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The vulgar only laugh, but never smile; whereas well-bred people often smile, but seldom laugh. CHESTERFIELDLetter to his Son. Feb. 17, 1754.

(See also HERBERT, MEYNELL)

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Leave to the nightingale her shady wood;
A privacy of glorious light is thine:
Whence thou dost pour upon the world a flood
Of harmony, with instinct more divine:
Type of the wise who soar, but never roam:
True to the kindred points of Heaven and Home!
WORDSWORTH-Poems of the Imagination. To
a Skylark.

LAUGHTER
He laughs best who laughs last.

Old English Proverb.
Better the last smile than the first laughter.

Ray-Collection of Old English Proverbs.
Il rit bien qui rit le dernier. (French)
Rira bien que rira le dernier. (French)
Ride bene chi ride l'ultimo. (Italian)
Wer zuletzt lacht, lacht am besten. (German)
Den leer bedst som leer sidst. (Danish)

(See also OTHELLO)

A gentleman is often seen, but very seldom heard to laugh. CHESTERFIELD-Letters. Vol. II. P. 164;

also 404. Ed. by MAHON.
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Cio ch'io vedeva mi sembrava un riso
Dell'universo.

What I saw was equal ecstasy:
One universal smile it seemed of all things.
DANTE-Paradiso. XXVII. 5.
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As the crackling of thorns under a pot, so is the laughter of a fool.

Ecclesiastes. VII. 6.

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Sport that wrinkled Care derides, And Laughter holding both his sides.

MILTON-L'Allegro. L. 25.

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To laugh, if but for an instant only, has never been granted to man before the fortieth day from his birth, and then it is looked upon as a miracle of precocity. PLINY the Elder-Natural History. Bk. VII.

Ch. I. HOLLAND's trans.

Ce n'est pas être bien aisé que de rire.

He is not always at ease who laughs.
St. EVREMOND.

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I have known sorrow—therefore I
May laugh with you, O friend, more merrily
Than those who never sorrowed upon earth
And know not laughter's worth.
I have known laughter—therefore I
May sorrow with you far more tenderly
Than those who never guess how sad a thing
Seems merriment to one heart's suffering.

THEODOSIA GARRISONKnowledge.
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I am the laughter of the new-born child On whose soft-breathing sleep an angel smiled.

R. W. GILDER-Ode.

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To laugh were want of goodness and of grace; And to be grave, exceeds all pow'r of face.

POPEPrologue to Satires. L. 35. 17

Nimium risus pretium est, si probitatis impendio

constat. A laugh costs too much when bought at the expense of virtue. QUINTILIAN—De Institutione Oratoria. VI.

3. 5.

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Laugh not too much; the witty man laughs least:
For wit is news only to ignorance.
Lesse at thine own things laugh; lest in the jest
Thy person share, and the conceit advance.
HERBERT—The Temple. Church Porch. St.

39. (See also CHESTERFIELD) And unextinguish'd laughter shakes the skies. HOMER-Iliad. Bk. I. L. 771. Odyssey.

Bk. VIII. L. 116. POPE's trans.

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Tel qui rit vendredi, dimanche pleurera.

He who laughs on Friday will weep on Sunday. RACINE-Plaideurs. I. 1.

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Has he gone to the land of no laughter,
The man who made mirth for us all?

JAMES RHOADESDeath of Artemus Ward.

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Discit enim citius, meminitque libentius ilud Quod quis deridet, quam quod probat et

veneratur.

For a man learns more quickly and remembers more easily that which he laughs at, than that which he approves and reveres. HORACE—Epistles. Bk. II. 1. 262.

Niemand wird tiefer traurig als wer zu viel lächelt.

No one will be more profoundly sad than he who laughs too much. JEAN PAUL RICHTER-Hesperus. XIX.

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Laugh, and be fat, sir, your penance is known. They that love mirth, let them heartily drink, 'Tis the only receipt to make sorrow sink.

BEN JONSON–Entertainments. The Penates.

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Castigat ridendo mores.

He chastizes manners with a laugh.
SANTEUIL-Motto of the Comédie Italienne, and

Opéra Comique. Paris.
With his eyes in flood with laughter.

Cymbeline. Act I. Sc. 6. L. 74.

O, you shall see him laugh till his face be like a wet cloak ill laid up.

Henry IV. Pt. II. Act V. Sc. 1. L. 88.

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The sense of humor has other things to do than to make itself conspicuous in the act of laughter. ALICE MEYNELL

—Laughter.

(See also CHESTERFIELD)
Haste thee, Nymph, and bring with thee
Jest, and youthful Jollity,
Quips, and Cranks, and wanton Wiles,
Nods, and Becks, and wreathed Smiles,
Such as hang on Hebe's cheek,
And love to live in dimple sleek;

The brain of this foolish-compounded clay, man, is not able to invent anything that tends to laughter, more than I invent or is invented

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They laugh that win.

Law is a bottomless pit. Othello. Act IV. Sc. 1. L. 124.

J. ARBUTHNOT——Title of a Pamphlet. (About (See also first quotation)

1700) Laughter almost ever cometh of things most One of the Seven was wont to say: "That disproportioned to ourselves and nature: delight laws were like cobwebs; where the small flies hath à joy in it either permanent or present; were caught, and the great brake through." laughter hath only a scornful tickling.

BACON—Apothegms. No. 181. SIR PHILIP SIDNEYThe Defence of Poesy.

(See also ANACHARSIS) 3 Laugh and be fat.

All this is but a web of the wit; it can work JOHN TAYLOR—Title of a Tract. (1615) nothing.

BACON-Essays on Empire. For still the World prevail'd, and its dread 17 laugh,

There was an ancient Roman lawyer, of great Which scarce the firm Philosopher can scorn. fame in the history of Roman jurisprudence, THOMSONThe Seasons. Autumn. L. 233. whom they called Cui Bono, from his having first

introduced into judicial proceedings the arguFight Virtue's cause, stand up in Wit's defence, ment, "What end or object could the party have Win us from vice and laugh us into sense. had in the act with which he is accused." TICKELL-On the Prospect of Peace. St. 38. BURKE—Impeachment of Warren Hastings.

18 Laugh and the world laughs with you,

I do not know the method of drawing up an Weep and you weep alone;

indictment against an whole people. For the sad old earth must borrow its mirth, BURKE-Speech on the Conciliation of America.

But has trouble enough of its own.
ELLA WHEELER WILCOX-Solitude. Claimed A good parson once said that where mystery

by COL. JOHN A. JOYCE, who had it en begins religion ends. Cannot I say, as truly at graved on his tombstone.

least, of human laws, that where mystery be

gins, justice ends? Care to our coffin adds a nail, no doubt;

BURKE-Vindication of Natural Society. And every Grin, so merry, draws one out. JOHN WOLcor (Peter Pindar)--Expostulatory The law of England is the greatest grievance Odes. Ode 15.

of the nation, very expensive and dilatory.

BISHOP BURNET_History of His Own Times. The house of laughter makes a house of woe. YOUNG-Night Thoughts. Night VIII. L. Our wrangling lawyers

are so liti757.

gious and busy here on earth, that I think they LAUREL

will plead their clients' causes hereafter, some of

them in hell. Laurus Nobilis The laurel-tree grew large and strong,

BURTON —Anatomy of Melancholy. Democritus

to the Reader. Its roots went searching deeply down;

22 It split the marble walls of Wrong, And blossomed o'er the Despot's crown.

Your pettifoggers damn their souls, RICHARD HENGIST HORNE— The Laurel Seed.

To share with

knaves in cheating fools. BUTLER-Hudibras. Pt. II. Canto I. L. 515.

23 This flower that smells of honey and the sea, White laurustine, seems in my hand to be

Is not the winding up witnesses, A white star made of memory long ago

And nicking, more than half the bus'ness? Lit in the heaven of dear times dead to me.

For witnesses, like watches, go SWINBURNE— Relics.

Just as they're set, too fast or slow;

And where in Conscience they're strait-lac'd, LAW

'Tis ten to one that side is cast.

BUTLER---Hudibras. Pt. II. Canto II. L. 359. 11

Ove son leggi,
Tremar non dee chi leggi non infranse.

The law of heaven and earth is life for life.
Where there are laws, he who has not BYRONThe Curse of Minerva. St. 15.
broken them need not tremble.
ALFIERI—Virginia. II. 1.

Arms and laws do not flourish together. 12

JULIUS CÆSAR. PLUTARCH-Life of Cæsar. Law is king of all.

(See also CICERO, MARIUS, MONTAIGNE) HENRY ALFORD—School of the Heart. Lesson 6. 26

Who to himself is law, no law doth need, Written laws are like spiders' webs, and will Offends no law, and is a king indeed. like them only entangle and hold the poor and GEORGE CHAPMAN-—Bussy d'Ambois. Act II. weak, while the rich and powerful will easily Sc. 1. break through them.

ANACHARSIS to SOLON when writing his laws. Jus gentium. (See also SOLON for answer; and BACON, SHEN The law of nations. STONE, SWIFT)

CICERO —De Officiis. III. 17.

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12 For as the law is set over the magistrate, even I know'd what 'ud come o' this here mode o' so are the magistrates set over the people. And doin' business. Oh, Sammy, Sammy, vy worn't therefore, it may be truly said, “that the magis there a alleybi! trate is a speaking law, and the law is a silent DICKENSPickwick Papers. Vol. II. Ch. VI. magistrate. CICEROOn the Laws. Bk. III. I.

When the judges shall be obliged to go armed, 2

it will be time for the courts to be closed. Silent enim leges inter arma.

S. J. FIELD-When advised to arm himself. For the laws are dumb in the midst of arms. California. (1889) CICERO-Pro Milone. IV. (See also CÆSAR)

Our human laws are but the copies, more or After an existence of nearly twenty years of less imperfect, of the eternal laws, so far as we almost innocuous desuetude these laws are can read them. brought forth.

FROUDE-Short Studies on Great Subjects. GROVER CLEVELAND—Message. March 1, Calvinism. 1886.

Just laws are no restraint upon the freedom of Magna Charta is such a fellow that he will

the good, for the good man desires nothing which have no sovereign.

a just law will interfere with. SIR EDWARD COKE-Debate in the Commons.

FROUDE—Short Studies on Great Subjects. May 17, 1628.

Reciprocal Duties of State and Subject. 5 Reason is the life of the law; nay, the common

Whenever the offence inspires less horror than law itself is nothing else but reason. The law which is perfection of reason.

the punishment, the rigour of penal law is SIR EDWARD COKE—First Institute.

obliged to give way to the common feelings of

mankind. (See also POWELL) 6

GIBBONThe Decline and Fall of the Roman The gladsome light of jurisprudence.

Empire. Ch. XIV. Vol. I. SIR EDWARD COKE-First Institute.

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Es erben sich Gesetz und Rechte According to the law of the Medes and

Wie eine ew'ge Krankheit fort. Persians, which altereth not.

All rights and laws are still transmitted, Daniel. VI. 8.

Like an eternal sickness to the race.

GOETHE-Faust. I. 4. 449. Trial by jury itself, instead of being a security to persons who are accused, shall be a delusion,

Laws grind the poor, and rich men rule the law. a mockery, and a snare.

GOLDSMITH-The Traveller. L. 386. Same in LORD DENMAN-In his Judgment in O'Connell

Vicar of Wakefield. vs. the Queen. II. C. and F., 351. Sept. 4, 1894.

I know no method to secure the repeal of bad

or obnoxious laws so effective as their stringent Whatever was required to be done, the Circum

execution. locution Office was beforehand with all the public U. S. GRANTInaugural Address. March 4, departments in the art of perceiving-HOW NOT 1869. TO DO IT.

20 DICKENS-Little Dorrit. Pt. I. Ch. X.

A cloud of witnesses.

Hebrews. XII. 1. "If the law supposes that,” said Mr. Bumble, "the law is a ass, a idiot.” DICKENS-Oliver Twist. Ch. LI.

Quid leges sine moribus

Vanæ proficiunt? 11

Of what use are laws, inoperative through If it's near dinner time, the foreman takes out

public immorality? his watch when the jury have retired and says: HORACE—Carmina. III. 24. 35. “Dear me, gentlemen, ten minutes to five, I de

22 clare! I dine at five, gentlemen." "So do I,

To the law and to the testimony. says everybody else except two men who ought

Isaiah. VIII. 20. to have dined at three, and seem more than half disposed to stand out in consequence. The foreman smiles, and puts up his watch: "Well,

The law is the last result of human wisdom gentlemen, what do we say? Plaintiff, defend acting upon human experience for the benefit of ant, gentlemen? I rather think so far as I am

the public. concerned, gentlemen-I say I rather think SAMUEL JOHNSON. Johnsoniana. Piozzi's but don't let that influence you—I rather think

Anecdotes, 58. the plaintiff's the man.” Upon this two or three other men are sure to say they think so too Dat veniam corvis, vexat censura columbas. as of course they do; and then they get on very The verdict acquits the raven, but condemns unanimously and comfortably.

the dove. DICKENS— Pickwick Papers. Vol. II. Ch. VI. JUVENAL-Satires. II. 63.

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Neque enim lex est æquior ulla,
Quam necis artifices arte perire sua.

Nor is there any law more just, than that he who has plotted death shall perish by his own plot. OVID-Ars Amatoria. I. 665.

(See also BYRON) Sunt superis sua jura.

The gods have their own laws.

OVID--Metamorphoses. IX. 499. Where law ends, there tyranny begins. WILLIAM PITT (Earl of Chatham)-Case of

Wilkes. Speech. Jan. 9, 1770. Last line.

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And folks are beginning to think it looks odd, To choke a poor scamp for the glory of God.

LOWELL-A Fable for Critics. L. 492.

Perchè, cosi come i buoni costumi, per mantenersi, hanno bisogno delli leggi; cosi le leggi per ossevarsi, hanno bisogno de' buoni costumi.

For as laws are necessary that good manners may be preserved, so there is need of good manners that laws may be maintained. MACHIAVELLI—Dei Discorsi. 1. 18.

The law is a sort of hocus-pocus science, that smiles in yeer face while it picks yeer pocket: and the glorious uncertainty of it is of mair use to the professors than the justice of it.

MACKLIN—Love à la Mode. Act II. Sc. 1.

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Non est princeps super leges, sed leges supra principem.

The prince is not above the laws, but the laws above the prince. PLINY THE YOUNGER-Paneg. Traj. 65.

21 Curse on all laws but those which love has made.

POPE-Eloisa to Abelard. L. 74.

22 All, look up with reverential awe, At crimes that 'scape, or triumph o'er the law.

POPE-Epilogue to Satire. Dialogue I. L. 167.

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Nisi per legale judicium parum suorum.

Unless by the lawful judgment of their peers. Magna Charta. Privilege of Barons of Parlia

ment.

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Certis *** legibus omnia parent.

All things obey fixed laws.
MANILIUS-Astronomica. I. 479.

The law speaks too softly to be heard amidst the din of arms. Caius Marius. When complaint was made

of his granting the freedom of Rome to a thousand Camerians. In PLUTARCH's Life of Caius Marius.

(See also CÆSAR)

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Render therefore unto Cæsar the things which are Casar's.

Matthew. XXII. 21.

12 As the case stands.

MIDDLETONOld Law. Act II. Sc. 1.

Once (says an Author; where, I need not say)
Two Trav'lers found an Oyster in their way;
Both fierce, both hungry; the dispute grew strong,
While Scale in hand Dame Justice pass'd along.
Before her each with clamour pleads the Laws.
Explain'd the matter, and would win the cause,
Dame Justice weighing long the doubtful Right,
Takes, open, swallows it, before their sight.
The cause of strife remov'd so rarely well,
"There take" (says Justice), “take ye each a

shell.
We thrive at Westminster on Fools like you:
'Twas a fat oyster-live in peace-Adieu.”

POPE—Verbatim from Boileau. 26

Let us consider the reasons of the case. For nothing is law that is not reason. SIR JOHN POWELL — Coggs vs. Bernard. 2 Ld. Raym. 911.

(See also COKE)

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Litigious terms, fat contentions, and flowing fees.

MILTON—Prose Works. Vol. I. Of Education.

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Le bruit des armes l'empeschoit d'entendre la voix des lois.

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