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Cold blows the wind against the hill,

And cold upon the plain;
I sit me by the bank, until

The violets come again.




A vi'let on the meadow grew,
That no one saw, that no one knew,
It was a modest flower.
A shepherdess pass'd by that way-
Light-footed, pretty and so gay;
That way she came,
Softly warbling forth her lay.


Earth whirls, and all but to prosper

A poor little violet.

LOWELLThe Changeling.
The violets were past their prime,
Yet their departing breath
Was sweeter, in the blast of death,
Than all the lavish fragrance of the time.

MONTGOMERYThe Adventure of a Star.
Hath the pearl less whiteness

Because of its birth?
Hath the violet less brightness

For growing near earth?
MOORE-Desmond's Song.

Steals timidly away,
Shrinking as violets do in summer's ray.
MOORE--Lalla Rookh. Veiled Prophet of




A blossom of returning light,

An April flower of sun and dew; The earth and sky, the day and night

Are melted in her depth of blue!



Surely as cometh the Winter, I know
There are Spring violets under the

snow. R. H. NEWELL (Orpheus C. Kerr)-Spring

Violets under the Snow.
The violet thinks, with her timid blue eye,
To pass for a blossom enchantingly shy.

FRANCES S. OSGOOD—Garden Gossip. St. 3.

The modest, lowly violet
In leaves of tender green is set;
So rich she cannot hide from view,
But covers all the bank with blue.
Dora READ GOODALE—Spring Scatters Far

and Wide.
The violets prattle and titter,

And gaze on the stars high above.
HEINE-Book of Songs. Lyrical Interlude. 9.




The violets whisper from the shade
Which their own leaves have made:
Men scent our fragrance on the air,
Yet take no heed
Of humble lessons we would read.
CHRISTINA G. ROSSETTI—"Consider the Lilies

of the Field.L. 13.


The eyes of spring, so azure,

Are peeping from the ground;
They are the darling violets,

That I in nosegays bound.
HEINE-Book of Songs. New Spring. 13.

Welcome, maids of honor,

You doe bring

In the spring, And wait upon her.

HERRICK —To Violets.

Who are the violets now That strew the green lap of the new come spring.

Richard II. Act V. Sc. 2. L. 46.



The violet is a nun.


The sweet sound, That breathes upon a bank of violets, Stealing and giving odour!

Twelfth Night. Act I. Sc. 1. L. 5. 21

Violets dim, But sweeter than the lids of Juno's eyes. Or Cytherea's breath.

Winter's Tale. Act IV. Sc. 4. L. 120.



And the violet lay dead while the odour flew On the wings of the wind o'er the waters blue




We are violets blue,

For our sweetness found Careless in the mossy shades,

Looking on the ground. Love's dropp'd eyelids and a kiss, Such our breath and blueness is. LEIGH HUNT—Songs and Chorus of the Flowers. Violets.

And shade the violets, That they may bind the moss in leafy nets.

KEATS—I Stood Tiptoe Upon a Litile Hill.

11 Violet! sweet violet! Thine eyes are full of tears;

Are they wet

Even yet
With the thought of other years?


12 Winds wander, and dews drip earthward;

Rains fall, suns rise and set;


Oh! faint delicious spring-time violet,

Thine odor like a key,
Turns noiselessly in memory's wards to let

A thought of sorrow free.

W. W. STORYThe Violet.
The smell of violets, hidden in the green,

Pour'd back into my empty soul and frame The times when I remembered to have been

Joyful and free from blame.

TENNYSON--Dream of Fair Women. St. 20. And from his ashes may be made The violet of his native land.



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The violets of five seasons reappear And fade, unseen by any human eye.



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Nam quæ voluptate, quasi mercede aliqua, ad officium impellitur, ea non est virtus sed fallax imitatio simulatioque virtutis.

That which leads us to the performance of duty by offering pleasure as its reward, is not virtue, but a deceptive copy and imitation of virtue. CICERO-Academici. IV. 46.

Honor est præmium virtutis.

Honor is the reward of virtue.

(See also PLAUTUS) Virtute enim ipsa non tam multi præditi esse, quam videri volunt.

Fewer possess virtue, than those who wish us to believe that they possess it. CICERODe Amicitia. XXVI.


VIRTUE 7 Curse on his virtues! they've undone his country.

ADDISON—Cato. Act IV. Sc. 4.

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If there's a power above us, (and that there is

all nature cries aloud Through all her works) he must delight in virtue.

ADDISON--Cato. Act V. Sc. 1.

9 Sweet are the slumbers of the virtuous man!

ADDISONCato. Act V. Sc. 4.

10 One's outlook is a part of his virtue. Amos BRONSON ALCOTT—Concord Days. April

Outlook. 11 Virtue and sense are one; and, trust me, still A faithless heart betrays the head unsound. ARMSTRONG--Art of Preserving Health. Bk.

IV. L. 265. 12 Virtue, the strength and beauty of the soul, Is the best gift of Heaven: a happiness That even above the smiles and frowns of fate Exalts great Nature's favourites: a wealt That ne'er encumbers, nor can be transferr'd. ARMSTRONG--Art of Preserving Health. Bk.

IV. L. 284.

Est haec sæculi labes quædam et macula virtuti invidere, velle ipsum florem dignitatis infringere.

It is the stain and disgrace of the age to envy virtue, and to be anxious to crush the very flower of dignity. CICERO—Gratio Pro Lucio Cornelio Balbo. VI.


Virtue is a habit of the mind, consistent with nature and moderation and reason. CICERO-Rhetorical Invention. Bk. II. Sc.

LIII. 25 Ipsa quidem pretium virtus sibi.

Virtue is indeed its own reward.


The virtuous nothing fear but life with shame, And death's a pleasant road that leads to fame. GEO. GRANVILLE (Lord Lansdowne). Verses

written 1690. L. 47.




CLAUDIANUS—De Consulatu Malli. Theodorii Panegyris. V. I.

(See also PLAUTUS) Vile latens virtus.

Virtue when concealed is a worthless thing. CLAUDIANUSDe Quarto Consulatu Honorii

Augusti Panegyris. 222. Well may your heart believe the truths I tell; 'Tis virtue makes the bliss, where'er we dwell.

COLLINS-Eclogue I. L. 5. Selim. 3

Is virtue a thing remote? I wish to be virtuous, and lo! virtue is at hand.

CONFUCIUS-Analects. Bk. I. Ch. IV. 4

Virtue is not left to stand alone. He who practices it will have neighbors.

CONFUCIUS-Analects. Bk. IV. Ch. XXV. 5

Toutes grandes vertus conviennent aux grands hommes.

All great virtues become great men. CORNEILLENotes de Corneille par La Roche


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The only amaranthine flower on earth Is virtue.

COWPER—Task. Bk. III. L. 268.



And he by no uncommon lot
Was famed for virtues he had not.

COWPER—To the Rev. William Bull. L. 19.

8 Virtue alone is happiness below.

CRABBE—The Borough. Letter XVI.

Virtutem incolumem odimus, Sublatam ex oculis quærimus.

We hate virtue when it is safe; when removed from our sight we diligently seek it. HORACE—Carmina. III. 24. 31.


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Mea virtute me involvo.

I wrap myself up in my virtue.
HORACE—Carmina. III. 29. 55.
Virtus est vitium fugere, et sapientia prima.

Virtue consists in avoiding vice, and is the highest wisdom.

HORACE—Epistles. I. 1. 41.
Vilius argentum est auro virtutibus aurum.

Silver is less valuable than gold, gold than virtue. HORACE—Epistles. I. 1. 52.

And virtue, though in rags, will keep me warm. DRYDEN— Imitation of Horace. Bk. I. Ode

XXIX. L. 87.


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The virtue in most request is conformity. Self-reliance is its aversion. It loves not realities and creators, but names and customs.

EMERSONEssays. First Series. Self-Reliance.

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Shall ignorance of good and ill
Dare to direct the eternal will?
Seek virtue, and, of that possest,
To Providence resign the rest.

GAYThe Father and Jupiter.

14 Yet why should learning hope success at court? Why should our patriots' virtues cause support? Why to true merit should they have regard? They know that virtue is its own reward. Gay-Epistle to Methuen. L. 39.

(See also PLAUTUS)

Some of 'em (virtues) like extinct volcanoes, with a strong

memory of fire and brimstone. DOUGLAS JERROLDThe Catspaw. Act III.

Sc. 1.



His virtues walked their narrow round,

Nor made a pause, nor left a void;
And sure th’ Eternal Master found

The single talent well employed.
SAMUEL JOHNSON-On the Death of Mr. Robert


Thus to relieve the wretched was his pride,
And e'en his failings lean'd to virtue's side.

GOLDSMITHThe Deserted Village. L. 163.


Où la vertu va-t-elle se nicher?

Where does virtue go to lodge?
Exclamation of MOLIÈRE.


Probitas laudatur et alget.
Virtue is praised and freezes.
JUVENALSatires. I. 74.
Nobilitas sola est atque unica virtus.

Virtue is the only and true nobility.
JUVENALSatires. VIII. 20.

Tanto major famæ sitis est quam
Virtutis: quis enim virtutem amplectitur ipsam
Przemia si tollas.

The thirst for fame is much greater than that for virtue; for who would embrace virtue itself if you take away its rewards? JUVENAL—Satires. X. 140.

I find that the best virtue I have has in it some tincture of vice. MONTAIGNE—Essays. That we Taste Nothing

Faut d'la vertu, pas trop n'en faut,
L'excès en tout est un défaut.

Some virtue is needed, but not too much.
Excess in anything is a defect.
MONVEL. From a comic opera. Erreur d'un

Moment. Quoted by DESAUGIERS. See

FOURNIERL'Esprit des Autres. Ch. XXXV. Judice te mercede caret, per seque petenda est Externis virtus incomitata bonis.

In your judgment virtue requires no reward, and is to be sought for itself, unaccompanied by external benefits. OVID-Epistolæ ex Ponto. Bk. II. 3. 35.

(See also PLAUTUS) Virtutem videant, intabescantque relicta.

Let them (the wicked) see the beauty of virtue, and pine at having forsaken her. PERSIUS-Satires. III. 38.

Semita certe Tranquillæ per virtutem patet unica vitæ.

The only path to a tranquil life is through virtue. JUVENAL—Satires. X. 363.




To be discontented with the divine discontent, and to be ashamed with the noble shame, is the very germ of the first upgrowth of all virtue. Chas. KINGSLEY-Health and Education. The

Science of Health.


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God sure esteems the growth and completing of one virtuous person, more than the restraint of ten vicious. MILTON—Areopagitica. A Speech for the Lib

erty of Unlicensed Printing. Virtue could see to do what Virtue would By her own radiant light, though sun and moon Were in the flat sea sunk.

MILTON—Comus. L. 373.

10 Virtue may be assailed, but never hurt, Surprised by unjust force, but not inthralled; Yea, even that which mischief meant most harm Shall in the happy trial prove most glory.

MILTON—Comus. L. 589.

Virtus præmium est optimum. Virtus omnibus rebus anteit profecto. Libertas, salus, vita, res, parentes, Patria et prognati tutantur, servantur; Virtus omnia in se habet; omnia assunt bona,

quem penes est virtus.

Virtue is the highest reward. Virtue truly goes before all things. Liberty, safety, life, property, parents, country and children are protected and preserved. Virtue has all things in herself; he who has virtue has all things that are good attending him. PLAUTUS—Amphitruo. Act II. 2. _17. (See also CICERO, CLAUDIANUS, DIOGENES,

Qui per virtutem peritat, non interit.

He who dies for virtue, does not perish.
PLAUTUS—Captivi. III. 5. 32.





Virtue may

choose high or low degree, 'Tis just alike to virtue, and to me; Dwell in a monk, or light upon a king, She's still the same belov’d, contented thing.

POPE-Epilogue to Satires. Dialogue I. L. 137. But sometimes virtue starves while vice is fed. What then? Is the reward of virtue bread?

POPE-Essay on Man. Ep. IV. L. 149. The soul's calm sunshine and the heartfelt joy, Is virtue's prize.

POPEEssay on Man. Ep. IV. L. 168.

Or, if Virtue feeble were,
Heaven itself would stoop to her.

MILTON—Comus. L. 1,022.

12 J'aime mieux un vice commode Qu'une fatigante vertu.

I prefer an accommodating vice to an obstinate virtue. MOLIÈRE-Amphitryon. I. 4.

La naissance n'est rien où la vertu n'est pas.

Birth is nothing where virtue is not.
MOLIÈRE—Don Juan. IV, 6.



Know then this truth (enough for man to know) “Virtue alone is happiness below."

POPE--Essay on Man. Ep. IV. L. 309.










Court-virtues bear, like gems, the highest rate, According to his virtue let us use him,
Born where Heav'n's influence scarce can pene With all respect and rites of burial.

Julius Cæsar. Act V. Sc. 5. L. 76.
In life's low vale, the soil the virtues like,
They please as beauties, here as wonders strike.

His virtues POPE-Moral Essays. Ep. I. L. 141. Will plead like angels, trumpet-tongued, against

The deep damnation of his taking-off. Virtue she finds too painful an endeavour,

Macbeth. Act I. Sc. 7. L. 18. Content to dwell in decencies forever. POPE-Moral Essays. Ep. II. L. 163. Virtue is bold, and goodness never fearful.

Measure for Measure. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 215. 3

17 There is nothing that is meritorious but virtue

The trumpet of his own virtues. and friendship; and indeed friendship itself is

Much Ado About Nothing. Act V. Sc. 2. L.87. only a part of virtue. POPE-On his Death-Bed. JOHNSON'S Life of

I hold it ever, Pope.

Virtue and cunning were endowments greater

Than nobleness and riches: careless heirs
O let us still the secret joy partake,

May the two latter darken and expend;
To follow virtue even for virtue's sake.
POPE-Temple of Fame. L. 364.

But immortality attends the former,

Making a man a god. 5

Pericles. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 27. Virtus, etiamsi quosdam impetus a natura sumit, tamen perficienda doctrina est.

Virtue itself turns vice, being misapplied; Although virtue receives some of its excel

And vice sometimes by action dignified. lencies from nature, yet it is perfected by edu Romeo and Juliet. Act II. Sc. 3. L. 21. cation.

20 QUINTILIAN-De Institutione Oratoria. XII.

Virtue that transgresses is but patched with 2. 1.

sin; and sin that amends is but patched with

virtue. Nihil tam alte natura constituit quo virtus non Twelfth Night. Act I, Sc. 5. L. 52. possit eniti.

Nature has placed nothing so high that vir- Explorant adversa viros. Perque aspera dura tue can not reach it.

Nititur ad laudem virtus interrita clivo. QUINTUS CURTIUS RUFUS--De Rebus Gestis

Adversity tries men; but virtue struggles Alexandri Magni. VII. 11. 10.

after fame regardless of the adverse heights. Divitiarum et formæ gloria fluxa atque fragilis;


22 virtus clara æternaque habetur. The glory of riches and of beauty is frail

Ipsa quidem virtus sibimet pulcherrima merces.

Virtue herself is her own fairest reward, and transitory; virtue remains bright and eter

SILIUS ITALICUS-Punica. Bk. XIII. L. 663. nal. SALLUST—Catilina. I.

DRYDEN-Tyrannic Love. Act II. Se. 3.
HOME-Douglas. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 294.

HENRY MOORE-Cupid's Conflict. PRIORMarcet sine adversario virtus.

Ode in Imitation of Horace. III. Ode 2. L. Virtue withers away if it has no opposition. 146. PLATO-Republic. SENECADe Providentia. II.

(See also PLAUTUS)

23 Virtus secundum naturam est; vitia inimica et Virtue often trips and falls on the sharp-edged infesta sunt.

rock of poverty. Virtue is according, to nature; vices are hos EUGÈNE SUE. tile and dangerous. SENECA—Epistles. L.

Virtue, the greatest of all monarchies.

SWIFT- Ode. To the Hon. Sir William Temple. 10 To show virtue her own feature, scorn her own

25 image, and the very age and body of the time

Non tamen adeo virtutum sterile seculum, ut his form and pressure.

non et bona exempla prodiderit. Hamlet. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 25.

Yet the age was not so utterly destitute of

virtues but that it produced some good exam11

ples. For in the fatness of these pursy times

TACITUS-Annales. Bk. I. 2. Virtue itself of vice must pardon beg.

26 Hamlet. Act III. Sc. 4. L. 153.

Forgive what seem'd my sin in me; 12

What seem'd my worth since I began. Assume a virtue, if you have it not.

TENNYSON–In Memoriam. Introduction. Hamlet. Act III. Sc. 4. L. 160.

(See also YOUNG) My heart laments that virtue cannot live What, what is virtue, but repose of mind, Out of the teeth of emulation.

A pure ethereal calm, that knows no storm; Julius Cæsar. Act II. Sc. 3. L. 13.

Above the reach of wild ambition's wind,






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