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4. MANUAL LABOUR. In describing the busy scenes to be witnessed in other workshops on the estate, the writer takes occasion to observe that on the Lord's-day the students are as actively engaged in Christian labour among the heathen at the various kraals and out-stations.

“The wagon-making department to the great demand for such work as is under the charge of Mr. Ririe. He we have just mentioned, it was found has at present twenty apprentices- necessary to separate the making of all actively employed at work, you furniture, and form a new department

As the wagon is the only means for it. So in April last we commenced the people in South Africa have of the branch of regular cabinet-making, transporting goods from place to place, having got Mr. Radley, a trained this branch of industry is of very great cabinet-maker, to tako charge of it. importance indeed. It is also very “Of the trades department, it yet popular among the natives, as may be remains that we see the bookbinding inferred from the large number who establishment. To get to it, however, are here learning it. This department we will have to walk nearly two miles; turns out, during the year, a goodly for having no accommodation at all nụmber of wagons, Scotch-carts, and about Lovedale, and not being able to wheel-barrows.

find any

about Alice, we were obliged “Next door is the blacksmith's de. to purchase an old road-side inn on the partment, Mr. Macintosh has charge King William's Town-road, and give of this; but although he is a good it to Mr. Fairlie, who has charge of master, and is kind to the natives, yet this department. Bookbinding is not somehow or other this trade is not at all popular among the Kaffirs ; popular with them at present. They hence there are only two apprentices seem to think that iron is too hard a learning the trade at present. Still thing to work with. Hence Mr. Mac- the business is very good, and is intosh has only got six apprentices. steadily increasing. Orders come from The work done by them is principally almost all parts of the eastern prothe making of all the iron ‘mount- vince, from Fort Beaufort, King ing' for the wagons, horse-shoeing, William's Town, East London, Port and general jobbing,

Elizabeth, Grahamstown, and all the “We will now go and see the car- intermediate parts of the country. penter's workshop. As you look in at Mr. Fairlie is a splendid bookbinder, the door, you see quite a hive of and hence highly qualified to teach natives all busy at work. There are this branch to his apprentices. This a dozen of benches, and no less than is abundantly shown by the fact that, twenty-seven apprentices. Some ex- at the Cape Town Exhibition held last cellent work is produced here, and a year, he gained the prize for ornagood quantity of it too. They make mental bookbinding, although speci. every kind of school furniture-such mens were sent from all parts of the as desks, seats, blackboards, cupboards, colony. The books for which he gained and tạbles, &c. They also do all the the prize have been sent to the Philacarpenter-work required for houses. delphia Exhibition, and we trust that They used, moreover, to make several they will be equally successful there.' articles of house furniture, but owing

V.—India—South Travancore.


TOME three years since a revival of religion took place among a sect

known as the SYRIAN CHRISTIANS, members of which are to be found on the Western or MALABAR coast of South India. In connection with that revival a Brahmin convert and native clergyman, the Rev. JUSTUS JOSEPH, was, with his brothers, an earnest and enthusiastic labourer. While possessing many interesting and hopeful features, the revival of 1873 was marred by errors and superstitions which have culminated in the lamentable scenes of extravagance and fanaticism of which a sect which has lately come into existence have been guilty. “The six years' people" —for so the sect is termed—boast of some four or five thousand adherents. About eighteen Syrian priests have joined them, and they have congregations in several places. Respecting the origin of the movement, the following details are given by the Rev. S. MATEER, of Trevandrum :

A man called Thomman (or phecy. This book, however, has Thomas), a Syrian Christian of Shenku. never appeared. lam, near Quilon, made professions of "Joseph was again and again having received the gift of prophecy, and advised with and exhorted on these worked upon Justus Joseph so that, in matters by missionaries of the Church July, 1875, the latter issued a circular Missionary Society and others. But to a number of persons and advertised he went further and further. He in the public papers as follows:- put implicit faith in the prophet,' "• DIVINE PROCLAMATION.

who seems, as far as I can hear, to

be a cheat rather than a fanatic. "It is hereby proclaimed with

Dreams, visions, and pretences to certainty that there remains an interval of only six years (from May, 1875)

direct inspiration of the Holy Ghost till the glorious coming of King Jesus

were everywhere believed among the poor Syrian Christians.

Joseph was of Nazareth on the fiery cloud. And

constantly surrounded by excited as He is going to appear suddenly in

crowds of adherents. His mother the seventh year to be seen by all.

went about beating a gong and “Repent ye all, for the kingdom of

preaching the coming of the Lord. heaven is at hand.”

But still their chief labours were “The proclamation, made by His servant is as revealed by the Holy

amongst Syrian Christians. Little Ghost of King Jesus.

was or is done for the heathen,

“ Soon the doctrine was started that "Justus JOSEPH,

public and detailed and reiterated conC. M, S. Minister of Kanneet.'

fession of every sin before the con" To this was added in a postscript gregation was an essential duty. Ter. the promise of a book, then being rible revelations were made ; in some prepared for publication in accord- cases, however, so extravagant and ance with the directions of the Holy improbable, that I venture to hope Spirit,' in which things were foretold that people accused themselves more the fulfilment of which should be a or less unjustly in the heat of exciteproof of the truth of the above pro- ment."

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2. SUPERSTITIOUS PRACTICES. Scenes such as those described above are sad enough ; but the profanity

1 of some of the rites and ceremonies practised is still more to be deplored, tending, as it does, to bring Christianity into ridicule and contempt :

“Marvellous absurdities and fana- people confess their sins and pray. ticisms are practised amongst these One of the prophets frequently makes poor people. They go in a kind of a noise like a trumpet in the four procession to church, ringing a bell quarters; the other sometimes makes and singing, then circumambulate the a noise and dances backward and forbuilding three times and then enter. ward on one leg. They now seal' In the centre a table is placed which the disciples and pass them through they regard as the throne of God. At the strait gate. Very recently a the four corners are placed four chief prophecy was uttered that there men, 'the four living creatures,' and should be darkness on the face of the around these the four and twenty earth for three days, from 10th to 12th elders,' and then the common people. August, but nothing remarkable “A kind of dancing is practised in occurred.

A heavy

blow has their services, both by men and women,

been inflicted on the party by the to the tune of Tamil lyrics. After failure of this prediction, and Justus singing and dancing are ended, all with Joseph is said to have confessed that one voice and raising their hands cry he was deceived by Satan ; but they aloud, Christ will come.' There are are now attempting to spiritualise the now two additional prophets. The prophecy and assert its actual fulfilprophet beats his breast and goes ment in the sense of spiritual darkthrough the congregation, using

ness.” alarming threats and making the

3. MEANS OF SUBSISTENCE. The members of this strange community do not pay much regard to the institution of the Sabbath. They gather from time to time in great crowds for a kind of camp meeting lasting three days, at which fasting is a prominent feature. Their caste prejudices are strong and bitter :

“The 'six years people have plenty is the word of the Lord that all comof funds, a large tax being imposed on

munion with the Mission shall coase, all proselytes, and so they were able to this has accordingly been done, and afford to spend a considerable sum in Joseph has of necessity been cut off Bending a prophetic telegram to the from connection with the Church Mis. Queen and to the Maharajah of Travan- sionary Society. The party work core about the end of July, hoping, no chiefly amongst Christians rather than doubt, to attract attention in England heathens, and are, by their loud proand perhaps obtain further support fessions, positive assertions, and thence. These ' six years men' regard apparent earnestness, unsettling many all Christians but themselves as dark minds. They have nearly scattered a and unconverted, and are in the habit congregation formed by our mission of praying for the conversion of the at Shenkulam, in Quilon District, of Church and London Mission people. low caste people, whom the Syrians Their prophet having declared that it would not admit inside their church


at that place on account of their caste. true piety there cannot but be a desire The new party will not, I believe, to bring all to the Saviour. But these recieve low caste adherents. A Pulagar cunning religionists do not forget in all woman, at Shenkulam, was affected their madness their long.cherished like them, but they will not admit her caste prejudices, and take every care inside their church but oblige her to of their reputation for caste respectstand outside at some distance from ability with their Hindu neighbours. the door. Another convert, a trifle “ In this party, some, no doubt, are higher in caste, is allowed to stand at deceivers, others deceived. I bad the door outside. On being remon- always thought well of the personal strated with on this subject by our piety and entire sincerity of Justus Catechist, they actually replied, “We Joseph, and regarded him as deceived have had no prophecy about this, to by the lies and trickery of the prophet gather in these low castes; when we Thomman. I have, however, lately receive a revelation we will do it.' heard that there is reason to believe But where are the prophecies of Holy that Joseph is himself rather doubtWrit and the command of our Lord ful (as well he may be) of his present Jesus Christ ? This of itself shows position and teaching, and apparently the evil character of the present move- preparing to escape from its difficulties ment; for where there is a revival of in case of failure."

VI.—Edidows' and Orphans' Fund.



WENTY-SIX YEARS have passed since the Directors made their

first Appeal to the friends of the Society on behalf of this Fund. Acknowledging that the salaries of missionaries, while freeing them from present anxiety, allow no provision to be made for future trouble, and especially for that which may follow sudden and unexpected decease, they stated that the claims of widows and orphans had begun to form a regular demand upon the Society's resources; and they urged that such claims should be met by a special offering from the Churches of the country at the first Communion Service of the year. The Appeal met with a most hearty response. It touched a tender chord in many hearts; it called forth many expressions of affectionate sympathy; and it was felt on all hands to be peculiarly appropriate to supply the desired help by a Sacramental Offering, specially gathered on its behalf. The first collection made for that distinct purpose added to the Society's income the sum of £1,547.

During the years that have since passed, the great increase made in the number of the Society's missionaries, together with the lengthened service of those previously labouring in various parts of the world, has naturally produced an increase in the number of widows and children


thus thrown on the Society's care, and a corresponding increase in the expenditure which it entails. When the Fund originated, £1,350 sufficed to meet that expenditure ; last year it required £4,673, and during the year on which we are entering it will probably need at least an equal amount. Though actually called the WIDOWS' AND ORPHANS' Fund, it should be distinctly understood that it seeks the comfort, not only of the families of DECEASED MISSIONARIES, but also of RETIRED MISSIONARIES themselves. During the year the Fund will have to provide for FORTY

WIDOWS of missionaries ; for THIRTY-SIX CHILDREN ; and for NINETEEN MISSIONARIES who, by length of service or through broken health, have been compelled to retire from their accustomed work. Several of these esteemed friends commenced their service in the Society more than forty years ago. Some of them represent the early work of the Society in China, India, Africa, and the South Seas. And amongst the children it is pleasant to know that there are many who, by diligence in study and excellent behaviour, are fulfilling the earnest desires of their best friends.

While paying due regard to every case that may be brought before them, the Directors are anxious to administer the funds placed at their command wisely and with care. They would wish that this Fund should completely meet all the claims made upon it. The obligation which it acknowledges is of a distinct kind;- and the Directors feel sure that the friends of the Society prefer that it shall continue to be met in this distinct way. They regret to report that, last year, there was a deficiency in the Fund amounting to upwards of £350. The Directors feel sure that the increased number of Churches aiding the Society, their increased resources, and their growing liberality are more than sufficient completely to meet these increased claims. Andthey trust that, at the first Communion Service of the new year, the widow and the fatherless will be remembered with loving sympathy, and the wants of those who have served Christ's Church in bygone years will be fully and fitly provided for. (Signed)


MISSION HOUSE, November 22nd, 1876.

It is hoped that, should it be found impracticable to make the Sacramental Offerings now solicited on the first Sabbath of next month, our Christian friends will kindly embrace the first Sabbath in FEBRUARY for the occasion.

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