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BOYHOOD (See CHILDHOOD, YOUTH) BRAVERY (See also COURAGE, VALOR)

Zwar der Tapfere nennt sich Herr der Länder
Durch sein Eisen, durch sein Blut.

The brave man, indeed, calls himself lord of the land, through his iron, through his blood. ARNDT-Lehre an den Menschen. 5.

The god-like hero sate
On his imperial throne:

His valiant peers were placed around,
Their brows with roses and with myrtles bound

(So should desert in arms be crowned).
The lovely Thais. by his side,
Sate like a blooming Eastern bride
In flower of youth and beauty's pride.

Happy, happy, happy pair!

None but the brave,

None but the brave, None but the brave deserve the fair. DRYDEN–Alexander's Feast. St. 1. (See also Ovid; also BURNS and COLLIER under

WOOING)
14
Then rush'd to meet the insulting foe:
They took the spear, but left the shield.
PHILIP FRENEAUTo the Memory of the Brave

Americans who fell at Eutaw Springs.
(See also SCOTT—Marmion. Introd. to

Canto III)

5

Hoch klingt das Lied vom braven Mann,
Wie Orgelton und Glockenklang;
Wer hohes Muths sich rühmen kann
Den lohnt nicht Gold, den lohnt Gesang.
Song of the brave, how thrills thy tone

As when the Organ's music rolls;
No gold rewards, but song alone,

The deeds of great and noble souls. BÜRGERLied von Braven Mann.

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The brave Love mercy, and delight to save. Gay-Fable. The Lion, Tiger and Traveller.

L. 33.

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Brave men were living before Agamemnon.
BYRONDon Juan. Canto I. St. 5.
(See also HORACE)

The truly brave, When they behold the brave oppressed with

odds, Are touched with a desire to shield and save:

A mixture of wild beasts and demi-gods Are they—now furious as the sweeping wave,

Now moved with pity; even as sometimes nods The rugged tree unto the summer wind, Compassion breathes along the savage mind.

BYRONDon Juan Canto VIII. St. 106.

Without a sign his sword the brave man draws, And asks no omen but his country's cause. HOMER-Iliad. Bk. XII. L. 283. POPE's

trans.

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O friends, be men; so act that none may feel
Ashamed to meet the eyes of other men.
Think each one of his children and his wife,
His home, his parents, living yet or dead.
For them, the absent ones, I supplicate,
And bid you rally here, and scorn to fly.
HOMER-Iliad. Bk. XV. L. 843. BRYANT'S

trans.

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Ardentem frigidus Ætnam insiluit.

In cold blood he leapt into burning Etna. HORACE-Ars Poetica.

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What's brave, what's noble, Vixere fortes ante Agamemnona

Let's do it after the high Roman fashion, Multi; sed omnes illacrimabiles

And make death proud to take us. Urguentur ignotique longa

Antony and Cleopatra. Act IV. Sc. 15. Nocte, carent quia vate sacro.

L. 86. Many brave men lived before Agamemnon; but, ali unwept and unknown, are lost in the Fortes et strenuos etiam contra fortunam distant night, since they are without a divine insistere, timidos et ignoros ad desperationem poet (to chronicle their deeds).

formidine properare. HORACE-Odes. Bk. IV, LX. 25.

The brave and bold persist even against (See also BYRON)

fortune; the timid and cowardly rush to despair 2

through fear alone. True bravery is shown by performing without TACITUS-Annales. II. 46. witness what one might be capable of doing before all the world.

Fortes fortuna adjuvat. LA ROCHEFOUCAULD. Maxims. 216.

Fortune favors the brave. 3

TERENCE-Phormio. I. 4. 26. Quoted as a There's a brave fellow! There's a man of pluck! A man who's not afraid to say his say,

proverb.

(See also OVID) Though a whole town's against him. LONGFELLOW-Christus. Pt. III. John Endicott. Act II. Sc. 2.

Bravery never goes out of fashion.

THACKERAY-Four Georges. George Second. How well Horatius kept the bridge

18 In the brave days of old.

Audentes fortuna juvat. MACAULAY—-Lays of Ancient Rome. Horatius. Fortune favours the daring. 70.

VERGIL-Æneid. X. 284 and 458. Same 5

phrase or idea found in CICERODe Finibus. Rebus in angustis facile est contemnere vitam; III. 4. and Tusc. II. 4. CLAUDIANUS-Ad Fortiter ille facit qui miser esse potest.

Probin. XLIII. 9. ENNIUS-Annales. V. In adversity it is easy to despise life; he is 262. LIVY-Bk. IV. 37; Bk. VII. 29; Bk. truly brave who can endure a wretched life.

XXXIV. 37. MENANDER-In STOBÆUS MARTIAL-Epigrams. XI. 56. 15.

Flor. VII. P. 206. Ed. 1709. OVID-Meta6

morphoses. X. 11. 27. PLINY THE YOUNGER 'Tis more brave

-Epistles. VI. 16. TACITUS—Annales. IV. To live, than to die.

17. OWEN MEREDITH (Lord Lytton)-Lucile. Pt.

(See also Ovid)
II. Canto VI. St. 11.
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BRIBERY
Audentem Forsque Venusque juvant.
Fortune and love favour the brave.

And ye sall walk in silk attire,
OvID-Ars Amatoria. Bk. I. 608.

And siller hae to spare, (See also DRYDEN, SCHILLER, TERENCE, VERGIL) Gin ye'll consent to be his bride,

Nor think o' Donald mair. Omne solum forti patria est.

SUSANNA BLAMIRE--The Siller Crown. The brave find a home in every land.

20 OVIDFasti. I. 493.

'Tis pleasant purchasing our fellow-creatures;

And all are to be sold, if you consider Audentes deus ipse juvat.

Their passions, and are dext'rous; some by feaGod himself favors the brave.

tures OVID-Metamorphoses. X. 586.

Are brought up, others by a warlike leader; 10

Some by a place as tend their years or natures; Who combats bravely is not therefore brave: The most by ready cash—but all have prices, He dreads a death-bed like the meanest slave. From crowns to kicks, according to their vices.

POPE-Moral Essays. Epistle I. L. 115. BYRON-Don Juan. Canto V. St. 27. 11

(See also WALPOLE) Dem Muthigen hilft Gott. God helps the brave.

Flowery oratory he (Walpole) despised. He SCHILLER—Wilhelm Tell. I. 2. 132. ascribed to the interested views of themselves or (See also OVID)

their relatives the declarations of pretended pa12

triots, of whom he said, "All those men have Come one, come all! this rock shall fly

their price." From its firm base as soon as I.

Coxe-Memoirs of Walpole. Vol. IV. P. 369. Scott-Lady of the Lake Canto V. St. 10.

(See also BYRON, WALPOLE) 13 He did look far

A hoarseness caused by swallowing gold and silver. Into the service of the time, and was

DEMOSTHENES, bribed not to speak against Discipled of the bravest; he lasted long;

HARPALUS, he pretended to have lost his But on us both did haggish age steal on

voice. PLUTARCH quotes the accusation as And wore us out of act.

above. Also elsewhere refers to it as the All's Well That Ends Well. Act I. Sc. 2. L. 26. "silver quinsey."

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Solid men of Boston, banish long potations!
Solid men of Boston, make no long orations!
CHARLES MORRISPitt and Dundas's Return

to London from Wimbledon. American Song.
From Lyra Urbanica.

2

Solid men of Boston, make no long orations; Solid men of Boston, drink no long potations; Solid men of Boston, go to bed at sundown; Never lose your way like the loggerheads of

London. Billy Pitt and the Farmer. Printed in “Asylum

for Fugitive Pieces" (1786), without author's

name.

3

Massachusetts has been the wheel within New England, and Boston the wheel within Massachusetts. Boston therefore is often called the “hub of the world," since it has been the source and fountain of the ideas that have reared and made America. Rev. F. B. ZINCKLE—Last Winter in the United States. (1868)

(See also HOLMES)

How sleep the brave, who sink tı
By all their country's wishes ble
COLLINS-Ode written in 17
Authorship disputed. Four

Alfred the Great, altere-
Masque, presented Aug.:

THOMPSON and MALLET
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Les hommes valeureux le si

Brave men are brave fri
CORNEILLE—Le Cid.

(See also
11
Toll for the brave!
The brave that are no

COWPER— On the L

12
The brave man seek
Nor, overpower'dı
Unsham'd, thoug

can,
Force is of brutes.
DRYDEN—Pal

L. 2,015.
13

The god-li
On his ir

His vali
Their brow

(So sh The lovely Sate like In flower

Har :

BOYHOOD (See CHILDHOOD, YOUTH) BRAVERY (See also COURAGE, VALOR)

4

Zwar der Tapfere nennt sich Herr der Länder
Durch sein Eisen, durch sein Blut.

The brave man, indeed, calls himself lord of the land, through his iron, through his blood. ARNDT-Lehre an den Menschen. 5.

5

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Hoch klingt das Lied vom braven Mann,
Wie Orgelton und Glockenklang;
Wer hohes Muths sich rühmen kann
Den lohnt nicht Guld, den lohnt Gesang.
Song of the br how thrills thy tone

As when the Organ's music rolls;
No gold rewards, but song alone,

The deeds of great and noble souls. BÜRGER—Lied von Braven Mann.

1 ΤΙ T

-t. 9.

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the hills to meci 2 i hy beautiful abode se of yonder shadowy se sng and fill the Brook. st. 1.

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Fortis
vero,

dolorem summum judicans; aut temperans, voluptatem bonum statuens, esse certe nullo modo

No man can be brave who thin greatest evil; nor temperate, wir pleasure the highest good. CICERO—De Officiis. I. 2.

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fires i Foughton—The

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BRONX RIVER Yet I will look upon thy face again,

My own romantic Bronx, and it will be A face more pleasant than the face of men.

Thy waves are old companions, I shall see A well remembered form in each old tree And hear a voice long loved in thy wild min

strelsy. JOSEPH RODMAN DRAKE-Bronx.

Judges and senates have been bought for gold; Esteem and love were never to be sold.

POPE-Essay on Man. Ep. IV. L. 187.

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BROOKS
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A noise like of a hidden brook

In the leafy month of June,
That to the sleeping woods all night

Singeth a quiet tune.
COLERIDGEThe Ancient Mariner. Pt. V.

St. 18.

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Auro pulsa fides, auro venalia jura,
Aurum lex sequitur, mox sine lege pudor.

By gold all good faith has been banished; by gold our rights are abused; the law itself is influenced by gold, and soon there will be an end of every modest restraint.

PROPERTIUSElegiæ. III. 13. 48. No mortal thing can bear so high a price, But that with mortal thing it may be bought. SIR WALTER RALEIGH, Love the Only Price of Love.

'Tis gold Which buys admittance; oft it doth; yea, and

makes Diana's rangers false themselves, yield up Their deer to the stand o' the stealer: and 'tis

gold Which makes the true man kill'd and saves the

thief; Nay, sometimes hangs both thief and true man.

Cymbeline. Act II. Sc. 3. L. 72.

The streams, rejoiced that winter's work is done, Talk of to-morrow's cowslips as they run. EBENEZER ELLIOTT— The Village Patriarch.

Love and Other Poems. Spring.

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From Helicon's harmonious springs
A thousand rills their mazy progress take.

GRAY--The Progress of Poesy. I. 1. L. 3.

18 Sweet are the little brooks that run O'er pebbles glancing in the sun,

Singing in soothing tones. HOODTown and Country. St. 9.

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There is gold for you.
Sell me your good report.
Cymbeline. Act II. Sc. 3. L. 87.

What, shall one of us, That struck the foremost man of all this world But for supporting robbers, shall we now Contaminate our fingers with base bribes?

Julius Cæsar. Act IV. Sc. 3. L. 22.

10

Thou hastenest down between the hills to meet

me at the road, The secret scarcely lisping of thy beautiful abode Among the pines and mosses of yonder shadowy

height, Where thou dost sparkle into song, and fill the

woods with light. LUCY LARCOM-Friend Brook. St. 1.

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There is thy gold, worse poison to men's souls, Doing more murders in this loathsome world, Than these poor compounds that thou mayst

not sell. I sell thee poison, thou hast sold me none.

Romeo and Juliet. Act V. Sc. 1. L. 80.

See, how the stream has overflowed
Its banks, and o'er the meadow road

Is spreading far and wide!
LONGFELLOW-Christus. The Golden Legend.

Pt. III. Sc. 7. The Nativity.

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The music of the brook silenced all conversation.

LONGFELLOW-Kavanagh. Ch. XXI.

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Every man has his price.
SIR ROBERT WALPOLE—Speech. Nov. or

Dec., 1734, according to A. F. ROBBINS, in
Gentleman's Mag. No. IV, Pp. 589-92.
641-4. HORACE WALPOLE asserts it was
attributed to Walpole by his enemies. See
Letter, Aug. 26, 1785. Article in Notes and
Queries, May 11, 1907. Pp. 367–8, asserts

I wandered by the brook-side,

I wandered by the mill;
I could not hear the brook flow.

The noisy wheel was still.
MONCKTON MILNES (Lord Houghton)—The

Brookside.

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