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nation of lords, without one perfon among them of inferior degree.

They affirmed, that excepting Servants, all other men were by nature wife, honeft, and active; fully fufficient for their own happiness; and that they would have been quite virtuous and happy, without any exception, if they had not been blindfolded and deceived by the Servants, To this race, whom they used often in a fit of raving, to curfe in a moft dreadful manner, they imputed all the envy, malice, oppreffion, covetoufnefs, fraud, rapine, and bloodfhed that ever had happened fince the beginning of the world. In fupport of their scheme, they made learned difquifitions on nature, and the firft caufe of all things. They fhewed that nature was, and must be wife and good in all her productions; and, therefore, that man muft needs be free from every thing that is evil, and his original conftitution perfectly juft and found. All the diforders. that were to be feen in fociety were eafily accounted for, from the hellifh machinations of the Servants. In the mean time, it was obvious, that the Servants were the product of nature too; and according to the fame reasoning, must have been of as gentle and tractable difpofitions, and in all refpects as faultlefs as their mafters. This manifeft difficulty in their own fcheme, however. unaccountable it may appear, they never once reflected upon, nor by confequence attempted to refolve.


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Sometimes they were preffed with the neceflity of Servants to cultivate the ground, which, if -neglected, it was plain, would grow over with briars and thorns, and every noxious weed. Here they immediately recurred to their old argument, the excellency of nature's productions; and, upon the strength of it, presumed abfolutely to deny the fact. They faid, were the earth only left to itself, it would produce nothing but what was ufeful and falutary, and that in great abundance, for the fupport of its inhabitants; that all the pretended cultivation of it by the Servants was but spoiling it; and that they themselves had fowed the feeds of every hurtful or unneceffary plant. It was to no purpose to mention to them, either the vaft tracts of uncultivated ground, or the defolate condition of a neglected field; all this, they pretended, arofe from a certain fympathy in the feveral parts of the earth one with another, and from poisonous vapours eafily carried by the wind, from the places where Servants had been at work. In fhort, they fometimes projected a scheme for a new fettlement where no Servants fhould be admitted; and where they hoped, in a little time, every man would be as wife as a philofopher, as rich as a merchant, and as magnificent as a king.

After all, the perfection of their abfurdity appeared in the following circumftance. Though it was plain, to any person of reflexion, that their delirium took its rife from the tricks and misbehaviour

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Iraviour of bad Servants, yet they had the most rooted and inveterate antipathy at thofe that were good. The reason, probably was, that the diligence and usefulness of this laft fort ftood directly in the way of their fcheme, and prevented the reft of the nation from being of their opinion. All feemingly good Servants they affirmed to be at bottom arrant knaves; and in one respect, unfpeakably worse than any of the reft, becaufe they appeared to be better. The idle, flothful, worthlefs Servants, were frequently their companions; and it was one of their highest entertainments to lead fuch fellows into frolicks, mifchief, or debauchery, and then point them outto their fellow citizens, and ufe words to this purpose; You poor hood-winked fools, do you fee thefe rafcals? why will you any longer harbour them in your houses? they are all of one 'complexion, and will infallibly bring you to mifery and speedy destruction.'



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Continuation of the fame fubject. The fentiments and conduct of others, in confequence of the behaviour of the Servants.


E are not to fuppofe that the whole nation loft their fenfes. No: by far the greater number acted as prudently and rationally as men could do in their circumftances. According to plain common fenfe, in proportion as corruption' and degeneracy increafed among the Servants, they fet the higher value on fuch as were honeft and faithful. They ufed every mean in their power to procure fuch for their own families, agreeably to the laws of the corporation. When this could not be brought about, or when a good-for-nothing-fellow was buckled to the falary, they put themselves to the additional expence of hiring one according to their own mind; paid the former his wages duly, and only defired the favour of him to give them no trouble, but fpend his time according to his own fancy.

It was pleafant enough to obferve the different conduct of the established Servants, according to their different tempers, when they fell under this predicament. Some of them were greatly enraged to see the service of another preferred to theirs, ufed many artful methods to prevent it where

where they could, and took every opportunity of venting their malice, or glutting their revenge when they could not. Where they could get any body to believe them, they afferted that all fkill and power of doing good was confined to the corporation; that it was inherent in them, and defcended in their blood from one generation to another, like courage in the race of game cocks. The others, they pretended, were a spurious brood, and that it was impoffible to train them fo as to make them fit for fervice.

If this did not gain credit, all poffible pains were taken to disparage the conduct of the additional Servants. Their work was examined with the greatest ftrictnefs, every flaw in it pointed out, and many faults imputed to it merely through envy. If any piece of work appeared to be fubitantial, they pretended it wanted neatness, and was altogether inelegant. This charge, however, made - little impreffion upon the people. They had、 been fo long plagued with Servants who minded nothing but ornament, both in their perfons and their work, that they were rather pleafed than difgufted with one of a more homely carriage.

When nothing else would do, the groffeft lies and calumnies were fpread, both of the new Servants and those who employed them. It was pretended, that they fowed the feeds of fedition and difaffection, in the families where they got admittance. Sometimes this accufation, tho' utterly groundlefs, obtained fuch credit with the governors

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