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11.—Medical Missionary Work. To this important branch of the Society's operations it has been our

pleasure, from time to time, to direct the attention of the readers of the MissIONARY CHRONICLE. Since its formation, the Society has had the honour of sending forth many skilled professional gentlemen, who, with true-hearted consecration, have laid their talents upon the missionary altar. Others of our brethren have, as occasion demanded, turned their medical knowledge to good account in the discharge of their missionary duties. In both cases "gifts of healing" have proved the handmaid to a higher vocation—that of pointing to the only remedy for a sin-stricken world. The present London Mission Hospital at HANKOW, North China, was built in the winter and spring of 1873-1874, principally by subscriptions from both foreigners and natives, at a cost of about £1,350. The hospital was opened to patients in the month of June, 1874, by Dr. Reid, to whom the Society is under deep obligation for professional help generously rendered during a series of years. In June, 1875, Dr. Mac

, KENZIE, who had been appointed by the Directors medical missionary at the station, arrived in Hankow, and relieved Dr. Reid from his selfimposed burden. The following is a description of the hospital building and the medical work carried on therein :

“The new hospital is a double- “In the ten months which this storied, substantial, brick building, report covers, ninety-three patients with lofty well-ventilated rooms. On occupied the native wards—thirteen the ground floor is a large waiting

and eighty mon.

Seven room, capable of seating over 'two patients were received into the foreign hundred persons, a well arranged dis- ward. pensary, a store room and consulting “ The native patients have to pro

On the upper floor are the vide their own bedding and food while wards. One, in the front part of the in the hospital. In this way we escape building, with verandah attached, has the danger of having the wards filled been set apart and furnished as a ward with eick beggars, and secure on the for foreigners needing medical aid. whole, a very satisfactory class of It has at present four beds. The other patients. Our patients are chiefly wards, three in number, are devoted drawn from the respectable labouring to the Chinese. Two of them are classes — such as small tradesmen, small and intended for special cases ; mechanics and peasants. No charge the third is a large general ward

is made for admission. Accident cases capable of accommodating from six- are admitted at all hours and provided teen to twenty beds. Besides the with food when necessary. Ten patients above accommodation there are, out- were attended at their own homes in side the main building, small detached Hankow. rooms for families, and a female ward · Out-patients are seen five days in for six patients.

the week. The new cases during the





ten months have numbered 3,128. Of Failing health, and the desire to be these out-door patients some of the free from the thraldom of such a vice, more prevalent diseases have been were the principal reasons which led skin and eye affections, rheumatism these men to remain at their own es. and chest diseases, dysentery and pense some weeks in the hospital. malarial fever. Opium smokers have One was led to give up opium from a numbered thirty-two. They are not desire to become a Christian and join encouraged to come as out-patients, as the church. He is a Shan-si man and their treatment when not under super- was eventually baptized. Since his vision is most unsatisfactory. The admission into the church his conduct common reason given for wishing to has been highly satisfactory. He has abandon the drug is poverty. It is a just left for his native province, having luxury which they cannot now afford, thoroughly won the confidence and and they come to the hospital simply respect of all his fellow-converts. This to be relieved from the suffering con. caso encourages us to go on, for we sequent upon leaving it off ; let their know that when the heart is changed cash however become more plentiful by God, even the craving for the fatal and they quickly return to the opium pipe must pass away. Very many shop. Seven opium smokers having take to opium in the first place to remained as in-patients, and under relieve disease-as chest affections, constant observation, have at any rate dysentery, &c., when native medical been cured for the time, and have gone aid has failed; and hence among the out free from the dreadful craving general patients, a large number of which distracts the smoker when he them are smokers.

But opium abandons the pipe. The hold this vice smoking as a vice does not go alone, gets over men is very great, and no and there is no doubt that many doubt some of these when again thrown young lads take to the pipe being among their old associates, with the attracted in the first instance by the temptation brought prominently before evil surroundings of the opium den." them, will fall back into the old habit.

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2. RELIGIOUS WORK. Each day before the medical work begins, and when the patients are assembled in the waiting-room, the Gospel is proclaimed to them by the English missionaries, the Revds. Griffith John and E. BRYANT, and by the native evangelist, SIAU.

." This is often done by addressing native Christian whom she employs as the remarks made to a few individuals, a Bible-woman, and who is rendering who seem most attentive and serious, admirable service in this as well as in and by getting them to answer and other departments of the work. That put questions. In this way a general the women as well as the men get a interest is awakened in what is said, clear mental knowledge of the truth, and a definite though limited view of we find by frequent questions put to divine truth is obtained by some. them in the consulting room. Mrs. John kindly takes charge of the “Those who remain as in-patients women who come, and depotes much receive daily religious instruction ; of her time and energies to their in- and through kindness and attention to struction. Mrs. John is assisted by a their bodily suffering we seek to lead


them to the great Physician who miles distant, we have had twentyalone can meet their spiritual want. three in-patients. In this way the In connection with the dissemination Gospel reaches men who would never of the Gospel amongst the patients it probably have come under its influence is interesting to notice the large area in any other way, for their homes have of country covered. From Ho-nan, not yet been reached by missionary Hu-nan and Kiang-si provinces we effort. Many of them take away a have received patients in the wards, knowledge at least of the way of saland from all the districts of Hu-peh, vation; some we believe have gone to such Mien-yang, Hiau-kan, their homes humble disciples of Hwang-pi, &c.

From Mien-yang Jesus." alone, though over a hundred English

3. SUCCESSFUL CURES. In addition to the interesting cases recorded in the Society's last Annual Report, the following instances are given by Dr. Mackenzie :

“One man, aged forty, a Ku-jen, from which he made a good recovery. graduate of the second degree, living in Coming constantly under the influence the province of Kwei-chow, a thousand of Siau ho was converted to ChrisEnglish miles from Hankow, having tianity, and has since been himself a to visit Peking and appear before the zealous missionary, having brought emperor, was much distressed with the

his aged father, and other friends and fact that he had a diseased lip. Hearing fellow-workmen into the church. that there was a foreign hospital at One man was under treatment for Hankow, and that foreign doctors did a contusion, the result of a beating very wonderful things, he travelled he had received from his friends on the long journey to be cured, and account of his having become a went away very well satisfied with the Christian. result.

“ It is very cheering to see the “ After cases of recovery of sight, active interest the native Christians numerous blind folk were brought to take in the hospital. Many of the the dispensary-men whose eyes were Hankow Christians are very earnest entirely destroyed by old standing workers for Christ, and when engaged disease. They had heard that the in seeking the conversion of their blind had been cured by coming to us, relatives or friends they often bring and they also wanted sight.

them when ill to the dispensary, “One such man was brought by a hoping that by the benefit they will relation. They had come a long get to their bodies, and the kind treatjourney, and were evidently strong in ment they will personally receive, to faith. It was very hard for them to gain from them a better attention to, believe that the case was incurable; and deeper interest in the Gospel. and again and again they besought and One earnest Christian, named Ko, prayed with tears that they might not recently said when a friend of his was

baptized, whom he had in this manner “Another case of interest, from its brought as a patient.--I have brought

, -'I spiritual results, is that of a Hwang- ten friends, but after being cured, like pi man named Yang, a coppersmith, the lepers in the Gospel, only one has employed in Hankow. He was in the returned to give thanks.'” hospital with pneumonia of one lung,

be sent away.


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4. MISSIONARY JOURNEYS. Prejudice and ignorance on the part of those dwelling in the immediate vicinity of the hospital are not uncommon. It is scarcely, therefore, to be wondered at that opposition should be met with by the missionary when visiting new and distant districts. Dr. Mackenzie writes :

“ During the cold season I accom- ness and energy of H. B. M.'s resident panied the Rev. Griffith John on consul, Mr. Alabaster, we were enabled missionary visits to the villages to make a second visit in perfect situated within a day's journey of safety, when Mr. John preached freely Hankow. We sought to combine the in many parts of this very populous healing of the sick with the preaching district, and accomplished every object of the Gospel. In this way seven of the journey. journeys were made, and the greater " ASSISTANTS. There

two number of villages in the immediato medical assistants attached to the neighbourhood of Hankow visited, - hospital. The senior, named Yang. most of them for the first time by the kien-tang, a fino promising young man foreign missionary. I also joined Mr. of twenty-five, was brought up in the John in two longer journeys to Hiau- church and has been connected with kan, a district forty miles distant, the medical work in Hankow since its where about twenty Christians, who commencement. He has some knowhave joined the church in Hankow, ledge of English, and with his aid I reside.

was enabled to see patients almost “ The first visit was paid at the from the day of my arrival. He also Chinese New Year when the hospital thoroughly enters into the missionary was necessarily closed. The hatred to objects of the hospital. Christianity which was beginning to “Our native preacher Siau has only spread in this neighbourhood mani- been a Cliristian for a year or so; but fested itself upon our first journey; his remarkable gifts as a preacher and and, meeting with extreme opposition, his earnestness of purpose in regard to we were forced to turn back, not how- the salvation of men, led to his being ever before our lives had been in very thus early chosen for this important imminent danger. Through the kind. work. We all love and esteem hina."

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5. PEKING HOSPITAL, The Society's medical mission in the city of PEKING was commenced in the year 1862. It is under the superintendence of Dr. DUDGEON, who is at present on a visit to this country. During the past year, the hospital records include several cases of city Lamas, who came with diseases and were cured. The following interesting case is from MONGOLIA, and has been furnished by the Rev. Jas. GILMOUR :

A petty Mandarin from the Soo. lowers, took lodgings in Peking, paid nite country had been suffering for us regular visits at the hospital, and some two or three years from a bad returned home in three or four weeks arm. Hearing of our cure of the Soo- cured. This is, I think, the first nite Wang's sister a year or two ago, direct result we have seen from the he came with a small retinue of fol. successful treatment of the Wang's sister, and illustrates well how things “One part of my duty here, since go in Mongolia. It takes a long time Dr. Dudgeon left, has been to look to see any results of any kind, or to after the hospital. Dr. Bushell comes produce much impression; but though every second day, and the medical and there may seem to be no immediate professional duties dovolve upon him. results, “after many days' something All I have to do is to see that the may be seen. Preaching and teaching natives employed about it are at their have yet produced nothing. Is the posts and do their duty, and to keep seed lost ? Tarry many days before the accounts, you say so. One part of Scripture “Ten months ago my Mongol seems peculiarly applicable to any one teacher died. He died of asthma: he who tries Christian work in Mongolia: had been suffering for some years. • In due season ye shall reap if ye He it was who assisted Drs. Edkins faint not.' The difficulty is to keep and Schereschewsky in revising Matfrom fainting. Things go so slowly. thew's Gospel. He know a good deal

“I am now packing up books, neces- about Christianity, but, as far as I am saries, medicines, &c., for a season in

aware, died as had lived-a heaMongolia. I should say we, for Mrs. then. Another of Noah's shipwrights Gilmour intends to go with me. We drowned in the flood.” hope to start about April 4th.


The Society's hospital was erected in the village of Neyoor, in the year 1854, and since the commencement of 1873 it has been under the care of Dr. T. S. Thomson. Additional accommodation being required, in December, 1875, chiefly through the liberality of His Highness the MAHARAJAH OF TRAVANCORE, a new building was completed, and it has been well occupied ever since. Respecting the training-class for native assistants, Dr. Thomson reports :

“ The six young men mentioned in in which a real benefit to their fellow last report have been diligently prose- men may be anticipated by the confi. cuting their studies, and two of them, dence which a true knowledge of the who have entered their fourth


of healing art will afford them. study, will soon be able, I trust, to "In addition to their studies and take charge of Dispensaries. They hospital work (wherein opportunities have been doing the work of dressers to dress cases and perform minor alternately on the hills for the last surgical operations, prepare and dissix months, and have given satisfac- pense medicines, &c., are afforded), tion.

they take their turn on dispensing 6. Oral and writteu examinations days of addressing the patients, and have been conducted as hitherto, from on Sundays they conduct services in time to time, to test the knowledge of Hospital and in adjoining congregathe students; and clinical note-taking tions. The Saturday evening prayerand reporting bas been recently added. meeting has been to us all a delight, Their progress is such as to encourage and as usual the Eraneel address has further endeavour to overcome the hill been rehearsed and commented upon,” difficulty, and attain to that position

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