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For the Lord Jesus Christ's sake,
Do all the good you can,
To all the people you can,
In all the ways you can,
As long as ever you can.
Tombstone Inscription in Shrewsbury, Eng-

land. Favorite of Mr. MOODY.



Bono ingenio me esse ornatam, quam auro multo

mavolo. Aurum fortuna invenitur, natura ingenium

donum. Bonam ego, quam beatam me esse nimio dici


A good disposition I far prefer to gold; for gold is the gift of fortune; goodness of disposition is the gift of nature. I prefer much rather to be called good than fortunate. PLAUTUS-Phænulus. I. 2. 90. 7

Gute Menschen können sich leichter in schlimme hineindenken als diese injene.

Good men can more easily see through bad men than the latter can the former. JEAN PAUL RICHTER-Hesperus. IV.




You're good for Madge or good for Cis

Or good for Kate, maybe:
But what's to me the good of this

While you're not good for me?
CHRISTINA ROSSETTI—Jessie Cameron. St. 3.

For who is there but you? who not only claim to be a good man and a gentleman, for many are this, and yet have not the power of making others good. Whereas you are not only good yourself, but also the cause of goodness in others. SOCRATES to PROTAGORAS. See PLATO. JOWETT's trans.

(See also HENRY IV under WIT) How pleasant is Saturday night,

When I've tried all the week to be good,
Not spoken a word that is bad,

And obliged every one that I could.

Saturday Night. One person I have to make good: myself. But my duty to my neighbor is much more nearly expressed by saying that I have to make him happy

STEVENSON—Christmas Sermon.

She has more goodness in her little finger than he has in his whole body.

SWIFTPolite Conversation. Dialogue II.

22 O, yet we trust that somehow good Will be the final goal of ill,

To pangs of nature, sins of will Defects of doubt and taints of blood. TENNYSON-In Memoriam. LIV. 1.

(See also BROOKE, MILTON, THOMSON) 23 'Tis only noble to be good. TENNYSON-Lady Člara Vere de Vere. Same

in JUVENAL-Satires. VIII. 24.

- if I may


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There lives within the very flame of love A kind of wick or snuff that will abate it; And nothing is at a like goodness still;

From seeming evil still educing good. THOMSONHymn. L. 114.

(See also TENNYSON)


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Man should be ever better than he seems.

SIR AUBREY DE VERE-A Song of Faith. 2 Roaming in thought over the Universe, I saw

the little that is Good steadily hastening towards immortality, And the vast all that is called Evil I saw hasten

ing to merge itself and become lost and dead. WALT WHITMAN--Roaming in Thought. (After

reading HEGEL.) 3 Bene facere et male audire regium est.

To do good and be evil spoken of, is kingly. On the Town Hall of Zittau, Saxony. Noted

in CARLYLE-Frederick the Great. XV. 13.

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GOOSE I dare not hope to please a Cinna's ear. Or sing what Varus might vouchsafe to hear; Harsh are the sweetest lays that I can bring, So screams a goose where swans melodious sing.

BEATTIE—Trans. of Vergil. Pastoral 9.

5 Shall I, like Curtius, desperate in my zeal, O'er head and ears plunge for the common weal? Or rob Rome's ancient geese of all their glories, And cackling save the monarchies of Tories?

POPE-Dunciad. Bk. I. L. 209.

As wild geese that the creeping fowler eye,
Or russet-pated choughs, many in sort,
Rising and cawing at the gun's report,
Sever themselves,

and madly sweep the sky. Midsummer Night's Dream. Act III. Sc. 2.

L. 20.

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Idem Accio quod Titio jus esto.

What is sauce for the goose is sauce for the gander. VARRO, quoting GELLIUS. III. XVI. 13. Same used by SWIFT. Jan. 24, 1710.


Ulex Mountain gorses, do ye teach us That the wisest word man reaches Is the humblest he can speak?

E. B. BROWNING--Lessons from the Gorse.


Fama, malum quo non aliud velocius ullum,
Mobilitate viget, viresque acquirit eundo.

Report, that which no evil thing of any kind is more swift, increases with travel and gains strength by its progress. VERGILÆneid. IV. 174.


Mountain gorses, ever-golden.
Cankered not the whole year long!
Do ye teach us to be strong,
Howsoever pricked and holden
Like your thorny blooms and so
Trodden on by rain and snow,
Up the hillside of this life, as bleak as where ye

E. B. BROWNING-Lessons from the Gorse.

Love you not, then, to list and hear
The crackling of the gorse-flower near,
Pouring an orange-scented tide
Of fragrance o'er the

desert wide? Wu. HowITI-A June Day.


TICS, STATESMANSHIP, Trust (PUBLIC)) The declaration that our People are hostile to a government made by themselves, for themselves, and conducted by themselves, is an insult. JOHN ADAMS-Address to the citizens of West

moreland Co., Virginia. Answered July 11, 1798. See also THOMAS COOPER—Some information respecting America. (1794) In Report of a Meeting of the Mass. Historical Society by SAMUEL A. GREEN, May 9, 1901.

(See also LINCOLN) * The manners of women are the surest criterion by which to determine whether a

24 * *








republican government is practicable in a nation JOHN BRIGHT. Speech at Birmingham Town or not.

Hall, April 28, 1859. Attributed to JOSEPH JOHN ADAMSDiary. June 2, 1778. CHARLES HUME by SIR CHARLES DILKE in the Morn

FRANCIS ADAMS' Life of Adams. Vol. III. ing Herald, Aug. 2, 1899. Probably said by P. 171.

WILLIAM IV to EARL GRAY, in an interview,

Nov. 17, 1830. found in H. B.'s Cartoons, Yesterday the greatest question was decided No. 93, pub. Nov. 26, 1830. Also in a letter which was ever debated in America; and a greater of PRINCESS LIEVEN, Nov., 1830. See perhaps never was, nor will be, decided among WARREN's Ten Thousand a Year. (Inscribed men. A resolution was passed without one dis on the banner of Tittlebat Titmouse.) senting colony, that those United Colonies are, Referred to in MOLESWORTH's Hist. of the and of right ought to be, free and independent Reform Bill of 1832. P. 98. States.

(See also IRVING) JOHN ADAMSLetter to Mrs. Adams. July 3, 1776.

Well, will anybody deny now that the Gov

ernment at Washington, as regards its own Not stones, nor wood, nor the art of artisans people, is the strongest government in the world make a state; but where men are who know how at this hour? And for this simple reason, that to take care of themselves, these are cities and it is based on the will, and the good will, of an walls.

instructed people. Attributed to ALCÆUS by ARISTIDES— Ora JOHN BRIGHT-Speech at Rochdale. Nov. 24,

tions. Vol. II. (Jebb's edition. AUSTIN'S 1863. trans.)

So then because some towns in England are States are great engines moving slowly.

not represented, America is to have no repre BACON-Advancement of Learning. Bk. II. sentative at all. They are "our children”; but

when children ask for bread we are not to give Adeo ut omnes imperii virga sive bacillum a stone. vere superius inflexum sit.

BURKE-Speech on American Taxation. Vol. So that every wand cr staff of empire is II. P. 74. *forsooth curved at top. Bacon-De Sapientia Veterum. (1609) 6. And having looked to Government for bread,

Pan, sive Natura. Sometimes translated, on the very first scarcity they will turn and bite "All sceptres are crooked atop.” Referring the hand that fed them. to the shepherd's crook of Pan, and implying BURKEThoughts and Details on Scarcity. that government needs to be roundabout Vol. V. P. 156.

in method. 5

When bad men combine, the good must associate. It (Calvinism) established a religion without BURKEThoughts on the Cause of the Present a prelate, a government without a king.

GEORGE BANCROFT—History of the United
States. Vol. III. Ch. VI.

Support a compatriot against a native, how

ever the former may blunder or plunder. Oh, we are weary pilgrims; to this wilderness we R. F. BURTONExplorations of the Highroads bring

of Brazil. I. P. 11. (About 1869) A Church without a bishop, a State without a

(See also DISRAELI) King. ANON. -Puritan's Mistake. (1844)

Nothing's more dull and negligent (See also CHOATE, JUNIUS)

Than an old, lazy government,

That knows no interest of state, Yet if thou didst but know how little wit governs But such as serves a present strait. this mighty universe.

BUTLER—Miscellaneous Thoughts. L. 159. MRS. A. BEHN-Comedy of The Round Heads. Act I. Sc. 2.

A thousand years scarce serve to form a state; (See also OXENSTIERNA)

An hour may lay it in the dust.

BYRON—Childe Harold. Canto II. St. 84. "Whatever is, is not," is the maxim of the anarchist, as often as anything comes across him

A power has arisen up in the Government in the shape of a law which he happens not to

greater than the people themselves, consisting like.

of many and various and powerful interests, RICHARD BENTLEY-Declaration of Rights. combined into one mass, and held together by

the cohesive power of the vast surplus in the England is the mother of parliaments.

banks. JOHN BRIGHT-Speech at Birmingham, Jan. JOHN C. CALHOUNIn the U.S. Senate. May 18, 1865. See THOROLD ROGERS' ed. of

28, 1836. "Cohesive power of public Bright's Speeches. Vol. II. P. 112. Ap plunder.” As quoted by GROVER CLEVEpeared in London Times, Jan. 19, 1865.













I am for Peace, for Retrenchment, and for Consider in fact, a body of six hundred and Reform,—thirty years ago the great watch-fifty-eight miscellaneous persons, set to consult words of the great Liberal Party.

about "business," with twenty-seven millions,


mostly fools, assiduously listening to them, and
checking and criticising them. Was there ever,
since the world began, will there ever be till the
world end, any "business” accomplished in
these circumstances?
CARLYLE-Latter Day Pamphlets. Parlia-

ments. (Referring to the relation of the
Parliament to the British people. June 1,


Whatever was required to be done, the Circumlocution Office was beforehand with all the public departments in the art of perceiving how not to do it.

DICKENSLittle Dorrit. Bk. III. Ch. X.

The country has, I think, made up its mind to close this career of plundering and blundering. BENJ. DISRAELI-Letter to LORD GREY DE WELTON. Oct., 1873.

(See also BURTON) The divine right of kings may have been a plea for feeble tyrants, but the divine right of government is the keystone of human progress, and without it governments sink into police, and a nation is degraded into a mob. BENJ. DISRAELI-Lothair. General Preface.





A Conservative Government is an organized hypocrisy.

BENJ. DISRAELI-Speech. March 17, 1845.


There are but two ways of paying debt-increase of industry in raising income, increase of thrift in laying out. CARLYLE-Past and Present. Government.

Ch. X. 2

And the first thing I would do in my government, I would have nobody to control me, I would be absolute; and who but I: now, he that is absolute, can do what he likes; he that can do what he likes, can take his pleasure; he that can take his pleasure, can be content; and he that can be content, has no more to desire; so the matter's over. CERVANTES-Don Quixote. Pt. I. Bk. IV.

Ch. XXIII. 3

There was a State without kings or nobles; there was a church without a bishop; there was a people governed by grave magistrates which it had elected, and equal laws which it had framed. RUFUS CHOATE—Speech before the New England Society. December 22, 1843.

(See also BANCROFT) Who's in or out, who moves this grand machine, Nor stirs my curiosity nor spleen: Secrets of state no more I wish to know Than secret movements of a puppet show: Let but the puppets move, I've my desire, Unseen the hand which guides the master wire.

CHURCHILL-Night. L. 257.

Individualities may form communities, but it is institutions alone that can create a nation.

BENJ. DISRAELI—Speech at Manchester. (1866)



Resolv'd to ruin or to rule the state.
DRYDEN--Absalom and Achitophel. Pt. I.

L. 174.
For where's the State beneath the Firmament,
That doth excell the Bees for Government?
DU BARTAS-Divine Weekes and Workes.

First Week. Fifth Day. Pt. I. Shall we judge a country by the majority, or by the minority? By the minority, surely. EMERSON—Conduct of Life. Considerations by the Way.

(See also LINCOLN) 17

Fellow-citizens: Clouds and darkness are around Him; His pavilion is dark waters and thick clouds; justice and judgment are the establishment of His throne; mercy and truth shall go before His face! Fellow citizens! God reigns and the Government at Washington lives. JAMES A. GARFIELD--Address. April, 1865.

From the balcony of the New York Custom
House to a crowd, excited by the news of

President Lincoln's assassination.
When constabulary duty's to be done.
A policeman's lot is not a happy one.

W. S. GILBERT—-Pirates of Penzance.

They have proved themselves offensive partisans and unscrupulous manipulators of local party management. GROVER CLEVELAND—Letter to GEORGE

WILLIAM CURTIS. Dec. 25, 1884.


Though the people support the government the government should not support the people. GROVER CLEVELAND-Veto of Texas Seed

bill. Feb. 16, 1887. I have considered the pension list of the republic a roll of honor. GROVER CLEVELAND—Veto of Mary Ann

Dougherty's Pension. July 5, 1888. 8

The communism of combined wealth and capital, the outgrowth of overweening cupidity and selfishness which assiduously undermines the justice and integrity of free institutions, is not less dangerous than the communism of oppressed poverty and toil which, exasperated by injustice and discontent, attacks with wild disorder the citadel of misrule.

GROVER CLEVELAND—Annual Message. (1888)

Welche Regierung die beste sei? Diejenige die uns lehrt uns selbst

zu regieren. What government is the best? That which teaches us to govern ourselves. GOETHE-Sprüche in Prosa. III.

20 For just experience tells, in every soil, That those who think must govern those that

toil. GOLDSMITH-The Traveller. L. 372.

(See also BYRON under LABOR)

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There was one species of despotism under The Congress of Vienna does not walk, but which he had long groaned, and that was petti- | it dances. coat government.


I go for all sharing the privileges of the governOf the various executive abilities, no one ex ment who assist in bearing its burdens. Conse cited more anxious concern than that of placing quently I go for admitting all whites to the right the interests of our fellow-citizens in the hands

of suffrage who pay taxes or bear arms, by no of honest men, with understanding sufficient for

means excluding females. their stations. No duty is at the same time more ABRAHAM LINCOLN. Written in 1836. difficult to fulfill. The knowledge of character possessed by a single individual is of necessity limited. To seek out the best through the whole A house divided against itself cannot standUnion, we must resort to the information which I believe this government cannot endure per. from the best of men, acting disinterestedly and manently half-slave and half-free. with the purest motives, is sometimes incorrect. ABRAHAM LINCOLN-Speech. June 17, 1858. THOMAS JEFFERSONLetter to Elias Shipman

See W.O. STODDARD's Life of Lincoln. and others of New Haven. July 12, 1801. Paraphrased by JOHN B. McMASTER in his

If by the mere force of numbers a majority History of the People of the United States.

should deprive a minority of any clearly written II. 586. One sentence will undoubtedly

constitutional right, it might in a moral point be remembered till our republic ceases to

of view, justify revolution-certainly would if exist. No duty the Executive had to perform

such a right were a vital one. was so trying,' he observed, 'as to put the

ABRAHAM LINCOLNFirst Inaugural Address. right man in the right place.'

March 4, 1861. (See also EMERSON) The trappings of a monarchy would set up an ordinary commonwealth.

That this nation, under God, shall have a SAMUEL JOHNSON-Life of Milton.

new birth of freedom, and that government of

the people, by the people, for the people, shall Excise, a hateful tax levied upon commodities.

not perish from the earth. SAMUEL JOHNSONDefinition of Excise in his

ABRAHAM LINCOLN-Speech at Gettysburg. Dictionary.

1863. The phrase "of the people, for the people and by the people” is not original

with Lincoln. There is a tradition that the What constitutes a state?

phrase, "The Bible shall be for the governMen who their duties know,

ment of the people, for the people and by But know their rights, and knowing, dare main

the people," appears in the preface of tain.

the Wyclif Bible of 1384, or in the Here

ford Bible, or in a pamphlet of the period And sovereign law, that state's collected will, treating of that version. See Notes and O'er thrones and globes elate,

Queries, Feb. 12, 1916. P. 127. Albert Sits empress, crowning good, repressing ill.

Mathews, of Boston, examined the reprint SIR WILLIAM JONES—Ode in Imitation of

of 1850 of the Wyclif Bible, and finds Alcæus.

no reference to it. There is a preface to the Old and the New Testament, and a

prologue to each book, probably written by The Americans equally detest the pageantry

John Purvey. Isaac Markens, of New York of a king and the supercilious hypocrisy of a city, published a pamphlet on the Gettysbishop.

burg address, showing comparisons wit JUNIUSLetter XXXV. Dec. 19, 1769.

EVERETT's Orations. Articles in the

Oct. 25, 1917, by O. H. CARMICHAE Salus populi suprema lex.

in the Outlook, July 12, 1913, by The safety of the State is the highest law.








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