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unkind ? Has he equal pleasure in the distinctness, and fidelity of the minutest enjoyment and the agony—the life and details were so exquisite, that colour death of his creatures ? What can na
could have added little to the charm ture reply? Without the Bible, nature felt in contemplating them ; the best is dumb, Is not the plain, simple, un- idea I can give of the effect produced doubted inference of unassisted reason, is, by saying, that it is nearly the same confined to the study of creation, that as that of views taken by reflection in there are at least two designers, one good black mirror. All the specimens I and one evil? And what is the next in- saw were on hard, plane, polished surevitable step ? Throughout nature, life faces; none were on paper, and, in fact, and enjoyment come first, then come the finest paper is incapable of receiving pain and suffering, and the end is or conveying the delicate details, which death. In other words, the designer of (on examination by the microscope) kindness accomplishes his benevolent the pictures are found to contain—the plans for a little time, and in every smallest crack, a withered leaf, or a instance is eventually defeated by the little dust, which a telescope only will designer of unkindness. The univer- detect on a distant building, will be sal conqueror must be pronounced found in M. Daguerre's pictures, when supreme. And thus, the philosopher sought for with the aid of a high magniwho confines his studies to fallen nature, fying power. if he will be but honest and impartial in One set of specimens shown to us, the examination of his book, is driven by consisted of three pictures of the same his own weapons to the acknowledgment portion of the Boulevard, taken, one of of the sovereignty of evil. I am aware them at early morning, one at mid-day, that our philosophers repudiate any such and one in the evening. I could not conclusion, and that they do so with all have anticipated so marked a difference sincerity. But the reason is, that they in the tone and aspect of three reprehave derived, without perceiving it, in- sentations of the same objects; yet, struction from the Bible. Before they though they differed so much in ascommence their observations on nature, pect, that it required examination to be they know the general conclusion with satisfied of the identity, the same exregard to the one great God which ought amination soon impressed me with the to be drawn : and this light of revela- truth of the pictures, although they tion insensibly guides them to a selection differed from the conventional tones of favourable incidents rather than an used by artists to represent the same impartial and adequate induction of real effects. Another very interesting spefacts. The same reasoning would apply cimen was the view of a street taken to the history of the world as a subject of during a heavy fall of rain ; this was study, the conclusion apparently to be sọ accurately rendered, that the plate drawn from the facts would not be the seemed wet: this effect, I think, arose true one, because the book is blotted, from many portions of the objects and the vision of the reader is imperfect. which were wetted by the rain, being
so situated in regard to the plan of the " That vice should triumph, virtue vice obey,
camera obscura in which the view was There sprung a doubt of Providence's sway."
taken, that they gave total reflection It is in the Bible, and the Bible alone, of the light falling on them, and thus that God is truly revealed, and the glistened while the rest of the picture groanings of creation and the mystery of was unusually obscure. No artist could iniquity explained.-M Neile.
have hit off this effect with sufficient exactness to tell in a picture.
There is one point in which these DAGUERRE'S DISCOVERY.
pictures have a striking dissemblance It was manifest at once, says a cor- from nature, namely, the deserted aprespondent, that M. Daguerre's method pearance they give to the busiest thoroughof producing pictures was altogether fares ; nothing which moves onwards different from any thing I had seen or leaves a sensible trace behind, and the heard of in England : the pictures were stones of the causeway, or the “Seyssel” as perfect as it is possible for pictures of the asphalte trottoirs, are nearly as to be without colour, and although they distinct in the pictures, as if no one did not possess this advantage, its ab- passed over them. If a body of military, sence, was scarcely felt, as the truth, so numerous, that their passage would occupy the whole time employed to when assisted by a microscope, are form the picture, were to be passing, unable to exhaust. Our correspondent a confused" trace would be made in it, mentioned in conversation, that in the but still a representation of the road- studio of M. Daguerre is a small plaster way would be perceptible. Waving ob- head of the Jupiter of the Capitol, which jects made confused images; but even had served as a subject to the artist in living objects, if they remain motionless various positions. In one of these picduring the short periods of exposure, tures he noticed with the microscope, are given with perfect fidelity. A wait- a small black streak across the nose, ing fiacre (hackney coach) is generally which he had not seen in the cast; it found to give a perfect picture. I also ob- was apparently a small chip or crack ; served a curious specimen of a décrotteur but on looking again at the original, (shoe-black) at work on a gentleman's no such thing was visible, until at last boot; the gentleman was seated, and he succeeded in placing it in a light, in was very distinct, excepting his head which the shadow of the upper side of and hat, which showed, that in speaking a minute crevice was seen upon close he had nodded; the shoe-black was all inspection.--Athenæum. right except the right arm and brush, which made a vague blot, through which the gentleman's foot could be distin
INFLUENCE OF A MOTHER. guished. In one specimen which had By his vivacious disposition, Samuel been exposed only thirty seconds, the Drew seemed altogether unfitted to replate was still intensely black, excepting ceive instruction through the ordinary in the sky, and in some portions of channel. This his invaluable mother buildings which were just beginning to soon perceived, and therefore took him be visible: the effect was that of looking under her own charge. From her, prinout at the first dawn of day, when, cipally, he acquired the ability to read, under a grey sky, white objects begin and to her and his brother he was into peer through the obscurity of night. debted for the little knowledge of writing
I shall conclude by saying, that M. he attained in childhood. Daguerre's discovery appears to me to
But there was more important be of great value, and directly appli- species of instruction which this excelcable to useful purposes, as by means lent woman was anxious to communicate of it original pictures of unquestionable to her children. Their moral cultivation fidelity may be obtained from the most she justly regarded as of the highest intricate objects, at a trifling expense, moment, even superior to the most necesand by persons otherwise incapable of tak- sary parts of human learning, especially in ing a sketch. Such pictures may then be the early dawning of reason. Scientific multiplied by the engraver's art, and knowledge may be more or less advanthe public obtain. illustrations of the tageous in after life; but all men are rehighest excellence at a moderate cost. sponsible as moral agents, and parents, A miniature painter, instead of confining however, circumstanced, are unquestionhis subject to irksome sittings, may in ably bound to teach their children their two minutes take a perfect likeness in duty to God and man. The knowledge light and shade, and may at his leisure that relates to the ordinary concerns of transfer this to ivory, with the advan- life may be forgotten : correct principles, tage of colour from his pallet.
once infused into the mind, and clearly I am, etc. J. R. apprehended there, can never be eradiThe truth is, that M. Daguerre's cated. They may be neglected, they process is so little understood, that it is may be perverted; but the consciousness scarcely possible to find words clearly of their truth will remain: for the judgto express the kind of effect which the
ment recognises, and the conscience works produce. M. Daguerre's pictures approves, what the will too often disare not, like the paintings of many avows. The seeds of some plants retain artists, so imperfect
, that you must their vital principle to an unknown view them only from one point, and period. For many years they may renot approach nearer lest the illusion main buried in the soil, at a depth unshould vanish ; on the contrary, you favourable to vegetation, and show no feel that you have a treasure before you, sign of vitality or corruption; but when which affords stores of delineated beauty, placed under the influence of fertilizing which all the powers of sense, even showers, and the solar rays, their germin
ating powers will be called forth, and following. The first couplet is supposed they will presently spring up into light to be spoken by the child. and life.
“Why looks my father on that lettered stone, * With what success the labours of Mr.
And seems to sigh with sorrow not his own? Drew's mother were attended, was not • That stone, my dear, conceals from human eyes immediately, nor for many years seen;
The peaceful mansion where thy mother lies.
Beneath this stone (my infant do not weep !) but when her son attained to manhood, The shrivelled muscles of thy mother sleep. the fruits of her teaching became evident.
"' And soon, my babe, the awful hour must be How deep was the impression made on When thy sad soul will heave a sigh for me, his mind at the tender age at which she
And say, with grief, amidst thy sisters' cries,
Beneath this stone our lifeless parent lies. became his tutor, careless and thought- Shouldst thou, my dear, survive thy father's less as he seemed to be, will best appear
And wander pensive near his silent tomb, in the intense feeling in which his recol
Think thy survivors will perform for thee, lections of her were always imbued.
What I do now, and thou wilt then for me.'” “I well remember," he said but a few weeks before his decease, “in my early had “ lived the 'life,” would also “die
That one who, like this pious female, days, when my mother was alive, that she invariably took my brother and me
the death of the righteous,' every reader by the hand, and led us to the house of will naturally anticipate. Her trust in prayer. Her kind advice and instruction the atonement was firm; the evidence of were unremitting; and even when death her acceptance clear; her death trihad closed her eyes in darkness, the impres- umphant. She departed this life in the sion remained long upon my mind, and I full
assurance of faith.—Life of Rev.
S. Drew, sighed for a companion to accompany me thither. On one occasion, I well recollect, we were returning from the chapel
SINGULAR CUSTOM. at St. Austell, on a bright and beautiful
In all Turkish towns are found a vast starlight night, when my mother pointed out the stars as the work of an Ale number of skeletons of the domestic mighty Parent, to whom we were indebted animals, affording ample opportunity for
studying the anatomy of the camel, cow, for every blessing. Struck with her representation, I felt a degree of gratitude the sun and wind complete, the bleach
horse, ass, and ox; the dogs begin, and and adoration which no language could express, and through nearly all the night
ing of the skeleton. The head of the enjoyed ineffable rapture.'
ox alone escapes this fate; in cultivated It was the will of a mysterious Pro- districts it is placed on a stick, or hung
This custom vidence, in 1774, to remove this affec-on a tree as a scare-crow. ționate parent, by consumption, from prevails in Greece as well as here; the
heads are always beautifully white, and reher sorrowing family. She was then, according to a memorandum of her hus- tain the horns, which are in this part of band, about forty-four
the world exceedingly short and thick. years
of her son Samuel about nine. Though of
The skull, with its horns, has thus been a rude and reckless disposition, he was
constantly presented to the eye of the not without experiencing the utmost
Greek artist blanched white as marble, and anguish at his mother's death. Even hence the introduction of precisely this minute circumstances, relative to his be- figure in the friezes of their architecture; reavement, were deeply fixed in his and perhaps the vine or clematis wreathmemory; for he once said to a friend, the frequent accompaniment of this orna
ing about the horns may have suggested “When we were following my mother
ment. to the grave, I well recollect a woman
It appears to me the more evi. observing, as we passed,
" Poor little
dent that this is the real origin, from things ! they little know the loss they is depicted.
its being the skeleton of the head that have sustained !” His sensations, on this honour of, or connected with the worship
Had the figure been in event, seemed never to have been forgot- of the Bull, why not have exhibited the ten. Several years after, he
living head which is rarely given ?says in a letter
Fellows. to a literary gentleman, who had kindly interested himself in his welfare, and
“Stone" is a mere poetical figure. My mo
ther's grave has no such ornament. I wrote these wished to know the history of his early lines from the impulses of my own feelings, and life, On visiting my mother's grave,
the dictates of nature, before I was acquainted
with the rules of art, and the orderly method of with one of my children, I wrote the composition.