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one from that of his presence at a battle being equal to a reinforcement of forty thousand men. DUKE OF WELLINGTONMemorandum. Sept.

18, 1836.



Controls them and subdues, transmutes, bereaves Of their bad influence, and their good receives. WORDSWORTH-Character of the Happy War



If the nose of Cleopatra had been shorter, the whole face of the earth would have been changed. PASCAL-Thoughts. Ch. VIII. 29. (1623)

(See also FAVART) Thus does the Muse herself move men divinely inspired, and through them thus inspired a Chain hangs together of others inspired divinely like wise. PLATO-Ion. Par. V. Simile called “Plato's

Rings.” (See also HOMER) By the golden chain Homer meant nothing else than the sun. Plato in KIRCHER's Magnes Sive de Arte Mag

netica. See also HARE's Guesses at Truth. 2nd Series. Ed. 3. P. 377.

(See also HOMER) Thou wert my guide, philosopher, and friend.

POPEEssay on Man. Ep. IV. L. 390. And the touch'd needle trembles to the pole. POPE—Temple of Fame. L. 431.

(See also NORRIS) They are like the deaf adder that stoppeth her ear; which will not hearken to the voice of charmers, charming never so wisely.

Psalms. LVIII. 4. 5.

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Deserted, at his utmost need,
By those his former bounty fed;
On the bare earth exposed he lies,
With not a friend to close his eyes.

DRYDEN-Alexander's Feast. St. 4.



Ingratitude's a weed of every clime,
It thrives too fast at first, but fades in time.
SAM'L GARTH-Epistle to the Earl of Godolphin.

L. 27.


That man may last, but never lives,
Who much receives, but nothing gives;
Whom none can love, whom none can thank,
Creation's blot, creation's blank.

THOMAS GIBBONS—When Jesus Dwelt.



A man is very apt to complain of the ingratitude of those who have risen far above him. SAMUEL JOHNSONBoswell's Life of Johnson.



Nihil amas, cum ingratum amas.

You love a nothing when you love an ingrate. PLAUTUS—Persa. II. 2. 46.

Even as the needle that directs the hour, (Touched with the loadstone) by the secret

power Of hidden Nature, points upon the pole; Even so the wavering

powers of my soul, Touch'd by the virtue of Thy spirit, flee From what is earth, and point alone to Thee. QUARLES—Job Mil. Med. IV. Also in Emblems. Bk. I. Emblem 13. (See also NORRIS)

Such souls, Whose sudden visitations daze the world, Vanish like lightning, but they leave behind A voice that in the distance far away Wakens the slumbering ages. SIR HENRY TAYLOR-Philip Van Artevelde.

Pt. I. Act I. Sc. 7. For so the whole round Earth is every way Bound by Gold Chains about the Feet of God. TENNYSON--Morte D'Arthur.

(See also HOMER) 10 I am a part of all that I have met.

TENNYSON-Ulysses. L. 18. 11

I thank God that if I am gifted with little of the spirit which is said to be able to raise mortals to the skies, I have yet none, as I trust, of that other spirit,

which would drag angels down. DANIEL WEBSTER-Second Speech on Foot's Resolution, Jan. 26, 1830.

(See also DRYDEN) 12

It is very true that I have said that I considered Napoleon's presence in the field equ to forty thousand men in the balance. This is a very loose way of talking; but the idea is a very different


Ingratus est, qui beneficium accepisse se negat, quod accepit: ingratus est, qui dissimulat; ingratus, qui non reddit; ingratissimus omnium, qui oblitus est.

He is ungrateful who denies that he has received a kindness which has been bestowed upon him; he is ungrateful who conceals it; he is ungrateful who makes no return for it; most ungrateful of all is he who forgets it. SENECA-De Beneficiis. III. 1.


Blow, blow, thou winter wind,
Thou art not so unkind

As man's ingratitude:
Thy tooth is not so keen,
Because thou art not seen,

Although thy breath be rude.
As You Like It. Act II. Sc. 7. L. 174.














Ingratitude is monstrous; and for the multi

INJURY tude to be ingrateful, were to make a monster of

'Twas he the multitude.

Gave heat unto the injury, which returned Coriolanus. Act II. Sc. 3. L. 8.

Like a petard ill lighted, unto the bosom

Of him gave fire to it. This was the most unkindest cut of all;

BEAUMONT-Fair Maid of the Inn. Act II. For when the noble Cæsar saw him stab,

(See also HAMLET, HERBERT) Ingratitude, more strong than traitor's arms, Quite vanquish'd him; then burst his mighty | Accipere quam facere injuriam præstat. heart;

It is better to receive than to do an injury. And, in his mantle muffling, up his face,

CICEROTusculanarum Disputationum. V. Even at the base of Pompey's statue, Which all the while ran blood, great Cæsar fell. Julius Cæsar. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 187.

Wit's an unruly engine, wildly striking,

Sometimes a friend, sometimes the engineer. Ingratitude! thou marble-hearted fiend,

HERBERT—Church Porch. More hideous, when thou show'st thee in a

(See also BEAUMONT) child, Than the sea-monster!

Plerumque dolor etiam venustos facit. King Lear. Act I. Sc. 4. L. 28.

A strong sense of injury often gives point to

the expression of our feelings. All the stord vengeances of heaven fall

PLINY the Younger—Epistles. III. 9.
On her ungrateful top.
King Lear. Act II. Sc. 4. L. 164.

Aut potentior te, aut imbecillior læsit: si imWhat, would'st thou have a serpent sting thee becillior, parce illi; si potentior, tibi. twice?

He who has injured thee was either stronger Merchant of Venice. Act IV. Sc. 1. L. 69.

or weaker. If weaker, spare him; if stronger,

spare thyself. I hate gratitude more in a man,

SENECA-De Ira. III. 5.
Than lying, vainness, babbling, drunkenness,
Or any taint of vice.

For 'tis the sport to have the engineer
Twelfth Night. Act III. Sc. 4. L. 388. Hoist with his own petar.

Hamlet. Act III. Sc. 4. Ingratus unus miseris omnibus nocet.

(See also BEAUMONT) One ungrateful man does an injury to all who are in suffering.


INN, TAVERN He that's ungrateful, has no guilt but one; You may go to Carlisle's and to Almanac's too; All other crimes may pass for virtues in him. And I'll give you my Head if you find such a YOUNG-Busiris.


For Coffee, Tea, Chocolate, Butter, or Toast; INHERITANCE

How he welcomes at once all the World and his

Wife, And all to leave what with his toil he won, And how civil to Folks he ne'er saw in his Life. To that unfeather'd two-legged thing, a son. ANSTEY—New Bath Guide. Fourth Ed. (1767) DRYDEN—Absalom and Achitophel. Pt. I. L. P. 130. Phrase "the world and his wife' also 169.

found in SWIFT-Polite Conversation. Third 10

Dialogue. Another version "All the world What we have inherited from our fathers and and Little Billing.” A parish in Northampmothers is not all that 'walks in us.' There are tonshire. all sorts of dead ideas and lifeless old beliefs. They have no tangibility, but they haunt us all He who has not been at a tavern knows not the same and we can not get rid of them. When

what a paradise it is. O holy tavern! O miracever I take up a newspaper I seem to see Ghosts ulous tavern!—holy, because no carking cares gliding between the lines. Ghosts must be all

are there, nor weariness, nor pain; and mirac over the country, as thick as the sands of the sea. ulous, because of the spits, which themselves IBSENGhosts.

turn round and round!

ARETINO—Quoted by Longfellow in Hyperion. He lives to build, not boast, a generous race;

Bk. III. Ch. II.
No tenth transmitter of a foolish face.
RICHARD SAVAGEThe Bastard. L. 7.

He had scarcely gone a short league, when

Fortune, that was conducting his affairs from De male quæsitis vix gaudet tertius pæres, good to better, discovered to him the road, where Nec habet eventus sordida præda bonos.

he also espied an Inn. Sancho positively mainWhat's ill-got scarce to a third heir descends, tained it was an Inn, and his master that it was Nor wrongful booty meets with prosperous a castle; and the dispute lasted so long that they ends.

arrived there before it was determined. Quoted by WALSINGHAMHistory. P. 260. CERVANTES--Don Quixote. Pt. I. Ch. XV.








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Now musing o'er the changing scene
Farmers behind the tavern screen
Collect; with elbows idly press'd
On hob, reclines the corner's guest,
Reading the news to mark again
The bankrupt lists or price of grain.
Puffing the while his red-tipt pipe
He dreams o'er troubles nearly ripe,
Yet, winter's leisure to regale,
Hopes better times, and sips his ale.

ČLARE—Shepherd's Calendar.



Whoe'er has travel'd life's dull round,

Where'er his stages may have been,
May sigh to think he still has found

The warmest welcome, at an inn.
SHENSTONE-Written at an Inn at Henley.
Different version in DODSLEY's Collection.

(See also COMBE)
What care if the day
Be turned to gray,
What care if the night come soon!
We may choose the pace
Who bow for grace,
At the Inn of the Silver Moon.
Inn. .

To see a world in a grain of sand,

And a heaven in a wild flower:
Hold infinity in the palm of your hand,

And eternity in an hour.
WILLIAM BLAKE-Auguries of Innocence.

E'en drunken Andrew felt the blow

That innocence can give,
When its resistless accents flow

To bid affection live.
BLOOMFIELD/The Drunken Father. St. 18.


Along the varying road of life,
In calm content, in toil or strife,
At morn or noon, by night or day,
As time conducts him on his way,
How oft doth man, by care oppressed,
Find in an Inn a place of rest.
WM. COMBE,Dr. Syntax in Search of the Pic-
turesque. Canto IX. L. 1.

(See also SHENSTONE)
Where'er his fancy bids him roam,
In ev'ry Inn he finds a home-
Will not an Inn his cares beguile,
Where on each face he sees a smile?
WM. COMBE—Dr. Syntax in Search of the Pic-

turesque. Canto IX. L. 13.

Where you have friends you should not go to inns.





Omon Dieu, conserve-moi innocente, donne la grandeur aux autres!

O God, keep me innocent; make others great! CAROLINE MATILDA-Scratched on a window of

the Castle Fredericksburg, Denmark.



There is nothing which has yet been contrived by man, by which so much happiness is produced as by a good tavern or inn. SAMUEL JOHNSON—Boswell's Life of Johnson.


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Souls of poets dead and gone,
What Elysium have ye known,
Happy field or mossy cavern,
Choicer than the Mermaid Tavern?
KEATS—Mermaid Tavern.

The atmosphere Breathes rest and comfort and the many cham

bers Seem full of welcomes. LONGFELLOW-Masque of Pandora. Pt. V.

L. 33.



A region of repose it seems,
A place of slumber and of dreams.
LONGFELLOWTales of a Wayside Inn. Pt. I.

Prelude. L. 18.

On devient innocent quand on est malheureux.

We become innocent when we are unfortunate. LA FONTAINE-Nymphes de Vaux.

What can innocence hope for, When such as sit her judges are corrupted!

MASSINGER—Maid of Honor. Act V. Sc. 2.

21 He's armed without that's innocent within. POPE-Epistles of Horace. Ep. I. Bk. I. L.

Mais l'innocence enfin n'a rien à redouter.

But innocence has nothing to dread.
RACINE–Phèdre. III. 6.

Quam angusta innocentia est, ad legem bonum esse.

What narrow innocence it is for one to be good only according

to the law. SENECA-De Ira. II. 27.


In the worst inn's worst room, with mat half hung.

POPE—Moral Essays. Ep. 3. L. 299.

10 Shall I not take mine ease in mine inn?

Henry IV. Pt. I. Act III. Sc. 3. L. 92.



The west yet glimmers with some streaks of day: 0, take the sense, sweet, of my innocence, Now spurs the lated traveler apace

Love takes the meaning in love's conference. To gain the timely inn.

Midsummer Night's Dream. Act II. Sc. 2. Macbeth. Act III. Sc. 3. L. 7.

L. 45.











Hence, bashful cunning!

Emperors of the Moghol Race. (1742) P. 57. And prompt me, plain and holy innocence!

See also story of the Christian Broker, Arar Tempest. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 81.

bian Nights. LANE's trans. Ed, 1859. Vol.

I. P. 307. We were as twinn'd lambs that did frisk i’ the

(See also EURIPIDES) sun, And bleat the one at the other; what we chang'd Mad as a March hare. Was innocence for innocence; we knew not

HALLIWELL-Archaic Diet. Vol. II. Art. The doctrine of ill-doing, nor dream'd

March Hare." HEYWOOD-Proverbs. Pt. That any did.

II. Ch. V. SKELTON-Replycacion Agaynst Winter's Tale. Act I. Sc. 2. L. 67.

Certayne Yong Scolers, etc. L. 35.

(See also THACKERAY) 3 I doubt not then but innocence shall make False accusation blush, and tyranny

Doceo insanire omnes. Tremble at patience.

I teach that all men are mad. Winter's Tale. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 31.

HORACE_Satires. II. 3. 81.

(See also MANTUANUS)
O, white innocence,
That thou shouldst wear the mask of guilt to hide Nimirum insanus paucis videatur, eo quod
Thine awful and serenest countenance

Maxima pars hominum morbo jactatur eodem. From those who know thee not!

He appears mad indeed but to a few, beSHELLEY--The Cenci. Act V. Sc. 3. L. 24. cause the majority is infected with the same

disease. INSANITY

HORACE-Satires. II. 3. 120, Like men condemned to thunderbolts,

Quisnam igitur sanus? Qui non stultus. Who, ere the blow, become mere dolts.

Who then is sane? He who is not a fool. BUTLERHudibras. Pt. III. Canto II. L.

HORACE-Satires. II. 3. 158. 565. (See also EURIPIDES) Much madness is divinest sense

O major tandem parcas, insane, minori. To a discerning eye;

Oh! thou who art greatly mad, deign to spare Much sense the starkest madness.

me who am less mad. 'Tis the majority

HORACE/Satires. II. 3. 326.
In this, as all, prevails
Assent, and you are sane;

I demens! et sævas curre per Alpes,
Demur, -you're straightway dangerous,

Ut pueris placeas et declamatio fias. And handled with a chain.

Go, madman! rush over the wildest Alps, EMILY DICKINSONPoems. XI. (Ed. 1891) that you may please children and be made the 7

subject of declamation. For those whom God to ruin has designed

JUVENAL—Satires. X. 166.
He fits for fate, and first destroys their mind.
DRYDEN–Fables. The Hind and the Panther.

18 Pt. III. L. 2,387.

O, hark! what mean those yells and cries? (See also EURIPIDES)

His chain some furious madman breaks;

He comes I see his glaring eyes;
There is a pleasure, sure,

Now, now, my dungeon grate he shakes,
In being mad, which none but madmen know!

Help! Help! 'He's gone!- fearful woe, DRYDEN-Spanish Friar. Act II. St. 1.

Such screams to hear, such sights to see! (See also COWPER under Poets)

My brain, my brain, I know, I know 9

I am not mad but soon shall be. The alleged power to charm down insanity, or

MATTHEW GREGORY LEWIS ("Monk Lewis") ferocity in beasts, is a power behind the eye.

--The Maniac. EMERSON—Essays. Conduct of Life. Of Be haviour.

Id commune malum; semel insanivimus omnes. 10

It is a common calamity; at some one time At dæmon, homini quum struit aliquid malum, we have all been mad. Pervertit illi primitus mentem suam.

JOH. BAPTISTA MANTUANUS—Ecl. I. But the devil when he purports any evil

20 against man, first perverts his mind. EURIPIDES. Fragment 25. BARNES Ed. At My dear Sir, take any road, you can't go amiss.

tributed to ATHENAGORUS. Also ed. pub. The whole state is one vast insane asylum. at Padua, 1743-53. Vol. X. P. 268. The

JAMES L. PETIGRU-On being asked the way to Translator, P. CARMELI, gives the Italian

the Charleston, S. C., Insane Asylum. (1860) as: Quondo vogliono gli Dei far perire alcuno, gli tiglie la mente.

Hei mihi, insanire me ajunt, ultro cum ipsi insa(See also DRYDEN, FRASER, SOPHOCLES)

niunt. 11

They call me mad, while they are all mad But when Fate destines one to ruin it begins themselves. by blinding the eyes of his understanding.

PLAUTUS—Mencechmi. V. 2. 90. JAMES FRASER-Short Hist. of the Hindostan

(See also HORACE)










cerning such whom God is slow to punish.") Nullum magnum ingenium sine mixtura de HESIOD—Scutum Herculis. V. 89. Note mentiæ fuit.

by ROBINSON gives it to PLATO. See also There has never been any great genius with STOBEUS-Germ. II. de Malitia. out a spice of madness.

(See also EURIPIDES) SENECA-De Animi Tranquillitate. XV. 10. 2

Insanus omnis furere credit ceteros. Quid est dementius quam bilem in homines Every madman thinks all other men mad. collectam in res effundere.

What is more insane than to vent on sense 13
less things the anger that is felt towards men? Mad as a hatter.
SENECA-De Ira. II. 26.

THACKERAYPendennis. Ch. X. 3

(See also HALLIWELL)
Madam, I swear I use no art at all.
That he is mad, 'tis true, 'tis true 'tis pity;

And pity 'tis 'tis true.
Hamlet. Act II. Sc. 2. L. 96.

Instinct is untaught ability.

Bain-Senses and Intellect. (1855) P. 256. Though this be madness, yet there is method in 't.

Ein guter Mensch in seinem dunkeln Drange Hamlet. Act II. Sc. 2. L. 208.

Ist sich des rechten Weges wohl bewusst.

A good man, through obscurest aspirations,

It shall be so: Has still an instinct of the one true way. Madness in great ones must not unwatch'd go. GOETHE-Faust. Prolog im Himmel. Der Hamlet. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 196.

Herr. L. 88. I am not mad; I would to heaven I were! Nous n'écoutons d'instincts que ceux qui sont For then, 'tis like I should forget myself.

les nôtres. King John. Act III. Sc. 4. L. 48.

Et ne croyons le mal que quand il est venu.

'Tis thus we heed no instincts but our own, We

Believe no evil, till the evil's done. when nature, being oppress’d, commands the LA FONTAINEFables. I. 8.

mind To suffer with the body.

A fierce unrest seethes at the core King Lear. Act II. Sc. 4. L. 109.

Of all existing things:

It was the eager wish to soar
Were such things here as we do speak about? That gave the gods their wings.
Or have we eaten on the insane root
That takes the reason prisoner?

There throbs through all the worlds that are Macbeth. Act I. Sc. 3. L. 83.

This heart-beat hot and strong,

And shaken systems, star by star, You will never run mad, niece;

Awake and glow in song. No, not till a hot January.

DON MARQUISUnrest. Much Ado About Nothing. Act I. Sc. 1. L. 93.

Great thoughts, great feelings, came to them, 10

Like instincts, unawares. Fetter strong madness in a silken thread.

RICH. MONCKTON MILNESThe Men of Old. Much Ado About Nothing. Act V. Sc. 1. 19 L. 25.

But honest instinct comes a volunteer; 11

Sure never to o'er-shoot, but just to hit, Quem Jupiter vult perdere, dementat primus. While still too wide or short in human wit.

Whom Jupiter would destroy he first drives POPE-Essay on Man. Ep. III. L. 85. mad. SOPHOCLES Antigone. JOHNSON's ed. (1758) How instinct varies in the grov'lling swine, L. 632. Sophocles quotes it as a saying. Compar'd, half-reasoning elephant, with thine! The passage in Antigone is explained by Twist that and reason what a nice barrier! Tricinius as “The gods lead to error him Forever sep'rate, yet forever near! whom they intend to make miserable.” POPE-Essay on Man. Ep. I. L. 221. Quoted by ATHENAGORAS in Legat. P. 106. 21 Oxon Ed. Found in a_fragment of Instinct and reason how can we divide? ÆSCHYLUS preserved by PLUTARCH-De 'Tis the fool's ignorance, and the pedant's pride. Audiend. Poet P. 63. Oxon ed. See PRIOR-Solomon on the Vices of the World. Bk. also CONSTANTINUS MANASSES. Fragments. I. L. 231. Bk. VIII. L. 40. Ed. by BOISSONADE. 22 (1819) DUPORT'S Gnomologia Homerica. Instinct is a great matter; I was a coward P. 282. (1660) Oracula Sibyliana. Bk. on instinct. VIII. L. 14. LEUTSCH AND SCHNEIDEWIN Henry IV. Pt. I. Act II. Sc. 4. L. 299. - Corpus Parcmiographorum Græcorum Vol. I. P. 444. SEXTUS EMPIRICUS is A few strong instincts and a few plain rules. given as the first writer to present the whole WORDSWORTH-Alas! What Boots the Long of the adage as cited by PLUTARCH. (“Con Laborious Quest?





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