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It happens as one sees in cages: the birt s which are outside despair of ever getting in, and those within are equally desirous of getting out. MONTAIGNEEssays. Bk. III. Ch. V.

(See also DAVIES)



Marriage is destinje, made in heaven.
LYLY's Mother Bombie. Same in CLARKE,
Paræmologir. P. 230. (Ed. 1639)

(See also BURTON, TENNYSON) Cling closer, closer, life to life,

Cling closer, heart to heart;
The time will come, my own wed Wife,

When you and I must part!
Let nothing break our band but Death,

For in the world above
'Tis the breaker Death that soldereth

Our ring of Wedded Love.
GERALD MASSEY-On a Wedding Day. St. 11.

And, to all married men, be this a caution,
Which they should duly tender as their life,
Neither to doat too much, nor doubt a wife.

MASSINGERPicture. Act V. Sc. 3.

There's a bliss beyond all that the minstrel has

told, When two, that are link'd in one heavenly tie. With heart never changing, and brow never cold,

Love on thro' all ills, and love on till they die. MOORE—Lalla Rookh. Light of the Harem.

St. 42.



Drink, my jolly lads, drink with discerning,
Wedlock's a lane where there is no turning;
Never was owl more blind than a lover,
Drink and be merry, lads, half seas over.

D. M. MULOCK-Magnus and Morna. Sc. 3.


Hac quoque de causa, si te proverbia tangunt, Mense malos Maio nubere vulgus ait.

For this reason, if you believe proverbs, let me tell you the common one: “It is unlucky to marry in May." OVID—Fasti. V. 489.

The sum of all that makes a just man happy
Consists in the well choosing of his wife:
And there, well to discharge it, does require
Equality of years, of birth, of fortune;
For beauty being poor, and not cried up
By birth or wealth, can truly mix with neither.
And wealth, when there's such difference in years,
And fair descent, must make the yoke uneasy.
MASSINGER-New Way to Pay Old Debts. Act

IV. Sc. 1. 5

What therefore God hath joined together let not man put asunder.

Matthew. XIX. 6.

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Hail, wedded love, mysterious law; true source Of human offspring.

MILTON—Paradise Lost. Bk. IV. L. 750.

The garlands fade, the vows are worn away; So dies her love, and so my hopes decay.

POPE-Autumn. L. 70.



Grave authors say, and witty poets sing, That honest wedlock is a glorious thing.

POPEJanuary and May. L. 21.

To the nuptial bower I led her, blushing like the morn; all Heaven, And happy constellations on that hour Shed their selectest influence; the earth Gave sign of gratulation, and each hill; Joyous the birds; fresh gales and gentle airs Whisper'd it to the woods, and from their wings Flung rose, flung odours from the spicy shrub.

MILTONParadise Lost. Bk. VIII. L. 510.


There swims no goose so gray, but soon or late She finds some honest gander for her mate. Pope-Wife of Bath. Her Prologue. From CHAUCER. L. 98.

(See also HOLMES)



Therefore God's universal law
Gave to the man despotic power
Over his female in due awe,
Not from that right to part an hour,
Smile she or lour.

MILTON-Samson Agonistes. L. 1,053.

Before I trust my Fate to thee,

Or place my hand in thine, Before I let thy Future give

Color and form to mine, Before I peril all for thee, Question thy soul to-night for me. ADELAIDE ANN PROCTER-A Woman's Ques




A prudent wife is from the Lord.

Proverbs. XIX. 14.



Par un prompt désespoir souvent on se marie. Qu'on s'en repent après tout le temps de sa vie.

Men often marry in hasty recklessness and repent afterward all their lives. MOLIÈRE-Les Femmes Savantes. V. 5.

(See also CONGREVE) Women when they marry buy a cat in the bag.

MONTAIGNE-Essays. Bk. III. Ch. V.

Il en advient ce qui se veoid aux cages; les oyseaux qui en sont dehors, desesperent d'y entrer; et d'un pareil soing en sortir, ceulx qui sont au dedans.

Advice to persons about to marry -Don't. "Punch's Almanack.(1845) Attributed to




Le mariage est comme une forteresse assiégée; ceux qui sont dehors veulent y entrer et ceux qui sont dedans en sortir.

Marriage is like a beleaguered fortress; those







who are without want to get in, and those within want to get out.

I will marry her, sir, at your request; but if QUITARD-Études sur les Proverbes Français. there be no great love in the beginning, yet heaP. 102. (See also DAVIES)

ven may decrease it upon better acquaintance

* * I hope, upon familiarity will grow more Widowed wife and wedded maid.

contempt: I will marry her; that I am freely disSCOTT-The Betrothed. Ch. XV.

solved, and dissolutely.

Merry Wives of Windsor. Act I. Sc. 1. L. Marriage is a desperate thing.

253. JOHN SELDENTable Talk. Marriage.

But earthlier happy is the rose distillid,
If you shall marry,

Than that which with’ring on the virgin thorn
You give away this hand, and that is mine; Grows, lives and dies in single blessedness.
You give away heaven's vows, and those are Midsummer Night's Dream. Act I. Sc. 1. L.

76. You give away myself, which is known mine. All's Well That Ends Well. Act V. Sc. 3. L. I would not marry her, though she were en169.

dowed with all that Adam had left him before he

transgressed: she would have made Hercules Men are April when they woo, December when have turned spit, yea, and have cleft his club to they wed; maids are May when they are maids, make the fire too.

I would to God but the sky changes when they are wives. some scholar would conjure her; for certainly, As You Like It. Act IV. Sc. 1. L. 147. while she is here, a man may live as quiet in heli

as in a sanctuary. I will fasten on this sleeve of thine:

Much Ado About Nothing. Act II. Sc. 1. L. Thou art an elm, my husband, 1, a vine.

258. Comedy of Errors. Act II. Sc. 2. L. 175.

No, the world must be peopled. When I said, Men's vows are women's traitors! All good I would die a bachelor, I did not think I should seeming,

live till I were married. By thy revolt, О husband, shall be thought Much Ado About Nothing. Act II. Sc. 1. L. 353. Put on for villany; not born where 't grows, But worn a bait for ladies.

Let husbands know, Cymbeline. Act III. Sc. 4. L. 55.

Their wives have sense like them: they see, and 7

smell, Ere yet the salt of most unrighteous tears

And have their palates both for sweet and sour, Had left the flushing in her galled eyes,

As husbands have. She married.

Othello. Act IV. Sc. 3. L. 94. Hamlet. Act I. Sc. 2. L. 154. 8

She is not well married that lives married long: The instances that second marriage move

But she's best married that dies married young. Are base respects of thrift, but none of love.

Romeo and Juliet. Act IV. Sc. 5. L. 77. Hamlet. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 192.


She is your treasure, she must have a husband; God, the best maker of all marriages,

I must dance barefoot on her wedding day Combine your hearts in one.

And for your love to her lead apes in hell. Henry V. Act I. Sc. 2. L. 387.

Taming of the Shrew. Act II. Sc. 1. L. 32. 10

(See also BRATHWAIT) He is the half part of a blessed man, Left to be finished by such as she;

If she deny to wed, I'll crave the day And she a fair divided excellence,

When I shall ask the banns and when be married. Whose fulness of perfection lies in him.

Taming of the Shrew. Act II. Sc. 1. L. 180.

23 King John. Act II. Sc. 1. L. 437.

Who wooed in haste, and means to wed at 11 A world-without-end bargain.

leisure. Love's Labour's Lost. Act V. Sc. 2. L. 799.

Taming of the Shrew. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 11. 12

(See also CONGREVE) Hanging and wiving goes by destiny. Merchant of Venice. Act II. Sc. 9. L. 83.


She shall watch all night: Same in Schole House for Women. (1541)

And if she chance to nod I'll rail and brawl (See also BURTON)

And with the clamour keep her still awake. 13

This is the way to kill a wife with kindness. As are those dulcet sounds in break of day

Taming of the Shrew. Act IV. Sc. 1. L. 218. That creep into the dreaming bridegroom's ear And summon him to marriage.

Thy husband

commits his body Merchant of Venice. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 51.

To painful labour, both by sea and land, 14 Happiest of all, is, that her gentle spirit

And craves no other tribute at thy hands, Commits itself to yours to be directed,

But love, fair looks, and true obedience; As from her lord, her governor, her king. Too little payment for so great a debt.

Merchant of Venice. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 162. Taming of the Shrew. Act V. Sc. 2. L. 152.
















Let still the woman take An elder than herself: so wears she to him,

Remember, it is as easy to marry a rich woman So sways she level in her husband's heart:

as a poor woman. For, boy, however we do praise ourselves,

THACKERAY - Pendennis. Bk. I. Ch. Our fancies are more giddy and unfirm,

More longing, wavering, sooner lost and worn
Than women's are.

This I set down as a positive truth. A worran Twelfth Night. Act II. Sc. 4. L. 29.

with fair opportunities and without a positive

hump, may marry whom she likes. Then let thy love be younger than thyself,

THACKERAY—Vanity Fair. Ch. IV. Or thy affection cannot hold the bent:

(See also HOLMES) For women are as roses, whose fair flower Being once display'd, doth fall that very hour.

What woman, however old, has not the bridalTwelfth Night. Act II. Sc. 4. L. 37.

favours and raiment stowed away, and packed

in lavender, in the inmost cupboards of her Now go with me and with this holy man

heart? Into the chantry by: there, before him,

THACKERAY Virginians. Bk. I. Ch. And underneath that consecrated roof,

Plight me the full assurance of your faith.
Twelfth Night. Act IV. Sc. 3. L. 23.

But happy they, the happiest of their kind!

Whom gentler stars unite, and in one fate To disbelieve in marriage is easy: to love a Their Hearts, their Fortunes, and their Beings married woman is easy; but to betray a comrade, blend. to be disloyal to a host, to break the covenant of

THOMSON-Seasons. Spring. L. 1,111. bread and salt, is impossible. BERNARD Shaw-Getting Married.

Thrice happy is that humble pair,

Beneath the level of all care! What God hath joined together no man shall Over whose heads those arrows fly ever put asunder: God will take care of that. Of sad distrust and jealousy. BERNARD SHAW-Getting Married.

EDMUND WALLER—Of the Marriage of the

Dwarfs. L. 7. The whole world is strewn with snares, traps, gins and pitfalls for the capture of men by

The happy married man dies in good stile at women,

home, surrounded by his weeping wife and chilBERNARD SHAWEpistle Dedicatory to Man dren. The old bachelor don't die at all-he sort and Superman.

of rots away, like a pollywog's tail.

ARTEMUS WARD Draft in Baldinsville. Lastly no woman should marry a teetotaller, or a man who does not smoke. It is not for nothing that this "ignoble tobagie" as Michelet calls

'Tis just like a summer bird cage in a garden:

the birds that are without despair to get in, and it, spreads all over the world. STEVENSON-Virginibus Puerisque. Pt. I.

the birds that are within despair, and are in a consumption, for fear they shall never get out.

JOHN WEBSTER—White Devil. Act I. Sc. 2. Under this window in stormy weather

(See also DAVIES)
I marry this man and woman together;
Let none but Him who rules the thunder
Put this man and woman asunder.

Why do not words, and kiss, and solemn pledge, SWIFT—Marriage Service from His Chamber

And nature that is kind in woman's breast, Window.

And reason that in man is wise and good,

And fear of Him who is a righteous Judge, The reason why so few marriages are happy is

Why do not these prevail for human life, because young ladies spend their time in making

To keep two hearts together, that began nets, not in making cages.

Their spring-time with one love.

WORDSWORTH-Excursion. Bk. VI.
SWIFT--Thoughts on Various Subjects.
Celibate, like the fly in the heart of an apple,

'Tis my maxim, he's a fool that marries; but dwells in a perpetual sweetness, but sits alone,

he's a greater that does not marry a fool. and is confined and dies in singularity.

WYCHERLY-Country Wife. Act I. Sc. 1. L. JEREMY TAYLOR-Sermon. XVII. The Mar 502. riage Ring. Pt. I.

You are of the society of the wits and railleurs Marriages are made in Heaven.

the surest sign is, since you are an enemy TENNYSON—Aylmer's Field. L. 188

to marriage, -for that, I hear, you hate as much (See also LYLY)

as business or bad wine.

WYCHERLY-Country Wife. As the husband is the wife is; thou art mated

(See also GARRICK) with a clown, And the grossness of his nature will have weight Body and soul, like peevish man and wife, to drag thee down.

United jar, and yet are loth to part. TENNYSONLocksley Hall. St. 24.

YOUNGNight Thoughts. Night II. L. 175.











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May, queen of blossoms,

And fulfilling flowers, With what pretty music

Shall we charm the hours?
Wilt thou have pipe and reed,
Blown in the open mead?
Or to the lute give heed

In the green bowers?



Ah! my heart is weary waiting,

Waiting for the May:
Waiting for the pleasant rambles
Where the fragrant hawthorn brambles,
With the woodbine alternating,

Scent the dewy way;.
Ah! my heart is weary, waiting,

Waiting for the May. DENIS FLORENCE MCCARTHY-Summer Long

ings. Now the brighi morning star, day's harbinger, Comes dancing from the east, and leads with her The flowery May, who from her green lap throws The yellow cowslip, and the pale primrose. Hail, bounteous May, that doth inspire Mirth, and youth, and warm desire; Woods and groves are of thy dressing, Hill and dale doth boast thy blessing, Thus we salute thee with our early song, And welcome thee, and wish thee long.

MILTON—Song. On May Morning.

11 In the under-wood and the over-wood

There is murmur and trill this day,


For every marriage then is best in tune,
When that the wife is May, the husband June.
ROWLAND WATKINSTo the most Courteous

and Fair Gentlewoman, Mrs. Elinor Williams. What is so sweet and dear

As a prosperous morn in May,

The confident prime of the day,
And the dauntless youth of the year,
When nothing that asks for bliss,

Asking aright, is denied,
And half of the world a bridegroom is

And half of the world a bride?

(See also LOWELL under JUNE)

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Dip a spoonful out

And mind you don't get groggy, Pour it in the lake

Of Winnipissiogie. Stir the mixture well

Lest it prove inferior, Then put half a drop

Into Lake Superior. Every other day

Take a drop in water,
You'll be better soon

Or at least you oughter.
BISHOP G. W. DOANE-Lines on Homeopathy.

Better to hunt in fields for health unbought,
Than fee the doctor for a nauseous draught.
The wise for cure on exercise depend;
God never made his work for man to mend.
DRYDEN-Epistle to John Dryden of Chesterton.

L. 92.


I find the medicine

worse than the malady. BEAUMONT AND FLETCHER—Love's Cure. Act

III. Sc. 2. (See also VERGIL, also Bacon under DISEASE)


Dat Galenus opes, dat Justinianus honores,
Sed genus species cogitur ire pedes;
The rich Physician, honor'd Lawyers ride,
Whilst the poor Scholar foots it by their side.
BURTON--Anatomy of Melancholy. I. 2. 3.

15. Quoted by DR. ROBERT F: ARNOLD.
A like saying may be found in FRANCISCUS
FLORIDUS SABINUS — Lectiones Subcisive.
Bk. I. Ch. I. Also JOHN OWEN-Medicus
et I. C. OVIDFasti. I. 217; Amores.
III. VIII. 55.

So liv'd our sires, ere doctors learn'd to kill, And multiplied with theirs the weekly bill.

DRYDENTO John Dryden, Esq. L. 71.



Even as a Surgeon, minding off to cut
Some cureless limb, before in use he put
His violent Engins on the vicious member,
Bringeth his Patient in a senseless slumber,
And grief-less then (guided by use and art),
To save the whole, sawes off th' infected part.
DU BARTAS-Divine Weekes and Workers.

First Week. Sixth Day. L. 1,018.


'Tis not amiss, ere ye're giv'n o'er,
To try one desp'rate med'cine more;
For where your case can be no worse,
The desp'rat'st is the wisest course.
BUTLEREpistle of Hudibras to Sidrophel.

L. 5.
Learn'd he was in medic'nal lore,
For by his side a pouch he wore,
Replete with strange hermetic powder
That wounds

nine miles point-blank would solder. BUTLER-Hudibras. Pt. I. Canto II. L.

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7 This is the way that physicians mend or end us,

Secundum artem: but although we sneer
In health—when ill, we call them to attend us,

Without the least propensity to jeer.
BYRON-Don Juan. Canto X. St. 42.

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A single doctor like a sculler plies,
And all his art and all his physic tries;
But two physicians, like a pair of oars,
Conduct you soonest to the Stygian shores.
Epigrams Ancient and Modern. Edited by

Rev. JOHN Booth, London, 1863. P. 144.
Another version signed D, (probably John
Dunscombe) in note to Nichols' Select

Collection of Poems.
“Is there no hope?" the sick man said,
The silent doctor shook his head,
And took his leave with signs of sorrow,
Despairing of his fee to-morrow.

Gay-The Sick Man and the Angel.


Ægri quia non omnes convalescunt, idcirco ars nulla medicina est.

Because all the sick do not recover, therefore medicine is not an art. CICERO—De Natura Deorum. II. 4.

10 When taken To be well shaken. GEORGE COLMAN (the Younger)—Broad Grins.

The Newcastle Apothecary. St. 12. Take a little rum

The less you take the better, Pour it in the lakes

Of Wener or of Wetter.



Oh, powerful bacillus,
With wonder how you fill us,

Every day!
While medical detectives,
With powerful objectives,

Watch your play.
Wm. Top HELMUTH Ode to the Bacillus.

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