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PEACE

O for a lodge in some vast wilderness,
This hand, to tyrants ever sworn the foe, Some boundless contiguity of shade;
For freedom only deals the deadly blow; Where rumor of oppression and deceit,
Then sheathes in calm repose the vengeful blade, Of unsuccessful or successful war,
For gentle peace in freedom's hallowed shade. Might never reach me more.
JOHN QUINCY ADAMS-Written in an Album. COWPERThe Task. Bk. II. L. 1.

(See also BYRON, also JOHNSON under SUMMER) The fiercest agonies have shortest reign; And after dreams of horror, comes again

Though peace be made, yet it's interest that The welcome morning with its rays of peace. keeps peace. BRYANT—Mutation. L. 4.

Quoted by OLIVER CROMWELL, in Parliament,

Sept. 4, 1654, as "a maxim not to be deThe trenchant blade Toledo trusty,

spised. For want of fighting was grown rusty, And ate into itself for lack

Such subtle covenants shall be made, Of somebody to hew and hack.

Till peace itself is war in masquerade. BUTLER-Hudibras. Pt. I. Canto I. L. 359. DRYDENAbsalom and Achitopel. Pt. I. L.

752; Pt. II. L. 268. Mark! where his carnage and his conquests cease,

At home the hateful names of parties cease, He makes a solitude and calls it—peace!

And factious souls are wearied into peace. BYRON-Bride of Abydos. Canto II. St. 20. (See also CowPER, TACITUS)

DRYDEN-Astræa Redux. L. 312. Oh that the desert were my dwelling-place! Nothing can bring you peace but yourself. BYRONChilde Harold. Canto IV. L. 177. Nothing can bring you peace but the triumph of (See also COWPER)

principles.

EMERSON—Essays. Of Self-Reliance.
Cedant arma toga.

War leads to peace.
CICERODe Öfficiis. I. 22.

Breathe soft, ye winds! ye waves, in silence sleep!

Gay--To a Lady. Ep. I. L. 17. 7 Mihi enim omnis pax cum civibus bello civili

19 utilior videbatur.

Pax vobiscum. For to me every sort of peace with the citi

Peace be with you. zens seemed to be of more service than civil Vulgate. Genesis. XLIII. 23. war.

20 CICEROPhilippics. 2. 15. 37.

Let us have peace. 8

U. S. GRANT. Accepting the Presidential Iniquissimam pacem justissimo bello antefero. nomination. May 20, 1868.

I prefer the most unfair peace to the most righteous war.

I accept your nomination in the confident trust Adapted from CICERO. Same idea used by that the masses of our countrymen, North and * BUTLER in the Rump Parliament. See also South, are eager to clasp hands across the bloody CICEROEpistola ad Atticum. 7. 14. Also chasm which has so long divided them. said by FRANKLINLetter to Quincey. Sept.

HORACE GREELEY. Accepting the Liberal 11, 1773. BISHOP COLET, St. Paul's, Lon Republican nomination for President. May don, 1512. See GREEN's History of the Eng 20, 1872. lish People. The New Learning.

But-a stirring thrills the air Mars gravior sub pace latet.

Like to sounds of joyance there,

That the rages A severe war lurks under the show of peace.

Of the ages CLAUDIANUS-De Sexto Consulatu Honorii Augusti Panegyris. 307.

Shall be cancelled, and deliverance offered from

the darts that were, Nec sidera pacem

Consciousness the Will informing, till it fashion Semper habent.

all things fair. Nor is heaven always at peace.

THOMAS HARDYDynasts. Semichorus 1 of CLAUDIANUS—De Bello Getico. LXII.

the Years.

So peaceful shalt thou end thy blissful days, The gentleman (Josiah Quincy] cannot have And steal thyself from life by slow decays. forgotten his own sentiment, uttered even on the HOMER-Odyssey. Bk. XI. L. 164. POPE's floor of this House, “Peaceably if we can, forci trans. bly if we must.” HENRY CLAY-Speech. On the New Army Bill | In pace ut sapiens aptarit idonea bello. (1813)

Like as a wise man in time of peace pre12

pares for war. Peace rules the day, where reason rules the mind. HORACE-Satires. II. 2. 111. COLLINS-Eclogue II. Hassan. L. 68.

(See also VEGETIUS)

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How calm, how beautiful comes on
The stilly hour, when storms are gone.
MOORELaủa Rookh. The Fire Worshippers.

Pt. III. St. 7.
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L'empire, c'est la paix.

The Empire means peace.
LOUIS NAPOLEONSpeech to the Chamber of

Commerce in Toulouse, Oct. 9, 1852. See B.
JERROLD's Life of Louis Napoleon. “L'em-
pire, c'est l'épée." Parody of same in Klad-
derdatsch, Nov. 8, 1862.

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The days of peace and slumberous calm are fled.

KEATSHyperion. Bk. II.

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Paix à tout prix.

Peace at any price.
LAMARTINE, as quoted by A. H. Clough in

Letters and Remains. (Ed. 1865) P. 105.
Le Ministère de la Paix à tout prix. AR-
MAND CARREL in the National, March 13,

1831. (Of the Perier ministry.) Peace will come soon and come to stay, and so come as to be worth keeping in all future time. It will then have been proved that among free men there can be no successful appeal from the ballot to the bullet, and that they who take such appeal are sure to lose their cases and pay the cost. LINCOLN. Quoted by E. J. YOUNG—The Les

son of the Hour. In Magazine of History. No. 43. (Extra number.)

Would you end war?

Create great Peace.
JAMES ÖPPENHEIM—War and Laughter, 1914,

And After. IV.

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For peace do not hope; to be just you must

break it. Still work for the minute and not for the year.

JOHN BOYLE O'REILLY-Rules of the Road.

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Candida pax homines, trux decet ira feras.

Fair peace becomes men; ferocious anger belongs to beasts. OVID-Ars Amatoria. III, 502.

22 His helmet now shall make a hive for bees,

And lover's sonnets turn'd to holy psalms; A man at arms must now serve on his knees,

And feed on prayers, which are his age's alms. GEO. PEELE-Sonnet ad fin. Polyhymnia.

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Peace! and no longer from its brazen portals The blast of War's great organ shakes the

skies!
But beautiful as songs of the immortals,

The holy melodies of love arise.
LONGFELLOW--Arsenal at Springfield.

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Buried was the bloody hatchet;
Buried was the dreadful war-club;
Buried were all warlike weapons,
And the war-cry was forgotten.
Then was peace among the nations.

LONGFELLOW-Hiawatha. Pt. XIII. L. 7.

An equal doom clipp'd Time's blest wings of

peace. PETRARCH-To Laura in Death. Sonnet

XLVIII. L. 18.

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Allay the ferment prevailing in America by removing the obnoxious hostile cause obnoxious and unserviceable—for their merit can only be in action. "Non dimicare et vincare." WILLIAM Pitt the Elder-Speech. Jan. 20, 1775. Referring to the American Colonies.

(See also WILSON)

Ef you want peace, the thing you've gut to du Is jes' to show you're up to fightin', tu.

LOWELL-Biglow Papers. 2nd Series. 2.

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the harvest of perpetual peace, By this one bloody trial of sharp war.

Richard III, Act V. Sc. 2. L. 15.

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And for the peace of you I hold such strife
As 'twixt a miser and his wealth is found.

Sonnet LXXV.

17 When it is peace, then we may view again With new-won eyes each other's truer form And wonder. Grown more loving-kind and warm We'll grasp firm hands and laugh at the old pain When it is peace. But until peace, the storm The darkness and the thunder and the rain.

CHARLES SORLEY—To Germany. Let the bugles sound the Truce of God to the whole world forever. CHARLES SUMNER- Oration the True

Grandeur of Nations.

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Mercy and truth are met together: righteousness and peace have kissed each other.

Psalms. LXXXV. 10.

Peace be within thy walls, and prosperity within thy palaces.

Psalms. CXXII. 7.

People are always expecting to get peace in heaven: but you know whatever peace they get there will be ready-made. Whatever making of peace they can be blest for, must be on the earth here.

RUSKINThe Eagle's Nest. Lecture IX.
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peace cannot be maintained with honor, it is no longer peace. LORD JOHN RUSSELLSpeech at Greenoch.

Sept., 1853. Es kann der Frömmste nicht im Frieden bleiben, Wenn es dem bösen Nachbar nicht gefällt.

The most pious may not live in peace, if it does not please his wicked neighbor. SCHILLER—Wilhelm Tell. IV. 3. 124.

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In this surrender—if such it may be calledthe National Government does not even stoop to conquer. It simply lifts itself to the height of its original principle. The early efforts of its best negotiators, the patriotic trial of its soldiers

may at last prevail. CHARLES SUMNER. Sustaining President Lin

coln in the U.S. Senate, in the Trent Affair. Jan. 7, 1862.

(See also WILSON) Auferre, trucidare, rapere, falsis nominibus imperium, atque, ubi solitudinem faciunt, pacem appellant.

To rob, to ravage, to murder, in their imposing language, are the arts of civil policy. When they have made the world a solitude, they call it peace, TACITUS—— Agricola. XXX. Ascribing the

speech to Galgacus, Britain's leader against the Romans.

(See also BYRON)

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All these you may avoid but the Lie Direct; and you may avoid that too, with an If. I knew when seven justices could not take up a quarrel, but when the parties were met themselves, one of them thought but of an If, as, “If you said so then I said so"; and they shook hands and swore brothers. Your If is the only peace-maker; much virtue in If.

As You Like It. Act V. Sc. 4. L. 100.

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Miseram pacem vel bello bene mutari.

A peace may be so wretched as not to be ill exchanged for war. TACITUS-Annales. III. 44.

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Bellum magis desierat, quam pax cæperat.

It was rather a cessation of war than a be ginning of peace. TACITUS-Annales. IV. 1.

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A peace is of the nature of a conquest;
For then both parties nobly are subdued,
And neither party loser.

Henry IV. Pt. II. Act IV. Sc. 2. L. 89.
In peace there's nothing so becomes a man
As modest stillness and humility.
Henry V. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 3.

Peace, Dear nurse of arts, plenties and joyful births.

Henry V. Act V. Sc. 2. L. 34.
Still in thy right hand carry gentle peace,
To silence envious tongues.

Henry VIII. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 445.

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No more shall

* Peace Pipe on her pastoral hillock a languid note, And watch her harvest ripen.

TENNYSON-Maud. St. 28.

25 Peace with honor. THEOBALD, COUNT OF CHAMPAGNE—Letter to

King Louis the Great. (1108–1137) See
WALTER Map-De Nugis Curialium. (Ed.
Camden Society. P. 220.) SIR KENELM
DIGBY-Letter to LORD BRISTOL, May 27,
1625. See his Life, pub. by Longmans.
Same in Coriolanus. III. II.

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PEACOCK
Si vis pacem, para bellum.
In time of peace prepare for war.

For everything seemed resting on his nod, Original not found, but probably suggested by As they could read in all eyes. Now to them,

"qui desiderat pacem, præparet bellum." Who were accustomed, as a sort of god, He who desires peace will prepare for war. To see the sultan, rich in many a gem, VEGETIUSEpitoma Rei Militaris. Lib. Like an imperial peacock stalk abroad III. End of Prolog. A similar thought also (That royal bird, whose tail's a diadem,) in Dion CHRYSOSTOM. LIVY. VI. 18. 7. With all the pomp of power, it was a doubt CORNELIUS NEPOSEpaminondas. How power could condescend to do without. STATIUSThebais. VII. 554. SYRUS BYRON-Don Juan. Canto VII. St. 74. Maxims. 465. (See also HORACE)

To frame the little animal

, provide He had rather spend £100,000 on Embassies

All the gay hues that wait on female pride: to keep or procure peace with dishonour, than

Let Nature guide thee; sometimes golden wire

The shining bellies of the fly require; £100,000 on an army that would have forced

The peacock’s plumes thy tackle must not fail, peace with honour. SIR ANTHONY WELDONThe Court and Char

Nor the dear purchase of the sable's tail.

Gay-Rural Sports. Canto I. L. 177. acter of King James. P. 185. (1650) Used by DISRAELI on his return from the Berlin

To Paradise, the Arabs say, Congress on the Eastern Question July, 1878.

Satan could never find the way 3 But dream not helm and harness

Until the peacock led him in.

LELAND—The Peacock.
The sign of valor true;
Peace hath higher tests of manhood
Than battle ever knew.

"Fly pride," says the peacock.

Comedy of Errors. Act IV. Sc. 3. L. 81. WHITTIER—Poems. The Hero. St. 19.

Let frantic Talbot triumph for a while
As on the Sea of Galilee,
The Christ is whispering "Peace.

And like a peacock sweep along his tail.

Henry VI. Pt. I. Act III. Sc. 3. L. 5. WHITTIERTent on the Beach. Kallundborg Church.

Why, he stalks up and down like a peacock,5

a stride and a stand. When earth as if on evil dreams

Troilus and Cressida. Act III. Sc. 3. L. 251. Looks back upon her

wars, And the white light of Christ outstreams

And there they placed a peacock in his pride, From the red disc of Mars,

Before the damsel.
His fame, who led the stormy van

TENNYSONGareth and Lynette.
Of battle, well may cease;
But never that which crowns the man
Whose victory was peace.

PEACH
WHITTIER—William Francis Barllett.

A little peach in an orchard grew,

A little peach of emerald hue; The example of America must be the example Warmed by the sun and wet by the dew not merely of peace because it will not fight, but of peace because peace is the healing and ele EUGENE FIELD/The Little Peach. vating influence of the world, and strife is not. There is such a thing as a man being too proud As touching peaches in general, the very name to fight. There is such a thing as a nation being in Latine whereby they are called Persica, doth so right that it does not need to convince others evidently show that they were brought out of by force that it is right.

Persia first. WOODROW WILSON—Address in Convention PLINY-Natural History. Bk. XV. Ch. 13. Hall. Philadelphia, May 10, 1915.

HOLLAND's trans. (See also Pitt, SUMNER) Ne'er to meet, or ne'er to part, is peace.

The ripest peach is highest on the tree. YOUNG-Night Thoughts. Night V. L. 1,058.

JAMES WHITCOMB RILEY--The Ripest Peach.

(See CARMAN under APPLES)
PEA, SWEET

PEAR
Lathyrus Odoratus

"Now,Sire,"quod she, "for aught that may bityde, The pea is but a wanton witch

I moste haue of the peres that I see, In too much haste to wed,

Or I moote dye, so soore longeth me And clasps her rings on every hand.

To eten of the smalle peres grene." HOOD-Flowers.

CHAUCER—Canterbury Tales. The Merchantes 9

Tale. L. 14,669. Here are sweet peas, on tiptoe for a flight; With wings of gentle flush o'er delicate white, The great white pear-tree dropped with dew from And taper fingers catching at all things,

leaves To bind them all about with tiny rings.

And blossom, under heavens of happy blue. KEATS, I Stood Tiptoe Upon a Little Hill. JEAN INGELOW—Songs with Preludes. Wedlock.

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Oh! nature's noblest gift-my gray-goose quill!
Slave of my thoughts, obedient to my will,
Torn from thy parent-bird to form a pen,
That mighty instrument of little men!
BYRONEnglish Bards and Scotch Reviewers.

L. 7. (See also BERRY, also BYRON under EAGLE)

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A pear-tree planted nigh: 'Twas charg'd with fruit that made a goodly

show, And hung with dangling pears was every bough. POPE- January and May. L. 602.

PELICAN What, wouldst thou have me turn pelican, and feed thee out of my own vitals?

CONGREVE—Love for Love, Act II. Sc. 1. By them there sat the loving pelican, Whose young ones, poisond by the serpent's

sting, With her own blood to life again doth bring.

DRAYTON—Noah's Flood. Nature's prime favourites were the Pelicans; High-fed, long-lived, and sociable and free. MONTGOMERYPelican Island. Canto V. L.

144.

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The pen wherewith thou dost so heavenly sing
Made of a quill from an angel's wing.
HENRY CONSTAELE—Sonnet. Found in Notes

to Todd's Milton. Vol. V. P. 454. (Ed.
1826.) (See also BERRY)

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Nimbly they seized and secreted their prey,
Alive and wriggling in the elastic net,
Which Nature hung beneath their grasping beaks;
Till, swoln with captures, the unwieldy burden
Clogg’d their slow flight, as heavily to land,
These mighty hunters of the deep return'd.
There on the cragged cliffs they perch'd at ease,
Gorging their hapless victims one by one;
Then full and weary, side by side, they slept,
Till evening roused them to the chase again.
MONTGOMERYPelican Island. Canto IV. L.

141.

Anser, apie, vitellus, populus et regna gubernant.

Goose (pen) bee (wax) and calf sparchment] govern the world. Quoted by JAMES HOWELL. Letters. Bk. II.

Letter 2.

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The pen became a clarion.

LONGFELLOW-Monte Cassino. St. 13.

17 The swifter hand doth the swift words outrun: Before the tongue hath spoke the hand hath done. MARTIAL-Epigrams. Bk. XIV. Ep. 208.

Trans. by WRIGHT. (On a shorthand writer.)

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The sacred Dove a quill did lend From her high-soaring wing. F. NETHERSOLE. Prefixed to GILES FLETCHER's Christ's Victorie.

(See also BERRY)

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Non sest aliena res, quæ fere ab honestis negligi solet, cura bene ac velociter scribendi.

Men of quality are in the wrong to undervalue, as they often do, the practise of a fair and quick hand in writing; for it is no immaterial accomplishment.

QUINTILIANDe institutione Oratoria. I. 5.

PEN (See also AUTHORSHIP, JOURNALISM)

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Art thou a pen, whose task shall be

To drown in ink
What writers think?
Oh, wisely write,

That pages white
Be not the worse for ink and thee.
ETHEL LINN BEERSThe Gold Nugget.

Whose noble praise Deserves a quill pluckt from an angel's wing. DOROTHY BERRY-Sonnet. Prefixed to DIANA

PRIMROSE's Chain of Pearls. (1699)
(See also BYRON, CONSTABLE, DAVIES,

NETHERSOLE, WORDSWORTH)
Beneath the rule of men entirely great
The pen is mightier than the sword.
BULWER-LYTTON-Richelieu. Act II. Sc. 2.

(See also BURTON)

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