Lie hid more thousand deaths: yet death we fear, Hath with thy king's blood stain'd the king's That makes these odds all even.

own land. Measure for Measure. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 38 Mount, mount, my soul! thy seat is up on high; Dar'st thou die?

Whilst my gross flesh sinks downward, here to die.

Richard II. Act V. Sc. 5. L. 107.
The sense of death is most in apprehension;
And the poor beetle that we tread upon,
In corporal sufferance feels a pang as great

Who pass'd, methought, the melancholy flood As when a giant dies.

With that grim ferryman which poets write of,

Unto the kingdom of perpetual night. Measure for Measure. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 77

Richard III. Act I. Sc. 4. L. 45. 11

If I must die
I will encounter darkness as a bride,

'Tis a vile thing to die, my gracious lord, And hug it in mine arms.

When men are unprepared and look not for it. Measure for Measure. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 83. Richard III. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 64. Ay, but to die, and go we know not where; Death lies on her, like an untimely frost To lie in cold obstruction and to rot.

Upon the sweetest flower of all the field. Measure for Measure. Act III. Sc. 1. L. Romeo and Juliet. Act IV. Sc. 5. L. 28.

118. 13

How oft, when men are at the point of death, To be imprison'd in the viewless winds,

Have they been merry! which their keepers call And blown with restless violence roundabout A lightning before death. The pendent world; or to be worse than worst Romeo and Juliet. Act V. Sc. 3. L. 88. Of those, that lawless and incertain thought Imagine howling; 'tis too horrible!

Death, that hath suck'd the honey of thy Measure for Measure. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 124. breath, 14

Hath had no power yet upon thy beauty; The weariest and most loathed worldly life Thou art not conquer'd; beauty's ensign yet Thaf age, ache, penury and imprisonment Is crimson in thy lips, and in thy cheeks, Can lay on nature, is a paradise

And death's pale flag is not advanced there. To what we fear of death.

Romeo and Juliet. Act V. Sc. 3. L. 92. Measure for Measure. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 129.







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