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Some smack of age in you, some relish of the saltness of time.

Henry IV. Pt. II. Act I. Sc. 2. L. 91. 2

You are old; As you are old and reverend, you should be wise.

King Lear. Act I. Sc. 4. L. 261.

3 Nature in you stands on the very verge Of her confine.

King Lear. Act II. Sc. 4. L. 148.

Vetera semper in laude, præsentia in fastidio.

Old things are always in good repute, present things in disfavour. Tacitus—Dialogus de Oratoribus. 18.

15 An old man is twice a child. JOHN TAYLORThe Old, Old, very Old Man.

(Thos. Parr.)

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O good gray head which all men knew. TENNYSON-On the Death of the Duke of Wel

lington. St. 4.

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Age too shines out: and, garrulous, recounts the feats of youth.

THOMSON—The Seasons. Autumn. L. 1231.

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Pray, do not mock me:
I am a very foolish fond old man,
Fourscore and upward; not an hour more nor less,
And, to deal plainly,
I fear I am not in my perfect mind.
King Lear. Act IV. Sc. 7. L. 59.

My way of life
Is fallen into the sear, the yellow leaf,
And that which should accompany old age,
As honor, love, obedience, troops of friends,
I must not look to have; but, in their stead,
Curses not loud, but deep, mouth-honor breath,
Which the poor heart would fain deny, and dare

not. Macbeth. Act V. Sc. 3. L. 22.

Annus enim octogesimus admonet me, ut sarcinas colligam, antequam proficiscare vita.

For my eightieth year warns me to pack up my baggage before I leave life. VARRO De Re Rustica. I. 1.

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For Age with stealing steps

Hath clawed me with his crutch.
Thos. Vaux-The Aged Lover renounceth

Love. (Quoted in Hamlet, Act V. Sc. 1.

Not in quartos.) 20 Omnia fert ætas, animum quoque.

Age carries all things away, even the mind. VERGILEclogues. IX. 51.

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"You are old, Father William,” the young man

cried, "The few locks which are left you are gray; You are hale, Father William,

,-a hearty old man: Now tell me the reason, I pray." SOUTHEYThe Old Man's Comforts, and how

he Gained Them. 10

When an old gentleman waggles his head and says: “Ah, so I thought when I was your age, it is not thought an answer at all, if the young man retorts: "My venerable sir, so I shall most probably think when I am yours." And yet the one is as good as the other.

R. L. STEVENSONCrabbed Age and Youth. 11

Every man desires to live long; but no man would be old. SWIFT—Thoughts on Various Subjects, Moral

and Diverting. 12

I swear she's no chicken; she's on the wrong side of thirty, if she be a day.

SWIFT-Polite Conversation. I.

13 Vetera extollimus recentium incuriosi.

We extol ancient things, regardless of our own times. TACITUS—Annales. II. 88.

Venerable men! you have come down to us from a former generation. Heaven has bounteously lengthened out your lives, that you might behold this joyous day. DANIEL WEBSTER-Address at Laying the

Corner-Stone of the Bunker Hill Monument

June 17, 1825. Is not old wine wholesomest, old pippins toothsomest, old wood burn brightest, old linen wash whitest? Old soldiers, sweetheart, are surest, and old lovers are soundest. JOHN WEBSTER-Westward Ho. Act II. Sc. 1.

(See also BACON)
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Thus fares it still in our decay,

And yet the wiser mind
Mourns less for what age takes away

Than what it leaves behind.
WORDSWORTH-The Fountain. St. 9.

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AGRICULTURE

Earth is here so kind, that just tickle her with Ten acres and a mule."

a hoe and she laughs with a harvest. American phrase indicating the expectations DOUGLAS JERROLD-A Land of Plenty. (Ausof emancipated slaves. (1862)

tralia.) Three acres and a cow.

The life of the husbandman,-a life fed by BENTHAM Works. Vol. VIII. P. 448. the bounty of earth and sweetened by the airs

Quoted from BENTHAM by LORD ROSE of heaven. BERY. Monologue on Pitt, in Twelve English DOUGLAS JERROLD-Jerrold's Wit. The HusStatesmen. Referred to by SIR JOHN SIN bandman's Life. CLAIR Code of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Essays, 1802. Same idea in DEFOE's Tour Cujus est solum, ejus est usque ad cælum. through the whole Islands of Britain, 6th Ed. He who owns the soil, owns up to the sky. Phrase made familiar by Hon. JESSE COL Law Maxim. LINGS in the House of Commons, 1886, "Small Holdings amendment."

When the land is cultivated entirely by the (See also MILL)

spade, and no horses are kept, a cow is kept for

every three acres of land. Look up! the wide extended plain Is billowy with its ripened grain,

JOHN STUART MILL-Principles of Political And on the summer winds are rolled

Economy. Bk. II. Ch. VI. Sec. V. (QuotIts waves of emerald and gold.

ing from a treatise on Flemish husbandry.) WM. HENRY BURLEIGHThe Harvest Call.

(See also BENTHAM) St. 5.

Adam, well may we labour, still to dress Arbores serit diligens agricola, quarum ad

This garden, still to tend plant, herb, and flower.

MILTON—Paradise Lost. Bk. LX. L. 205. spiciet baccam ipse numquam. The diligent farmer plants trees, of which

Continua messe senescit ager. he himself will never see the fruit. CICEROTusculanarum Disputationum. I. 14.

A field becomes exhausted by constant tillage.

OVID-Ars Amatoria. III. 82. He was a very inferior farmer when he first

17 begun, and he is now fast rising from affluence to poverty.

Majores fertilissium in agro oculum domini S. L. CLEMENS (Mark Twain)-Rev. HENRY

esse dixerunt.

Our fathers used to say that the master's WARD BEECHER's Farm.

eye was the best fertilizer.

PLINY the Elder-Historia Naturalis. XVIII. Oculos et vestigia domini, res agro saluberri

84. mas, facilius admittit.

(See also COLUMELLA) He allows very readily, that the eyes and footsteps of the master are things most salu

Where grows?—where grows it not? If vain our

toil, tary to the land. COLUMELLA--De Re Rustica. IV. 18.

We ought to blame the culture, not the soil. (See also PLINY)

POPE-Essay on Man. Ep. IV. L. 13. The first farmer was the first man, and all his Our rural ancestors, with little blest, toric nobility rests on possession and use of land.

Patient of labour when the end was rest, EMERSON-—Society and Solitude. Farming. Indulg'd the day that hous'd their annual grain,

With feasts, and off'rings, and a thankful strain. Oft did the harvest to their sickle yield:

POPE-Second Book of Horace. Ep. I. L. 241. Their furrow oft the stubborn glebe has broke: How jocund did they drive their team a-field! Here Ceres' gifts in waving prospect stand, How bow'd the woods beneath their sturdy And nodding tempt the joyful reaper's hand. stroke!

POPE-Windsor Forest. L. 39. GRAY-Elegy in a Country Churchyard. St. 7.

And he gave it for his opinion, "that whoever Beatus ille qui procul negotiis,

could make two ears of corn, or two blades of Ut prisca gens mortalium,

grass, to grow upon a spot of ground where only Paterna rura bobus exercet suis,

one grew before, would deserve better of manSolutus omni fænore.

kind, and do more essential service to his counHappy, he who far from business, like the try, than the whole race of politicians put toprimitive race of mortals, cultivates with his gether.” own oxen the fields of his fathers, free from all SWIFT-Voyage to Brobdingnag. anxieties of gain. HORACE—Epodon. Bk. II. 1.

In ancient times, the sacred Plough employ'd

The Kings and awful Fathers of mankind: Ye rigid Ploughmen! bear in mind

And some, with whom compared your insectYour labor is for future hours.

tribes Advance! spare not! nor look behind!

Are but the beings of a summer's day, Plough deep and straight with all your powers! Have held the Scale of Empire, ruled the Storm RICHARD HENGIST HORNEThe Plough. Of mighty War; then, with victorious hand,

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Disdaining little delicacies, seized
The Plough, and, greatly independent, scorned
All the vile stores corruption can bestow.

THOMSONThe Seasons. Spring. L. 58.
Ill husbandry braggeth

To go with the best:
Good husbandry baggeth

Up gold in his chest.
TUSSERFive Hundred Points of Good Hus-

bandry. Ch. LII. Comparing Good Hus

bandry. Ill husbandry lieth

In prison for debt:
Good husbandry spieth

Where profit to get.
TUSSER—Five Hundred Points of Good Hus-

bandry. Ch. LII. Comparing Good Hus-
'bandry.

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E'en in mid-harvest, while the jocund swain
Pluck'd from the brittle stalk the golden grain,
Oft have I seen the war of winds contend,
And prone on earth th' infuriate storm descend,
Waste far and wide, and by the roots uptorn,
The heavy harvest sweep through ether borne,
As the light straw and rapid stubble fly
In dark’ning whirlwinds round the wintry sky.
VERGIL— Georgics. I. L. 351. SOTHEBY's trans.

Laudato ingentia rura,
Exiguum colito.

Praise a large domain, cultivate a small state. VERGIL-Georgics. II. 412. 5

Blessed be agriculture! if one does not have too much of it. CHAS. DUDLEY WARNER-My Summer in a

Garden. Preliminary. When tillage begins, other arts follow. The farmers, therefore, are the founders of human civilization. DANIEL WEBSTER—Remarks on Agriculture,

Jan. 13, 1840. P. 457.

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Blossom of the almond trees,
April's gift to April's bees.
EDWIN ARNOLD—Almond Blossoms.

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White as the blossoms which the almond tree, Above its bald and leafless branches bears. MARGARET J. PRESTONThe Royal Preacher.

St. 5. 17 Like to an almond tree ymounted hye

On top of greene Selinis all alone,
With blossoms brave bedecked daintily;

Whose tender locks do tremble every one,
At everie little breath, that under heaven is

blowne. SPENSER—Faerie Queene. Bk. I. Canto VII. St. 32.

ALPH (RIVER) In Xanadu did Kubla Khan

A stately pleasure-dome decree;
Where Alph, the sacred river ran,
Through caverns measureless to man

Down to a sunless sea.
COLERIDGE-Kubla Khan.

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But let the good old corn adorn

The hills our fathers trod; Still let us, for his golden corn,

Send up our thanks to God!

WHITTIERThe Corn-Song.
Heap high the farmer's wintry hoard!

Heap high the golden corn!
No richer gift has Autumn poured

From out her lavish horn!
WHITTIERThe Corn-Song.
AIRSHIPS (See AERONAUTICS)

ALBATROSS
And a good south wind sprung up behind,

The Albatross did follow,
And every day, for food or play,

Came to the mariner's hollo!
“God save thee, ancient Mariner!

From the fiends that plague thee thus!
Why look'st thon so?". "With my cross-bow

I shot the Albatross."
COLERIDGE-Ancient Mariner. Pt. I. St. 18.

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Sublimi feriam sidera vertice.

I strike the stars with my sublime head.
HORACE—Carmina. Bk. I. 1.

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Nil mortalibus arduum est:
Cælum ipsum petimus stultitia.

Nothing is too high for the daring of mortals: we would storm heaven itself in our folly. HORACE_Carmina. I. 3. 37.

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Bid amaranthus all his beauty shed,
And daffodillies fill their cups with tears,
To strew the laureate hearse where Lycid lies.

MILTON—Lycidas. L. 149.
Immortal amaranth, a flower which once
In Paradise, fast by the Tree of Life,
Began to bloom, but soon for Man's offence,
To heav'n remov'd, where first it grew, there

grows, And How'rs aloft shading the fount of life.

MILTON—Paradise Lost. Bk. III. L. 353.

3 Amaranths such as crown the maids That wander through Zamara's shades. MOORE—Lalla Rookh. Light of the Harem. L. 318.

AMARYLLIS

Amaryllis
Where, there and there, on sandy beaches
A milky-bell'd amaryllis blew.

TENNYSONThe Daisy. St. 4.

Vestigia nulla retrorsum.

No steps backward.
HORACE—Epistles. I. 1. 74.

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AMBITION
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Nor strive to wind ourselves too high
For sinful man beneath the sky.

CHRISTIAN YEAR—Morning.
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Prima enim sequentem, honestum est in secundis, tertiisque consistere.

When you are aspiring to the highest place, it is honorable to reach the second or even the third rank. CICERODe Oratore. I.

7 On what strange stuff Ambition feeds!

ELIZA COOK—Thomas Hood.

The shades of night were falling fast,
As through an Alpine village passed
A youth, who bore, 'mid snow and ice
A banner with the strange device,

Excelsior!
LONGFELLOW-Excelsior.

20 Ambition has no rest!

BULWER-LYTTONRichelieu. Act III. Sc. 1.

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He was utterly without ambition (Chas. II.). He detested business, and would sooner have abdicated his crown than have undergone the trouble of really directing the administration. MACAULAY-History of England. (Character

of Charles II.) Vol. I. Ch. II. The man who seeks one thing in life, and but

one, May hope to achieve it before life be done; But he who seeks all things, wherever he goes, Only reaps from the hopes which around him he

SOWS A harvest of barren regrets. OWEN MEREDITH (Lord Lytton)-Lucile. Pt.

I. Canto II. St. 8.

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By low ambition and the thirst of praise.
COWPER—Table Talk. L. 591.

On the summit see,
The seals of office glitter in his eyes;
He climbs, he pants, he grasps them! At his

heels, Close at his heels, a demagogue ascends, And with a dexterous jerk soon twists him down, And wins them, but to lose them in his turn.

COWPER—Task. Bk. IV. L. 58.

10 Il gran rifiuto.

The great refusal. (Supposed to refer to Celestine V., elected Pope

in 1294, who resigned five months later.) DANTEInferno. Canto III. LX. But wild Ambition loves to slide, not stand, And Fortune's ice prefers to Virtue's land. DRYDEN-Absalom and Achitophel. Pt. I.

L. 198.

(See also KNOLLES, under GREATNESS) They please, are pleas'd, they give to get esteem Till, seeming blest, they grow to what they seem. GOLDSMITH-The Traveller. L. 266.

For all may have,
If they dare try, a glorious life, or grave.

HERBERT-—The Temple. The Church-Porch.

Here may we reign secure, and in my choice To reign is worth ambition, though in Hell. Better to reign in hell than serve in heaven.

MILTON—Paradise Lost. Bk. I. L. 263.

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But what will not ambition and revenge Descend to? who aspires must down as low As high he soar'd, obnoxious first or last To basest things.

MILTON-Paradise Lost. Bk. LX. L. 168.

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Such joy ambition finds.

MILTON-Paradise Lost. Bk. IV. L. 92.

14 Ambition's debt is paid.

Julius Cæsar. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 83.

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Who knows but He, whose hand the lightning

forms, Who heaves old ocean, and who wings the

storms, Pours fierce ambition in a Cæsar's mind.

POPE—Essay on Man. Ep. I. L. 157.

3 Oh, sons of earth! attempt ye still to rise. By mountains pil'd on mountains to the skies? Heav'n still with laughter the vain toil surveys, And buries madmen in the

heaps they raise. POPEEssay on Man. Ep. IV. L. 74. But see how oft ambition's aims are cross'd, And chiefs contend 'til all the prize is lost!

POPE-Rape of the Lock. Canto V. L. 108.

Be always displeased at what thou art, if thou desire to attain to what thou art not; for where thou hast pleased thyself, there thou abidest.

QUARLES—Emblems. Bk. IV. Emblem 3.

Licet ipsa vitium sit ambitio, frequenter tamen causa virtutum est.

Though ambition in itself is a vice, yet it is often the parent of virtues. QUINTILIANDe Institutione Oratoria. II. 22.

7 Ambition is no cure for love! SCOTT_Lay of the Last Minstrel. Canto I. St.

27. 8 O fading honours of the dead! O high ambition, lowly laid! SCOTT-Lay of the Last Minstrel. Canto II.

St. 10.

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The very substance of the ambitious is merely

the shadow of a dream. Hamlet. Act II. Sc. 2. L. 264.

10 Ill-weav'd ambition, how much art thou shrunk! When that this body did contain a spirit, A kingdom for it was too small a bound; But now, two paces of the vilest earth Is room enough.

Henry IV. Pt. I. Act V. Sc. 4. L. 88.

Too low they build who build beneath the stars.

YOUNG-Night Thoughts. Night VIII. L. 225.

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Virtue is chok'd with foul ambition.

Henry VI. Pt. II. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 143.

AMERICA
E pluribus unum.

From many, one:
Motto of the United States of America. First

appeared on title page of Gent nan's Mis-
cellany, Jan., 1692. PIERRE ANTOINE (PE-
TER ANTHONY MOTTEAUX) was editor. DR.
SIMETIERE affixed it to the American Na-
tional Seal at time of the Revolution. See
HOWARD P. ARNOLD Historical Side Lights.

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Mark but my fall, and that that ruin'd me. Cromwell, I charge thee, Aling away ambition. By that sin fell the angels; how can man then, The image of his Maker, hope to win by it? Henry VIII. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 437.

'Tis a common proof, That lowliness is young ambition's ladder, Whereto the climber upward turns his face; But when he once attains the upmost round, He then unto the ladder turns his back, Looks in the clouds, scorning the base degrees By which he did ascend. Julius Cæsar. Act II. Sc. 1. L. 21.

Ex pluribus unum facere.

From many to make one.
St. AUGUSTINE—Confessions. Bk. IV. 8. 13.

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Yet, still, from either beach,
The voice of blood shall reach,
More audible than speech,

“We are one!”
W. ALLSTON-America to Great Britain.

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