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I have known the silence of the stars and of the La douleur qui se tait n'en est que plus funeste. sea,

Silent anguish is the more dangerous.
And the silence of the city when it pauses, RACINE-Andromaque. III. 3.
And the silence of a man and a maid,
And the silence for which music alone finds the Silence in love bewrays more woe

Than words, though ne'er so witty;

A beggar that is dumb, you know,

May challenge double pity. Dixisse me, inquit, aliquando ponituit, tacuisse SIR WALTER RALEIGHThe Silent Lover. nunquam.

St. 9. He (Xenocrates) said that he had often repented speaking, but never of holding his The silente man still suffers wrong. tongue.

The Rock of Regard. J. P. COLLIER's Reprint. VALERIUS MAXIMUS. Bk. VII. 2, Ext. 7.


17 Nothing is more useful than silence.

Silence more musical than any song. MENANDER—Ex Incert. Comæd. P. 216. CHRISTINA G. ROSSETTI-Sonnet. Rest.


You know Altissima quæque flumina minimo sono labuntur. There are moments when silence, prolong'd and The deepest rivers flow with the least sound. unbroken,

QUINTUS CURTIUS RUFUS—De Rebus Gestis More expressive may be than all words ever Alexandri Magni. VII. 4. 13. spoken,

(See also LYLY) It is when the heart has an instinct of what In the heart of another is passing.

Doch grosse Seelen dulden still. OWEN MEREDITH (Lord Lytton) Lucile. Great souls suffer in silence. Pt. II. Canto I. St. 20.

SCHILLER-Don Carlos. I. 4. 52. 5

20 That silence is one of the great arts of conver Bekker schweigt in sieben Sprachen, sation is allowed by Cicero himself, who says, Bekker is silent in seven languages. there is not only an art, but even an eloquence SCHLEIERMACHER. See Letter of Zelter to in it.

Goethe. March 15, 1830.
HANNAH MORE—Essays on Various Subjects.
Thoughts on Conversation.

Wise Men say nothing in dangerous times. 6

JOHN SELDEN——Table Talk. Wisdom. Silence sweeter is than speech.

22 D. M. MULOCK-Magnus and Morna. Sc. 3. Tacere multis discitur vitæ malis. 7

Silence is learned by the many misfortunes Be silent and safe-silence never betrays you. of life.

JOHN BOYLE O'REILLY-Rules of the Road. St.2. SENECAThyestes. 319. Sed taciti fecere tamen convicia vultus.

23 Be check'd for silence, But still her silent looks loudly reproached me.

But never tax'd for speech.

All's Well That Ends Well. Act I. Sc. 1. L. 76. OVID—Amorum. I. 7. 21.

24 Sæpe tacens vocem verbaque vultus habet.

I'll speak to thee in silence. The silent countenance often speaks.

Cymbeline. Act V. Sc. 4. L. 29.

25 OVID–Ars Amatoria. 1. 574.

The rest is silence. 10

Hamlet. Act V. Sc. 2. L. 368. Exigua est virtus præstare silentia rebus;

26 At contra, gravis est culpa tacenda loqui. Slight is the merit of keeping silence on a

The saying is true “The empty vessel makes matter, on the other hand serious is the guilt

the greatest sound.” of talking on things whereon we should be

Henry V. Act IV. Sc. 4. L. 72. silent. OVID--Ars Amatoria. Bk. II. 603.

Smooth runs the water where the brook is deep.

Henry VI. Pt. II. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 58. 11 Silence slecping on a waste of ocean.



Silence is only commendable 12

In a neat's tongue dried and a maid not vendiRemember what Simonides said, -that he ble. never repented that he had held his tongue, but Merchant of Venice. Act I. Sc. 1. L. 111. often that he had spoken. PLUTARCH-Morals. Vol. l. Rules for the 'Tis old, but true, still swine eat all the draff. Preservation of Health.

Merry Wives of Windsor. Act IV. Sc. 2. L. 96. 13

Said Periander, "Hesiod might as well have Silence is the perfectest herald of joy: kept his breath to cool his pottage."

I were but little happy, if I could say how much. PLUTARCH–Morals. Vol. II. The Banquet of Much Ado About Nothing. Act II. Sc. 1. L.

the Seven Wise Men.





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Le silence du peuple est la leçon des rois.

The silence of the people is a lesson for kings. SOANEN, Bishop of Senax; also ABBÉ DE

BEAUVAIS-Funeral oration over Louis XV.



Woman, to women silence is the best ornament.

SOPHOCLES-Ajax. 293. 7

To me so deep a silence portends some dread event; a clamorous sorrow wastes itself in sound.

SOPHOCLES—Antigone. 1251.

The greatest truths are the simplest: and so are the greatest men.

J. C. AND A. W. HARE—Guesses at Truth.

20 Simplicity is a state of mind.

CHARLES WAGNER-Simple Life. Ch. II. A man is simple when his chief care is the wish to be what he ought to be, that is honestly and naturally human.


Humanity lives and always has lived on certain elemental provisions.



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SIN 23 I waive the quantum o' the sin,

The hazard of concealing:
But, och! it hardens a' within,

And petrifies the feeling!
BURNSEpistle to a Young Friend.



Of every noble work the silent part is best,
Of all expression, that which cannot be expressed.

W. W. STORYThe Unexpressed.

11 Silence, beautiful voice.

TENNYSON--Maud. Pt. V. St. 3.

Compound for sins they are inclin'd to,
By damning those they have no mind to.

BUTLERHudibras. Pt. I. Canto I. L. 215.


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But, sad as angels for the good man's sin,
Weep to record, and blush to give it in.

CAMPBELI, Pleasures of Hope. Pt. II. L. 357. Sin let loose speaks punishment at hand.

COWPERExpostulation. L. 160. Come, now again, thy woes impart,

Tell all thy sorrows, all thy sin;
We cannot heal the throbbing heart

Till we discern the wounds within.
CRABBE-Hell of Justice. Pt. II.

And I too talk, and lose the touch

I talk of. Surely, after all,
The noblest answer unto such

Is kindly silence when they brawl.
TENNYSONThe After Thought. In Punch,

March 7, 1816. (Altered in the published
poems to: “Is perfect stillness when they




Our noisy years seem moments in the being
Of the eternal Silence.
WORDSWORTH Intimations of Immortality.


I couldn't live in peace if I put the shadow of a wilful sin between myself and God. GEORGE ELIOTThe Mill on the Floss. Bk.

VI. Ch. XIV.

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Man-like is it to fall into sin,

See sin in state, majestically drunk; Fiend-like is it to dwell therein,

Proud as a peeress, prouder as a punk.
Christ-like is it for sin to grieve,

POPE-Moral Essays. Ep. II. L. 69.
God-like is it all sin to leave.
FRIEDRICH VON LOGA—Sinngedichte. Sin.
See LONGFELLOW's trans. Poetic Aphorisms.

My son, if sinners entice thee, consent thou not.

Proverbs. I. 10.
Deus propitius esto mihi peccatori.
God be merciful to me a sinner.

The way of transgressors is hard.
Luke. XVIII. 13. Vulgate.

Proverbs. XIII. 15.
Nor custom, nor example, nor vast numbers The wages of sin is death.
Of such as do offend, make less the sin.

Romans. VI. 23.
MASSINGERThe Picture. Act IV. Sc. 2.

Aliena vitia in oculis habemus; a tergo nostra Her rash hand in evil hour

sunt. Forth reaching to the fruit, she pluck'd, she eat; Other men's sins are before our eyes; our Earth felt the wound, and Nature from her seat

own behind our backs.
Sighing through all her works gave signs of woe SENECA-De Ira. II. 28.
That all was lost.
MILTONParadise Lost. Bk. IX. L. 780.

Magna pars hominum est, quæ non peccatis Law can discover sin, but not remove,

irascitur sed peccantibus.

The greater part of mankind are angry with Save by those shadowy expiations weak.

the sinner and not with the sin. MILTON-Paradise Lost. Bk. XII. L. 290.

SENECADe Ira. II. 28. 8 So many laws argues so many sins. MILTONParadise Lost. Bk. XII. L. 283. Omnes mali sumus. Quidquid itaque in alio

reprehenditur, id unusquisque in suo sinu inveniet. But the trail of the serpent is over them all.

We are all sinful. Therefore whatever we MOORE-Lalla Rookh. Paradise and the Peri. blame in another we shall find in our own L. 206.

bosoms. 10

SENECA-De Ira. III. 26.
In Adam's fall-
We sinned all.

Sin is a state of mind, not an outward act.
New England Primer. (1814)

SEWELL-Passing Thoughts on Religion. Wil11

ful Sin. Young Timothy

Commit Learnt sin to fly.

The oldest sins the newest kind of ways? New England Primer. (1777)

Henry IV. Pt. II. Act IV. Sc. 5. L. 126. 12 Di faciles, peccasse semel concedite tuto: Id satis est. Pænam culpa secunda ferat.

It is great sin to swear unto a sin, Indulgent gods, grant me to sin once with

But greater sin to keep a sinful oath. impunity. That is sufficient. Let a second

Henry VI. Pt. II. Act V. Sc. 1. L. 182. offence bear its punishment.

27 OVID-Amorum. Bk. II. 14. 43.

Some sins do bear their privilege on earth. 13

King John. Act I. Sc. 1. L. 261.
Cui peccare licet peccat minus. Ipsa potestas
Semina nequitiæ languidiora facit.

I am a man
He who has it in his power to commit sin, is More sinn'd against than sinning.
less inclined to do so. The very idea of being King Lear. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 58.
able, weakens the desire.
OVID--Amorum. III. 4. 9.

Robes and furr'd gowns hide all. Plate sin with 14

gold, Si quoties homines peccant sua fulmina mittat And the strong lance of justice hurtless breaks; Jupiter, exiguo tempore inermis erit.

Arm it in rags, a pigmy's straw doth pierce it. If Jupiter hurled his thunderbolt as often as King Lear. Act iv. Sc. 6. L. 169.
















Some rise by sin, and some by virtue fall;

Men should be what they seem; Some run from breaks of ice, and answer none: Or those that be not, would they might seem And some condemned for a fault alone.

none! Measure for Measure. Act II. Sc. 1. L. 38. Othello. Act III. Sc. 3. L. 126. O, fie, fie, fie!

A little sincerity is a dangerous thing, and a Thy sin's not accidental, but a trade.

great deal of it is absolutely fatal. Measure for Measure.'Act III. Sc. 1. L. 148. OSCAR WILDE—The Critic as Artist. Pt. I. O, what authority and show of truth

SINGING (See also SONG) Can cunning sin cover itself withal!

17 Much Ado About Nothing. Act IV. Sc. 1. Ce qui ne vaut pas la peine d'être dit, on le L. 36.


That which is not worth speaking they sing. Few love to hear the sins they love to act.

BEAUMARCHAISBarbier de Séville. I. 1. Pericles. Act I. Sc. 1. L. 92. 5

Three merry boys, and three merry boys,
Though some of you with Pilate wash your hands And three merry boys are we,
Showing an outward pity; yet you Pilates As ever did sing in a hempen string
Have here deliver'd me to my sour cross,

Under the gallow-tree.
And water cannot wash away your sin.

BEAUMONT AND FLETCHERBloody Brother. Richard II. Act IV. Sc. 1. L. 239.

Act III. Sc. 2. Song. 6 They say sin touches not a man so near Come, sing now, sing; for I know you sing well; As shame a woman; yet he too should be I see you have a singing face. Part of the penance, being more deep than she BEAUMONT AND FLETCHER—Wild Goose Chase. Set in the sin.

Act II. 2. SWINBURNETristram of Lyonesse. Sailing of

(See also FARQUHAR, RHODES) the Swallow. L. 360.

The tenor's voice is spoilt by affectation, To abstain from sin when a man cannot sin is And for the bass, the beast can only bellow; to be forsaken by sin, not to forsake it.

In fact, he had no singing education, JEREMY TAYLOR—Works. Vol. VII. P. 206. An ignorant, noteless, timeless, tuneless fellow.

Eden's Ed. Rendering of Sr. AUGUSTINE BYRONDon Juan. Canto IV. St. 87.

Sermon CCXCIII De Pænitentibus. 8

Quien canta, sus males espanta. Nec tibi celandi spes sit peccare paranti;

He who sings frightens away his ills. Est deus, occultos spes qui vetat esse dolos. CERVANTESDon Quixote. I. 22.

When thou art preparing to commit a sin, think not that thou wilt conceal it; there is a At every close she made, th' attending throng God that forbids crimes to be hidden.

Replied, and bore the burden of the song: TIBULLUS—Carmina. I. 9. 23.

So just, so small, yet in so sweet a note,

It seemed the music melted in the throat.
But he who never sins can little boast

DRYDENFlower and the Leaf. L. 197.
Compared to him who goes and sins no more!
N. 2. WILLISThe Lady Jane. Canto II. Y'ought to hyeah dat gal a-warblin'
St. 44.

Robins, la’ks an' all dem things

Heish de mouffs an' hides dey faces

When Malindy sings.
Loss of sincerity is loss of vital power.

PAUL LAURENCE DUNBAR—When Malindy BOVEE—Summaries of Thought. Sincerity.

Sings. 11 Of all the evil spirits abroad at this hour in

Olympian bards who sung the world, insincerity is the most dangerous.

Divine ideas below,

Which always find us young FROUDE—Short Studies on Great Subjects. Edu

And always keep us so. cation.

EMERSON-Ode to Beauty. 12

25 Sincerity is impossible, unless it pervade the whole being, and the pretence of it saps the very

I see you have a singing face a heavy, dull,

sonata face. foundation of character. LOWELLEssay on Pope.

FARQUHARThe Inconstant. Act II. 1.

(See also BEAUMONT) 13

26 There is no greater delight than to be con When I but hear her sing, I fare scious of sincerity on self-examination.

Like one that raised, holds his ear MENCIUS—Works. Bk. VII. Ch. IV.

To some bright star in the supremest Round; 14

Through which, besides the light that's seen Bashful sincerity and comely love.

There may be heard, from Heaven within, Much Ado About Nothing. Act IV. Sc. 1. L. The rests of Anthems, that the Angels sound. 55.







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peared as a poem of SUCKLING's—beginning "When dearest I but think of thee." Claimed by FELLTHAM in note to ed. 1690, 1696

of his Resolves, Divine, Moral, Biblical. 1 Then they began to sing That extremely lovely thing, "Scherzando! ma non troppo, ppp.". W. S. GILBERTBab Ballads. Story of Prince

Agib. 2

So she poured out the liquid music of her voice co quench the thirst of his spirit. HAWTHORNE—Mosses from an Old Manse. The

He the sweetest of all singers.

LONGFELLOW-Hiawatha. Pt. VI. L. 21.
Sang in tones of deep emotion,
Songs of love and songs of longing.

LONGFELLOW-Hiawatha. Pt. XI. L. 136.
God sent his Singers upon earth
With songs of sadness and of mirth,
That they might touch the hearts of men,
And bring them back to heaven again.


6 Ils chantent, ils payeront. They sing, they will pay. CARDINAL MAZARIN. Originally "S'ils can

tent la cansonette ils pageront.” A patois. Who, as they sung, would take the prison'd soul And lap it in Elysium.

MILTON—Comus. L. 256.

8 Or bid the soul of Orpheus sing Such notes as, warbled

to the string, Drew iron tears down Pluto's cheek.

MILTON-I1 Penseroso. L. 105.

O Carril, raise again thy voice! let me hear the song of Selma, which was sung in my halls of joy, when Fingal, king of shields, was there, and glowed at the deeds of his fathers.

OSSIAN—Fingal. Bk. III. St. 1.

Sweetest the strain when in the song

The singer has been lost.

the Poem.

Sing again, with your dear voice revealing

A tone
Of some world far from ours,
Where music and moonlight and feeling

Are one.
SHELLEYTo Jane. The Keen Stars were

And they were canopied by the blue sky,
So cloudless, clear, and purely beautiful,
That God alone was to be seen in Heaven.

BYRONThe Dream. St. 4.




"Darkly, deeply, beautifully blue,"
As some one somewhere sings about the sky.
BYRON-Don Juan. Canto IV. St. 110.

(See also SOUTHEY under FISH) 22

Arrestment, sudden really as a bolt out of the blue has hit strange victims. CARLYLE-French Revolution. Vol. III. P. 347.

(See also HOMER, VERGIL) The mountain at a given distance

In amber lies;
Approached, the amber flits a little,
And that's the skies!

Series. (Ed. 1891)
How bravely Autumn paints upon the sky
The gorgeous fame of Summer which is fled!

HOOD-Written in a Volume of Shakspeare.

25 Bolt from the blue. HORACE-Ode. I. 34.

(See also CARLYLE) 26 The sky is that beautiful old parchment in which the sun and the moon keep their diary.




But would you sing, and rival Orpheus' strain. The wond'ring forests soon should dance again; The moving mountains hear the powerful call

. And headlong streams hang listening in their fall!

POPE-Summer. L. 81.

12 You know you haven't got a singing face. RHODES-Bombastes Furioso.

(See also BEAUMONT) 13

Every night he comes With musics of all sorts and songs compos'd To her unworthiness: it nothing steads us To chide him from our eaves; for he persists As if his life lay on't. All's Well That Ends Well. Act III. Sc. 7.

L. 39.


When it is evening, ye say it will be fair weather: for the sky is red.

Matthew. XVI. 2.

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