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7. EVANGELISTIC WORK.
Again we are happy to supplement, by fuller and more complete details, information already furnished to the Society's constituents through the medium of the Annual Report.
“Our evangelistic work may be Many educated Hindoos now say, divided into two classes, indoor and • We have given up offering to idols. outdoor. Indoor, first among
the and worship the one living and true agents themselves. All excepting two God;' but the fear of losing caste, and young men are members of the Church, want of a true knowledge of sin, and and give good proof of their love to the of faith in Jesus Christ, prevent them Master. This we try to stimulate at from accepting Him as their Saviour, our weekly prayer-meeting by reading During the year we have sold among accounts of the glorious work of revival the heathen ten Bibles, twelve Testaat home, and circulating such peri. ments, and 311 Scripture portions. odicals as will give them food for their “An interesting case occurred at the souls, and material for their work.
Hill Dispensary. A man, whose wife The two young men referred to have
and family were all ill and being decided for the Lord, and are looking treated by the dresser, refused to hear forward to join the Church.
anything regarding the Christian " With reference to the convert
religion, saying he only wanted Sinoo,' mentioned in last report, we medicine. This was given, with are happy to say that he has been
prayer to God to bless the means used baptised, and still continues steadfast
for the recovery of the patients. Lor. in the faith, witnessing for Christ. A
his afflictions increased, and ere Sudra employer said, when I inquired long he himself was suffering from a concerning him, 'He is always speak- painful disease. At length he was led to ing to others about Christ.' His
pray to God for help and understandbrother attends morning services at ing. Soon after they all gained their Eraneel, and shows a leaning towards health, and he gave up to the dresser Christianity; and many have been led
his two household gods, and a charm by him to forsake heathenism.
he had worn on the diseased hand, “The Eraneel service on Sabbath
resolving henceforth to trust in Jesus mornings has been regularly conducted only. He desires to be baptised, but during the year; but it has been to us
as yet he has much to learn. a constant striving, by the grace and “Rev. M. Nyanabranam has conhelp of the Lord, to · Hold the Fort,' tinued to labour with perseverance for this town is as yet full of heathen and faithfulness among the Hospital apathy and prejudice. The average patients and Eraneel people. He also number attending has been from visits regularly at the Monday market twenty-five to thirty. Some come
here, addressing the people who very regularly, showing marked atten- assemble from all parts, and has tion ; and a few young men have for itinerated (as all our pative ministers some time past met with me of do) for one month in a neighbouring their own accord at the bungalow on district.” Sunday evenings for Bible reading.
III.- Proposed Mission on Lake Tanganyika.
REPORT OF THE REV. ROGER PRICE.
TINCE we announced to our readers the safe return of the Rev. ROGER
PRICE from his mission to Eastern Africa, and laid before them an outline of his route from the coast to the interior, Mr. Price has
presented to the Board of Directors a full report of his proceedings, accompanied by statistics and suggestions for the guidance of future travellers. Mr. Price's report has been issued in a separate form specially for the information of the Directors and such of the Society's friends as may be more nearly interested in the details of the scheme which it unfolds. For the general reader it will suffice to indicate the main features of the journey in its strictly missionary aspect. Selecting a route some thirty miles north of that adopted by STANLEY, MR. PRICE made Sadani his starting-point, and, with his entire caravan, consisting of thirty men, four oxen, a donkey, and a cart, he left that town on Saturday, the 10th of June. The journey throughout took a westerly direction. The villages of Ndumi and MKANGE passed, the travellers entered a somewhat extensive jungle, through which the cart was safely conveyed, but only to break down a little further on. The oxen, however, proceeded and returned with the party without suffering injury or loss, thereby showing conclusively the practicability of this mode of transit. The country soon became more open, and, ascending a mountain ridge, the caravan followed its course for miles. At a distance the valley of the WAMI was seen, into which, on the 21st of June, Mr. Price and his followers descended. Passing the borderland between the district of CSEGUIA and that of NGURU, the great hill ranges came into view. The route from Sadani to MPWAPWA and the lakes lies through a break or pass, about twenty to thirty miles wide, in the main ranges of NGURU and KAGURC-Usagara. “I could scarcely beliove my eyes," writes
" Mr. Price, " as I gazed upon the mountain sides, in the evening, and saw the smoke ascending from a score of peaceful villages. I unexpectedly found myself in the centre of a large population. The slopes of the great Nguru, which during the day appeared still and lifeless, were now seen to be dotted over with villages to a great height.” Mr. Price continues :
“ From Mkiropa our course still lay Mkundi is about thirty yards wide, through the Nguru valley for about shallow and swift, with sandy bottom. seren or eight miles, when, having It rises on the western side of Ngwu. rounded the southern end of Nguru, The Mkundi is the boundary between we made a good deal of northing till the Nguru and Kaguru districts, so we came to the Mkundi river. The far as any boundary is recognised.
“The opinion which I had formed water is abundant. With a good road of the Nguru district as an interesting to the coast, and it is easily made, the and important field for missionary Nguru valley might become very imeffort was greatly strengthened as I portant as a source of supply of cereals passed through the valley. The whole and other products. The Wanguru valley and mountain sides are dotted are eminently an agricultural people over with little villages, many of them and seem to trouble themselves very within
gun-shot of one another. little either about trade or hunting, Judging from the number of villages much less about marauding expedi. which were visible, and the corn and tions against their neighbours. They sugar-cane fields, through the depths are certainly about the cost friendly of which our path lay for the most and tractable people that I have ever part, the Wanguru must be very nu. come across in Africa. It is a rare thing
And yet the great valley is in Africa to find so many people within capable of sustaining five times the a somewhat small area, and yet comnumber. Its fertility is something paratively independent of one another. marvellous: much of the corn was We cannot pass by these quiet, peacesixteen and eighteen feet high. As loving, industrious tribes, who do not to the sugar-cane it was apparently happen to be so well known in the almost uncontrollable--a perfect forest. world as
those of Mosilikatse, or The valley itself is too rank in its vege- Sebituane, or Mtesa. The quiet stay. tation to be suitable for live stock; at-home people are generally the tribes but on the mountain sides flocks of
which repay missionary labour most, sheep and goats are kept, and on the embrace the advantages of civilization, northern side of the range horned and stand the test of its many concattle also.
comitant evils. Apart from the fact “ The Nguru district is one which that there is here already an immense could not fail always to be a centre of population in a district capable of population. In addition to the won- sustaining five times the number, the derful fertility of the valley itself, position itself would be important in the mountains are very strong and view of further operations in the afford protection from enemies, and interior."
2. THE HILL DISTRICTS. In the tracts of uninhabited and rocky country which had now to be traversed the only break in an available wagon-road was encountered. Soon, however, the scepe changed : the two mountain ranges, the distance between which had been gradually lessening, again separated, and the landscape became wider and more level.
"Emerging from the pass, we gra- as far as the eye could reach. Through dually rose for about four miles, when this gorge comes out the beautiful there opened out to us the most cheer- stream which gives its name (Kitange) inz sight I had yet seen in East to the district, and which forms its Africa. To the southward lay the principal water supply, although there great Kaguru-Usagara range, with a are several other smaller streams. long gorge leading up into the very To the northward, and round to the heart of the great mountains, which west and south-west, are high ridges seemed piled up one behind another and detached hills; the whole en
closing a basin about ten miles wide. mountains, on both sides of the The whole of this was covered with a Kitange gorge, as far as the eye could fine and comparatively short grass, reach--east, west, north, and southsuch as I had often seen in the great they were to be seen. The villages pasture lands of the south. There are mostly of the Tembe kind. This was but little bush, except along the mode of building seems necessary in courso of the rayines.
this part of the country, where they spreading mimosa, growing in its have none of the protection afforded usual fashion, here a solitary tree, by the thickets nearer the coast. One thero a clump of half-a-dozen, gave of the saddest features of the state of to the open parts of the basin quite a things in East Africa is the constant park-like appearance. As this lovely fear which the people have of being scene was viewed from the height attacked. It is a rare thing to see a which we had attained, I could not male above the age of twelve to fifteen, help saying to my South African by day or by night, in the town or out servant, 'Oh, that I had a wagon of it, without arms of some kind. and a span of oxen now,
“I need not say that this is another African whip.' As might be expected, very important and inviting miswhen we descended into the Kitange sionary sphere. If there is anywhere basin, considerable flocks and herds a country so near the Equator where began to appear. But what was most Europeans could live and enjoy health, interesting to me, from a missionary Kitange is such. Kitange combines point of view (although to men with pastoral and agricultural advantages, empty stomachs and good appetites although, in the latter respect, it is the appearance of flocks and herds not equal to the Nguru district. The was by no means uninteresting), was population of Kitange consists prin. the sight of the villages with which cipally of Wakaguru, although there the whole of this great basin was are a few people from other tribes dotted over. Look wherever I would, there. Even the Masai are repreI could not fail to discover several of sented there. The people of Kitange these, often within rifle-shot of one get much iron ore in the Kaguru. another. Up the sides of the great Usagara mountains.)"
and a proper
3. MPWAPWA. MPWAPWA, the limit of the present journey, was reached on Wednesday, July 5th, the twenty-sixth day from Sadáni. Of these twenty-six, nineteen were marching days, and included stages of varying duration. On the whole, the time occupied was somewhat under the average.
· Mpwapwa is decidedly dry, high enough of everything that can afford and dry, and therefore healthy; and to wait for the rain, which, I am told, this is saying a good deal of a place never fails to come in the proper time. in equatorial Africa. There is nothing Native food is abundant. like a swamp, or anything that would “There is a considerable population generate malaria anywhere near, so at Mpwapwa ; but it is of a very far as I could see or hear. In fact I mixed and nondescript character. could not conceive the place to be The most numerously represented otherwise than healthy for Europeans. people are, I think, the Wasagara. The district seems to be productive Then come the Wakaguru. There are
also villages of the Wagogo. The all- population. It, too, might be visited pervading Wanyamwezi are there too from Mpwapwa. But the occupation in considerable numbers. There are of Mpwapwa is all important in view also numbers of coast Arabs there, of the establishment of missions in or people who call themselves Arabs, the far interior, and should not be but whose pedigree is probably as deferred. uncertain as well can be.
“As a trading station, the impor“Like Shoshong in South Africa, tance of Mpwapwa cannot be overMpwapwa is not just the place one rated. All the produce of Tanganyika, would choose to live at. But like and great deal from the direction of Shoshong, Mpwapwa is a kind of gate- Nyanza, and, of course, of all the way to vast regions beyond. At countries this side, comes through Mpwapwa meet all the roads from the Mpwapwa; from there it branches off coast to the lake regions, from Dara to the different ports on the coast. A Salaam, from Bagamoyo, from Whinde, few men, & company, with a and from Sadáni; and.it forms a fresh moderate amount of capital, and who starting point for caravans after all would not be afraid to lay it out in their trouble and hard labour in the the first instance upon the establishmaritime and mountainous regions. ment of a thorough communication, Like Shoshong again, it is a most by bullock wagon, or any better mode, important position to occupy, both as between the coast and Mpwapwa, a mission and trading station. The could not fail in a short time to interpopulation of Mpwapwa itself is cept a great proportion of the produce sufficiently large to justify the estab- of the interior, which now goes to the lishment of a mission there. Then coast.” there is Tubugwe with a considerable
4. MEETING WITH THE MASAI. On the return journey to the coast, and when about to enter upon the uninhabited prairie, the travellers were on the move at a very early hour. While breakfasting at Brack River Port they were visited by a number of Wakamba---a nomadic, flesh-eating people, inhabiting the northern parts of the Kaguru mountains. They are a portion of the ubiquitous Masai, who are the dread of the whole country—a feeling which the following incident serves to illustrate. Mr. Price writes :
“ We had been joined in our morn- fair start, I leading the caravan ing's march by two natives from according to promise. When we had Tubugwe. They wanted to go to gone
about two miles we came upon a Kitange, and joined us for protection fine lot of ostriches feeding not far in crossing the prairie. I hired the from the road. The temptation Fas one to carry water for me, and the too great. I left the road and went other to carry my Zulu cook's bundle, to try and get a shot at them. They as I feared he would knock up on the quietly moved off in their fashion, long tramp, and the donkey was always managing to keep out of range, already engaged. All the vessels yot tempting me on. I did not, bow. being filled with water, we made a ever, lose sight of the caravan. Who