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To-morrow to fresh woods, and pastures new.

MILTON—Lycidas. L. 193.



In dim eclipse, disastrous twilight sheds
On half the nations, and with fear of change
Perplexes monarchs.

MILTON—Paradise Lost. Bk. I. L. 597.

Nous avons changé tout cela.

We have changed all that.
MOLIÈRE-Le Médecin Malgré lui. II. 6.



Coups de fourches ni d'étrivières,
Ne lui font changer de manières.

Veither blows from pitchfork, nor from the lash, can make him change his ways.

LA FONTAINE-Fables. II. 18.
Time fleeth on,
Youth soon is gone,

Vaught earthly may abide;
Life seemeth fast,
But may not last-

It runs as runs the tide.
LELAND—Vany in One. Pt. II. St. 21.

I do not allow myself to suppose that either the convention or the League, have concluded to decide that I am either the greatest or the best man in America, but rather they have concluded it is not best to swap horses while crossing the river, and have further concluded that I am not so poor a horse that they might not make a botch of it in trying to swap. LINCOLN, to a delegation of the National

Union League who congratulated him on his nomination as the Republican candidate for President, June 9, 1864. As given by J. F. RHODES Hist. of the U. S. from the Compromise of 1850. Vol. IV. P. 370. Same in NICOLAY AND HAY Lincoln's Complete Works. Vol. II. P. 532. Different version in Appleton's Cyclopedia. RAYMOND -Life and Public Services of Abraham Lincoln. Ch. XVIII. P. 500. (Ed. 1865) says Lincoln quotes an old Dutch farmer, "It was best not to swap horses when crossing a stream."

All things must change To something new, to something strange.

LONGFELLOW-Kéramos. L. 32.

5 But the nearer the dawn the darker the night, And by going wrong all things come right; Things have been mended that were worse, And the worse, the nearer they are to mend. LONGFELLOW-Tales of a Wayside Inn. The

Baron of St. Castine. L. 265.

Saturninus said, "Comrades, you have lost a good captain to make him an ill general.”

MONTAIGNE–Of Vanity. Bk. III. Ch. IX.

13 All that's bright must fade,–

The brightest still the fleetest;
All that's sweet was made

But to be lost when sweetest.
MOORE—National Airs. AU That's Bright

Must Fade.
Omnia mutantur, nihil interit.

All things change, nothing perishes.
OVID—Metamorphoses. XV. 165.

My merry, merry, merry roundelay

Concludes with Cupid's curse,
They that do change old love for new,

Pray gods, they change for worse!
GEORGE PEELE—Cupid's Curse; From the Ar-

raignment of Paris.
Till Peter's keys some christen'd Jove adorn,
And Pan to Moses lends his Pagan horn.

POPE-Dunciad. Bk. III. L. 109.




Omnia mortali mutantur lege creata,
Nec se cognoscunt terræ vertentibus annis,
Et mutant variam faciem per sæcula gentes.

Everything that is created is changed by the laws of man; the earth does not know itself in the revolution of years; even the races of man assume various forms in the course of ages. MANILIUS--Astronomica. 515.

See dying vegetables life sustain,
See life dissolving vegetate again;
All forms that perish other forms supply;
(By turns we catch the vital breath and die.)

POPE—Essay on Man. Ep. III. L. 15.
Alas! in truth, the man but chang'd his mind,
Perhaps was sick, in love, or had not dined.

POPEMoral Essays. Ep. I. Pt. II. Manners with Fortunes, Humours turn with

Climes, Tenets with Books, and Principles with Times.

POPE-Moral Essays. Ep. I. Pt. II.

20 Tournoit les truies au foin. Turned the pigs into the grass. (Clover.)

RABELAIS- Gargantua. (Phrase meaning to change the subject.) 21

Corporis et fortunæ bonorum ut initium finis est. Omnia orta occidunt, et orta senescunt.

As the blessings of health and fortune have a beginning, so they must also find an end. Everything rises but to fall, and increases but to decay.

SALLUST-Jugurtha. II.
With every change his features play'd,
As aspens show the light and shade.

SCOTTRokeby. Canto III. St. 5.

Do not think that years leave us and find us

the same! OWEN MEREDITH (Lord Lytton)-Lucile. Pt.

II. Canto II. St. 3.
Weary the cloud falleth out of the sky,

Dreary the leaf lieth low.
All things must come to the earth by and by,

Out of which all things grow.
OWEN MEREDITH (Lord Lytton)-The Wan-

derer. Earth's Havings. Bk. ÍII.




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Neither to change, nor falter, nor repent;
This, like thy glory, Titan! is to be
Good, great, and joyous, beautiful and free;
This is alone Life, Joy, Empire and Victory.

SHELLEY-Prometheus. Act IV.

14 This sad vicissitude of things. LAURENCE STERNE--Sermons. XVI. The

Character of Shimel. (See also GIFFORD under SONG; HAWTHORNE under APPLE TREE; Bacon under RELIGION)

The life of any one can by no means be changed after death; an evil life can in no wise be converted into a good life, or an infernal into an angelic life; because every spirit, from head to foot, is of the character of his love, and therefore, of his life; and to convert this life into its opposite, would be to destroy the spirit utterly. SWEDENBORG-Heaven and Hell. 527.


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The love of wicked men converts to fear; That fear to hate, and hate turns one or both To worthy danger and deserved death. Richard II. Act V. Sc. 1. L. 65.

(See also HENRY VIII under MAN.)


Corpora lente augescent, cito extinguuntur.

Bodies are slow of growth, but are rapid in their dissolution.

TACITUS-Agricola. II. Not in vain the distance beacons. Forward, for

ward let us range. Let the great world

spin forever down the ringing grooves of change. TENNYSONLocksley Hall. St. 9i. The stone that is rolling can gather no moss. Who often removeth is suer of loss. TUSSER—Five Hundred Points of Good Hus

bandry. Lessons. St. 46. So, when a raging fever burns, We shift from side to side by turns; And 'tis a poor relief we gain To change the place, but keep the pain. ISAAC WattsHymns and Spiritual Songs.

Bk. II. 146.



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Full fathom five thy father lies;

Of his bones are coral made; Those are pearls that were his eyes:

Nothing of him that doth fade,
But doth suffer a sea-change
Into something rich and strange.

Tempest. Act I. Sc. 2. L. 396.




Life may change, but it may fly not; Hope may vanish, but can die not; Truth be veiled, but still it burneth; Love repulsed, but it returneth.

SHELLEY-Hellas. Semi-chorus.

Life is arched with changing skies:

Rarely are they what they seem: Children we of smiles and sighs

Much we know, but more we dream.

WILLIAM WINTER—Light and Shadow. "A jolly place," said he, "in times of old! But something ails it now; the spot is curst."

WORDSWORTHHart-leap Wel. Pt. II. As high as we have mounted in delight In our dejection do we sink as low. WORDSWORTH-Resolution and Independence.

St. 4. 23 I heard the old, old men say, “Every thing alters, And one by one we drop away." They had hands like claws, and their knees Were twisted like the old thorn trees By the waters. I heard the old, old men say, “All that's beautiful drifts away Like the waters." W. B. YEATSThe Old Men admiring them

selves in the Water.

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Chevalier sans peur et sans reproche.

Knight without fear and without reproach. Applied to CHEVALIER BAYARD.


Zealous, yet modest; innocent, though free; Patient of toil; serene amidst alarms; Inflexible in faith; invincible in arms.

BEATTIE—The Minstrel. Bk. I. St. 11.


CHAOS Temple and tower went down, nor left a site: Chaos of ruins! BYRON—Childe Harold. Canto IV. St. 80.

The world was void, The populous and the powerful was a lump, Seasonless, herbless, treeless, manless, lifelessA lump of death-a chaos of hard clay.

BYRONDarkness. L. 69. The chaos of events. BYRON—Prophecy of Dante. Canto II. L. 6.

Chaos, that reigns here
In double night of darkness and of shades.
MILTON—Comus. L. 334.

Fate shall yield
To fickle Chance, and Chaos judge the strife.

MILTONParadise Lost. Bk. II. L. 232.
Then rose the seed of Chaos, and of Night,
To blot out order and extinguish light.
POPE-Dunciad. Bk. IV. L. 13.

Lo: thy dread empire, Chaos, is restored;
Light dies before thy uncreating word:
Thy hand, great Anarch! lets the curtain fall;
And universal darkness buries all.
POPEDunciad. Bk. IV. L. 649.

Nay, had I power, I should
Pour the sweet milk of concord into hell,
Uproar the universal peace, confound
All unity on earth.

Macbeth. Act IV. Sc. 3. L. 97.

Many men are mere warehouses full of merchandise the head, the heart, are stuffed with goods. * There are apartments in their souls which were once tenanted by taste, and love, and joy, and worship, but they are all de serted now, and the rooms are filled with earthy and material things.




Many men build as cathedrals were built, the part nearest the ground finished; but that part which soars toward heaven, the turrets and the spires, forever incomplete.


16 Most men are bad.

Attributed to Bias of Priene.



Une grande incapacité inconnue.

A great unrecognized incapacity
BISMAROK, of Napoleon III., while Minister to

Paris in 1862.


I look upon you as a gem of the old rock.
SIR THOMAS BROWNE-Dedication to Urn

(See also BULLEN, BURKE)


There is so much good in the worst of us,
And so much bad in the best of

That it ill behoves any of us
To find fault with the rest of us.
Sometimes quoted "To talk about the rest of

us." Author not found. Attributed to R. L. STEVENSON, not found. Lloyd Osborne, his literary executor, states he did not write it. Claimed for GOVERNOR HOch of Kansas, in The Reader, Sept. 7, 1907, but authorship denied by him. Accredited to ELLEN THORNEYCROFT FOWLER, who denies writing it. Claimed also for ELBERT HUBBARD.

(See also MILLER, STRINGER) They love, they hate, but cannot do without him. ARISTOPHANES. See PLUTARCH-Life of Al

cibiades. LANGHORNE's trans. (See also MARTIAL; also ADDISON, under LOVE)

No, when the fight begins within himself,
A man's worth something.
ROBERT BROWNING-Men and Women. Bish-

op Blougram's Apology. 20

Your father used to come home to my mother, and why may not I be a chippe of the same block out of which you two were cutte? BULLEN's Old Plays. II. 60. Dick of Devon

shire. (See also BROWNE) 21 Are you a bromide? GELETT BURGESS—Title of Essay. First pub.

in Smart Set, April, 1906.




In brief, I don't stick to declare, Father Dick,
So they call him for short, is a regular brick;
A metaphor taken-I have not the page aright-
From an ethical work by the Stagyrite.
BARHAM-Brothers of Birchington. Nico-

machean Ethics, section I, records Aristotle's
definition of a happy man, a four cornered,
perfectly rectangular man, a faultless cube.
("A perfect brick.”)

(See also LYCURGAS)

All men that are ruined, are ruined on the side of their natural propensities.

BURKE-Letters. "Letter I. Ona Regicide Peace. 23

He was not merely a chip of the old Block, but the old Block itself. BURKE-About Wm. Pitt-Wraxall's Memoirs. Vol. II. P. 342.

(See also BROWNE) 24 From their folded mates they wander far,

Their ways seem harsh and wild:
They follow the beck of a baleful star,

Their paths are dream-beguiled.



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Every one is as God made him, and often a Hannibal, as he had mighty virtues, so had he great deal worse. many vices;

* he had two distinct persons CERVANTESDon Quixote. XI. 5. in him. BURTON—Anatomy of Melancholy. Democritus He was a verray perfight gentil knight. to the Reader.

CHAUCER-Canterbury Tales. Prologue. L.

72. Heroic, stoic Cato, the sententious, Who lent his lady to his friend Hortensius. The nation looked upon him as a deserter, BYRON—Don Juan. Canto VI. St. 7.

and he shrunk into insignificancy and an Earl

dom. So well she acted all and every part

CHESTERFIELD_Character of Pulteney. (1763) By turns with that vivacious versatility, Which many people take for want of heart. Importunitas autem, et inhumanitas omri

They err-'tis merely what is call’d mobility, ætati molesta est. A thing of temperament and not of art,

But a perverse temper and fretful disposiThough seeming so, from its supposed facility; tion make

any state of life unhappy. And false—though true; for surely they're sin CICERO_De Senectute. III.

cerest Who are strongly acted on by what is nearest. Ut ignis in aquam conjectus, continuo restir

BYRON—Don Juan. Canto XVI. St. 97. guitur et refrigeratur, sic refervens falsum crimen 4

in purissimam et castissimam vitam collatum, With more capacity for love than earth

statim concidit et extinguitur. Bestows on most of mortal mould and birth,

As fire when thrown into water is cooled His early dreams of good out-stripp'd the truth, down and put out, so also a false accusation And troubled manhood follow'd baffled youth. when brought against a man of the purest BYRONLara. Canto I. St. 18.

and holiest character, boils over and is at 5

once dissipated, and vanishes. Genteel in personage,

CICERO_Oratio Pro Quinto Roscio Comedo. Conduct, and equipage;

Noble by heritage,
Generous and free.

What was said of Cinna might well be applied HENRY CAREYThe Contrivances. Act I. to him. He [Hampden) had a head to contrive, Sc. 2. L. 22.

a tongue to persuade, and a hand to execute,

any mischief. Clever men are good, but they are not the best.

ED. HYDE, LORD CLARENDONHistory of CARLYLE—Goethe. Edinburgh Review. (1828)

the Rebellion. Vol. III. Bk. VII.

(See also GIBBON, JUNIUS, VOLTAIRE) 7 We are firm believers in the maxim that, for

In numbers warmly pure, and sweetly strong. all right judgment of any man or thing, it is use

COLLINS-Ode to Simplicity. ful, nay, essential, to see his good qualities be

20 fore pronouncing on his bad.

Not to think of men above that which is written. CARLYLE-Essays. Goethe.

I. Corinthians. IV. 6. It is in general more profitable to reckon up An honest man, close-button'd to the chin, our defects than to boast of our attainments.

Broadcloth without, and a warm heart within. CARLYLE-Essays. Signs of the Times.

COWPER—Epistle to Joseph Hill. It can be said of him, When he departed he He cannot drink five bottles, bilk the score, took a Man's life with him. No sounder piece of Then kill a constable, and drink five more; British manhood was put together in that eight But he can draw a pattern, make a tart, eenth century of Time.

And has ladies' etiquette by heart. CARLYLE—Sir Walter Scott. London and West COWPER-Progress of Error. L. 191. minster Review. (1838)


Elegant as simplicity, and warm
Thou art a cat, and rat, and a coward to boot. As ecstasy.
CERVANTES— Don Quixote. Pt. I. Bk. III. COWPER—Table Talk. L. 588.


Virtue and vice had boundaries in old time, Every one is the son of his own works.

Not to be pass'd.
CERVANTES—Don Quixote. Pt. I. Bk. IV. CowPER-Task. Bk. III. L. 75.
Ch. XX.

He's tough, ma'am,—tough is J. B.; tough
I can look sharp as well as another, and let and de-vilish sly.
me alone to keep the cobwebs out of my eyes. DICKENS-Dombey and Son. Ch. VII.
CERVANTES -Don Quixote. Pt. II. Ch.

O Mrs. Higden, Mrs. Higden, you was a

woman and a mother, and a mangler in a million Cada uno es come Dios le hijo, y aun peor million. muchas vezes.

DICKENS—Mutual Friend. Ch. LX.















It survives the man who possessed it; survives I know their tricks and their manners.

his age, -perhaps his country, his language. DICKENS—Mutual Friend. Bk. II. Ch. I. ED. EVERETT—Speech. The Youth of Wash2

ington. July 4, 1835. A demd damp, moist, unpleasant body.

DICKENS—Nicholas Nickleby. Ch. XXXIV. Human improvement is from within outwards. 3

FROUDE-Short Studies on Great Subjects. Die Men of light and leading:

vus Cæsar. BENJ. ĎISRAELI-Sybil. Bk. V. Ch. I. Also 17 in BURKE-Reflections on the Revolution in Our thoughts

and our conduct are our own. France. P. 419. (Ed. 1834)

FROUDE—Short Studies on Great Subjects. Edu

cation. A man so various, that he seem'd to be

18 Not one, but all mankind's epitome;

Every one of us, whatever our speculative Stiff in opinions, always in the wrong,

opinions, knows better than he practices, and Was everything by starts, and nothing long; recognizes a better law than he obeys. But in the course of one revolving moon,

FROUDE-Short Studies on Great Subjects. On Was chymist, fiddler, statesman, and buffoon.

Progress. Pt. II. DRYDEN-Absalom and Achitophel. Pt. I. L. 545.

Weak and beggarly elements.

Galatians. IV. 9.
So over violent, or over civil,
That every man with him was God or Devil.

20 DRYDEN—Absalom and Achitophel. Pt. I. L.

In every deed of mischief, he (Andronicus 557.

Comnenus) had a heart to resolve, a head to con

trive, and a hand to execute. 6 For every inch that is not fool, is rogue.

GIBBONDecline and Fall of the Roman EmDRYDEN-Absalom and Achitophel. Pt. II.

pire. Vol. IX. P. 94. L. 463.

(See also CLARENDON)

21 7 Her wit was more than man, her innocence a

That man may last, but never lives, child.

Who much receives, but nothing gives; DRYDEN-Elegy on Mrs. Killigrew. L. 70.

Whom none can love, whom none can thank,

Creation's blot, creation's blank. 8 Thus all below is strength, and all above is grace.

THOMAS GIBBONS—When Jesus Dwelt. DRYDENEpistle to Congreve. L. 19.


A man not perfect, but of heart Plain without pomp, and rich without a show.

So high, of such heroic rage, DRYDENThe Flower and the Leaf. L. 187.

That even his hopes became a part

Of earth's eternal heritage. 10 There is a great deal of unmapped country

R. W. GILDER-At the President's Grave. within us which would have to be taken into ac

Epitaph for President Garfield, Sept. 19,

1881. count in an explanation of our gusts and storms. GEORGE ELIOT—Daniel Deronda. Bk, III. Ch. XXIV.

To be engaged in opposing wrong affords, 11

under the conditions of our mental constitution, She was and is (what can there more be said?) but a slender guarantee for being right. On earth the first, in heaven the second maid. GLADSTONE Time and Place of Homer. InTribute to Queen Elizabeth. MS. 4712, in troduction.

British Museum. AYSCOUGH's Catalogue. 24 12

Aufrichtig zu sein kann ich versprechen; unA trip-hammer, with an Æolian attachment. parteiisch zu sein aber nicht. EMERSON, of CARLYLE, after meeting him in I can promise to be upright, but not to be 1848.

without bias. 13

GOETHE-Sprüche in Prosa. III. Character is higher than intellect. * * * A great soul will be strong to live, as well as to think.

Es bildet ein Talent sich in der Stille, EMERSON—American Scholar.

Sich ein Charakter in dem Strom der Welt.

Talent is nurtured in solitude; character is 14

formed in the stormy billows of the world. No change of circumstances can repair a de

GOETHE—Torquato Tasso. I. 2. 66. fect of character. EMERSON—Essay. On Character.


Welch' höher Geist in einer engen Brust. 15 A great character, founded on the living rock

What a mighty spirit in a narrow bosom. of principle, is, in fact, not a solitary phenome

GOETHE-Torquato Tasso. II. 3. 199. non, to be at once perceived, limited, and de 27 scribed. It is a dispensation of Providence, de Our Garrick's a salad; for in him we see signed to have not merely an immediate, but a Oil, vinegar, sugar, and saltness agree. continuous, progressive, and never-ending agency. GOLDSMITH- Retaliation. L. 11.



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