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ceeded, and how much experience has found to be within the reach of diligence. Idleness and timidity often despair without being overcome, and forbear attempts for fear of being defeated, and we may promote the invigoration of faint endeavours, by thewing what has been already performed. It may sometimes happen that the greatest efforts of ingenuity have been exerted in trifles; yet the fame principles and expedients may be applied to more valuable purposes, and the movements, which put into action machines of no use but to raise the wonder of ignorance, may be employed to drain fens, or manufacture metals, to affist the architect, or preserve the sailor.

For the utensils, arms, or dresses of foreign nations, which make the greatest part of many collections, I have little regard, when they are valued only because they are foreign, and can fuggest no im. provement of our own practice. Yet they are not all equally useless, nor can it be always safely deter. mined which should be rejected or retained : for they may sometimes unexpectedly contribute to the illustration of history, and to the knowledge of the natural commodities of the country, or of the genius and customs of its inhabitants.

Rarities there are of yet a lower rank, which owe their worth merely to accident, and which can convey no information, nor satisfy any rational defire. Such are many fragments of antiquity, as urns and pieces of pavement; and things held in veneration only for having been once the property of fome eminent perfon, as the armour of King Henry; or for having been used on some remarkable occasion, as


the lantern of Guy Faux.

The loss or preservation of these seems to be a thing indifferent, nor can I perceive why the possession of them should be coveted. Yet, perhaps, even this curiosity is implanted by nature ; and, when I find Tully confessing of limfelf, that he could not forbear at Athens to visit the walks and houses which the old philosophers had frequented or inhabited, and recollect the reverence which every nation, civil and barbarous, has paid to the ground where merit has been buried *, I am afraid to declare against the general voice of mankind, and am inclined to believe, that this regard, which we involuntarily pay to the meanest relique of a man great and illustrious, is intended as an incitement to labour, and an encouragement to expect the same renown, if it be fought by the same virtues.

The virtuoso therefore cannot be said to be wholly useless; but perhaps he may be sometimes culpable for confining himself to business below his genius, and losing, in petty speculations, those hours by which, if he had spent them in nobler studies, he might have given new light to the intellectual world. It is never without grief that I find a man capable of ratiocination or invention enlisting himself in this secondary class of learning; for when he has once discovered a method of gratifying his desire of eminence by expence rather than by labour, and known the sweets of a life blest at once with the ease of idleness, and the reputation of knowledge, he will

* See this sentiment illustrated by a most splendid passage in Dr. Johnson's “ Journey to the Western Ilands," Vol. VIII. P. 395-6.

C. not

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not easily be brought to undergo again the toil of thinking, or leave his toys and trinkets for arguments and principles ; arguments which require circumspection and vigilance, and principles which cannot be obtained but by the drudgery of meditation. He will gladly shut himself up for ever with his shells and metals, like the companions of Ulyses, who, having tasted the fruit of Lotos, would not, even by the hope of seeing their own country, be tempted again to the dangers of the sea.

'Αλλ' αυτα βέλονιο μετάνδρασι Λωτοφάγοισι,
Λωτόν ερεθόμενοι μένεμεν νος8 τε λάθεσθαι. .

Whoso tastes
Insatiate riots in the sweet repaits ;
Nor other home nor other care intends,
But quits his house, his country, and his friends.


Collections of this kind are of use to the learned, as heaps of stones and piles of timber are necessary to the architect. But to dig the quarry or to search the field, requires not much of any quality beyond stubborn perseverance; and though genius must often lie unactive without this humble assistance, yet this can claim little praise, because every man can afford it.

To mean understandings, it is fufficient honour to be numbered amongst the lowest labourers of learning; but different abilities must find different tasks. To hew stone, would have been unworthy of Palladio ; and to have rambled in search of shells and flowers, had but ill-suited with the capacity of Newton.

NUMB. 84. SATURDAY, January 5, 1751.

Cunarum fueras motor, CHARIDE ME, mearum,

Et pueri cufos, assiduufque comes.
Fam mihi nigrefcunt tonsa fudaria barba, ----
Sed tibi non crevi: te nofter villicus horret :

Te difpenfator, te domus ipfa pavet.
Corripis, obfervas, quereris, suspiria ducis,

Et vix a ferulis abftinet ira manum.


You rock'd my cradle, were my guide
In youth, ftill tending at my fide:
But now, dear fir, my beard is grown,
Still I'm a child to thee alone.
Our fteward, butler, cook, and all
You fright, nay e'en the very wall;
You pry, and frown, and growl, and chide,
And scarce will lay the rod aside.




YOU seem in all your papers to be an enemy

to tyranny, and to look with impartiality upon the world; I shall therefore lay my case before you, and hope by your decision to be set free from unreasonable restraints, and enabled to justify myself against the accusations which spite and peevishness produce against me.

At the age of five years I lost my mother, and my father, being not qualified to superintend the educa. tion of a girl, committed me to the care of his sister, who instructed me with the authority, and, not to

deny deny her what she may justly claim, with the affection of a parent.

She had not very elevated fentiments or extensive views, but her principles were good, and her intentions pure; and, though some may practise more virtues, scarce any commit fewer faults.

Under this good lady, I learned all the common rules of decent behaviour, and standing maxims of domestick prudence; and might have grown up by degrees to a country gentlewoman, without any thoughts of ranging beyond the neighbourhood, had not Flavia come down, last summer, to visit her re. lations in the next village. I was taken, of course, to compliment the stranger, and was, at the first fight, furprised at the unconcern with which the saw herself gazed at by the company whom she had never known before ; at the carelessness with which she received compliments, and the readiness with which she returned them. I found the had some. thing which I perceived myself to want, and could not but will to be like her, at once easy and officious, attentive and unembarrassed. I went home, and for four days could think and talk of nothing but miss Flavia; though my aunt told me, that she was a forward flut, and thought herself wise before her time.

In a little time she repaid my visit, and raised in my

heart a new confusion of love and admiration. I foon faw her again, and still found new charms in ber air, conversation, and behaviour. You, who have perhaps seen the world, may have observed, that formality foon ceases between young persons. I know not how others are affected on such occasions,


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