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From hyperborean skies, Embodied dark, what clouds of vandals rise.

POPE-Dunciad. III. L. 85. A sky full of silent suns. RICHTER-Flower, Fruit, and Thorn Pieces.

Ch. II.

A generous heart repairs a slanderous tongue. HOMER-Odyssey. Bk. VIII. L. 43. POPP's










If slander be a snake, it is a winged flies as well as creeps. DOUGLAS JERROLD—Specimens of Jerrold's Wit. Slander.

Where it concerns himself, Who's angry at a slander, makes it true. BEN JONSON–Catiline. Act III. Sc. 1.

Cut Men's throats with whisperings.

BEN JONSON–Sejanus. Act I. Sc. 1.

For enemies carry about slander not in the form in which it took its rise.

The scandal of men is everlasting; even then does it survive when you would suppose it to be dead. PLAUTUS—Persa. Act III. Sc. 1. RILEY'S

trans. Homines qui gestant, quique auscultant crimina, Si meo arbitratu liceat, omnes pendeant, Gestores linguis, auditores auribus.

Your tittle-tattlers, and those who listen to slander, by my good will should all be hanged -the former by their tongues, the latter by the ears.

PLAUTUS—Pseudolus. I. 5. 12. 'Twas slander filled her mouth with lying words; Slander, the foulest whelp of Sin.

POLLOK—Course of Time. Bk. VIII. L. 725.

23 For slander lives upon succession, Forever housed where it gets possession, Comedy of Errors. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 105.

"Tis slander, Whose edge is sharper than the sword, whose

tongue Outvenoms all the worms of Nile, whose breath Rides on the posting winds and doth belie All corners of the world; kings, queens and states, Maids, matrons, nay, the secrets of the grave This viperous slander enters. Cymbeline. Act III. Sc. 4. L. 35.

One doth not know How much an ill word may empoison liking. Much Ado About Nothing. Act III. Sc. 1. L.

85. 26 Slander'd to death by villains, That dare as well answer a man indeed As I dare take a serpent by the tongue: Boys, apes, braggarts, Jacks, milksops! Much Ado About Nothing. Act V. Sc. 1. L.


Sometimes gentle, sometimes capricious, some times awful, never the same for two moments together; almost human in its passions, almost spiritual in its tenderness, almost Divine in its infinity. RUSKINThe True and Beautiful. The Sky.

The moon has set

In a bank of jet
That fringes the Western sky,

The pleiads seven

Have sunk from heaven And the midnight hurries by;

My hopes are flown

And, alas! alone
On my weary couch I lie.

SAPPHOFragment. J.S. EASBY-SMITH's trans.

This majestical roof fretted with golden fire.

Hamlet. Act II. Sc. 2. L. 312.
Heaven's ebon vault,

, Through which the moon's unclouded grandeur

Seems like a canopy which love has spread
To curtain her sleeping world.

SHELLEY Queen Mab. Pt. IV.
Redeo ad illes qui aiunt: quid si coelum ruat?

I go back to those who say: what if the heav-
TERENCEHeauton timoroumenos. IV. 3.

41. 10

Of evening tinct, The purple-streaming Amethyst is thine.

THOMSON-Seasons. Summer. L. 150. Non alias cælo ceciderunt plura sereno.

Never till then so many thunderbolts from cloudless skies. (Bolt from the blue.) VERGIL-Georgics. I. 487.

(See also CARLYLE) 12 Green calm below, blue quietness above. WHITTIERThe Pennsylvania Pilgrim. St.

113. 13 The soft blue sky did never melt Into his heart; he never felt The witching of the soft blue sky!

WORDSWORTH-Peter Bell. Pt. I. St. 15.



ens fall?









Done to death by slanderous tongues

Was the Hero that here lies.

Much Ado About Nothing. Act V. Sc. 3. L.3. I will be hang’d, if some eternal villain, Some busy and insinuating rogue, Some cogging, cozening slave, to get some office, Have not devis'd this slander.

Othello. Act IV. Sc. 2. L. 130.

3 I am disgrac'd, impeach'd and baffled here, — Pierc'd to the soul with slander's venom'd spear.

Richard II. Act I. Sc. 1. L. 170. That thou art blamed shall not be thy defect, For slander's mark was ever yet the fair; So thou be good, slander doth but approve Thy worth the greater.

Sonnet LXX. 5

If I can do it By aught that I can speak in his dispraise, She shall not long continue love to him. Two Gentlemen of Verona. Act III. Sc. 2. L.



Fit in dominatu servitus, in servitute dominatus.

He is sometimes slave who should be master; and sometimes master who should be slave.

CICEROOratio Pro Rege Deiotaro. XI. I would not have a slave to till my ground, To carry me, to fan me while I sleep, And tremble when I wake, for all the wealth That sinews bought and sold have ever earn'd.

COWPERTask. Bk. II. L. 29. Slaves cannot breathe in England; if their lungs Receive our air, that moment they are free; They touch our country, and their shackles fall. COWPER—Task. Bk. II. L. 40.

(See also CAMPBELL) I do not see how a barbarous community and a civilized community can constitute a state. I think we must get rid of slavery or we must get rid of freedom. EMERSONThe Assault upon Mr. Sumner's

Speech. May 26, 1856. 17 Corrupted freemen are the worst of slaves. DAVID GARRICK-Prologue to ED. MOORE'S

Gamesters. 18

Resolved, That the compact which exists between the North and the South is a covenant with death and an agreement with hell; involving both parties in atrocious criminality, and should be immediately annulled. Wm. LLOYD GARRISON-Adopted by the Mass.

Anti-Slavery Society. Fanueil Hall. Jan. 27, 1843.


The man who gives me employment, which I must have or suffer, that man is my master, let me call him what I will.

HENRY GEORGE-Social Problems. Ch. V.


Soft-buzzing Slander; silly moths that eat
An honest name.
THOMSON—Liberty. Pt. IV. L. 609.

SLAVERY (See also FREEDOM) Servi peregrini, ut primum Galliæ fines penetraverint eodem momento liberi sunt.

Foreign slaves, as soon as they come within the limits of Gaul, that moment they are free. BODINUS. Bk. I. Ch. V.

(See also CAMPBELL) 8

Lord Mansfield first established the grand doctrine that the air of England is too pure to be breathed by a slave. LORD CAMPBELL-Lives of the Chief Justices.

Vol. II. P. 418. (See also BODINUS, COWPER, LOFFT, MANS

FIELD) No more slave States and no more slave territory. SALMON P. CHASE-Resolutions Adopted at

the Free-Soil National Convention. Aug. 9,

1848. 10

Cotton is king; or slavery in the Light of Political Economy DAVID CHRISTYTitle of Book, pub. 1855.

(See also HAMMOND) 11

It (Chinese Labour in South Africa) could not, in the opinion of His Majesty's Government, be classified as slavery in the extreme acceptance of the word without some risk of terminological inexactitude. WINSTON CHURCHILL in the British House of

Commons. Feb. 22, 1906. 12

Nimia libertas et populis et privatis in nimiam servitutem cadit.

Excessive liberty leads both nations and individuals into excessive slavery. CICERO-De Republica. I. 44.


The very mudsills of society.

We call them slaves.

But I will not characterize that class at the North with that term; but you have it. It is there, it is everywhere, it is eternal. JAMES H. HAMMOND—Speech in the U. S.

Senate. March, 1858.
Cotton is King.
JAMES H. HAMMOND. Phrase used in the

Senate, March, 1858. Gov. MANNING of
South Carolina, Speech at Columbia, S. Č.
(See also CHRISTY)

Whatever day Makes man a slave, takes half his worth away. HOMEROdyssey. Bk. XVII. L. 392. POPE's

trans. 23

I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free.

ABRAHAM LINCOLN-Speech. June 17, 1858. 24

In giving freedom to the slave we assure freedom to the free, -honorable alike in what we give and what we preserve. ABRAHAM LINCOLN—Annual Message to Con

gress. Dec. 1, 1862.










13 (England) a soil whose air is deemed too pure They (the blacks) had no rights which the for slaves to breathe in.

white man was bound to respect. LOFFTReports. P. 2. Margrave's Argument. ROGER B. TANEY—The Dred Scot Case. See May 14, 1772.

HOWARD's Rep. Vol. XIX. P. 407. (See also CAMPBELL)

Slavery is also as ancient as war, and war as They are slaves who fear to speak

human nature. For the fallen and the weak;

VOLTAIREPhilosophical Dictionary. Slaves.

15 They are slaves who dare not be In the right with two or three.

I never mean, unless some particular circum

stances should compel me to do it, to possess LOWELL-Stanzas on Freedom.

another slave by purchase, it being among my 3 The air of England has long been too pure for

first wishes to see some plan adopted by which a slave, and every man is free who breathes it.

slavery in this country may be abolished by law: LORD MANSFIELD. Said in the case of a

GEORGE WASHINGTONFarewell Address. negro, James Somersett, carried from Africa

That execrable sum of all villanies commonly to Jamaica and sold.

called the Slave-trade. (See also CAMPBELL)

JOHN WESLEY—Journal. Feb. 12, 1792. Execrable son! so to aspire Above his brethren, to himself assuming

17 A Christian! going, gone! Authority usurp'd, from God not given. Who bids for God's own image?--for his grace, He gave us only over beast, fish, fowl,

Which that poor victim of the market-place Dominion absolute; that right we hold

Hath in her suffering won? By his donation; but man over men

WHITTIER—Voices of Freedom. The Christian He made not lord; such title to himself

Reserving, human left from human free.
MILTONParadise Lost. Bk. XII. L. 64. Our fellow-countrymen in chains!

Slaves—in a land of light and law!
Where bastard Freedom waves

Slaves—crouching on the very plains
Her fustian flag in mockery over slaves.

Where rolled the storm of Freedom's war! MOORE—To the Lord Viscount Forbes. Writ WHITTIER—Voices of Freedom. Stanzas. ten from the City of Washington.

What! mothers from their children riven! And ne'er shall the sons of Columbia be slaves, What! God's own image bought and sold! While the earth bears a plant, or the sea rolls its AMERICANS to market driven,

And bartered as the brute for gold! ROBERT PAINE-Ode. Adams and Liberty. WHITTIER—Voices of Freedom. Stanzas.

(1798) Base is the slave that pays.


20 Henry V. Act II. Sc. 1. L. 100.

What means this beaviness that hangs upon me?

This lethargy that creeps through all my senses?
You have among you many a purchas'd slave, Nature, oppress'd and harrass'd out with care,
Which, like your asses and your dogs and mules, Sinks down to rest.
You use in abject and in slavish parts,

ADDISONCato. Act V. Sc. 1.
Because you bought them.
Merchant of Venice. Act IV. Sc. 1. L. 90.

What probing deep 9

Has ever solved the mystery

of sleep? Englishmen never will be slaves; they are free T. B. ALDRICHHuman Ignorance. to do whatever the Government and public opinion allow them to do.

But I, in the chilling twilight stand and wait BERNARD SHAW—Man and Superman. At the portcullis, at thy castle gate,

Longing to see the charmèd door of dreams Disguise thyself as thou wilt, still,

Turn on its noiseless hinges, delicate sleep! Slavery! said still thou art a bitter draught. T. B. ALDRICH-Invocation to Sleep. STERNE—Sentimental Journey. The Passport. 23 The Hotel at Paris.

Come to me now! O, come! benignest sleep! 11

And fold me up, as evening doth a flower, By the Law of Slavery, man, created in the From my vain self, and vain things which have image of God, is divested of the human charac power ter, and declared to be a mere chattel.

Upon my soul to make me smile or weep. CHAS. SUMNERThe Anti-Slavery Enterprise. And when thou comest, oh, like Death be deep.

Address at New York. May 9, 1859. PATRICK PROCTOR ALEXANDER—Sleep. Ap12

peared in the Spectator. Where Slavery is there Liberty cannot be; and where Liberty is there Slavery cannot be.

How happy he whose toil CHAS. SUMNER—Slavery and the Rebellion. Has o'er his languid pow'rless limbs diffus'd

Speech before the New York Young Men's A pleasing lassitude; he not in vain
Republican Union. Nov. 5, 1864.

Invokes the gentle Deity of dreams.









His pow'rs the most voluptuously dissolve
In soft repose; on him the balmy dews
Of Sleep with double nutriment descend.
ARMSTRONGThe Art of Preserving. Health.

Bk. III. L. 385.


When the sheep are in the fauld, and a' the kye

at hame, And all the weary world to sleep are gane.


Now, blessings light on him that first invented this same sleep! it covers a man all over, thoughts and all, like a cloak; it is meat for the hungry, drink for the thirsty, heat for the cold, and cold for the hot. It is the current coin that purchases all the pleasures of the world cheap; and the balance that sets the king and the shepherd, the fool and the wise man, even. There is only one thing, which somebody once put into my head, that I dislike in sleep; it is, that it resembles death; there is very little difference between a man in his first sleep, and a man in his last sleep. CERVANTES Don Quixote. Pt. II. Ch. LXVIII.

(See also SAXE)



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It is not good a sleping hound to wake. CHAUCER-Troilus. I. 640. Wake not a

sleeping lion. The Countryman's New Commonwealth. (1647) Esveiller le chat qui dort. RABELAISPantagruel. Wake not

a sleeping wolf. Henry IV. Pt. II. O sleep! it is a gentle thing,

Beloved from pole to pole!
To Mary Queen the praise be given!
She sent the gentle sleep from Heaven

That slid into my soul.
COLERIDGE–Ancient Mariner. Pt. V. St. 1.



Sleep is a death, O make me try,
By sleeping. what it is to die:
And as gently lay my head
On my grave, as now my bed.
SIR THOMAS BROWNE-Religio Medici. Pt.


LEY, SPENSER, VERGIL) How he sleepeth! having drunken

Weary childhood's mandragore,
From his pretty eyes have sunken

Pleasures to make room for more
Sleeping near the withered nosegay which he

pulled the day before.
E. B. BROWNING-A Child Asleep.

Visit her, gentle Sleep! with wings of healing, And may this storm be but a mountain-birth, May all the stars hang bright above her dwelling, Silent as though they watched the sleeping Earth!

COLERIDGE-Dejection. An Ode. St. 8.



Care-charmer Sleep, son of the sable Night, Brother to Death, in silent darkness born; Relieve my languish, and restore the light.

SAMUEL DANIELSonnet. 46. To Delia.



Awake thee, my Lady-Love!

Wake thee, and rise!
The sun through the bower peeps

Into thine eyes.

Of all the thoughts of God that are Borne inward unto souls afar,

Along the Psalmist's music deep, Now tell me if that any is. For gift or grace, surpassing this

"He giveth His beloved sleep." E. B. BROWNINGThe Sleep.

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Sleep on, Baby, on the floor,

Tired of all the playing,
Sleep with smile the sweeter for

That you dropped away in!
On your curls' full roundness stand

Golden lights serenely-
One cheek, pushed out by the hand,

Folds the dimple inly.
E. B. BROWNING—Sleeping and Watching

Sister Simplicitie!
Sing, sing a song to me, -

Sing me to sleep!
Some legend low and long,
Slow as the summer song

Of the dull Deep.



Sleep hath its own world, A boundary between the things misnamed Death and existence: Sleep hath its own world, And a wide realm of wild reality, And dreams in their development have breath, And tears, and tortures, and the touch of joy.

BYRONThe Dream. St. 1.

Two gates the silent house of Sleep adorn:
Of polished ivory this, that of transparent horn:
True visions through transparent horn arise;
Through polished ivory pass deluding lies.
DRYDEN-Æneid. Bk. VI. 894. Same in
POPE's trans. of Odyssey. Bk. XIX. 562.

See also MORRIS)

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Me here, or there.
MRS. R. S. HOWLAND (Miss Woolsey)—Rest.

Found under the pillow of a soldier who, in
the War of the Rebellion, died in the hospi-
tal at Port Royal. For a time attributed to

this unknown soldier.
O sleep, we are beholden to thee, sleep;
Thou bearest angels to us in the night,
Saints out of heaven with palms.

Seen by thy light
Sorrow is some old tale that goeth not deep;
Love is a pouting child.


I never take a nap after dinner but when I have had a bad night, and then the nap takes me. SAMUEL JOHNSONBoswell's Life of Johnson.

O magic sleep! O comfortable bird,
That broodest o'er the troubled sea of the mind
Till it is hush'd and smooth! O unconfined
Restraint! imprisoned liberty! great key
To golden palaces.

KEATSEndymion. Bk. I. L. 452.
Over the edge of the purple down,

Where the single lamplight gleams, Know ye the road to the Merciful Town

That is hard by the Sea of Dreams Where the poor may lay their wrongs away,

And the sick may forget to weep?
But wepity us! Oh pity us!

We wakeful; Ah, pity us!
KIPLING—City of Sleep.

17 But who will reveal to our waiting ken The forms that swim and the shapes that creep

under the waters of sleep? And I would I could know what swimmeth below

when the tide comes in On the length and the breadth of the marvelous

Marches of Glynn. SIDNEY LANIER — Marches of Glynn. Last




The mill goes toiling slowly round

With steady and solemn creak,
And my little one hears in the kindly sound

The voice of the old mill speak;
While round and round those big white wings

Grimly and ghostlike creep,
My little one hears that the old mill sings,

Sleep, little tulip, sleep.

EUGENE FIELD-Nightfall in Dordrecht. Care-charming Sleep, thou easer of all woes, Brother to Death . thou son of Night. JOHN FLETCHERThe Tragedy of Valentinian. Act V. 2.

(See also BROWNE) O sleep! in pity thou art made

A double boon to such as we;
Beneath closed lids and folds of deepest shade

We think we see.
FROTHINGHAMThe Sight of the Blind.

Sleep sweet within this quiet room,

O thou! whoe'er thou art; And let no mournful Yesterday,

Disturb thy peaceful heart.

ELLEN M. H. GATES-Sleep Sweet. Oh! lightly, lightly tread!

A holy thing is sleep,
On the worn spirit shed,

And eyes that wake to weep.





One hour's sleep before midnight is worth three after.

HERBERT Jacula Prudentum.



Then Sleep and Death, two twins of winged race, Of matchless swiftness, but of silent pace. HOMERIliad. Bk. XVI. L. 831. POPE's trans.

(See also BROWNE) 11

Et idem Indignor quandoque bonus dormitat Homerus; Verum opere longo fas est obrepere somnum.

I, too, am indignant when the worthy Homer nods; yet in a long work it is allowaðle for sleep to creep over the writer. HORACE—Ars Poetica. 358.

12 I lay me down to sleep,

With little thought or care Whether my waking find

Breathe thy balm upon the lonely,

Gentle Sleep!
As the twilight breezes bless
With sweet scents the wilderness,
Ah, let warm white dove-wings only

Round them sweep!
For I am weary, and am overwrought
With too much toil

, with too much care distraught, And with the iron crown of anguish crowned. Lay thy soft hand upon my brow and cheek,

O peaceful Sleep! LONGFELLOW-Sleep.

20 Dreams of the summer night!

Tell her, her lover keeps
Watch! while in slumbers light

She sleeps!
My lady sleeps!

LONGFELLOW-Spanish Student. Act I. Sc. 3.

Serenade. St. 4.

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