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Our bolder Talents in full light display'd ;
205 That each may seem a Virtue, or a Vice.
In Men we various Ruiing Passions find; In Women, two almost divide the kind ; Those, only fix'd, they first or last obey, The Love of Pleasure, and the Love of sway. 210
That, Nature gives; and where the lesson taught Is but to please, can Pleasure seem a fault ?
lowing, others are still wanting, nor can we answer that these are exactly inserted.
VER. 207. The former part having shewn, that the para ticular Characters of Women are more various than those of
Men, it is nevertheless observed, that the general Characteri ftic of the sex, as to the ruling Paffion, is more uniform.
Ver. 211. This is occafioned partly by their Nature, partly their Education, and in some degree by Neceflity.
And, for a noble pride, I blush no less,
May, if the love, and merit verse, have mine,
In sev'ral Men we fev'ral pafsions find ;
Experience, this; by Man's oppression curit,
Men some to Bus’ness, fome to Pleasure tak:; 215
Yet mark the fate of a whole Sex of Queens ! Pow'r all their end, but Beauty all the means : In Youth they conquer with so wild a rage, As leaves them scarce a subject in their Age: For foreign glory, foreign joy, they roam; No thought of peace or happiness at home. But Wisdom's triumph is well-tim'd Retreat, As hard a science to the Fair as Great ! Beauties, like Tyrants, old and friendless grown, Yet hate repose, and dread to be alone, Worn out in public, weary ev'ry eye, Nor leave one figh behind them when they die. 230
Pleasures the sex, as children Birds, pursue, Still out of reach, yet never out of view;
VER. 216. But ev'ry Woman is at heart a Rake:] “ Some
men (says the poet) take to business, fome to pleasure, “ but every woman would willingly make pleasure ber busi“ nefs :" which being the peculiar characteristic of a Rake, we must needs think that he includes (in his use of the word here) no more of the Rake's ill qualities than are implied in this definition, of one who makes pleasure his befiness.
VER. 219. What are the Ainis and the Fate of this Sex ? 1. As to Power.
II. As to Pleasure.
Sure, if they catch, to spoil the Toy at most,
when loit :
See how the World its Veterans rewards!
Ah! Friend ! to dazzle let the Vain design ;
VER.. 249. Advice for their true Interest.
VER. 253. So when the i un's broad beam, etc.] One of the great beauties observable in the poet's management of his Similitudes, is the ceremonious preparation he makes for them, in gradually raising the imagery of the fimilitude in the lines preceding, by the use of metaphors taken from the subject of it :
while what fatigues the ring, Flaunts and goes down, an unregarded 'hing,
Serene in Virgin Madesty the fhines,
Oh! bleft with Temper, whose unclouded ray
And yet, believe me, good as well as ill, Wo nan's at best a Contradiction ftill.
And the civil dismission he gives them by the continuance of the same metaphor, in the lines following, whereby the traces of the imagery gradually decay, and give place to others, and the reader is never offended with the sudden or abrupt disappearance of it, Oh! bleft with Temper, whose unclouded
ray, etc. Another instance of the same kind we have in this epistle, in the following lines,
Chuse a firm cloud before it fall, and in it
Heav'n, when it strives to polish all it can
Ver. 285, etc. Ascendant Phoebus watch'd that bour with care, Averted balf your Parents' fimple Pray’r ; And gave you Beauty, but denyd i be Pelf ] The poet concludes his Epiftle with a fine Moral, that deserves the serious attention of the public : It is this, that all the extravagances of these vicious Characters here described, are much inflamed by a wrong Education, hinted at in ver. 203 ; and that even the best are rather secured by a good natural than by the prudence and providence of parents; which observation is conveyed under the subliine classical machinery of Phoebus in the ascencant, watching the natal hour of his favourite, and averting the ill effects of her parents mistaken fondness : For Phoebus, as the god of Wit, confers Genius; and, as one of the astronomical influences, defeats the adventitious byas of education.
In conclusion, the great Moral from both these Epistles