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vaults of churches, that look as if they held up By field and by fell, and by mountain gorge, the church, but are but puppets. Shone Hyacinths blue and clear.

Attributed to DR. LAUD by BACON-ApoLUCY HOOPER—Legends of Flowers. St. 3. thegms. No. 273. Here hyacinths of heavenly blue

L'hypocrisie est un hommage que le vice rend Shook their rich tresses to the morn.

à la vertu. MONTGOMERYThe Adventure of a Star.

Hypocrisy is the homage which vice renders to virtue.

If of thy mortal goods thou art bereft,
And from thy slender store two loaves alone to
thee are left,

For neither man nor angel can discern
Sell one, and with the dole

Hypocrisy, the only evil that walks Buy hyacinths to feed thy soul.

Invisible, except to God alone, MOSLEH EDDIN SAADIGulistan. (Garden of By his permissive will, through heav'n and earth. Roses.)

MILTON-Paradise Lost. Bk. III, L. 682. (See also CRAWFORD under NARCISSUS)

He was a man And the hyacinth purple, and white, and blue, Who stole the livery of the court of Heaven Which flung from its bells a sweet peal anew To serve the Devil in. Of music so delicate, soft, and intense,

POLLOK—Course of Time. Bk. VIII. L. 616. It was felt like an odour within the sense.

17 SHELLEYThe Sensitive Plant. Pt. I.

Constant at Church and 'Change; his gains were

sure; HYPOCRISY (See also DECEIT)

His givings rare, save farthings to the poor.
And the veil

POPE-Moral Essays. Ep. III. L. 347.
Spun from the cobweb fashion of the times,
To hide the feeling heart?

Thou hast prevaricated with thy friend,
AKENSIDE-P sures of Imagination. Bk. II. By underhand contrivances undone me:
L 147.

And while my open nature trusted in thee,

Thou hast stept in between me and my hopes, Saint abroad, and a devil at home.

And ravish'd from me all my soul held dear. BUNYANPilgrim's Progress. Pt. I.

Thou hast betray'd me.

NICHOLAS ROWELady Jane Grey. Act II. Oh, for a forty-parson power to chant

Sc. 1. L. 235.
Thy praise, Hypocrisy! Oh, for a hymn
Loud as the virtues thou dost loudly vaunt,

Not he who scorns the Saviour's yoke
Not practise!

Should wear his cross upon the heart. BYRON—Don Juan. Canto X. St. 34.

SCHILLERThe Fight with the Dragon. St. 24.





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The frivolous work of polished idleness.

SIR JAMES MACKINTOSH — Dissertation on Idleness is emptiness; the tree in which the Ethical Philosophy. Remarks on Thomas sap is stagnant, remains fruitless.

Brown. HOSEA BALLOU-MS. Sermons.

Cernis ut ignavum corrumpant otia corpus Diligenter per vacuitatem suam.

Ut capiant vitium ni moveantur aquæ. In the diligence of his idleness.

Thou seest how sloth wastes the sluggish Book of Wisdom. XIII. 13. (Vulgate LXX.) body, as water is corrupted unless it moves. (See also WORDSWORTH)

OVID-Epistolæ Ex Ponto. I. 5. 5. For idleness is an appendix to nobility.

Thee too, my Paridel! she mark'd thee there, BURTON--Anatomy of Melancholy. Pt. I. Sec. Stretch'd on the rack of a too easy chair, II. Memb. 2. Subsect. 6.

And heard thy everlasting yawn confess

The Pains and Penalties of Idleness.
An idler is a watch that wants both hands;

POPE-Dunciad. Bk. IV. L. 341.
As useless if it goes as when it stands.

Difficultas patrocinia præteximus segnitiæ.

We excuse our sloth under the pretext of How various his employments whom the world difficulty. Calls idle; and who justly in return

QUINTILIAN—De Institutione Oratoria. I. 12. Esteems that busy world an idler too! COWPER—Task. Bk. III. The Garden. L. 342.

I rather would entreat thy company,

To see the wonders of the world abroad Thus idly busy rolls their world away.

Than living, dully sluggardized at home, GOLDSMITH-The Traveller. L. 256.

Wear out thy youth with shapeless idleness.

Two Gentlemen of Verona. Act I, Sc. 1. L. 5. What heart can think, or tongue express,

Blandoque veneno The harm that groweth of idleness?

Desidiæ virtus paullatim evicta senescit. JOHN HEYWOOD-Idleness.

Valor, gradually overpowered by the deli

cious poison of sloth, grows torpid. I live an idle burden to the ground.

SILIUS ITALICUS-Punica. III. 580. HOMER/-Iliad. Bk. XVIII. L. 134. POPE's trans.

Utque alios industria, ita hunc ignavia ad fa12

mam protulerat. Strenua nos exercet inertia.

Other men have acquired fame by industry, Busy idleness urges us on.

but this man by indolence. HORACE—Epistles. Bk. I. XI. 28. Same

TACITUS—Annales. XVI. 18. idea in PHÆDRUS-Fables. II. V.3; SENECA --De Brevitate Vitæ. Ch. XIII and XV.

Their only labour was to kill the time; (See also WORDSWORTH)

And labour dire it is, and weary woe, Vitanda est improba syren-desidia.

They sit, they loll, turn o'er some idle rhyme, That destructive siren, sloth, is ever to be

Then, rising sudden, to the glass they go, avoided.

Or saunter forth, with tottering steps and slow.

THOMSON—Castle of Indolence. Canto I. 72. HORACE-Satires. II. 3. 14. Gloomy calm of idle vacancy,

L'indolence est le sommeil des esprits. SAMUEL JOHNSONBoswell's Life of Johnson.

Indolence is the sleep of the mind. Dec. 8, 1763.

VAUVENARGUESReflexions. 390. Variam semper dant otia mentem.

There is no remedy for time misspent; An idle life always produces varied inclinations. No healing for the waste of idleness, LUCAN--Pharsalia. IV. 704.

Whose very languor is a punishment















Heavier than active souls can feel or guess.
SIR AUBREY DE VERE-A Song of Faith, De-

vout Exercises, and Sonnets. For Satan finds some mischief still

For idle hands to do. WATTS-Against Idleness.

2 'Tis the voice of the sluggard, I heard him com

plain: "You have waked me too soon, I must slumber

again"; As the door on its hinges, so he on his bed, Turns his sides, and his shoulders and his heavy

head. WattsThe Sluggard.

3 But how can he expect that others should Build for him, sow for him, and at his call Love him, who for himself will take no heed at

all? WORDSWORTH-Resolution and Independence.

St. 6.
Worldlings revelling in the fields

Of strenuous idleness.
WORDSWORTHThis Lawn, a Carpet all alive.


Ignorance seldom vaults into knowledge, but passes into it through an intermediate state of obscurity, even as night into day through twilight.

COLERIDGE—Essay XVI. Ignorance never settles a question. BENJ. DISRAELI—Speech in House of Com

mons, May 14, 1866. Mr. Kremlin himself was distinguished for ignorance, for he had only one idea, and that was wrong

BENJ. DISRAELI—Sybil. Bk. IV. Ch. V.
For your ignorance is the mother of

your de votion to me. DRYDEN—The Maiden Queen. Act I, Sc. 2.

(See also BURTON) 15 Ignorance gives one a large range of probabilities. GEORGE ELIOT Daniel Deronda. Bk. II.




Ignorance is the dominion of absurdity.
FROUDE—Short Studies on Great Subjects. Par-

ty Politics. 17

Often the cock-loft is empty, in those whom nature hath built many stories high.

FULLER—Andronicus. Sec. VI. Par. 18. 1.

IGNORANCE Be ignorance thy choice, where knowledge leads to woe.

BEATTIE—The Minstrel. Bk. II. St. 30.



Es ist nichts schrecklicher als eine thätige Unwissenheit.

There is nothing more frightful than an active ignorance. GOETHE-Sprüche in Prosa. III.


And his best riches, ignorance of wealth.

GOLDSMITH-Deserted Village. L. 61.


For "ignorance is the mother of devotion,” as all the world knows. BURTON—Anatomy of Melancholy. Pt. III.

Sec. IV. Memb. 1. Subsect. 2. Phrase used by DR. COLE-Disputation urth the Papists at Westminster, March 31, 1559. Quoted from COLE by BISHOP JEWELWorks. Vol. III. Pt. II. P. 1202. Quoted as a “Popish maxim" by Thos. VINCENT Explicatory Catechism. Epistle to the Reader about 1622. Said by JEREMY TAYLORTo a person newly converted to the Church of England. (1657) Same found in New Custome. I. 1. A Morality printed 1573. (True devotion.)

(See also DRYDEN) The truest characters of ignorance Are vanity, and pride, and annoyance.


8 Causarum ignoratio in re nova mirationem facit.

In extraordinary events ignorance of their causes produces astonishment. CICERODe Divinatione. II. 22.

Where ignorance is bliss,
'Tis folly to be wise.
GRAY-On a Distant Prospect of Eton College.

St. 10. Same idea in EURIPIDESFragment.
Antip. XIII.

(See also PRIOR) Who ne'er knew salt, or heard the billows roar. HOMEROdyssey. Bk. XI. L. 153. POPE's





It was a childish ignorance,

But now 'tis little joy
To know I'm further off from heaven

Than when I was a boy.
HOODI Remember, I Remember.

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A man may live long, and die at last in ignorance of many truths, which his mind was capable of knowing, and that with certainty.

LOCKE-Human Understanding. Bk. I. Ch.

* Where blind and naked Ignorance Delivers brawling judgments, unashamed, On all things all day long.

TENNYSON-Idylls of the King. Vivien. L. 515.









Homine imperito nunquam quidquid injustius, But let a man know that there are things to Qui nisi quod ipse facit nihil rectum putat. be known, of which he is ignorant, and it is so Nothing can be more unjust than the igmuch carved out of his domain of universal

norant man, who thinks that nothing is well knowledge.

done by himself. HORACE MANN-Lectures on Education. Lec

TERENCE-Adelphi. I. 2. 18. ture VI.

16 3 Not to know me argues yourselves unknown,

Ita me dii ament, ast ubi sim nescio. The lowest of your throng.

As God loves me, I know not where I am. MILTONParadise Lost. Bk. IV. L. 830.

TERENCE--Heauton timoroumenos. II. 3. 67.

Namque inscitia est, The living man who does not learn, is dark, Adversum stimulum calces. dark, like one walking in the night.

It is consummate ignorance to kick against
MING LUM PAOU KEEN. Trans. for Chinese the pricks.
Repository by DR. WM. MILNE.

TERENCE-Phormio. I. 2. 27.
Quod latet ignotum est; ignoti nulla cupido.
What is hid is unknown: for what is un-


18 known there is no desire.

Imagination is the air of mind. OVID—Ars Amatoria. III. 397.

BAILEY-Festus. Sc. Another and a Better 6

World. It is better to be unborn than untaught: for ignorance is the root of misfortune.

Build castles in the air. PLATO.

BURTON—Anatomy of Melancholy. Pt. I. Sec. Etiam illud quod scies nesciveris;

II. Memb. 1. Subsect. 3. Also in Romaunt Ne videris quod videris.

of the Rose. Know not what you know, and see not Come nous dicimus in nubibus. what you see.

(As we said in the clouds.) PLAUTUS—Miles Gloriosus. II. 6. 89. JOHN RASTELL-Les Termes de la Ley. (1527) 8

his master was in a manner always From ignorance our comfort flows,

in a wrong Boxe and building castels in the ayre The only wretched are the wise.

or catching Hares with Tabers. PRIORTo the Hon. Chas. Montague. (1692) Letter by F. A. to L. B. 1575-76. Repr. in 9 (See also GRAY)

Miscell. Antiq. Anglic. Illi mors gravis incubat qui notus nimis omni

(See also GASCOIGNE, HERBERT, STORER, VILbus ignotus moritur sibi.

LARS, WATSON) Death presses heavily on that man, who, being but too well known to others, dies in

Thou hast the keys of Paradise, O just, subtle, ignorance of himself.

and mighty opium! SENECAThyestes. CCCCI.

DE QUINCEY—Confessions of an Opium Eater.

Pt. II. O thou monster, Ignorance, how deformed dost thou look!

And castels buylt above in lofty skies, Love's Labour's Lost. Act IV. Sc. 2. L. 21. Which never yet had good foundation. 11

GASCOIGNE-Steel Glass. ARBER's reprint. P. Madam, thou errest: I say, there is no dark

55. (See also BURTON) ness, but ignorance; in which thou art more puzzled, than the Egyptians in their fog.

Es ist nichts fürchterlicher als EinbildungsTwelfth Night. Act IV. Sc. 2. L. 44. kraft ohne Geschmack. 12

There is nothing more fearful than imaginaThe more we study, we the more discover our

tion without taste. ignorance.

GOETHE-Sprüche in Prosa. III. SHELLEY—Scenes from the Magico Prodigioso 23 of Calderon. Sc. 1.

Build castles in Spain.

HERBERT Jacula Prudentum. Lors feras Omne ignotum pro magnifico est.

chastiaus en Espaigne. GUILLAUME DE Everything unknown is magnified.

LORRIS-Roman de la Rose. 2452. Et TACITUS-Agricola. XXX. Quoting GALGA fais chasteaulx en Espaigne et en France.

cus, the British leader, to his subjects be CHARLES D'ORLEANS--Rondeau. Et le sonfore the battle of the Grampian Hills. ger fait chasteaux en Asie. PIERRE GRANRITTER says the sentence may be a "mar GOIRE-Menus Propos. Tout fin seullet les ginal gloss” and brackets it. Anticipated by chasteaux d'Albanye. Le Verger d'Honneur. THUCYDIDES-Speech of Nicias. Vi. 11. X.

(See also BURTON)






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Seem'd washing his hands with invisible

soap Look, what thy soul holds dear, imagine it In imperceptible water.

To lie that way thou go'st, not whence thou HOOD-Miss Kilmansegg. Her Christening. com'st:

Suppose the singing birds musicians; Delphinum appingit sylvis, in fluctibus aprum.

The grass whereon thou tread'st the presence He paints a dolphin in the woods, and a

strew'd; boar in the waves.

The flowers fair ladies, and thy steps no more HORACE-Ars Poetica. XXX.

Than a delightful measure or a dance.

Richard II. Act I. Sc. 3. L. 286. 3 Celui qui a de l'imagination sans érudition a

Castles in Spain. des ailes, et n'a pas de pieds.

STORER-Peter the Cruel. P. 280, ascribes the He who has imagination without learning

origin of this phrase to the time of Don has wings but no feet.

ENRIQUE of SPAIN, on account of his favors JOUBERT.

being lavishly bestowed before they were

earned. Mercure Français. (1616) Given These are the gloomy comparisons of a dis

as source by LITTRÉ. turbed imagination; the melancholy madness of

(See also HERBERT) poetry, without the inspiration. JUNIUSLetter VIII. To Sir W. Draper.

It is only in France that one builds castles in

Spain. 5 When I could not sleep for cold

MME. DE VILLARS, when made dame d'honI had fire enough in my brain,

neur to the wife of PHILIP_V, of Spain, And builded with roofs of gold

grandson of Louis XIV. of France.

(See also HERBERT) My beautiful castles in Spain! LOWELL-Aladdin. St. 1.

I build nought els but castles in the ayre. (See also HERBERT)

Thos. WATSON—Poems. ARBER'S reprint.

P. 82. See also LYLY_Mother Bombie. His imagination resembled the wings of an Act V. Sc: 3. ostrich. It enabled him to run, though not to

(See also BURTON)

18 soar. MACAULAY-On John Dryden. (1828)

But thou, that did'st appear so fair

To fond imagination,

Dost rival in the light of day
C'est l'imagination qui gouverne le genre humain. Her delicate creation.
The human race is governed by its imagination. WORDSWORTH-Yarrow Visited.

In my mind's eye, Horatio.

L'imitazione del male supera sempre l'eHamlet. Act I. Sc. 2. L. 186.

sempio; comme per il contrario, l'imitazione del bene è sempre

inferiore. This is the very coinage of your brain:

He who imitates what is evil always goes This bodiless creation ecstasy.

beyond the example that is set; on the conHamlet. Act III. Sc. 4. L. 137.

trary, he who imitates what is good always falls 10

short. This is a gift that I have, simple, simple; a GUICCIARDINI–Storia d' Italia. foolish extravagant spirit, full of forms, figures, shapes, objects, ideas, apprehensions, motions,

Respicere exemplar vitæ morumque jubebo revolutions; these are begot in the ventricle of

Doctum imitatorem, et veras hinc ducere voces. memory, nourished in the womb of pia mater, I would advise him who wishes to imitate and delivered upon the mellowing of occasion. well, to look closely into life and manners, Love's Labour's Lost. Act IV. Sc. 2. L. 67.

and thereby to learn to express them with 11

truth. The lunatic, the lover and the poet

Are of imagination all compact.
Midsummer Night's Dream. Act V. Sc. 1. Pindarum quisquis studet æmulari,
L. 7.

Iule ceratis

ope Dædalea 12

Nititur pennis, vitreo daturus And as imagination bodies forth

Nomina ponto. The forms of things unknown, the poet's pen

He who studies to imitate the poet Pindar, Turns them to shapes and gives to airy nothing O Julius, relies on artificial wings fastened A local habitation and a name.

on with wax, and is sure to give his name Midsummer Night's Dream. Act V. Sc. 1. to a glassy sea. L. 14.

HORACE_Carmina. IV. 2. 1. The best in this kind are but shadows; and

Dociles imitandis the worst are no worse, if imagination amend Turpibus ac pravis omnes sumus. them.

We are all easily taught to imitate what Midsummer Night's Dream. Act V. Sc. 1. is base and depraved. L. 213.

JUVENAL-Satires. XIV. 40.







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