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ERRATA. Page 5, line 23, for “to the family of Herod” read “ to that of the family," &c. - 39, line 27, for “his opponents” read “ its opponents.”' – 52, line 3, dele 68. - 58, line 25, for “invisible image” read "visible image." - 69, line 20, for “ imitated" read “ imitates." - 87, note *, for “then should not be saved” read there should not,” &c. - 101, note *, for "fifty years” read forty years." - 142, note, line 2, for “ comma” read “ fragment.- 188, line 13, for “relates chiefly to miracles” read “relates chiefly miracles.'' - 192, line 25, for “father's" read “ fathers." - 310, line 24, for “interpolations” read “ interpretations.

CHAPTER I.

HISTORICAL SKETCH, FROM THE BABYLONISH CAPTIVITY TO

THE DEATH OF JESUS.

THE Jewish nation, which was of considerable political importance in the days of David and Solomon, was much weakened, during the reigns of Ahaz and his successors, by the encroachments of the Assyrians, and extinguished, for a time, as a political power, by the conquest of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar. [B. C. 588.]

But the national feeling in a people of 800 years' standing, of peculiar manners, associations, and religious worship, survives the capture of their towns; and, during each successive transportation of their tribes (B. C. 725-588], and their subsequent captivity at Babylon, the Jews consoled themselves with the hope of a speedy restoration to their own land.* They compensated themselves for their present insignificance with the expectation of future greatness ;f and their very sufferings were made a theme soothing to their vanity, by being considered, not as the effect of superior power on the part of their

* Jer. xxxii. 15, For thus saith the Lord of Hosts, houses, and fields, and vineyards, shall be possessed again in this land. xxxiii. 7, And I will cause the captivity of Judah and the captivity of Israel to return, and will build them as at first. xlvi. 27, But fear not thou, O my servant Jacob, and be not dismayed, O Israel; for behold I will save thee from afar off, and thy seed from the land of their captivity, and Jacob shall return, and be in rest and at ease, and none shall make him afraid. (1. 19; Ezek. xxxvii., xxxix. 25; xxvii. 25; Micah ii. 12.) Tobit xiv. 5, Afterwards they shall return from all places of their captivity, and build up Jerusalem gloriously, and the house of God shall be built in it for ever, with a glorious building, as the prophets have spoken thereof.

+ Obadiah 17, But upon Mount Zion shall be deliverance-and there shall be holiness, and the house of Jacob shall possess their possessions ; 18, And the house of Jacob shall be a fire, and the house of Esau for stubble-21, And saviours shall come upon Mount Zion to judge the Mount of Esau, and the kingdom shall be the Lord's.-Micah iv., Micah v. 8, And the remnant of Jacob shall be among the Gentiles as a lion among the beasts of the forest. Isaiah xlix. 18-26; lx., For the nation and kingdom that will not

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saiah gamong the cah iv., Mount of

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