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I Of this stamp is the cant of, not men, but In easures. BURKE–Thoughts on the Cause of the Present Discontent. EARL of SHELBURNE quotes the phrase in a letter, July 11, 1765, before Burke's use of it. (See also BRough AM) 2 Protection and patriotism are reciprocal. CALHoun—Speech delivered in the House of Representatives. (1812)


Away with the cant of “Measures, not men!” —the idle supposition that it is the ess and not the horses that draw the chariot along. No Sir, if the comparison must be made, if the distinction must be taken, men are everything, measures comparatively nothing.

CANNING—Speech against the Addington Min

istry. (1801)
(See also BROUGHAM)

4. The Duty of an Opposition is to oppose. Quoted by RANDoIPH CHURCHILL. (See also STANLEY)

5 One of the greatest of Romans, when asked what were his politics, replied, “Imperium et libertas.” That would not make a bad programme for a British Ministry. RANDolph CHURCHILL–Speech. Mansion House, London. Nov. 10, 1879. w Here the two great interests IMPERIUM ET LIBERTAs, res olim insociabiles (saith Tacitus), to incounter each other. WINSTON CHURCHILL–Divi Britannici. P. 849. (1675) 7 Nam ego in ista sum sententia, quate fuisse semper scio, nihil ut feurit in suffragiis voce melius. I am of the opinion which you have always held, that “viva voce” voting at elections is the best method. CICERO-De Legibus. III. 15. Philippics. IV. 4. TACITUs—Agricola. Ch. III.

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1 He serves his party best who serves the country best. RUTHERFORD B. HAYEs–Inaugural Address. March 5, 1877.

2 The freeman casting, with unpurchased hand, The vote that shakes the turrets of the land.

Holmes—Poetry. A Metrical Essay. L. 83.

3 Non ego ventosae plebis suffragia venor. I court not the votes of the fickle mob.

HoRACE—Epistles. I. 19. 37.

4 Like an armed warrior, like a plumed knight, James G. Blaine marched down the halls of the American Congress and threw his shining lance full and fair against the brazen foreheads of the defamers of his country, and the maligners of his honor. ROBERT G. INGERSOLL–The Plumed Knight. Speech in nomination of BLAINE for President in the Republican Convention. Cincinnati, June 15, 1876. (see also PHILLIPs) 5 Whenever a man has cast a longing eye on offices, a rottenness begins in his conduct. THos. JEFFERSON.—Letter to Core. (1799)

6 If a due participation of office is a matter of right, how are vacancies to be obtained? Those by death are few; by resignation, none. Usually quoted, “Few die and none resign.” THos. JEFFERSON.—Letter to Elias Shipman and Merchants of New Haven. July 12, 1801.

7 Of the various executive abilities, no one excited more anxious concern than that of placi the interests of our fellow-citizens in the handso honest men, with understanding sufficient for their stations. No duty is at the same time more difficult to fulfil. The knowledge of character possessed by a single individual is of necessity limited. To seek out the best through the whole Union, we must resort to the information which from the best of men, acting disinterestedly and with the purest motives, is sometimes incorrect. THos. JEFFERSON.—Letter to Elias Shipman and Merchants of New Haven. July 12, 1801. Paraphrased, “Put the right man in the right place” by McMASTER—History of the People of the §§ Wol. II. P. 586. 8 We are swinging round the circle. ANDREw Johnson—Of the Presidential “Reconstruction.” August, 1866.

9 I have always said the first Whig was the Devil. SAMUEL Johnson—Boswell's Johnson. (1778)

10 Skilled to pull wires he baffles nature's hope,

who sure intended him to stretch a rope. LowLLL–The Boss. (Tweed.)

11 Free trade, one of the greatest blessings

which a government can confer on a people,

is in almost every country unpopular. MACAULAY—On Milford's History of Greece.

12 Factions among yourselves; preferring such To offices and honors, as ne'er read

The elements of saving policy;
But deeply skilled in all the principles
That usher to destruction.

MAssiNGER—The Bondman. Act I. Sc. 3. L. 210.

13 Agitate, agitate, agitate. LoRD MELBoURNE. In Torre Ns—Life of Lord Melbourne. Wol. I. P. 320, and in WALPole's History of England from Conclusion of the Great War. Vol. III. P. 143. 14 Every time I fill a vacant office I make ten malcontents and one ingrate. MoLIERE. Quoting Louis XIV, in Siècle de Louis Quatorze.


Those who would treatFo and morality

apart will never understand the one or the other. John MoRLEY-Rousseau. P. 380.

16 Car c'est en famille, ce n'est pas en public, qu'un lave son lingesale. But it is at home and not in public that one should wash ones dirty linen. NAPOLEoN-On his return from Elba. Speech to the Legislative Assembly. 17 (See also WoLTAIRE)

Better a hundred times an honest and capable administration of an erroneous policy than a corrupt and incapable administration of a good One. E. J. PHELPs—At Dinner of the N. Y. Chamber of Commerce. Nov. 19, 1889.

18 The White Plume of Navarre. Name given to N. Y. Tribune during the Civil War. See WENDELL PHILLIPs—Under the Flag. Boston, April 21, 1861. 19 (See also INGERSoLL)

A weapon that comes down as still
As snowflakes fall upon the sod;
But executes a freeman's will,
As lightning does the will of God;
And from its force, nor doors nor locks
Can shield you; 'tis the ballot-box.
PIERPONT—A Word from a Petitioner.


... which at best is but the madness

of many, for the gain of a few. Pope—Letter to Blount. Aug. 27, 1714.

21 Old politicians chew on wisdom And totter on in business to the last. Pope—Moral Essays. Ep. I. L. 228. 22 f Party is the madness of many for the gain of a ew. Pope in Thoughts on Various Subjects, written by SwiFT and Pope. Evidence in favor of Pope. 23 A mugwump is a person educated beyond his intellect. HoRACE PORTER—A Bon-Mot in ClevelandBlaine Campaign. (1884) (See also BROMLEY)


1. Abstain from beans. PYTHAGoRAs. Advice against political voting, which was done by means of beans. See LUCLAN GALLUs, IV. 5. Vitarum Auctio. Sect. 6. The superstition against beans was prevalent in Egypt however. See HERodotus. II. 37, also SExTUs EMPIRIcus. Explanations to abstain from beans from lost treatise of ARISTOTLE in DioG. LAERTEs. VIII. 34. Beans had an oligarchical characte: on account of their use in voting. PLUTARCH gives a similar explanation in De Educat. Ch. XVII. Caution against entering public life, for the votes by which magistrates were elected were originally given by beans. PythagoFAs referred #by go." TAYLoR-Holy Living. Sect.

2 I will drive a coach and six through the Act of Settlement. STEPHEN RICE—Quoted by MACAULAYHistory of England. Ch. XII. Familiarly known as “Drive a coach and six through an Act of Parliament.”

3. There is a homely old adage which runs:

“Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will §

far.” If the American nation will speak softly

and yet build and keep at a pitch of the highest

training a thoroughly efficient navy, the Monroe

Doctrine will go far.
Roosevelt. Address at Minnesota State Fair,

Sept. 2, 1901.


The first advice I have to give the party is that it should clean its slate.

LoRD RoseBERY (Fifth Earl)—Speech. Chesterfield. Dec. 16, 1901.

5 Something is rotten in the state of Denmark. Hamlet. Act I. Sc. 4. L. 90.

6 Get thee glass eyes;

And, like a scurvy E.; seein

To see the things thou dost not.
King Lear. Act IV. Sc. 6. L. 174.

7 O, that estates, degrees, and offices Were not deriv'd corruptly, and that clear honour Were purchased by the merit of the wearer! Merchant of Venice. Act II. Sc. 9. L. 41.

s Persuade me not; I will make a Star-chamber matter of it. Merry Wives of Windsor. Act I. Sc. 1. L. 1.

o When I first came into Parliament, Mr. Tierney, a great Whig authority, used always to say that the duty of an Opposition was very simple—it was to oppose everything and propose nothing. LoRD STANLEY-Debate, June 4, 1841. See Hansard's Parli mentary Debates. (See also Churchill)

1d. Who is the dark horse he has in his stable? THACKERAY-Adventures of Philip (See DISRAELI)

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9 Let but my scarlet head appear And I am held in scorn; Yet juice of subtile virtue lies Within my cup of curious dyes. CHRISTINA G. RossETTI—“Consider the Lilies of the Field.” 10 Gentle sleep! Scatter thy drowsiest poppies from above; And in new dreams not soon to vanish, bless My senses with the sight of her I love. HoRACE SMITH-Poppies and Sleep. 11 And far and wide, in a scarlet tide, The poppy's bonfire spread. BAYARD TAYLOR-Poems of the Orient. The Poet in the East. St. 4. 12 Summer set lip to earth's bosom bare, And left the flushed print in a poppy there: Like a yawn of fire from the grass it came, Åo fanning wind puffed it to flapping anne. With burnt mouth red like a lion's it drank The blood of the sun as he slaughtered sank, And dipped its cup in the purpurate shine When the eastern conduits ran with wine. FRANCIs THoMPsoN–The Poppy. 13 Bring poppies for a weary mind That saddens in a senseless din. WM. WINTER—The White Flag.


14 Populus Fastigiata

Trees that, like the poplar, lift upward all their boughs, give no shade and no shelter, whatever their height. Trees the most lovingly shelter and shade us, when, like the willow, the higher soar their summits, the lowlier droop their boughs.

BULWER-LYTTON.—What Will He Do With It?

Bk. XI. Ch. X. Introductory lines.


Their poet, a sad trimmer, but no less
In company a very pleasant fellow,
Had been the favorite of full many a mess
Of men, and made them speeches when half
And though his meaning they could rarely guess,
Yet still they deign'd to hiccup or to bellow
The glorious meed of popular applause,
Of which the first ne'er knows the second cause.
BYRON-Don Juan. Canto III. St. 82.
Some shout him, and some hang upon his car,
To gaze in his eyes, and bless him. Maidens

Wave Their 'kerchiefs, and old women weep for joy; While others, not so satisfied, unhorse The gilded equipage, and turning loose His steeds, usurp a place they well deserve. CowPER—The Task. Bk. VI. L. 708.

17 And to some men popularity is alwavs suspicious. Enjoying none themselves, they are prone to suspect the validity of those attainments which command it. Go, * LEwes—The Spanish Drama.

18 There was ease in Casey's manner as he stept into his place, There was pride in Casey's bearing and a smile on Casey's face, And when responding to the cheers he lightly doft his hat, No stranger in the crowd could doubt, 't was Casey at the bat. ERNEST L. THAYER—Casey at the Bat.


All tongues speak of him, and the bleared sights

Are spectacled to see him.
Coriolanus. Act II. Sc. 1. L. 221.

20 I have seen the dumb men throng to see him,

and The . to hear him speak: matrons flung oves, Laio and maids their scarfs and hand'zerchers Upon him as he passed; the nobles bended As to Jove's statue, and the commons made A shower and thunder with their caps and shouts. Coriolanus. Act II. Sc. 1. L. 278.

21 The ladies call him sweet; The stairs, as he treads on them, kiss his feet. Love's Labour's Lost. Act W. Sc. 2. L. 329.

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