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Einen gold'nen Becher gab.
There was a king of Thule,

Was faithful till the grave,
To whom his mistress dying,

A golden goblet gave. GOETHE--Faust. The King of Thule. BAYARD

TAYLOR's trans.

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Der Kaiser of dis Faderland,

Und Gott on high all dings commands, We two-ach! Don't you understand?

Myself-und Gott. A. M. R. GORDON (McGregor Rose)-Kaiser

& Co. Later called Hoch der Kaiser, Pub. in Montreal Herald, Oct., 1897, after the Kaiser's Speech on the Divine Right of Kings. Recited by CAPTAIN COGHLAN at a banquet.

Their imitations, and regard of laws:
A virtuous court a world to virtue draws.

BEN JONSON—Cynthia's Revels. Act V. Sc. 3.

A prince without letters is a Pilot without eyes. All his government is groping.

BEN JONSON--Discoveries. IUiteratus. Princeps.

They say Princes learn no art truly, but the art of horsemanship. The reason is, the brave beast is no flatterer. He will throw a Prince as soon as his groom.

BEN JONSON-Discoveries. Iliteratus Princeps.

14 Over all things certain, this is sure indeed, Suffer

not the old King, for we know the breed. KIPLINGThe Old Issue. In the Five Nations. 'Ave you 'eard o' the Widow at Windsor

With a hairy old crown on 'er 'ead?
She'as ships on the foam-she'as millions at'ome,

An' she pays us poor beggars in red.
KIPLING-The Widow at Windsor.

La cour est comme un édifice bâti de marbre; je veux dire qu'elle est composée d'homines fort durs mais fort polis.

The court is like a palace built of marble; I mean that it is made up of very hard but very polished people. LA BRUYÈRE-Les Caractères. VIII.

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As yourselves your empires fall,
And every kingdom hath a grave.

WILLIAM HABINGTONNight.
Elle gouvernait, mais elle ne régnait pas.

She governs but she does not reign.
HÉNAULT-Memoirs. 161. Said of Mme. des
Ursins, favorite of PHILIP V. of Spain.

(See also BISMARCK)
The Royal Crown cures not the headache.

HERBERT-Jacula Prudentum.

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Ah! vainest of all things
Is the gratitude of kings.

LONGFELLOW-Belisarius. St. 8.

18 Qui ne sait dissimuler, ne sait régner.

He who knows not how to dissimulate, can not reign. LOUIS XI. See ROCHE ET CHASLES— Fiist, de

France. Vol. II. P. 30.
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L'état c'est moi.

I am the State.
Attributed to LOUIS XIV of France. Prob-

ably taken from a phrase of BOSSUET s re-
ferring to the King: "tout l'état est en
lui”; which may be freely translated: "he
embodies the State."

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The rule Of the many is not well. One must be chief In war and one the king. HOMER-Iliad. Bk. II. L. 253. BRYANT'S

trans. Quidquid delirant reges, plectuntur Achivi.

Whenever monarchs err, the people are punished. HORACE-Epistles. I. 2. 14.

7 On the king's gate the moss grew gray;

The king came not. They call'd him dead;
And made his eldest son, one day,

Slave in his father's stead.
HELEN HUNT JACKSON--Coronation.

8 God gives not kings the stile of Gods in vaine,

For on his throne his sceptre do they sway;

And as their subjects ought them to obey, So kings should feare and serve their God againe. KING JAMES-Sonnet Addressed to his son,

Prince Henry. Si la bonne foi était bannie du reste du monde, il faudrait qu'on la trouvât dans la bouche des rois.

Though good faith should be banished from the rest of the world, it should be found in the mouths of kings. JEAN II. See Biographie Universelle. 10

The trappings of a monarchy would set up an ordinary commonwealth.

SAMUEL JOHNSON-Life of Milton.

11 Princes that would their people should do well Must at themselves begin, as at the head; For men, by their example, pattern out

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Qui nescit dissimulare, nescit regnare.

He who knows how to dissimulate knows how to reign. VICENTIUS LUPANUS—De Magistrat. Franc.

Lib. I. See LIPSIUS-Politica sire Cirilis Doctrina. Lib. IV. Cap. 14. CONRAD LYCOSTHENES-A popothegmata. De Simulatione & Dissimulatione. BURTON Anatomy of Melancholy. Pt. I. Sect. II. Merr. III. Subsec. 15. PALINGENIUS-Zodiacus Vitæ. Lib. IV. 684. Also given as a saying of EMPEROR FREDERICK I., (Barbarossa), Louis XI, and PHILIP II, of Spain. TACITUS ---Annales. IV. 71.

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A crown Golden in show, is but a wreath of thorns, Brings dangers, troubles, cares, and sleepless

nights To him who wears the regal diadem.

MILTON--Paradise Regained. Bk. II. L. 458.

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14 His fair large front and eye sublime declared Wenn die Könige bau'n, haben die Kärrier zu Absolute rule; and hyacinthine locks

thun. Round from his parted forelock manly hung

When kings are building, draymen have Clustering, but not beneath his shoulders broad. something to do. MILTON-Paradise Lost. Bk. IV. L. 300.

SCHILLER-Kant und Seine Ausleger.

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'Tis so much to be a king, that he only is so For monarchs seldom sigh in vain.
by being so.

SCOTT-Marmion. Canto V. St. 9.
MONTAIGNE--Essays. Of the Inconveniences of 16
Greatness.

O Richard! O my king!

The universe forsakes thee! 3 A crown! what is it?

MICHEL JEAN SEDAINE-Richard Cæur de It is to bear the miseries of a people!

Lion. Blondel's Song.
To hear their murmurs, feel their discontents,
And sink beneath a load of splendid care!
HANNAH MOREDaniel. Pt. VI.

Alieno in loco

Haud stabile regnum est. An nescis longos regibus esse manus?

The throne of another is not stable for thee. Knowest thou not that kings have long SENECA-Hercules Furens. CCCXLIV. hands?

18 OVID-Heroides. XVII. 166.

Ars prima regni posse te invidiam pati.

The first art to be learned by a ruler is to Est aliquid valida sceptra tenere manu.

endure envy It is something to hold the scepter with a SENECA-Hercules Furens. CCCLIII. firm hand. OVID-Remedia Amoris. 480.

Omnes sub regno graviore regnum est.

Every monarch is subject to a mightier one. The King is dead! Long live the King!

SENECA-Hercules Furens. DCXIV. PARDOE-Life of Louis XIV. Vol. III. P. 457.

His legs bestrid the ocean; his rear'd arm

Crested the world: his voice was propertied But all's to no end, for the times will not mend As all the tuned spheres, and that to friends; Till the King enjoys his own again.

But when he meant to quail and shake the orb, MARTIN PARKER. Upon Defacing of White He was as rattling thunder. Hall. (1645)

Antony and Cleopatra. Act V. Sc. 2. L. 28. What is a king? a man condemn'd to bear

The gates of monarchs The public burthen of the nation's care.

Are arch'd so high that giants may jet through PRIOR-Solomon. Bk. III. L. 275.

And keep their impious turbans on.

Cymbeline. Act III. Sc. 3. L. 4.
Put not your trust in princes.
Psalms. CXLVI. 3.

There's such divinity doth hedge a king,

That treason can but peep to what it would. 10

Hamlet. Act IV. Sc. 5. L. 123. Savoir dissimuler est le savoir des rois.

To know how to dissemble is the knowledge | Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown. of kings.

Henry IV. Pt. II. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 31. RICHELIEUMiranne. 11

Every subject's duty is the king's; but every A merry monarch, scandalous and poor.

subject's soul is his own. EARL OF ROCHESTER-On the King.

Henry V. Act IV. Sc. 1. L. 186.

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And fearless minds climb soonest unto crowns.

Henry VI. Pt. III. Act IV. Sc. 7. L. 63.

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Here lies our sovereign lord, the king,

Whose word no man relies on,
Who never said a foolish thing,

And never did a wise one.
ROCHESTER. To CHARLES II. “That is very

true, for my words are my own. My actions
are my minister's.” Answer of CHARLES II,
according to the account in HUME's History

of England. VIII. P. 312. 13 Here lies our mutton-looking king,

Whose word no man relied on,
Who never said a foolish thing,

Nor ever did a wise one.
Another version of ROCHESTER's Epitaph on
CHARLES II, included in works of QUARLES.
(see also OVERBURY Under WISDOM)

0, how wretched
Is that poor man that hangs on princes' favors!
There is, betwixt that smile we would aspire to,
That sweet aspect of princes, and their ruin,
More pangs and fears than wars and women have;
And when he falls, he falls like Lucifer,
Never to hope again.

Henry VIII. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 366.

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A substitute shines brightly as a king
Until a king be by, and then his state
Empties itself, as doth an inland brook
Into the main waters.

Merchant of Venice. Act V. Sc. 1. L. 94.

Titles are abolished; and the American Republic swarms with men claiming and bearing them. THACKERAYRound Head Papers. On Rib

bons.

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Le roi règne, il ne gouverne pas.

The king reigns but does not govern.
THIERS. In an early number of the National,

a newspaper under the direction of himself
and his political friends six months before
the dissolution of the monarchy: July 1,
1830. JAN ZAMOYSKI, in the Polish and
Hungarian Diets.

(See also BISMARCK) Le premier qui fut roi, fut un soldat heureux; Qui sert bien son pays, n'a pas besoin d'aïeux.

The first king was a successful soldier;
He who serves well his country has no need of

ancestors.
VOLTAIRE–Mérope. I. 3.

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Yet looks he like a king; behold, his eye, As bright as is the eagle's, lightens forth Controlling majesty:

Richard II. Act III. Sc. 3. L. 68.

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Hail to the crown by Freedom shaped-to gird
An English sovereign's brow! and to the throne
Whereon he sits! whose deep foundations lie
In veneration and the people's love.
WORDSWORTH-Excursion. Bk. IV.

(See also TENNYSON)
A partial world will listen to my lays,
While Anna reigns, and sets a female name
Unrival'd in the glorious lists of fame.

YOUNG-Force of Religion. Bk. I. L. 6.

I give this heavy weight from off my head,
And this unwieldy sceptre from my hand,
The pride of kingly sway from out my heart;
With mine own tears I wash away my value,
With mine own bands I give away my crown,
With mine own tongue deny my sacred state,
With mine own breath release all duteous oaths.

Richard II. Act IV. Sc. 1. L. 204.

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The king's name is a tower of strength, Which they upon the adverse party want.

Richard III. Act V. Sc. 3. L. 12.

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Kings are like stars——they rise and set, they have The worship of the world, but no repose.

SHELLEY-Hellas. Mahmud to Hassan. L. 195.

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RUIN Should the whole frame of nature round him

break In ruin and confusion hurled, He, unconcerned, would hear the mighty crack,

And stand secure amidst a falling world.
ADDISON-Horace. Ode III. Bk. III.

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And when 'midst fallen London they survey
The stone where Alexander's ashes lay,
Shall own with humble pride the lesson just
By Time's slow finger written in the dust.
Mrs. BARBAULD Eighteen Hundred and

Eleven. (See also GOLDSMITH, LONDON MAGAZINE, MACAULAY, SHELLEY, VOLNEY, WALPOLE, WHITE)

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There is a temple in ruin stands,
Fashion'd by long forgotten hands:
Two or three columns, and many a stone,
Marble and granite, with grass o'ergrown!

BYRON-Siege of Corinth. St. 18.
While in the progress of their long decay,
Thrones sink to dust, and nations pass away.
EARL OF CARLISLE On the Ruins of Pæstum.

Same idea in Pope's Messiah.

Hener was the hero-king,
Heaven-born, dear to us,
Showing his shield
A shelter for peace.
Esaias TEGNÉR-Eridthjof's Saga.

XXI. St. 7.

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to be taken from Louis S. MERCIER-L'An Deux Mille Quatre Cent-Quaranle. Written 1768, pub. 1770. Disowned in part by his executors.

(See also BARBAULD)

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What cities, as great as this, have .. promised themselves immortality! Posterity can hardly trace the situation of some. The sorrowful traveller wanders over the awful ruins of others. . . . Here stood their citadel, but now grown over with weeds; there their senate-house, but now the haunt of every noxious reptile; temples and theatres stood here, now only an undistinguished heap of ruins. GOLDSMITHThe Bee. No. IV. A City NightPiece. (1759)

(See also BARBAULD)•

For such a numerous host Fled not in silence through the frighted deep With ruin upon ruin, rout on rout, Confusion worse confounded.

MILTON—Paradise Lost. Bk. II. L. 993.

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Prostrate the beauteous ruin lies; and all
That shared its shelter, perish in its fall.

Wm. PittThe Poetry of the Anti-Jacobin.

The ruins of himself! now worn away
With age, yet still majestic in decay.
HOMER— Odyssey. Bk. XXIV. L. 271. POPE'S

trans.

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In the firm expectation that when London shall be a habitation of bitterns, when St. Paul and Westminster Abbey shall stand shapeless and nameless ruins in the midst of an unpeopled marsh, when the piers of Waterloo Bridge shall become the nuclei of islets of reeds and osiers, and cast the jagged shadows of their broken arches on the solitary stream, some Transatlantic commentator will be weighing in the scales of some new and now unimagined system of criticism the respective merits of the Bells and the Fudges and their historians. SHELLEY-Dedication to Peter Bell the Third.

(See also BARBAULD) Red ruin and the breaking-up of all. TENNYSON-Idylls of the King. Guinevere.

Fifth line. 13 Behold this ruin! 'Twas a skull Once of ethereal spirit full! This narrow cell was Life's retreat; This place was Thought's mysterious seat! What beauteous pictures fill'd that spot, What dreams of pleasure, long forgot! Nor Love, nor Joy, nor Hope, nor Fear, Has left one trace, one record here. ANNA JANE VARDILL (Mrs. James Niven.) Ap

peared in European Magazine, Nov., 1816, with signature V. Since said to have been found near a skeleton in the Royal College of Surgeons, Lincoln's Inn, London. Falseiy claimed for J. D. GORDMAN. ROBERT PHILIP claims it in a newspaper pub. 1826.

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When I have been indulging this thought I have, in imagination, seen the Britons of some future century, walking by the banks of the Thames, then overgrown with weeds and almost impassable with rubbish. The father points to his son where stood St. Paul's, the Monument, the Bank, the Mansion House, and other places of the first distinction. London Magazine, 1745. Article, Humorous

Thoughts on the Removal of the Seat of Empire and Commerce.

(See also BARBAULD) Gaudensque viam fecisse ruina.

And rejoicing that he has made his way by ruin. LUCANUS-Pharsalia. Bk. I. 150. (Referring

to Julius Cæsar.) She (the Roman Catholic Church) may still exist in undiminished vigour, when some traveller from New Zealand shall, in the midst of a vast solitude, take his stand on a broken arch of London Bridge to sketch the ruins of St. Paul's. MACAULAY-Ranke's History of the Popes.

Same idea in his Review of MITFORD'S Greece. Last Par. (1824) Also in his Review of MILL's Essay on Government. (1829) Same thought also in Poems of a Young Nobleman lately deceased-supposed to be writted by THOMAS, second LORD LYTTLETON, describing particularly the State of England, and the once flourishing City of London. In a letter from an American Traveller, dated from the Ruinous Portico of St. Paul's, in the year 2199, to a friend settled in Boston, the Metropolis of the Western Empire. (1771) The original said

Etiam quæ sibi quisque timebat
Unius in miseri exitium conversa tulere.

What each man feared would happen to himself, did not trouble him when he saw that it would ruin another. VERGIL-Æneid. II. 130. 15

Who knows but that hereafter some traveller like myself will sit down upon the banks of the Seine, the Thames, or the Zuyder Zee, where now, in the tumult of enjoyment, the heart and the eyes are too slow to take in the multitude of sensations? Who knows but he will sit down solitary amid silent ruins, and weep a people inurned and their greatness changed into an empty name? VOLNEY-Ruins. Ch. II.

(See also BARBAULD)

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