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JACKDAW

Among the flowers no perfume is like mine; The Jackdaw sat in the Cardinal's chair!

That which is best in me comes from within. Bishop and Abbot and Prior were there,

So those in this world who would rise and shine Many a monk and many a friar,

Should seek internal excellence to win. Many a knight and many a squire,

And though 'tis true that falsehood and despair With a great many more of lesser degree,

Meet in my name, yet bear it still in mind In sooth a goodly company;

That where they meet they perish. All is fair And they served the Lord Primate on bended When they are gone and nought remains beknee.

hind. Never, I ween,

LELANDJessamine. Was a prouder seen, Read of in books or dreamt of in dreams, And the jasmine flower in her fair young breast, Than the Cardinal Lord Archbishop of Rheims. (O the faint, sweet smell of that jasmine R. H. BARHAM-Ingoldsby Legends. The Jack flower!) daw of Rheims.

And the one bird singing alone to his nest.

And the one star over the tower. An old miser kept a tame jackdaw, that used OWEN MEREDITH (Lord Lytton)--Aux Italto steal pieces of money, and hide them in a iens. St. 13. hole, which a cat observing, asked, "Why he would hoard up those round shining things that It smelt so faint, and it smelt so sweet, he could make no use of?" "Why,” said the It made me creep and it made me cold. jackdaw, "my master has a whole chestfull, and Like the scent that steals from the crumbling makes no more use of them than I do."

sheet SWIFT—Thoughts on Various Subjects.

Where a mummy is half unroll'd.

OWEN MEREDITH (Lord Lytton)-Aux ItalJANUARY

iens.

(See also HARTE under PERFUME) Janus was invoked at the commencement of most actions; even in the worship of the other

Out in the lonely woods the jasmine burns gods the votary began by offering wine and in

Its fragrant lamps, and turns cense to Janus. The first month in the year was

Into a royal court with green festoons named from him; and under the title of Matu

The banks of dark lagoons. tinus he was regarded as the opener of the day. HENRY TIMROD-Spring. Hence he had charge of the gates of Heaven, and hence, too, all gates, Janue, were called

JAY after him, and supposed to be under his care. 12 Hence, perhaps, it was, that he was represented | What, is the jay more precious than the lark, with a staff and key, and that he was named the Because his feathers are more beautiful? Opener (Patulcius), and the Shutter (Clusius). Taming of the Shrew. Act IV. Sc. 3. L. 177. M. A. DWIGHT Grecian and Roman Mythology. Janus.

JEALOUSY
That blasts of January

The damning tho't stuck in my throat and cut Would blow you through and through.

me like a knife, Winter's Tale. Act IV. Sc. 4. L. 111. That she, whom all my life I'd loved, should be

another's wife. JASMINE

H. G. BELL-The Uncle. Written for and reJasminum

cited by HENRY IRVING. And at my silent window-sill

Yet he was jealous, though he did not show it, The jessamine peeps in.

For jealousy dislikes the world to know it. BRYANT--The Hunter's Serenade.

BYRON-Don Juan. Canto I. St. 65.

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Less at thine own things laugh; lest in the jest
Thy person share, and the conceit advance,
Make not thy sport abuses: for the fly
That feeds on dung is colored thereby.

HERBERT_Temple. Church Porch. St. 39.

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O, beware, my lord of jealousy;
It is the green-eyed monster which doth mock
The meat it feeds on; that cuckold lives in bliss,
Who, certain of his fate, loves not his wronger;
But, O, what damned minutes tells he o'er,
Who dotes, yet doubts, suspects, yet strongly

loves! Othello. Act III. Sc. 3. L. 166. ("Fondly

loves" in some editions.) 13

Trifles light as air Are to the jealous confirmations strong As proofs of holy writ.

Othello. Act III. Sc. 3. L. 322.

People that make puns are like wanton boys that put coppers on the railroad tracks.

HOLMESThe Autocrat of the Breakfast Table. I. And however our Dennises take offence, A double meaning shows double sense;

And if proverbs tell truth,

A double tooth
Is wisdom's adopted dwelling.
HOOD-Miss Kilmansegg.

(See also DENNIS)

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Of all the griefs that harass the distress'd,
Sure the most bitter is a scornful jest;
Fate never wounds more deep the generous

heart, Than when a blockhead's insult points the dart. SAMUEL JOHNSON-London. L. 165. Imita

tion of Juvenal. Satire. III. V. 152.

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La moquerie est souvent une indigence d'esprit. Jesting, often, only proves a want of intellect. LA BRUYÈRE.

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Joking decides great things,
Stronger and better oft than earnest can.

MILTON—Horace.

That's a good joke but we do it much better in England GENERAL OGLETHORPE to a Prince of Würtem

berg who at dinner flicked some wine in Oglethorpe's face. Assuming the insult to be a joke Oglethorpe threw a whole wine glass in the Prince's face in return. BosWELL'S-Life of Johnson. (1772)

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Diseur de bon mots, mauvais caractère.

A jester, a bad character.
PASCAL-Pensées. Art. VI. 22.

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Si quid dictum est per jocum, Non æquum est id te serio prævortier.

If anything is spoken in jest, it is not fair to turn it to earnest.

PLAUTUS— Amphitruo. III. 2. 39.
Omissis jocis.

Joking set aside.
PLINY THE YOUNGER-Epistles. I. 21.
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Der Spass verliert Alles, wenn der Spass macher selber lacht.

A jest loses its point when the jester laughs himself. SCHILLER-Fiesco. I. 7. 9 Alas, poor Yorick! I knew him, Horatio: a fellow of infinite jest, of most excellent fancy.

Hamlet-Act V. Śc. 1. L. 203.

10 Jesters do often prove prophets.

King Lear. Act V. Sc. 3. L. 71.

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A jest's prosperity lies in the ear
Of him that hears it, never in the tongue
Of him that makes it.

Love's Labour's Lost. Act V. Sc. 2. L. 871.
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A dry jest, sir.

I have them at my fingers' end.

Twelfth Night. Act I. Sc. 3. L. 80.

13 A college joke to cure the dumps.

SWIFT- Cassinus and Peter.

JEWELS; JEWELRY

January
By her who in this month is born,
No gems save Garnets should be worn;
They will insure her constancy,
True friendship and fidelity.

February
The February born will find
Sincerity and peace of mind;
Freedom from passion and from care,
If they the Pearl (also green amethyst) will wear.

March
Who in this world of ours their eyes
In March first open shall be wise;
In days of peril firm and brave,
And wear a Bloodstone to their grave.

April
She who from April dates her years,
Diamonds should wear, lest bitter tears
For vain repentance flow; this stone,
Emblem of innocence is known.

May
Who first beholds the light of day
In Spring's sweet flowery month of May
And wears an Emerald all her life,
Shall be a loved and happy wife.

June
Who comes with Summer to this earth
And owes to June her day of birth,
With ring of Agate on her hand,
Can health, wealth, and long life command.

July
The glowing Ruby should adorn
Those who in warm July are born,
Then will they be exempt and free
From love's doubt and anxiety.

August
Wear a Sardonyx or for thee
No conjugal felicity.
The August-born without this stone
'Tis said must live unloved and lone.

September
A maiden born when Autumn leaves
Are rustling in September's breeze,
A Sapphire

on her brow should bind, 'Twill cure diseases of the mind.

October
October's child is born for woe,
And life's vicissitudes must know;
But lay an Opal on her breast,
And hope will lull those woes to rest.

November
Who first comes to this world below
With drear November's fog and snow
Should prize the Topaz' amber hue
Emblem of friends and lovers true.

December
If cold December gave you birth,
The month of snow and ice and mirth,
Place on your hand a Turquoise blue,
Success will bless whate'er you do.

In Notes and Queries, May 11, 1889. P. 371.

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Asperæ facetiæ, ubi nimis ex vero traxere,
Acram sui memoriam relinquunt.

A bitter jest, when it comes too near the truth, leaves a sharp sting behind it. TACITUS- Annales. XV. 68.

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A quarrel
About a hoop of gold, a paltry ring.

Merchant of Venice. Act V. Sc. 1. L. 146.

16 I'll give my jewels for a set of beads. Richard II, Act III. Sc. 3. L. 147.

17 The clock upbraids me with the waste of time.

Twelfth Night. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 141.

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It strikes! one, two,
Three, four, five, six. Enough, enough, dear

watch,
Thy pulse hath beat enough. Now sleep and rest;
Would thou could'st make the time to do so too;
I'll wind thee up no more.

BEN JONSON-Staple of News. Act I. Sc. 1.

Après l'esprit de discernement, ce qu'il y a au monde de plus rare, ce sont les diamants et les perles.

The rarest things in the world, next to a spirit of discernment, are diamonds and pearls. LA BRUYÈRELes Caractères. XII.

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Pearl of great price.

Matthew. XIII. 46.

7 Rich and rare were the gems she wore, And a bright gold ring on her wand she bore. MOORE–Irish Melodies. Rich and Rare were

the Gems She Wore.

JEWS The Jews are among the aristocracy of every land; if a literature is called rich in the possession of a few classic tragedies, what shall we say to a national tragedy lasting for fifteen hundred years, in which the poets and the actors were also the heroes. GEORGE ELIOT—Daniel Deronda. Bk. VI. Ch.

XLII.

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On her white breast a sparkling cross she wore, Which Jews might kiss and Infidels adore.

POPE-Rape of the Lock. Canto II. L. 7.

9 Nay, tarry a moment, my charming girl; Here is a jewel of gold and pearl; A beautiful cross it is I ween As ever on beauty's breast was seen; There's nothing at all but love to pay; Take it and wear it, but only stay! Ah! Sir Hunter, what excellent taste! I'm not-in suchparticular-haste. J. G. SAXE—The Hunter and the Milkmaid. Trans.

I see the jewel best enameled Will lose his beauty; and the gold 'bides still, That others touch, and often touching will Wear gold.

Comedy of Errors. Act II. Sc. 1. L. 109.

Who hateth me but for my happiness?
Or who is honored now but for his wealth?
Rather had I, a Jew, be hated thus,
Than pitied in a Christian poverty.

MARLOWEThe Jew of Malta. Act I. Sc. 1.

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To undo a Jew is charity, and not sin.

MARLOWE—The Jew of Malta. Act IV. Sc. 6.

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'Tis plate of rare device, and jewels
Of rich and exquisite form; their value's great;
And I am something curious, being strange,
To have them in safe stowage.

Cymbeline. Act I. Sc. 6. L. 189.
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Your ring first;
And here the bracelet of the truest princess
That ever swore her faith.
Cymbeline. Act V. Sc. 5. L. 416.

Ever out of frame,
And never going right, being a watch,
But being watch'd that it may still go right!

Love's Labour's Lost. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 193.

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I am a Jew: Hath not a Jew eyes? hath not a Jew hands, organs, dimensions, senses, affections, passions? fed with the same food, hurt with the same weapons, subject to the same diseases, healed by the same means, warmed and cooled by the same winter and summer, as a Christian is?

Merchant of Venice. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 60.

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JOURNALISM (See also AUTHORSHIP, CRITICS,
NEWS)

A Fourth Estate, of Able Editors, springs up.

CARLYLE-French Revolution. Pt. I. Bk. VI. I would

Ch. 5. earnestly advise them for their good to order this paper to be punctually served up, and to be looked upon as a part of

Great is journalism. Is not every able editor the tea equipage.

a ruler of the world, being the persuader of it? ADDISON—Spectator. No. 10.

CARLYLE-French Revolution. Pt. II. Bk. 1.

Ch. 4.

12 They consume a considerable quantity of our Burke said there were Three Estates in Parliapaper manufacture, employ our artisans in print- ment; but, in the Reporter's gallery yonder, ing, and find business for great numbers of in there sat a fourth estate more important far digent persons.

than they all. ADDISON-Spectator. No. 367.

CARLYLEHeroes and Hero-Worship. Lecture

V. Burke is credited with having invented 3 Advertisements are of great use to the vulgar.

the term, but it does not appear in his First of all, as they are instruments of ambition.

published works. The three estates of A man that is by no means big ough for the

the realm” are the Lords Spiritual, The Gazette, may easily creep into the advertise

Lords Temporal, and the Commons. David ments; by which means we often see an apothe

LINDSLAY-Ane pleasant satyre of the Three

Estatis. (1535) RABELAIS-in Pantagruel, cary in the same paper of news with a plenipotentiary, or a running footman with an ambas

448 describes a monk, a falconer, a lawyer, sador.

and a husbandman called the "four estates ADDISONTatler. No. 224.

of the island.” (Les quatre estatz de l'isle.)

A parliament speaking through reporters to The great art in writing advertisements is Buncombe and the Twenty-seven millions, the finding out a proper method to catch the mostly fools. reader's eye; without which a good thing may CARLYLE-Latter Day Pamphlets. No. VI. pass over unobserved, or be lost

among commis Parliaments. sions of bankrupt.

(See also CARLYLE under GOVERNMENT) ADDISONTatler. No. 224.

Get your facts first, and then you can distort Ask how to live? Write, write, write, anything;

'em as much as you please. The world's a fine believing world, write news.

S. L. CLEMENS (Mark Twain)- Interview with

KIPLING. In From Sea to Sea. Epistle 37. BEAUMONT AND FLETCHER — Wit without Money. Act II.

Only a newspaper! Quick read, quick lost, [The opposition Press) which is in the hands Who sums the treasure that it carries hence? of malecontents who have failed in their career. Torn, trampled under feet, who counts thy cost, BISMARCK. To a deputation from Rügen to Stareyed intelligence? the King. Nov. 10, 1862.

MARY CLEMMERThe Journalist. St. 9.

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To serve thy generation, this thy fate:
“Written in water," swiftly fades thy name;
But he who loves his kind does, first and late,
A work too great for fame.
MARY CLEMMER—The Journalist. Last

Stanza.

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Hear, land o' cakes, and brither Scots,
Frae Maidenkirk to Johnny Groat's;
If there's a hole in a' your coats,

I rede you tent it:
A chiel's amang you taking notes,

And, faith, he'll prent it.
BURNS-On Capt. Grose's Peregrinations

Through Scotland.
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A would-be satirist, a hired buffoon,
A monthly scribbler of some low lampoon,
Condemn'd to drudge, the meanest of the mean,
And furbish falsehoods for a magazine.
BYRONEnglish Bards and Scotch Reviewers.

L. 975.

I believe it has been said that one copy of the
Times contains more useful information than
the whole of the historical works of Thucydides.
RICHARD COBDEN-Speech at the Manchester

Athe Dec. 27, 1850. See The Times,
Dec. 30, 1830. P.7. Quoted in MORLEY'S
Life of Cobden. Note. Vol. II. P. 429.
Also reference to same. P. 428.

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