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Above those passions that this world deform And torture man. THOMSON--Castle of Indolence. Canto I. St.

16. Stat sua cuique dies; breve et irreparabile tempus Omnibus est vitæ; set famam extendere factis Hoc virtutis opus.

Every man has his appointed day; life is brief and irrevocable; but it is the work of virtue to extend our fame by our deeds. VERGIL-Æneid. X. 467.

2 Virtue's a stronger guard than brass. EDMUND WALLER-Epigram Upon the Golden

Medal. L. 14. 3

Good company and good discourse are the very sinews of virtue. IZAAK WALTON—Compleat Angler. Pt. I. Ch. II.

I wonder if ever a sculptor wrought till the cold

stone echoed his ardent thought! Or, if ever a painter with light and shade the

dream of his inmost heart portrayed! JAMES C. HARVEY-Incompleteness. I have multiplied visions, and used similitudes.

Hosea. XII. 10. Abou Ben Adhem (may his tribe increase!) Awoke one night from a deep dream of peace, And saw, within the moonlight in his room, Making it rich, and like a lily in bloom, An angel, writing in a book of gold; Exceeding peace had made Ben Adhem bold, And to the presence in the room he said, “What writest thou?” The Vision raised its

head, And, with a look made all of sweet accord, Answered, “The names of those who love the

Lord.” LEIGH HUNT—Abou Ben Adhem and the Angel.

And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions.

Joel. II. 28. Acts. II. 17.

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To Virtue's humblest son let none prefer
Vice, though descended from the conqueror.

YOUNG—Love of Fame. Satire I. L. 141.

5 Virtue alone outbuilds the pyramids: Her monuments shall last, when Egypt's fall.

YOUNGNight Thoughts. Night VI. L. 314.

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His crimes forgive; forgive his virtues too. YOUNG-Night Thoughts. Night IX. L. 2,290.

(See also TENNYSON)

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VISIONS Circa beatitudinem perfectam, quæ in Dei visione consistit.

Concerning perfect blessedness which consists in a vision of God. THOMAS AQUINAS-Summa Theologie. Prob

ably the origin of the phrase "beatific vision."

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It is a dream, sweet child! a waking dream,
A blissful certainty, a vision bright,
Of that rare happiness, which even on earth
Heaven gives to those it loves.

LONGFELLOW-Spanish Student. Act III. Sc.5. An angel stood and met my gaze,

Through the low doorway of my tent; The tent is struck, the vision stays;

I only know she came and went.

LOWELL-She Came and Went.
Gorgons, and Hydras, and Chimæras dire.

MILTON-Paradise Lost. Bk. II. L. 628.

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O visions ill foreseen! Better had I
Liv'd ignorant of future, so had borne
My part of evil only.

MILTON-Paradise Lost. Bk. XI. L. 763.
My thoughts by night are often filled

With visions false as fair:
For in the past alone, I build

My castles in the air.
Thos. LOVE PEACOCK-Castles in the Air.

St. 1.

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And like a passing thought, she fled In light away.

BURNSThe Vision. Last lines.

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The people's prayer, the glad diviner's theme!
The young men's vision, and the old men's dream!
DRYDEN--Absalom and Achitophel. Pt. I. L.

238.
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So little distant dangers seem:
So we mistake the future's face,
Ey'd thro' Hope's deluding glass;
As yop summits soft and fair,
Clad in colours of the air,
Which to those who journey near,
Barren, brown, and rough appear.

DYER-Gronger Hill. L. 884.

11 Visions of glory, spare my aching sight! Ye unborn

ages, crowd not on my soul. GRAYThe Bard. III. 1. L. 11.

12 I wonder if ever a song was sung but the singer's

heart sang sweeter! I wonder if ever a rhyme was rung but the

thought surpassed the meter!

Hence the fool's paradise, the statesman's scheme,
The air-built castle, and the golden dream,
The maid's romantic wish, the chemist's flame,
And poet's vision of eternal fame.

POPE-Dunciad. Bk. III. L. 9.

22 Where there is no vision, the people perish.

Proverbs. XXIX. 18.

23 Hence, dear delusion, sweet enchantment hence! HORACE AND JAMES SMITH-Rejected Addresses.

An Address without a Phænix. By"S.T.P." (Not an imitation. Initials used to puzzle critics.)

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Her silver voice Our revels now are ended. These, our actors,

Is the rich music of a summer bird, As I foretold you, were all spirits, and

Heard in the still night, with its passionate caAre melted into air, into thin air;

dence. And, like the baseless fabric of this vision,

LONGFELLOWThe Spirit of Poetry. L. 55. The cloud-capped towers, the gorgeous palaces, The solemn temples, the great globe itself,

How sweetly sounds the voice of a good woman! Yea, all which it inherit, shall dissolve,

It is so seldom heard that, when it speaks, And, like this insubstantial pageant faded, It ravishes all senses. Leave not a rack behind.

MASSINGERThe Old Law, Act IV. Sc. 2. Tempest. Act IV. Sc. 1. L. 148.

L. 34.

14 But shapes that come not at an earthly call,

Vox clamantis in deserto. Will not depart when mortal voices bid.

The voice of one crying in the wilderness. WORDSWORTH-Dion. V.

Matthew. III. 3; Mark. I. 3; Luke. III. 4;

John. I. 23. (Vulgate.)

15 Fond man! the vision of a moment made!

The Angel ended, and in Adam's ear Dream of a dream! and shadow of a shade!

So charming left his voice, that he awhile YOUNGParaphrase on Part of the Book of Thought him still speaking, still stood fix'd to Job. L. 187. Shadow of a shade is found

hear. in the prologue of Nobody and Somebody, a Milton-Paradise Lost. Bk. VIII. L. 1. play acted by the servants of QUEEN

(See also HOMER) ELIZABETH. Not the shadow of the shade of history said by Paul BOURGET-On A Locanian having plucked all the feathers off Cæur de Femme. P. 186. (Ed. 1890) from a nightingale and seeing what a little body (See also FELLTHAM under WORLD) it had, "surely," quoth he, “thou art all voice

and nothing else.” (Vox et præterea nihil.)

PLUTARCH-Laconic Apothegms. Credited to VOICE

LACON Incert. XIII, by LIPSIUS. Her voice changed like a bird's:

(See also SENECA) There grew more of the music, and less of the Her voice was like the voice the stars words.

Had when they sang together. ROBERT BROWNINGFlight of the Duchess.

DANTE GABRIEL ROSSETTI The Blessed St. 15.

Damozel. St. 10.

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The devil hath not, in all his quiver's choice,
An arrow for the heart like a sweet voice.

BYRON—Don Juan. Canto XV. St. 13.

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A sweet voice, a little indistinct and muffled,
which caresses and does not thrill; an utterance
which glides on without emphasis, and lays
stress only on what is deeply felt.
GEORGE SAND Handsome Lawrence. Ch.

III.
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Vox nihil aliud quam ictus aer.

The voice is nothing but beaten air.
SENECANaturalinum Quæstionum. Bk. II.
29.

(See also PLUTARCH)
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I thank you for your voices: thank you:
Your most sweet voices.

Coriolanus. Act II. Sc. 3. L. 179.

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He ceased: but left so charming on their ear
His
voice, that listening still they seemed to hear.
HOMEROdyssey. Bk. II. L. 414. POPE's
trans.

(See also MILTON, THOMSON)

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Her voice was ever soft, Gentle and low, an excellent thing in woman.

King Lear. Act V. Sc. 3. L. 272.

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But I will aggravate my voice so that I will roar you as gently as any sucking dove. Midsummer Night's Dream. Act I. Sc. 2.

L. 83.

A still, small voice.

I Kings. XIX. 12.

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Oh, there is something in that voice that reaches
The innermost recesses of my spirit!
LONGFELLOW-Christus. Pt. I. The Divine

Tragedy. The First Passover. Pt. VI.

And rolling far along the gloomy shores
The voice of days of old and days to be.

TENNYSON—The Passing of Arthur.

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He ceased; but still their trembling ears retained
The deep vibrations of his witching song.
THOMSON—Castle of Indolence. Canto I. St.
20.

(See also HOMER)

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Vox faucibus hæsit.

My voice stuck in my throat.
VERGIL-Æneid. II. 774; III. 48; IV. 280.

To one who loves as never maid

Loved in this world of sorrow?
HOGG-The Broken Heart.

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Vows with so much passion, swears with so much

grace, That'tis a kind of Heaven to be deluded by him.

NATHANIEL LEE-Rival Queens. Act I. Sc. 1.

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Two voices are there; one is of the sea,
One of the mountains: each a mighty Voice.
WORDSWORTHThought of a Briton on the Sub-

jugation of Switzerland.

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Ease would recant
Vows made in pain, as violent and void.

MILTON—Paradise Lost. Bk. IV. L. 96.

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Let us embrace, and from this very moment
Vow an eternal misery together.
THOMAS OTWAYT'he Orphan. Act IV. Sc. 1.

(See also FRERE under FRIENDSHIP)
Ay, springes to catch woodcocks. I do know
When the blood burns, how prodigal the soul
Lends the tongue vows.
Hamlet. Act I. Sc. 3. (“Lends” in quarto,

"gives" in folio.)

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Better is it that thou shouldest not vow, than that thou shouldest vow and not pay.

Ecclesiastes. V. 5.

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Oh, why should vows so fondly made,

Be broken ere the morrow,

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W
WAR

Nature's, not honour's, law we must obey:

This made me cast my useless shield away. (See also HEROES, NAVY, SOLDIERS)

Another version of ARCHİLOCHUS. It would be superfluous in me to point out to your Lordship that this is war.

Instead of breaking that bridge, we should, if CHARLES FRANCIS ADAMS—Despatch to Earl possible, provide another, that he may retire Russell. Sept. 5, 1863.

the sooner out of Europe.

ARISTIDES—Referring to the proposal to deBoth Regiments or none.

stroy XERXES' bridge of ships over the SAMUEL ADAMS—(For the Boston Town Meet Hellespont. ("A bridge for å retreating

ing.) To Gov. Hutchinson, demanding army.") See PLUTARCH-Life of Demosthe withdrawal of the British troops from thenes.

(See also RABELAIS) Boston after March 5, 1776. 'Twas in Trafalgar's bay

If I am asked what we are fighting for, I can The saucy Frenchmen lay.

reply in two sentences. In the first place, to SAMUEL JAMES ADAMS—Trafalgar Bay.

fulfii a solemn international obligation

an obligation of honor which no self-respecting My voice is still for war.

man could possibly have repudiated. I say, ADDISON—Cato. Act II. Sc. 1.

secondly, we are fighting to vindicate the princi

ple that small nationalities are not to be crushed From hence, let fierce contending nations know

in defiance of international good faith at the What dire effects from civil discord flow.

arbitrary will of a strong and overmastering

Power. ADDISON—Cato. Act V. Sc. 4.

PREMIER ASQUITH-Statement, to House of Fighting men are the city's fortress.

Commons, Declaration of War with GerALCÆUS-Fragment. XXII.

many, August 4, 1914. Fifty-four forty (54° 40' N.), or fight.

They shall not pass till the stars be darkened: WM. ALLEN-In the U. S. Senate. On the Two swords crossed in front of the Hun; Oregon Boundary Question. (1844) Never a groan but God has harkened,

Counting their cruelties one by one.

KATHERINE LEE BATES-Crossed Swords. And by a prudent flight and cunning save A life, which valour could not, from the grave.

(See also BEGBIE, DIAZ, PETAIN, SHEPARD) A better buckler I can soon regain; But who can get another life again?

O great corrector of enormous times, ARCHILOCHUS—Fragm. VI. Quoted by Plu

Shaker of o'er-rank states, thou grand decider TARCH–Customs of the Lacedæmonians.

Of dusty and old titles, that healest with blood (See also BUTLER)

The earth when it is sick, and curest the world

O'the pleurisy of people. Let who will boast their courage in the field,

BEAUMONT AND FLETCHER—The Two Noble I find but little safety from my shield.

Kinsmen. Act V. Sc. 1.

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All quiet along the Potomac they say

Except now and then a stray picket
Is shot as he walks on his beat, to and fro,

By a rifleman hid in the thicket.
ETHEL LYNN BEERS The Picket Guard.

Claimed by LAMAR FONTAINE.

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L'affaire Herzegovinienne ne vaut pas les os d'un fusilier poméranien.

The Herzegovina question is not worth the bones of a Pomeranian fusileer. BISMARCK, (1875) during the struggle be

tween the Christian provinces and Turkey, which led to the Russo-Turkish war. Another version is “The Eastern Question is not worth,” etc. See also variation of

same by BISMARCK under ART. 11 Lieber Spitzkugeln als Spitzreden.

Better pointed bullets than pointed speeches. BISMARCK-Speech, (1850), relative to MAN

TEUFFEL's dealings with Austria during the insurrection of the People of Hesse-Cassel.

(See also GASCOIGNE) Ich sehe in unserm Bundesverhältnisse ein Gebrechen Preussens, welches wir früher oder später ferro et igne werden heilen müssen.

I see in our relations with our alliance a fault of Prussia's, which we must cure sooner or later ferro et igne. BISMARCK—Letter to BARON VON SCHLEINITZ.

May 12, 1859.

All quiet along the Potomac.
Proverbial in 1861-62. Supposed to have
originated with Gen. McCLELLAN.

(See also BRET HARTE)
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She is a wall of brass;
You shall not pass! You shall not pass!
Spring up like Summer grass,
Surge at her, mass on mass,
Still shall you break like glass,
Splinter and break like shivered glass,

But pass?

You shall not pass! Germans, you shall not, shall not pass! God's hand has written on the wall of brassYou shall not pass! You shall not pass! HAROLD BEGBIE-You Shall Not Pass. In N. Y. Tribune, July 2, 1916.

(See also BATES) Carry on, carry on, for the men and boys are

gone, But the furrow shan't lie fallow while the women

carry on. JANET BEGBIE—Carry On.

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Gaily! gaily! close our ranks!

Arm! Advance!

Hope of France! Gaily! gaily! close our ranks! Onward! Onward! Gauls and Franks! BÉRANGERLes Gaulois et François. C. L.

BETT's trans.

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(The great questions of the day) are not decided by speeches and majority votes, but by blood and iron. BISMARCKDeclaration to the Prussian House

of Delegates. Sept. 30, 1862. Same idea in

SCHENKENDORF- Das Eiserne Kreuz. (See also QUINTILIAN, SWINBURNE, also ARNDT

under BRAVERY) What a place to plunder! FIELD MARSHAL VON BLÜCHER's comment

on viewing London from St. Paul's, after the Peace Banquet at Oxford, 1814. Same idea in MALCOLM-Sketches of Persia. P. 232. THACKERAY-Four Georges. George I, says: “The bold old Reiter looked down from St. Paul's and sighed out, ‘Was für Plunder! The German women plundered; the German secretaries plundered; the German cooks and intendants plundered; even Mustapha and Mahomet, the German negroes, had a share of the booty." The German quoted would be correctly translated “what rubbish!" Blücher, therefore, has been either mis. quoted or mistranslated.

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War is a biological necessity of the first importance, a regulative element in the life of mankind which cannot be dispensed with.

But it is not only a biological law but a moral obli gation and, as such, an indispensable factor in civilization. BERNHARDI — Germany and the next War.

Ch. I.

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Our next war will be fought for the highest interests of our country and of mankind. This will invest it with importance in the world's history. “World power or downfall" will be our rallying cry. BERNHARDI — Germany and the next War.

Ch. VII.

It is magnificent, but it is not war.
GENERAL PIERRE BOSQUET. On the Charge

of the Light Brigade. Attributed also to

MARSHAL CANROBERT.
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He who did well in war just earns the right
To begin doing well in peace.

ROBERT BROWNING-Luria. Act II. L. 354.

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We Germans have a far greater and more urgent duty towards civilization to perform than the Great Asiatic Power. We, like the Japanese, can only fulfil it by the sword. BERNHARDI — Germany and the next War.

Ch. XIII.

The Government of the United States would be constrained to hold the Imperial German government to a strict accountability for such acts of their naval authorities. W. J. BRYAN-To the German government,

when Secretary of State. European War Series of Depart. of State. No. I. P. 54,

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Lay down the axe; fling by the spade;

Leave in its track the toiling plough; The rifle and the bayonet-blade

For arms like yours were fitter now; And let the hands that ply the pen

Quit the light task, and learn to wield
The horseman's crooked brand, and rein

The charger on the battle-field.
BRYANT Our Country's Call.

None of our soldiers would understand not being asked to do whatever is necessary to reestablish a situation which is humiliating to us and unacceptable to our country's honor.-We are going to counter-attack. Credited to MAJOR-GEN. R. L. BULLARD, also

to MAJOR-GEN. OMAR BUNDY, in reply to the French command to retire in the second

battle of the Marne, 1918. The American flag has been forced to retire. This

is intolerable. MAJOR-GEN. R. L. BULLARD, on leaving the

Conference of French Generals, July 15, 1918. Expressing regret that he could not obey orders. He is called “The General of No Retreat." See N. Y. Herald, Nov. 3,

1919. (Editorial) You are there, stay there. MAJOR-GEN. R. L. BULLARD. Citation to

American unit which captured Fay's Wood.

See N. Y. Herald, Nov. 3, 1919. (Editorial) If it were possible for members of different nationalities, with different language and customs, and an intellectual life of a different kind, to live side by side in one and the same state, without succumbing to the temptation of each trying to force his own nationality on the other, things would look a good deal more peaceful. But it is a law of life and development in history that where two national civilizations meet they fight for ascendancy. In the struggle between nationalities, one nation is the hammer and the other the anvil: one is the victor and the other the vanquished.

BERNHARD VON BÜLOW-Imperial Germany. Justa bella quibus necessaria.

Wars are just to those to whom they are necessary. Quoted by BURKE-Reflections on the Revolu

tion in France. "War,” says Machiavel, “ought to be the only study of a prince"; and by a prince he means every sort of state, however constituted. “He ought," says this great political doctor, "to consider peace only as a breathing-time, which gives him leisure to contrive, and furnishes ability to execute military plans. BURKE-Vindication of Natural Society. Vol.

I. P. 15.
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Scots, wha hae wi' Wallace bled;
Scots, wham Bruce has aften led,
Welcome to your gory bed,

Or to victory!
BURNS--Bruce to his Men at Bannockburn.

For he who fights and runs away
May live to fight another day;
But he who is in battle slain
Can never rise and fight again.
BUTLER's lines misquoted by GOLDSMITH in

a publication of NEWBERY, the publisher,
The Art of Poetry on a New Plan. Vol. II.
P. 147. The first lines appear in Musarum
Delicia. Collection by Sir JOHN MENNIS
and DR. JAMES SMITH. (1656) Accredited
by some authorities to SUCKLING, but not

confirmed by MENNIS. (See also ARCHILOCHUS, DEMOSTHENES, ERAS

MUS, MENANDER, SATYRE, SCARRON, TER

TULLIAN.)
Oft he that doth abide

Is cause of his own paine,
But he that flieth in good tide

Perhaps may fight again.
A Pleasant Satyre or Poesie. From the

French. (About 1595)
Bloody wars at first began,
The artificial plague of man,
That from his own invention rise,
To scourge his own iniquities.
BUTLER—Satire. Upon the Weakness and

Misery of Man. L. 105. 16 O proud was our army that morning

That stood where the pine darkly towers, When Sherman said—“Boys, you are weary,

This day fair Savannah is ours."
Then sang we a song for our chieftain

That echoed o'er river and lea,
And the stars on our banner shone brighter

When Sherman marched down to the sea.
S. H. M. BYERS-Sherman's March to the Sea.

Last stanza. 17 War, war is still the cry, “War even to the knife!"

BYRON—Childe Harold. Canto I St. 86.

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