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PRINCE LEOPOLD of ANHALT-DESSAU, accordFor agony and spoil

ing to CARLYLE-Life of Frederick the Great. Of nations beat to dust,

Bk. XV. Ch. XIV.
For poisoned air and tortured soil
And cold, commanded lust,

The ballot is stronger than the bullet.
And every secret woe

LINCOLN. (1856)
The shuddering waters saw-
Willed and fulfilled by high and low-

11 Let them relearn the Law.

One month too late. KIPLING—Justice. (Oct. 24, 1918)

Von LINSINGEN's remark when told of Italy's

declaration of war against Austria in Great For heathen heart that puts her trust

In reeking tube and iron shard-
All valiant dust that builds on dust,

To arms! to arms! ye brave!
And guarding calls not Thee to guard-

Th’avenging sword unsheathe, For frantic boast and foolish word,

March on! march on! all hearts resolved Thy mercy on Thy People, Lord!

On victory or death! KIPLING-Recessional.


Hymn. 7th stanza by Du Bois. See Figaro, You are ordered abroad as a soldier of the Literary Supplement, Aug. 7, 1908. King to help our French comrades against the invasion of a common enemy. You have to per

At the Captain's mess, in the Banquet-hall, form a task which will need your courage, your

Sat feasting the officers, one and allenergy, and your patience. Remember that the

Like a sabre-blow, like the swing of a sail, honor of the British Army depends on your in

One raised his glass, held high to hail, dividual conduct. It will be your duty not only Sharp snapped like the stroke of a rudder's play, to set an example of discipline and perfect steadi

Spoke three words only: “To the day!" ness under fire, but also to maintain the most

ERNEST LISSAUER - Hassgesang gegen Engfriendly relations with those whom you are help land. (Song of Hate against England.) ing in this struggle. Do your duty

(See also RICHMOND) bravely. Fear God and honor the King. KITCHENER-A printed address to the British

Ostendite modo bellum, pacem habebitis. Expeditionary Force, carried by the soldiers

You need only a show of war to have peace. on the Continent.

Live-History. VI. 18. 7. Same idea in

DION CHRYSOSTOM De Regn. Orat. I. Friendship itself prompts it (Government of SYRUS-Maxims. 465. the U. S.) to say to the Imperial Government (Germany) that repetition by the commanders of German naval vessels of acts in contravention

Justum est bellum, quibus necessarium; et pia

arma, quibus nulla nisi in armis relinquitur opes. of those rights (neutral) must be regarded by

To those to whom war is necessary it is just; the Government of the United States, when they

and a resort to arms is righteous in those to affect American citizens, as deliberately un

whom no means of assistance remain except friendly.

by arms. Secretary of War LANSING. Reply to the Ger

Live-History. Bk. IX. 1. man Lusitania Note. July 21, 1915. There is no such thing as an inevitable war. God has chosen little nations as the vessels by If war comes it will be from failure of human which He carries His choicest wines to the lips wisdom.

of humanity to rejoice their hearts, to exalt their BONAR LAW. Speech before the Great War. vision, to strengthen their faith, and if we had

stood by when two little nations (Belgium and I have always believed that success would be Servia) were being crushed and broken by the the inevitable result if the two services, the army brutal hands of barbarians, our shame would and the navy, had fair play, and if we sent the have rung down the everlasting ages. right man to fill the right place.

LLOYD GEORGE-Speech at Queen's Hall. AUSTIN H. LAYARD—Speech in Parliament. Sept., 1914. Jan. 15, 1855.


The stern hand of Fate has scourged us to an When Greeks joined Greeks, then was the tug elevation where we can see the everlasting things of war!

that matter for a nation—the great peaks we had NATHANIEL LEEThe Rival Queens; or, Alex

forgotten, of Honour, Duty, Patriotism, and clad ander the Great. Act IV, Sc. 2.

in glittering white, the pinnacles of Sacrifice,

pointing like a rugged finger to Heaven. We Art, thou hast many infamies,

shall descend into the valley again; but as long But not an infamy like this.

as the men and women of this generation last, 0 snap the fife and still the drum

they will carry in their hearts the image of these And show the monster as she is.

mighty peaks, whose foundations are not shaken, LE GALLIENNEThe Illusion of War. though Europe rock and sway in the convulsions

of a great war. 0, God assist our side: at least, avoid assist LLOYD GEORGE — Speech at Queen's Hall. ing the enemy and leave the rest to me.

Sept., 1914.








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Too late in moving here, too late in arriving Pourquoi cette trombe enflammée there, too late in coming to this decision, too late Qui vient foudroyer l'univers? in starting with enterprises, too late in preparing. Cet embrasement de l'enfer? In this war the footsteps of the allied forces have Ce tourbillonnement d'armées been dogged by the mocking specter of Too Late! Par mille milliers de milliers? and unless we quicken our movements, damna C'est pour un chiffon de papier. tion will fall on the sacred cause for which so For what this whirlwind all aflame? much gallant blood has flowed.

This thunderstroke of hellish ire, LLOYD GEORGE-Speech, in the House of Setting the universe afire? Commons. Dec. 20, 1915.

While millions upon millions came

Into a very storm of war? The last £100,000,000 will win.

For a scrap of paper. LLOYD GEORGE, when Chancellor of the Ex PÈRE HYACINTHE LOYSON—Pour un Chiffon

chequer, at the beginning of the war. 1914. de Papier. Trans. by EDWARD BRABROOK. See Everybody's Magazine. Jan., 1918. P. 8. In Notes and Queries, Jan. 6, 1917. P. 5.

(See also BETHMANN-HOLLWEG) Is it, О man, with such discordant noises,

With such accursed instruments as these, Alta sedent civilis vulnera dextræ. Thou drownest Nature's sweet and kindly voices,

The wounds of civil war are deeply felt. And jarrest the celestial harmonies?

LUCANPharsalia. I. 32. LONGFELLOW-Arsenal at Springfield. St. 8.

Omnibus hostes Ultima ratio regum.

Reddite nos populis

civile avertite bellum. Last argument of kings. (Cannon.]

Make us enemies of every people on earth, Louis XIV ordered this engraved on cannon.

but prevent a civil war. Removed by the National Assembly, Aug.

LUCAN-Pharsalia. II. 52. 19, 1790. Found on cannon in Mantua. (1613) On Prussian guns of today. Motto Non tam portas intrare patentes for pieces of ordnance in use as early as Quam fregisse juvat; nec tam patiente colono 1613. BUCHMANN-Geflügelte Wörte. Ulti Arva premi, quam si ferro populetur et igni; ma razon de reges. (War.) The ultimate Concessa pudet ire via. reason of kings. CALDERON. Don't forget The conqueror is not so much pleased by your great guns, which are the most respect

entering into open gates, as by forcing his able arguments of the rights of kings. FRED way. He desires not the fields to be cultiERICK THE GREAT to his brother HENRY. vated by the patient husbandman; he would April 21, 1759.

have them laid waste by fire and sword. It

would be his shame to go by a way already Ez fer war, I call it murder,

opened. Ther you hev it plain and flat;

LUCANPharsalia. II. 443.
I don't want to go no furder
Than my Testyment fer that.

'Aig (F.-M. Sir Douglas Haig! 'e don't say LOWELISThe Biglow Papers. No. 1.

much; 'e don't, so to say, say nothin'; but what

'e don't say don't mean nothin', not ’arf. But It don't seem hardly right, John,

when 'e do say something my Gawd! When both my hands was full,

E. V. Lucas-Boswell of Baghdad.
To stump me to a fight, John,
Your cousin, too, John Bull!

Here I stand. I can do no other. God help
Ole Uncle S. sez he, “I guess

me. Amen. We know it now," sez he,

MARTIN LUTHER. End of his speech at the “The lion's paw is all the law,

Diet of Worms. April 18, 1521. Inscribed

on his monument at Worms.
According to J. B.,
That's fit for you an' me.”

(See also HORACE, WILSON) LOWELLThe Biglow Papers. Jonathan to

be John. St. 1.

I beg that the small steamers

spared if possible, or else sunk without a trace We kind o' thought Christ went agin war an’

being left. (Spurlos versenkt.) pillage.

COUNT KARL VON LUXBURG, Chargé d'AfLOWELLThe Biglow Papers. No. 3.

faires at Buenos Ayres. Telegram to the Berlin Foreign Office, May 19, 1917. Also

same July 9, 1917, referring to Argentine Not but wut abstract war is horrid,

ships. Cablegrams disclosed by Sec. LansI sign to thet with all my heart,

ing as sent from the German Legation in But civilysation doos git forrid

Buenos Ayres by way of the Swedish LegaSometimes, upon a powder-cart.

tion to Berlin. LOWELL--Biglow Papers. No. 7.

If neutrals were destroyed so that they

disappeared without leaving any trace, terThe Campbells are comin'.

ror would soon keep seamen and travelers ROBERT T. S. LOWELL-The Relief of Luck away from the danger zones.

Poem on same story written by PROF. Oswald FLAMM in the Berlin Woche. HENRY MORFORD, Alex. MACLAGAN.

Cited in N. Y. Times, May 15, 1917.












HANOTAUX, in Contemporary France, says Oh! wherefore come ye forth in triumph from that MacMahon denied this. MARQUIS DE the North,

CASTELLANE claimed the phrase in the Revue With your hands and your feet, and your rai Hebdomodaire, May, 1908. Contradicted ment all red?

by L'Éclair, which quoted a letter by GEN. And wherefore doth your rout send forth a joy BIDDULPH to GERMAIN BAPST, in which ous shout?

GEN. BIDDULPH tells that MacMahon said And whence be the grapes of the wine-press to him "Que j'y suis, et que j'y reste."

which ye tread? MACAULAYThe Battle of Naseby.

And, though the warrior's sun has set,

Its light shall linger round us yet, The essence of war is violence. Moderation in Bright, radiant, blest. war is imbecility.

DON JORGE MANRIQUE-Coplas De Manrique. Attributed to LORD FISHER during the great Last lines. Trans. by LONGFELLOW.

War. Taken from MACAULAY'S Essay on
Lord Nugent's Memorials of Hampden.

Marlbrough s'en va-t-en guerre,
Take up our quarrel with the foe!

Mironton, mironton, mirontaine,

Marlbrough s'en va-t-en guerre,
To you from failing hands we throw
The torch; be yours to hold it high.

Ne sait quand reviendra.

Marbrough (or Marlebrouck) S'en vaten If ye break faith with us who die

Guerre. Old French Song. Attributed to We shall not sleep, though poppies grow

Mme. de Sévigné. Found in Rondes avec In Flanders' fields. JOHN MCCRAE-In Flanders' Fields. (We

Jeux et Petites Chansons traditionnelles, Pub. shall not Sleep.)

by AUGENER. Said to refer to Charles,

Third Duke of Marlborough's unsuccessful (See also GALBREATH, and McCRAE under Pop

expedition against Cherbourg or MalplaPIES)

quet, probably the latter. (1709) See Di qui nacque che tutti li profeti armati vin

KING'S Classical Quotations. Air probably sero, e li disarmati rovinarono.

sung by the Crusaders of Godfrey de BouilHence it happened that all the armed

lon, known in America “We won't go home prophets conquered, all the unarmed perished.

until morning.” Sung today in the East, MACHIAVELLIIl Principe. C. 6.

tradition giving it that the ancestors of the

Arabs learned it at the battle of Mansurah, 5

April 5, 1250. The same appears in a War in men's eyes shall be

Basque Pastorale; also in Chansons de Geste. A monster of iniquity

Air known to the Egyptians. In the good time coming.

12 Nations shall not quarrel then, To prove which is the stronger;

And silence broods like spirit on the brae, Nor slaughter men for glory's sake;

A glimmering moon begins, the moonlight runs Wait a little longer.

Over the grasses of the ancient way

Rutted this morning by the passing guns. CHARLES MACKAY--The Good Time Coming.

MASEFIELD-August 14. In Philip the King. We want no war of conquest.

War should never be entered upon until every agency

For a flying foe

Discreet and provident conquerors build up of peace has failed. WILLIAM MCKINLEY - Inaugural Address.

A bridge of gold. Washington, March 4, 1897

MASSINGER-The Guardian, Act I. Sc. 1. (See also WILSON)

(See also RABELAIS)

i4 7 The warpipes are pealing, “The Campbells are

Some undone widow sits upon mine arm, coming."

And takes away the use of it; and my sword, They are charging and cheering. O dinna ye

Glued to my scabbard with wronged orphan's hear it?

tears, ALEXANDER MACLAGAN-Jennie's Dream.

Will not be drawn.

MASSINGER-New Way to Pay Old Debts. Act (See also LOWELL)

V. Sc. 1. There's some say that we wan, some say that they wan,

Wars and rumours of wars.
Some say that nane wan at a', man,

Matthew. XXIV. 6.
But one thing I'm sure that at Sheriff-Muir, 16
A battle there was which I saw, man.

Now deeper roll the maddening drums, And we ran and they ran, and they ran and we And the mingling host like ocean heaves: ran,

While from the midst a horrid wailing comes, And we ran, and they ran awa', man.

And high above the fight the lonely bugle MURDOCH McLENNAN-Sheriff-Muir. (An grieves. indecisive battle, Nov. 13, 1715.)


Grieves. Ode on the Celebration of Battle of J'y suis, et j'y reste.

Bunker Hill. June 17, 1825. (Mellen is Here I am and here I stay.

called the "Singer of one Song" from this MACMAHON, before Malakoff. GABRIEL Ode.)



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A man that runs away may fight again.

In the wars of the European powers in matters MENANDER, after the battle of Chæronea. 338 relating to themselves we have never taken any

B.C. In DIDOTBib. Græca. P. 91. Frag- part, nor does it comport with our policy so to ment appended to Aristophanes.

do. It is only when our rights are invaded or (See also BUTLER)

seriously menaced that we resent injuries or

make preparation for our defence. There is war in the skies!

JAMES MONROE—Annual Message. Dec. 2, OWEN MEREDITH (Lord Lytton)-Lucile. Pt. 1823. I. Canto IV. St. 12.

When after many battles past, No war or battle sound

Both tir'd with blows, make peace at last, Was heard the world around.

What is it, after all, the people get? MILTONHymn of Christ's Nativity. L. 31. Why! taxes, widows, wooden legs, and debt.

FRANCIS MOORE — Almanac. Monthly Ob4 What though the field be lost?

servations for 1829. P. 23. All is not lost; the unconquerable will, And study of revenge, immortal hate

Thrilled ye ever with the story And courage never to submit or yield,

How on stricken fields of glory And what is else not to be overcome.

Men have stood beneath the murderous iron hail! MILTONParadise Lost. Bk. I. L. 105.

HENRY MORFORD—Coming of the Bagpipes to

Lucknow. Poem on same story written by Heard so oft

R. T. S. LOWELL and ALEX. MACLAGAN. In worst extremes, and on the perilous edge Of battle. MILTON—Paradise Lost. Bk. 1. L. 275.

We had nae heed for the parish bell,

But still—when the bugle cried, Th' imperial ensign, which, full high advanc'd,

We went for you to Neuve Chapelle, Shone like a meteor, streaming to the wind.

We went for you to the yetts o' Hell, With gems and golden lustre rich emblazed,

And there for you we died! Seraphic arms and trophies.

NEIL MUNRO Roving Lads. (1915) MILTON—Paradise Lost. Bk. I. L. 536. (See also COWLEY under Hair, WEBSTER under 'Tis a principle of war that when you can use Flag)

the lightning, 'tis better than cannon.

My sentence is for open war.
MILTONParadise Lost. Bk. II. L. 51.

Providence is always on the side of the last
Others more mild,

Attributed to NAPOLEON I.
Retreated in a silent valley, sing
With notes angelical to many a harp

(See also VOLTAIRE)
Their own heroic deeds and hapless fall
By doom of battle.

Baptism of fire. MILTONParadise Lost. Bk. II. L. 546.

NAPOLEON III in a letter to the EMPRESS

EUGENIE after Saarbruecken. Referring to Black it stood as night,

the experience of the Prince Imperial. Fierce as ten furies, terrible as hell, And shook a dreadful dart.

England expects every officer and man to do MILTON—-Paradise Lost. Bk. II. L. 670. his duty this day.

NELSON—Signal, Oct. 21, 1805, to the fleet So frown'd the mighty combatants, that hell

before the battle of Trafalgar. As reported Grew darker at their frown.

in the London Times, Dec. 26, 1805. England MILTON-Paradise Lost. Bk. II. L. 719.

expects that every man will do his duty.

As reported by WILLIAM PRYCE CUNBY, Arms on armour clashing bray'd

First Lieut. of the Bellerophon. The claim Horrible discord, and the madding wheels

is that Nelson gave the order “Nelson conOf brazen chariots ray’d; dire was the noise

fides," which was changed to "England exOf conflict.

pects.” See Notes and Queries, Series VI, MILTONParadise Lost. Bk. VI. L. 209.

İX, 261.283; also Nov. 4, 1905. P. 370.











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Each heart is Freedom's shield,
And heaven is shining o'er us.

Infantry, Artillery, Aviation—all that we have B. E. O'MEARA-March to the Battle-Field. are yours to dispose of as you will. . . . I have

come to say to you that the American people "Go, with a song of peace,” said Fingal; “go, would be proud to be engaged in the greatest Ullin, to the king of swords. Tell him

that we battle in history. are mighty in war; that the ghosts of our foes GEN. JOHN JOSEPH PERSHING to GEN. FOCH, are many."

Letter written from Office of the CommanderOSSIAN—Carthon. L. 269.

in-Chief, American Expeditionary Forces,

in France. See "Literary Digest History of Adjuvat in bello pacatæ ramus olivæ.

World War," Vol. V. Þ. 43. March 28, In war the olive branch of peace is of use.

1918. OVID—Epistolae Ex Ponio. I. 1. 31.

Ils ne passeront pas. There is a hill in Flanders,

They shall not pass. Heaped with a thousand slain,

GENERAL PÉTAIN. At the end of Feb., 1916, Where the shells fly night and noontide

General de Castelnau was sent by General And the ghosts that died in vain,

Joffre to decide whether Verdun should be A little hill, a hard hill

abandoned or defended.“ He consulted with To the souls that died in pain.

GENERAL PÉTAIN, saying: “They (the EVERARD OWENThree Hills. (1915)

Germans) must not pass.'

." General Pétain

said: “They shall not pass." 4.

In France It is the object only of war that makes it hon the people credit it to General Joffre. See orable. And if there was ever a just war since

N. Y. Times, May 6, 1917. (See also Diaz) the world began, it is this in which America is now engaged.

From the Rio Grande's waters to the icy lakes We fight not to enslave, but to set a country

of Maine, free, and to make room upon the earth for hon- Let all exult, for we have met the enemy again. est men to live in.

Beneath their stern old mountains we have met THOMAS PAINE—The Crisis.

them in their pride; (See also WILSON)

And rolled from Buena Vista back the battle's

bloody tide, These are the times that try men's souls. Where the enemy came surging swift like the The Summer soldier and the sunshine patriot Mississippi's flood, will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of And the Reaper, Death, with strong arms swung their country, but he that stands it now deserves

his sickle red with blood. the love and thanks of man and woman. Tyr- Santa Anna boasted loudly that before two anny, like Hell, is not easily conquered; yet we

hours were past have this consolation with us, that the harder His Lancers through Saltillo should pursue us the conflict the more glorious the triumph. What

fierce and fast. we obtain too cheaply we esteem too lightly; it On comes his solid infantry, line marching after is dearness only that gives everything its value.

line. Heaven knows how to put a proper price upon

Lo! their great standards in the sun like sheets its goods; and it would be strange indeed if so

of silver shine. celestial an article as freedom should not be GEN. ALBERT PIKE-Battle of Buena Vista. highly rated. THOMAS PAINEThe Crisis.

If I were an American, as I am an English

man, while a foreign troop was landed in my War even to the knife.

country I never would lay down my arms,-PALAFOX, the governor of Saragossa, when never! never! never!

summoned to surrender by the French, who WILLIAM Pirt the Elder. Nov. 18, 1777. besieged that city in 1808. Generally quoted "At the point of the knife.”

He who first called money the sinews of the

state seems to have said this with special referIt cannot be made, it shall not be made, it will

ence to war. not be made; but if it were made there would be

PLUTARCH-Life of Cleomenes. 27. a war between France and England for the pos

(See also CICERO) session of Egypt. LORD PALMERSTON-Speech, 1851, referring

to the Suez Canal (an example of an indis. Sylla proceeded by persuasion, not by arms. creet and unfulfilled prophecy).

PLUTARCH-Lysander and Sylla Compared. Hell, Heaven or Hoboken by Christmas.

It is the province of kings to bring wars about; Attributed to GENERAL JOHN JOSEPH PER- it is the province of God to end them. SHING. (1918)

CARDINAL POLE—To Henry VIII. Lafayette, we are here.

She saw her sons with purple death expire,
GEN. JOHN JOSEPH PERSHING. At the Her sacred domes involved in rolling fire,

tomb of Lafayette. (1918) On the author- A dreadful series of intestine wars,
ity of a letter from the General's military Inglorious triumphs and dishonest scars.
secretary to George Morgan, Jan. 4, 1919. POPE-Windsor Forest. L. 323.










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