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LA BELLE ASSEMBLÉ E,
FOR JUNE, 1826.
ILLUSTRATIVE MEMOIR OF THE MOST NOBLE FRANCES
ANNE, MARCHIONESS OF LONDONDERRY.
This illustrious lady, whose portrait, Sir Henry Fane, of Raby Castle, in the from the exquisite pencil of Sir Thomas | county of Durham, knighted by James I., in Lawrence, is here presented, is a de- | the year 1611, assumed the ancient name scendant from two ancient families: her of his ancestors, writing himself Vane ; an father was the late Sir Henry Vane Tem- || orthography which has been ever since conpest, Bart.; her mother is Countess of tinued by his posterity. This gentleman Antrim in her own right. Her Ladyship held many important offices, and was emwas born on the 16th of January, 1800 ; || ployed on several important embassies, in and, on the 3d of April, 1819, she was the reigns of James I. and Charles I. Apmarried to the Most Noble Charles William pearing, however, in the prosecution of the Vane Stewart, Marquess and Earl of Lon- Earl of Strafford, his Majesty (Charles I.) donderry, in Ireland; Earl Vane, Viscount was so offended, that he removed him Seaham, and Baron Stewart, of the United from his places of Treasurer of his HouseKingdom; a Lieutenant-General in the hold, and Secretary of State, though, in army, and Colonel of the 10th Dragoons; a the patent granting to him the latter office, Lord of the Bedchamber; Governor and he was to hold it during life. He afterCustos Rotulorum of the Counties of Lon-wards appears to have espoused the cause donderry and Down ; late Ambassador at of the Parliament, but without accepting Vienna; G.C.B., G.C.H., K.T.S., K.S.G., | any employment or commission. He and K.R.E., K.B.E., K.S., &c.
his sons, however, most strenuously opIn our Illustrative Memoir of the Right | posed the murder of the King. Honourable the Countess of Jersey,* it Sir Henry Vane died at his seat at Rahy has been shewn that Howel ap Vane, of Castle, in the year 1654. He had married Monmouthshire, living before the time of Frances, daughter and coheir of Thomas William the Conqueror,,was the common Darcy, of the county of Essex, Esq., by ancestor of the Earls of Westmorland and whom he had four sons and five daughters. of Darlington. From the same stock as Of the sons, the first and second died in the latter family, the Marchioness of Lon- | infancy; the third, Henry, was his heir and donderry has the honour of being de- successor ;* the fourth, George, was ances-,
tor of the Marchioness of Londonderry.
Vide page 93. No. 19.-1'ul, IV.
This Henry, ancestor of the Earl cí Dar-
This gentleman, born in the year 1620, || of Durhan, he married Elizabeth, daughter was knighted at Whitehall, in 1640. Seat-|| and sole heir of Sir Lionel Maddison, ed at Long Newton, in the County Palatine | Knight, of Rogerly, in that county, by
whom he had issuelington and Viscount Vane, was knighted in the year 1640. He is described by Lord Claren
1. Henry, died young; - 2. Lionel ; -3. don, in his History of the Rebellion, as of George, married Hester, daughter of Guy great natural parts , and a quick conception, I died young; and eight daughters, all of whom
Carleton, Bishop of Chichester ;-4. William, and very ready, sharp, and weighty expression." It was to him that Milton addressed his cele
died unmarried, excepting Frances, the eldest, brated sonnet, commencing
who married Humphrey Mitford, Esq. “ Vane, young in years, but in sage counsel,
Lionel, the eldest surviving son, marold."
ried Catherine, daughter of Sir George Lord Clarendon farther observes :-" that, Fletcher, of Hutton, Bart., by whom he within a very short time after he returned from
had issuehis studies in Magdalen College, in Oxford,
1. Mary, wife of Jolin Spearman, Esq. ;where, though he was under the care of a very
2. George ;-3. Henry, who took the name of worthy tutor, he lived not with great exactness,
Fletcher, and died unmarried in 1761 ;-4. Walhe spent some little time in France, and more
ter, who took the name of Fletcher on the death in Geneva; and, after his return into England, of his brother Henry, and was ancestor of Sir contracted a full prejudice and bitterness
Frederick Fletcher Vane, Bart. ;-5. Lionel, against the church, both against the form of Secretary to Frederick, Prince of Wales, father the government, and against the liturgy. On of our late Sovereign ;~and eight other chil
dren. this giddiness, which then much displeased his father, who still appeared highly conformable, ment was effected, and a fixed salary has been and exceeding sharp against those who were ever since attached to the office, Hostile to not, he transported himself [in 1635] into || all tyrannical governments, he incurred the New England. He was no sooner landed hatred of Cromwell ; who, in 1653, when he there, but his parts made him quickly taken | turned out the Speaker and the members from notice of, and very probably his quality, being the House of Commons, ordering them to give the eldest son of a Privy Counsellor, might || place to honester men, seized him by the give bim some advantage; insomuch, that cloak, exclaiming—“ Thou art a juggling felwhen the next season came for the election of low!" On the restoration of Charles II. he their magistrates, he was chosen their Gover- was considered as a dangerous person; and, nor; in which place he had not the fortune to having been tried upon a charge of high treason, please them long; and he being unsatisfied he was found guilty, sentenced to death, and with them, and they with him, he thereupon beheaded on Tower Hill, on the 14th of June, returned to England. When, being reformed 1662. Sir Christopher, his eldest surviving from his extravagancies, he, with his father's son, by Frances, daughter of Sir Christopher approbation and direction, married a lady of a Wray, of Ashby, in the county of Lincoln, good family; and, by his father's credit with Bart., appears to have been in some measure the Earl of Northumberland, who was High compensated for the sufferings of his father. Admiral of England, was joined with Sir Wil- He was knighted by Charles II. ; sworn of the liam Russell, in the office of Treasurer of the || Privy Council to James II. ; and created Navy (a place of great trust and profit), which || (July 8, 1699) Lord Barnard, of Barnard Cashe equally shared with the other (and surviving | tle, in the Bishopric of Durham. He was a him, had it solely), and seemed well satisfied, man of excellent understanding, but of retired and composed to the government.”
habits-a great economist, a most exact manaHe, as well as his father, acted a distin- ger of his private affairs; “yet, on special guishing part in the civil wars. When Trea- | occasions, he shewed instances of a very genesurer of the Navy, he set a rare example of rous liberality, to a degree uncommon, and, in honour and integrity. The fees of his office a word, as much concealed from the world amounted, at the rate of fourpence in the as possible."—His Lordship rebuilt “ the depound, to nearly £30,000 per annum. Re- || cayed church of Shipborn (in Kent) in a very garding this as too much for a private subject, regular, beautiful, and sumptuous manner, a be generously gave up his patent (granted for work which will, as a precious ornament, emJife by Charles I.) to the Parliament, desiring || balm his memory to after ages."-Vide Funeral only £2,000 per annum, for an agent, and the || Sermon, preached at the church of Wrotham, remainder to go to the public. This arrange-l in Kent, by the Rev. Thomas Curteis.
George, the second son, married Anne, Court, where he erected the Castle of daughter of William Machon, of Durham, Ballylawn) took an active part in the tranand was father of the late Rev. Sir Henry sactions in the North, to prevent the subVane, D.D., Prebendary of Durham, who version of the Constitution, which James was created a Baronet on the 3d of August, II. and his Chief Governor, Lord Tyrcon1782. He married Frances, daughter and nel, were attempting to effect: he raised a heiress of John Tempest, Esq., whose name troop of horse at his own expense when he took. He died in 1794. By that lady | the city of Londonderry was invested, and he had a son and successor,
did essential service to the Protestant inSir Henry, of Winyard, in the county of || terest in that part, by protecting those who Durham. He married, on the 28th of were well affected to King William III., April, 1799, the Right Honourable Anne and was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel in Catherine Mac Donnell, Countess of An-| the regiment commanded by Sir William trim, Viscountess Dunluce.* This lady, | Stewart, Viscount Mountjoy: he married born on the 11th of February, 1778, had the daughter of Sir William Stewart, of Fort succeeded her father, Randal William, the Stewart, in the county of Donegal, grandlate Marquess, in the Earldom and Vis- son of Sir William Stewart, Bart., Privy county (the Marquisate having become Councillor to James I., whose descendant, extinct on his death) in the year 1791.+ Sir William Stewart, Bart., was created The offspring of this marriage was an only | Baron of Ramalton and Viscount Mountdaughter, Frances Anne, now Marchioness joy, 19th March 1682." His eldest son and of Londonderry.
heir, Thomas, who succeeded him at BallyThe branch of the noble house of Stew-l lawn Castle, served as a Captain in Lord art, to which the Marquess of London- | Mountjoy's regiment. He married Mary, derry belongs, claims its descent from Sir second daughter of Bernard Ward, Esq. Thomas Stewart, of Minto, second son of|(ancestor of the Viscounts Bangor) by Sir William Stewart, of Garlies, ancestor Mary, sister of Michael Ward, Bishop of to the Earl of Galloway. “ William Ste- || Derry. Dying without issue, in 1740, he wart, of Ballylawn Castle, in the county of was succeeded by his only brother, AlexDonegal, Esq. (great grandson of John ander, who represented the city of LonStewart, Esq., who had a grant from donderry in Parliament, and purchased the Charles I. of the manor of Stewart's estate of Mount Stuart, in the county of
Down, from the Colville fainily. He mar• Randal Mac Donnell, of Dunluce, de- | ried his cousin, Mary, only daughter of scended from the Macdonalds, Lords of the John Cowan, of Londonderry, Esq. (by Isles, was created Earl of Antrim, in the year Anne Stewart, second daughter of Alex1620. Randal William, the sixth Earl, born | ander Stewart, of Ballylawn Castle, Esq.) in 1749, obtained a new patent for the earldom, and sister and sole heiress of Robert in the year 1785, with remainder to his female | Cowan, Governor of Bombay. By that issue, and their issue male. He was subsequently (1789) created Marquess of Antrim. lady, who survived him seven years, and He married, July 3, 1774, Letitia Morres, | died in 1788, he had issueeldest daughter of Hervey, first Viscount 1. Robert, first Marquess of Londonderry; Mountmortes, and relict of the Hon. Arthur 1-2. William, died in 1742 ;-3. John, died in Trevor, only son of Arthur, Viscount Dun- 1762 ;-4. Alexander, married, in 1791, Mary gannon. By that lady, who died in 1801, he || Moore, third daughter of Charles, Marquess of had issue :-1. Anne Catherine, the present || Drogheda, by Anne, eldest daughter of Francis Countess ; – 2. Letitia Mary, twin with her Seymour, first Marquess of Hertford ;-5. sister ; -3. Charlotte, born in 1779, married | Anne, died in 1781 ;—6. Francis ;—7. Mary, Lord Mark Robert Kerr, second son of Wil- || died young. liam, fifth Marquess of Lothian.
Robert, the eldest, was created Baron + Sir Henry Vane Tempest died on the 1st of August, 1813. On the 24th of May, 1817, | Stewart, in the year 1789; Viscount Casthe Countess married, secondly, Edmundtlereagh, in 1795; Earl of Londonderry, Phelps, Esq., who assumed (June 27, 1817) || in 1796; and Marquess of Londonderry in by royal permission, the name of Mac Donnell 1816. He married, first, in 1766, Sarah only.
nces Seymour, second daughter of