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tracted from the Journal of the Asiatic Society, of Bengal.).. ..269
VII, Meteorological Register kept at the Madras Observatory; for the
N Literature and Science to the public it is considered advisable to offer a few observations, with respect to the causes that have given rise to its publication and to the general scope and object of its operations. The absence has long been felt and generally regretted of a Journal at this Presidency which might form a channel of immediate publicity to the communications of those interested in the cause of Literature and Science. The public prints of the day are obviously ill calculated for the purpose, and the opportunity presented by the publication of the transactions of the Literary Society is by far too distant and uncertain.
The consequence has been that many valuable and interesting communications, which would otherwise have contributed to the fame and credit of this Presidency, have been transferred to, and served to add to the literary laurels of the sister Presidencies, where several periodical publications of a literary and scientific character have long since been established.
At the present period when the attention of England is particularly directed towards tinis. interessing country, and every communication tending to the deyelqpement of its resources or to add to the information we already possess in regard to its inhabitants, their manners and customs, is sought with the greatest avidity, it appears the more incumbent that each Presidency should contribute its respective share of information on these points, with the view of distinguishing the great and remarkable difference which exists in the people, their institutions, and usages, in different parts of the British territory in the East.
The great and well deserved success that has attended the Journal of the Asiatic Society of Calcutta, has pointed it out as a fit and appropriate model after which to found the Madras Periodical which is about to be established, under the aus
pices of the Literary Society and Auxiliary of the Royal Asiatic Society.
The work in question will not however be coufined to papers drawn from the archives of the Society; nor is it intended to be restricted to elaborate essays or scientific disquisitions, but will be open to communications of a less formal nature upon every subject tending to afford useful information in regard to the people and country of India.
It is evident indeed that the work cannot prosper if dependant alone on the limited stores of the Society and that it must mainly depend for success upon the support it may receive from the community at large, who will find in it, a ready vehicle for conveying to the world the result of their discoveries, researches, and observations, in all that relates to the literature, arts, sciences, natural history &c. &c. of this country.
That much has been done in the cause, is sufficiently evidenced by the numerous valuable works relating to India that have, from time to time, been published, but still it cannot be denied that enough remains to afford an abundant and satisfactory harvest to the labourer in the Indian vineyard. As
every person of ordinary intelligence and observation must have rervarked that the ng lives have of late years sensibly relaxed in many
of their prejudices, and as our knowledge of their character and customs as well as our facilities of communicating with them..have at the same time materially increased, it may likewise be added that Individuals in the present day, enjoy advantages in the prosecution of their inquiries that were not possessed by their precursors in this field of labor.
It is not considered necessary to enter into a lengthened dissertation as to the several points likely to reward the researches of the intelligent and the curious, in as much as, in the Desiderata of the Royal Asiatic Society which are republished as an Appendix to this month's number, and to which the attention of the public is particularly requested, are fully specified the several subjects on which information is still wantirg.
The mine there can be no doubt still contains an abundance