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sents such enjoyments for your acceptance ? Can you approve a sentiment which declares every particle of love between you is to be annihilated ? This must be a correct description of the feelings of the saints in heaven, if the doctrine of endless punishment is true. And how hardening must be the effects of such doctrines on those who really believe them, and enter into their spirit!!
This is the way that the doctrine ought to be preached, if it is of God. These were bold, honest and faithful preachers of it. Why should it not be so proclaimed now? If it is true, it cannot be preached in a manner too pungent! Why does not my friend opposite, and those clergymen generally who profess to believe in endless wrath, preach it now, as it was a century ago ? The reason is perfectly obvious. It is because they DARE NOT! The public heart would loathe and spurn it with abhorrence, were it presented at this day, in its true, genuine colors. The partialist clergy perfectly understand this, and hence attempt to conceal its odiousness!
Look through the pages of Ecclesiastical History, yea, and of profane history too, for the effects of this doctrine on men's hearts. You will find that all that has been done to disgrace Christianity -every thing wicked, corrupt, malicious, and cruel, which has been transacted under the garb of religion, has been done by believers in this doctrine of endless wrath ! Under the influence of what doctrine did professing Christians engage in fierce persecutions--dye their hands in each other's blood, simply for a difference in religious faith? Under the influence of what doctrine did professing Christians march by hundreds of thousands to the Holy Land, and butcher multitudes of Mahometans, because they did not believe in a Christ, of whom they had never heard, except in mere name? Under the influence of what doctrine were the fires of martyrdom kindled ? Under the influence of what doctrine was the cruel Inquisition, with all its infernal enginery of torture, reared and put into operation--crushing the bones of heretics, and tearing them limb from limb? Under the influence of what doctrine was it, that innocent men and women were hung for witchcraft-Quakers banished and put to death-and Baptists whipped? These questions admit of a single answer. All these enormities were committed by believers in eternal woe. It was the vengeance, and venom, and hate, of which this doctrine is the double-distilled concentration, that embittered and poisoned the hearts of those who took part in such bloody and cruel transactions. These deeds of blackness were the legitimate fruit of the malign influence of such a doctrine on ignorant and bigotted men. Oh, God! oh, Christ! what untold abominations has this senti. ment urged men to commit, in the name of thy compassionate and peaceful religion !!
My Ninth Negative Argument is, that Endless Misery destroys
the Parental character of God. The scriptures represent God as a Father—as the Father of all men. It is true, they also speak of him as a Ruler, a King, a Judge; but over and above these high above them, stands his relationship as a Parent. All men are connected with God, in the same manner that the son of an earthly monarch is with his father. The doctrine of Endless Punishment describes the Most High as acting in a manner of which the most depraved earthly parent would blush to be guilty. represents him as deliberately, and voluntarily, placing his chile dren where he knew they would be exposed to perils of the most terrible description-yea, where he saw vast multitudes of them would stumble into endless sin and agony!! Would any earthly father do thus ? It represents him as exposing them to this doom without any necessity, or any call for it. He could have allowed them to remain uncreated, if he had pleased. It would have caused no evil, no injury, no harm to any, had he permitted them to sleep on in peacefnl non-entity! But instead of such a poor privilege, this libellous doctrine represents the heavenly Parent as urging them into being, and placing them all on the dizzy precipice of eternal wretchedness--plainly seeing and fully knowing that countless millions of the ignorant and deluded creatures, would plunge off into the black gulf of never ending perdition!! I ask again, would any earthly father urge his children into such a condition? It represents the Heavenly Father as enduring the frailties and follies of his erring children for a little season, and then throwing them from him in anger, in hate and revenge, and turning on them the thunder-bolts of Omnipotent wrath-crushing them down with almighty power, and wreaking infinite vengeance upon them!! And ihis, not during a moment, or a day, or a year only, but throughout eternity!! It declares he will hear his offspring cry, and agonize, and lament, and call upon him, as their Father, and appeal to his love and pity for relief from their agony; but that he will remain perfectly unmoved, without one feeling of compassion, or one throb of mercy! Yea, it insists he will hear them beg for an opportunity to repent, and become obedient, dutiful and loving children; but, horrible to conceive, he will not grant this most reasonable and consistent request !! No. It absolutely says he will not even allow them the wretched favor of falling into annihilation, but will compel them to live forever, that he may forever have the opportunity of tormenting them! In the name of heaven, I ask my brother opposite, if it is not time to hesitate presenting God to the world in such a blasphemous light! I ask the fathers and mothers of this audience, if an earthly parent would conduct in a manner so abhorrent ? Does not this doctrine place the Heavenly Father even below the worst parent earth ever saw ?
Brother Moderators! The very vulture which delights in blood, will exhibit tenderness towards her young. She will line their
nest with the softest down—will feed them by day-cover them with her wings by night, and watch over and protect them, until they are able to provide for themselves? In mercy's name, must the Heavenly Father be represented as exhibiting LESS tenderness for his offspring. The poet Young describes the enormity of these representations of the Parent of the world, in the eloquent and forcible language he puts into the mouth of one supposed to be lost :
"Father of Mercies! why from silent Earth,
And this, my help, my God, at thy decree?
(Young's "Last Day," Book 111.) - [Time expired.
[MR. HOLMES' SIXTH SPEECH.] The language the gentleman bas just quoted from Young, is put into the mouth of an objector, such as skeptics and Universalists, who, repudiating the voice of revelation, claim a more liberal and enlightened theology, asserting injustice in the operation of the laws of the moral universe. If Mr. Austin had also quotell the reply, he would have shown, what he evidently wishes to avoid, the triumphant manner in which the great poei chastises the Infidel, and refutes his railing accusations against the divine government. Take the following as a specimen :
If, then, that double death should prove thy lot,
Of pain, courts incapacity of bliss.
(Night Seventh.) From the manner in which the gentleman has quoted Dr Young, it would seem to be his design to convey the impression that this celebrated author was a Universalist. And here I am reminded again of the list of Universalists, or distinguished men, claimed as Universalists paraded before us a day or two since; and perhaps I shall not have a better time than this, to remark somewhat more respecting it. I have asked him where he got that list, but have received no satisfactory reply.
Mr. Austin.—I have said I obtained it from the Ancient His. tory of Universalism, and various other sources.
MR. HOLMES.—Yes, “and various other sources,” one of which is the Universalist Almanac,” from which, I find by examination, the gentleman has drawn many things, asserted so confidently in this discussion, but resting upon no foundation. That a very few of the individuals named, supposed future punishment would terminate, is probably true, but as to the great majority, they were not Universalists in any sense, and it is an injurious, not to say willful slander upon their reputation, to name them in such connection.
Mr. Austin has claimed Watts as a Universalist, and yet, in his great zeal to represent the orthodox doctrine of endless panishment in as revolting a light as possible, he has found it convenient to quote a passage on that subject from Dr. Watts. This is very consistent. But Watts' writings on religious and other subjects, are too well known 10 the world, to admit of his being passed off as a Universalist, unless it be among those who are too ignorant to know by their own reading that such a man ever lived. His celebrated hymn commencing with,
· Broad is the road that leads to death,
And thousands walk together there," is itself sufficient to vindicate him from the suspicion of Universal. ism. Not long since, and not far from this place, a certain Univer. salist preacher, discoursing on the signs of the times,” quoted the first verse of this hymn, probably without knowing who was its author. He thought, however, the idea conveyed was a great absurdity-adding, it ought to read thus :
Broad is the road that leads to life,
While Partialists show a way to hell
Without a single traveller. It is likely the gentleman did not know he was triling with almost the literal words of Jesus Christ. Doddridge is also claimed as a Universalist, at which I am astonished beyond measure-not that there should be a desire to connect the influence of such men with universalist dogmas, but that any intelligent man should have the effrontery to make such a declaration in public. Since the gentleman delivered himself on this point, I have taken some pains to look in to the writings of Doddridge, and if ever a man shook the sinner over the fires of an endless hell, that man was Dr. Doddridge. As a moderate specimen of the language he holds on this subject, take the following. Addressing himself to the impenitent, he says—“ Thousands are no doubt, already in hell, whose guilt never equalled thine; and it is astonishing that God hath spared thee to read this representation of thy case, or to make any pause upon it. 0 waste not so precious a moment, but enter attentively, and as humbly as thou canst, into those reflections which suit a case so lamentable and so terrible as thine.” Again, in another place—“ Thine, sinner, is 'everlasting fire.' It is that which our Lord hath in such awful terms described as prevailing, there,
where the worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched ;' and again, in wonderful compassion, a third time— when their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched-(Mark ix. 44-46-48.) Nor was it originally prepared, or principally introduced for you : it was prepared for the devil and his angels. For those first grand rebels who were, immediately on their fall, doomed to it: and since you have taken part with them in their apostacy, you must sink with them into that flaming ruin, and sink so much the deeper, as you have despised the Savior, who was never offered to them. These must be your companions and your tormentors, with whom you must dwell forever.”—(Doddridge's Rise and Progress.) Is this the language of a Universalist ?
Mr. Austin also alledges, that Dr. Rush was a Universalist, of which there is not a particle of proof; and though I have no published documents at hand, from which to draw evidence to the contrary, yet, from his general reputation as an orthodox man, and from the fact that he was a great admirer of the theological writings of the celebrated John De La Fletcher, a sound and able Methodist divine, I have no hesitation in pronouncing the allegation wholly gratuitous.
The gentleman's catalogue also embraces the name of Sir Isaac Newton. And on what does this claim rest? Why, all the proof we can get is, that somebody said that Cromwell's Secretary said, that Sir Isaac was not orthodox on the subject of fu. ture punishment. The probability is, that this vague story, which has been seized with so much avidity by Universalists, arose from the fact that he was once, during his life time, by some envious