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Miscellanists are the most popular writers among every people; for it is they who form a communication between the learned and the unlearned, and, as it were, throw a bridge between those two great divisions of the public. Isaac D'ISRAELILiterary Character of Men

of Genius. Miscellanists.




None of our political writers

take notice of any more than three estates, namely, Kings, Lords and Commons

passing by in silence that very large and powerful body which form the fourth estate in the community

the Mob. FIELDING—Covent Garden Journal. June 13, 1752.

(See also CARLYLE)

The press is like the air, a chartered libertine. PITT-To Lord Grenville. (About 1757)

(See also HENRY V under SPEECH) The mob of gentlemen who wrote with ease. POPE-Epistles of Horace. Ep. I. Bk. II.

L. 108.
Cela est escrit. Il est vray.

The thing is written. It is true,

Can it be maintained that a person of any education can learn anything worth knowing from a penny paper? It may be said that people may learn what is said in Parliament. Well, will that contribute to their education? SALISBURY (Lord Robert Cecil)-Speeches.

House of Commons, 1861. On the Repeal of the Paper Duties.

But I'll report it Where senators shall mingle tears with smiles. Coriolanus. Act I. Sc. 9. L. 2.

Report me and my cause aright To the unsatisfied.

Hamlet. Act V. Sc. 2. L. 350.

21 Bring me no more reports.

Macbeth. Act V. Sc. 3. L. 1.

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The liberty of the press is the palladium of all the civil, political, and religious rights of an Englishman.

JUNIUSDedication lo Letters.




The highest reach of a news-writer is an empty Reasoning on Policy, and vain Conjectures on the public Management. LA BRUYÈRE- The Characters or Manners of

the Present Age. Ch. I. The News-writer lies down at Night in great Tranquillity, upon a piece of News which corrupts before Morning, and which he is obliged to throw away as soon as he awakes. LA BRUYÈREThe Characters or Manners of

the Present Age. Ch. I.

The newspapers! Sir, they are the most villanous licentious—abominable--infernal not that I ever read them-no-I make it a rule never to look into a newspaper.

R. B. SHERIDAN—The Critic. Act I. Sc. 1.



Tout faiseur de journaux doit tribut au Malin.

Every newspaper editor owes tribute to the devil. LA FONTAINELettre à Simon de Troyes.


Trade hardly deems the busy day begun
Till his keen eye along the sheet has run;
The blooming daughter throws her needle by,
And reads her schoolmate's marriage with a sigh;
While the grave mother puts her glasses on,
And gives a tear to some old crony gone.
The preacher, too, his Sunday theme lays down
To know what last new folly fills the town;
Lively or sad, life's meanest, mightiest things,
The fate of fighting cocks, or fighting kings.




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Here shall the Press the People's right maintain,
Unawed by influence and unbribed by gain;
Here Patriot Truth her glorious precepts draw,
Pledged to Religion, Liberty, and Law.
JOSEPH STORYMotto of the Salem Register.

Adopted 1802. WM. W. STORY's Life of

Joseph Story. Vol. I. Ch. VI. 25 The thorn in the cushion of the editorial chair. THACKERAY—Roundabout Papers. The Thorn

in the Cushion.

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Joy, in Nature's wide dominion,

Mightiest cause of all is found; And 'tis joy that moves the pinion

When the wheel of time goes round. SCHILLER-Hymn to Joy. BOWRING's trans.



Sing out my soul, thy songs of joy;

Such as a happy bird will sing,
Beneath a Rainbow's lovely arch,

In early spring.
W. H. DAVIESSongs of Joy.

Joy ruld the day, and Love the night.

DRYDENThe Secular Masque. L. 82. Our joy is dead, and only smiles on us.

GEORGE ELIGT Spanish Gypsy. Bk. III. 11 All human joys are swift of wing,

For heaven doth so allot it;
That when you get an easy thing,

You find you haven't got it.
EUGENE FIELD_Ways of Life.

There's a hope for every woe,

And a balm for every pain,
But the first joys of our heart

Come never back again!

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There is a sweet joy which comes to us through My suit has nothing to do with the assault,

or battery, or poisoning, but is about three goats, SPURGEON-Gleanings Among the Sheaves. which, I complain, have been stolen by my Sweetness in Sorrow.

neighbor. This the judge desires to have proved

to him; but you, with swelling words and exBeauty for Ashes, and oil of joy!

travagant gestures, dilate on the Battle of WHITTIERThe Preacher. St. 26. Quoting Cannæ, the Mithridatic war, and the perjuries Isaiah LXI. 3.

of the insensate Carthaginians, the Syllæ, the

Marii, and the Mucii. It is time, Postumus, And often, glad no more,

to say something about my three goats. We wear a face of joy, because

MARTIALEpigrams. Bk. VI. Ep. 19.
We have been glad of yore.
WORDSWORTH-The Fountain.

I pleaded your cause, Sextus, having agreed

to do so for two thousand sesterces. How is Joys season'd high, and tasting strong of guilt. it that you have sent me only a thousand? YOUNG-Night Thoughts. Night VIII. L.

"You said nothing,” you tell me; "and this 835.

cause was lost through you.” You ought to JUDGES (See also JUDGMENT) give me so much the more, Sextus, as I had to

blush for you. Judges ought to be more learned than witty, MARTIAL-Epigrams. Bk. VIII. Ep. 18. more reverend than plausible, and more advised than confident. Above all things, integrity is their portion and

Judicis officium est ut res ita tempora rerum virtue.

proper BACON-Essays. Of Judicature.


The judge's duty is to inquire about the The cold neutrality of an impartial judge.

time, as well as the facts. BURKE-Preface to Brissot's Address. Vol.

OVID-Tristium. I. 1. 37. V. P. 67.

The hungry judges soon the sentence sign, A justice with grave justices shall sit;

And wretches hang that jurymen may dine. He praise their wisdom, they admire his wit. POPE-Rape of the Lock. Canto III. L. 21. GAYThe Birth of the Squire. L. 77.

Since twelve honest men have decided the cause, Art thou a magistrate? then be severe:

And were judges of fact, tho' not judges of laws. If studious, copy fair what time hath blurr'd, PULTENEYThe Honest Jury. In the CraftsRedeem truth from his jaws: if soldier,

man. Vol. 5. 337. Refers to SIR PHILIP Chase brave employments with a naked sword YORKE's unsuccessful prosecution of The Throughout the world. Fool not, for all may Craftsman. (1792) Quoted by LORD have

If they dare try, a glorious life, or grave.
HERBERT-The Church Porch. St. 15.

Si judicas, cognosce: si regnas, jube.

If you judge, investigate; if you reign, Male verum examinat omnis

command. Corruptus judex.

SENECA—Medea. CXCIV. A corrupt judge does not carefully search for the truth.

Therefore I say again, HORACE-Satires. II. 2. 8.

I utterly abhor, yea from my soul

Refuse you for my judge; whom, yet once more, So wise, so grave, of so perplex'd a tongue,

I hold my most malicious foe, and think not And loud withal, that would not wag, nor scarce

At all a friend to truth. Lie still without a fee.

Henry VIII. Act II. Sc. 4. L. 80. BEN JONSON—Volpone. Act I. Sc. 1.

Heaven is above all yet; there sits a judge, Le devoir des juges est de rendre justice, leur

That no king can corrupt. métier est de la différer; quelques uns savent

Henry VIII. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 100. leur devoir, et font leur métier.

A judge's duty is to grant justice, but his practice is to delay it: even those judges who

Thieves for their robbery have authority know their duty adhere to the general practice.

When judges steal themselves. LA BRUYÈRE-Les Caractères.

Measure for Measure. Act II. Sc. 2. L. 176.

23 Half as sober as a judge.

He who the sword of heaven will bear
CHARLES LAMB.--Letter to Mr. and Mrs. Should be as holy as severe;
Moxon. August, 1833.

Pattern in himself to know,

Grace to stand, and virtue go; Bisogna che i giudici siano assai, perchè pochi More nor less to others paying sempre fanno a modo de' pochi.

Than by self-offenses weighing. There should be many judges, for few will Shame to him, whose cruel striking always do the will of few.

Kills for faults of his own liking! MACHIAVELLI—Dei Discorsi. I. 7.

Measure for Measure. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 275.










In other men we faults can spy,
And blame the mote that dims their eye;
Each little speck and blemish find,
To our own stronger errors blind.

Gay-The Turkey and the Ant. Pt. I. L. 1.


To offend, and judge, are distinct offices
And of opposed natures.

Merchant of Venice. Act II. Sc. 9. L. 61.

It doth appear you are a worthy judge;
You know the law; your exposition
Hath been most sound.

Merchant of Venice. Act IV. Sc. 1. L. 236. 3

What is my offence? Where are the evidence that do accuse me? What lawful quest have given their verdict up Unto the frowning judge?

Richard III. Act I. Sc. 4. L. 187.

So comes a reck'ning when the banquet's o'er, The dreadful reck’ning, and men smile no more.

Gay-The What D'ye Call It. Act II. Sc. 9.


I know of no way of judging the future but by the past. PATRICK HENRY—Speech in the Virginia Con

vention. (1775)

Four things belong to a judge: to hear courteously, to answer wisely, to consider soberly, and to decide impartially.


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Initia magistratuum nostrorum meliora, ferme finis inclinat.

Our magistrates discharge their duties best at the beginning; and fall off toward the end. TACITUS-Annales. XV. 31.

Verso pollice.

With thumb turned.
JUVENAL,Satires. III. 36.

“Vertere” or “convertere pollicem” was the sign of condemnation; “premere" or "comprimere pollicern” (to press or press down the thumb) signified popular favour. To press down both thumbs (utroque pollice compresso) signified a desire to caress one who had fought well. See HORACE. Ep. I. 18. 66. PRUDENTIUS

Ado. Sym. 1098, gives it “Converso pollice.”


Quid tam dextro pede concipis ut te conatus non pæniteat votique peracti?

What is there that you enter upon so favorably as not to repent of the undertaking and the accomplishment of your wish? JUVENAL-Satires. X. 5.



JUDGMENT (See also JUDGES) On you, my lord, with anxious fear I wait, And from your judgment must expect my fate.

ADDISON-A Poem to His Majesty. L. 21.

8 Cruel and cold is the judgment of man,

Cruel as winter, and cold as the snow; But by-and-by will the deed and the plan

Be judged by the motive that lieth below.

Meanwhile “Black sheep, black sheep!” we cry,

Safe in the inner fold;
And maybe they hear, and wonder why,

And marvel, out in the cold.

My friend, judge not me,
Thou seest I judge not thee;
Betwixt the stirrop and the ground,
Mercy I askt, mercy I found.
CAMDEN — Remaines Concerning Britaine.

1637. P. 392. Quoted by Dr. Hill on epitaph to a man killed by a fall from his horse.

On est quelquefois un sot avec de l'esprit; mais on ne l'est jamais avec du jugement.

We sometimes see a fool possessed of talent, but never of judgment. LA ROCHEFOUCAULD-Maximes. 456.


He that judges without informing himself to the utmost that he is capable, cannot acquit himself of judging amiss. LOCKE-Human Understanding. Bk. II. Ch.




We judge ourselves by what we feel capable of doing, while others judge us by what we have already done.

LONGFELLOW-Kavanagh. Ch. I.



Woe to him, * * who has no court of appeal against the world's judgment. CARLYLE—Essays. Mirabeau.

Thou art weighed in the balances, and art found wanting.

Daniel. V. 27.


Give your decisions, never your reasons; your decisions may be right, your reasons are sure to be wrong:




We judge others according to results; how else?-not knowing the process by which results are arrived at. GEORGE ELIOTThe Mill on the Floss. Bk.

VII. Ch. II.

When thou attended gloriously from heaven,
Shalt in the sky appear, and from thee send
Thy summoning archangels to proclaim
Thy dread tribunal.

MILTON- Paradise Lost. Bk. III. L. 323.













There written all Black as the damning drops that fall

A Daniel come to judgment! yea, a Daniel. From the denouncing Angel's pen,

Merchant of Venice. Act IŅ. Sc. 1. L. 223. Ere Mercy weeps them out again. MOORE-Lalla Rookh. Paradise and the Peri.

I charge you by the law, St. 28.

Whereof you are a well deserving pillar,

Proceed to judgment. 'Tis with our judgments as our watches, none Merchant of Venice. Act IV. Sc. 1. L. 238. Go just alike, yet each believes his own. POPE-Essay on Criticism. L. 9.

The urging of that word, judgment, hath bred (See also SUCKLING)

a kind of remorse in me.

Richard III. Act I. Sc. 4. L. 109.
Denn aller Ausgang ist ein Gottesurtheil.
For every event is a judgment of God.

But as when an authentic watch is shown,
SCHILLER—Wallenstein's Tod. I. 7. 32. Each man winds up and rectifies his own,

So in our very judgments. Commonly we say a Judgment falls upon a SIR JOHN SUCKLING—Aglaura. Epilogue. Man for something in him we cannot abide.

(See also POPE) JOHN SELDEN–Table Talk. Judgments.

Though our works For I do not distinguish by the eye, but by

Find righteous or unrighteous judgment, this the mind, which is the proper judge of the man.

At least is ours, to make them righteous. SENECA-On a Happy Life. Ch. I.

SWINBURNE—Marino Faliero. Act III. Sc. 1.

21 Where blind and naked Ignorance We shall be judged, not by what we might Delivers brawling judgments, unashamed, have been, but what we have been.

On all things all day long. SEWELL-Passing Thoughts on Religion. Sym TENNYSON-Idyls of the King. Merlin and pathy in Gladness.

Vivien. L. 662. He that of greatest works is finisher

Ita comparatam esse naturam omnium, aliena Oft does them by the weakest minister:

ut melius videant et dijudicent, quam sua. So holy writ in babes hath judgment shown,

The nature of all men is so formed that they When judges have been babes.

see and discriminate in the affairs of others, All's Well That Ends Well. Act II. Sc. 1. L. much better than in their own. 139.

TERENCE-Heauton timoroumenos. III. 1. 94. I see men's judgments are A parcel of their fortunes; and things outward One cool judgment is worth a thousand hasty Do draw the inward quality after them,

councils. The thing to do is to supply light and To suffer all alike.

not heat. At any rate, if it is heat it ought to Antony and Cleopatra. Act III. Sc. 13. L.31.

be white heat and not sputter, because sputter

ing heat is apt to spread the fire. There ought, Give every man thy ear, but few thy voice; if there is any heat at all, to be that warmth of Take each man's censure, but serve thy judg- the heart which makes every man thrust aside ment.

his own personal feeling, his own personal interHamlet. Act I. Sc. 3. L. 68.

est, and take thought of the welfare and benefit

of others. Forbear to judge, for we are sinners all.

WOODROW WILSON Speech at Pittsburgh, Jan. Henry VI. Pt. II. Act III. Sc. 3. L. 31.

29, 1916.
What we oft do best,

By sick interpreters, once weak ones, is
Not ours, or not allow'd; what worst, as oft,

The linden, in the fervors of July, Hitting a grosser quality, is cried up

Hums with a louder concert. When the wind For our best act.

Sweeps the broad forest in its summer prime, Henry VIII. Act I. Sc. 2. L. 81.

As when some master-hand exulting sweeps

The keys of some great organ, ye give forth O judgmentI thou art fled to brutish beasts,

The music of the woodland depths, a hymn And men have lost their reason!

Of gladness and of thanks. Julius Cæsar. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 109.

BRYANT—Among the Trees. L. 62.

25 The jury, passing on the prisoner's life,

Loud is the summer's busy song

The smallest breeze can find a tongue,
May in the sworn twelve have a thief or two
Quiltier than him they try.

While insects of each tiny size
Measure for Measure. Act II. Sc. 1. L. 19.

Grow teasing with their melodies,

Till noon burns with its blistering breath
How would you be,

Around, and day lies still as death.
If He, which is the top of judgment, should CLARE-July
But judge you as you are?

Measure for Measure. Act II. Sc. 2. L. 76. The Summer looks out from her brazen tower, 15

Through the flashing bars of July. I stand for judgment: answer: shall I have it? FRANCIS THOMPSON-A Corymbus for Au

Merchant of Venice. Act IV. Sc. 1. L. 103. temn. St. 3.







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